WSRP



Home Page

Educational Site
Ancient Texts Relating to the Biblical World
 El-Kerak
 MRZH Text
 Cuneiform Tablet
 Amman Citadel
 Heshbon Ostraca
 UCLA: Incirli Stela
 Cylinder Seals
 El-Amarna Tablets
 Kingdom of Sam'al
     Kilamuwa
     Hadad
     Panamu
     Bar Rakkib II, III

Biblical Manuscripts
 Leningrad Codex
 Leningrad f.40b
 Leningrad Carpet Page

Dead Sea Scrolls
 Discovery
 Testimonia
 Isaiah Pesher
 Congregation
 Copper Scroll
 Qohelet
 Words of Moses

USCARC
 Etruscan Pendant
 Isis
 Deity on a Bull
 Ushabti
 Sasanian Seals
 Seals
 Coins
 Bullae

Collections
 Moussaieff
 Annenberg Exhibition

Epigraphy
 Chicken Little
 Papyrus Grain

Archaeological
 Petra
 Jerash
 Qusayr `Amra
 St. Catherine's

Scholarly Site

Projects

Information

What's New


Educational Site
Dead Sea Scrolls




Testimonia

4QTestimonia (or Messianic Anthology, 4Q175 [4QTest])

Testimonia
Click the image to view an enhanced version.
Testimonia was found in Cave Four near the site of Khirbet Qumran near the shores of the Dead Sea in the early 1950's. It is a short document, complete except for a piece missing in the lower right corner. The name "Testimonia" comes from an early type of Christian writing, which it resembles in literary style. The Christian Testimonia was a collection of verses from the Bible about the messiah, strung together to prove some kind of point. Verses used like this are usually called "proof-texts." The Testimonia from Qumran is not a Christian document, but does resemble the early Christian Testimonia because of its use of a number of verses dealing with a theme.

The Qumran text includes five biblical quotations connected by interpretation. The first two quotations refer to the raising up of a prophet like Moses. The third quotation refers to a royal Messiah, the fourth to a priestly Messiah. The quotation from Joshua is connected to the coming of a time of great disaster, brought on by those dedicated to evil. The manuscript is usually dated to the middle of the first century B.C.E.

Photograph by Bruce and Kenneth Zuckerman, West Semitic Research, in collaboration with the Princeton Theological Seminary. Courtesy Department of Antiquities, Jordan.

Commentary by Marilyn J. Lundberg.




USCWeb
Home Page | Educational Site | Scholarly Site | Projects | Information | What's New


Copyright © 2000-2014 West Semitic Research Project. All rights reserved. Contact us at mlundber@usc.edu.