HAAS Case List

A list of selected cases form the HAAS database. The HAAS Database can be downloaded here (Excel format). It comes as a collection of three different files:

A Short Description of the HAAS Collective Security data

Source Citations

Source Citations Having earlier made a conceptual study of the historically changing "operational" meanings of the UN Charter, Ernst Haas placed the systematic, empirical study of "operational" UN Collective security practices on a new footing with his monograph Collective Security and the Future International System, University of Denver Monograph Series in World Affairs, Vol. 5, No. 1, Denver, 1967-68. The inclusion of security cases brought before regional conflict management organizations, an expanding universe of cases, and increasingly differentiated judgments as to the overall contributions of management actions were features of a subsequent, related series of studies involving Joseph Nye and Robert Butterworth, a Haas Ph.D student. Most notably: E. B. Haas, Robert L. Butterworth, and Joseph S. Nye, Conflict Management by International Organizations, General Learning Press, Morristown, N.J., 1972.

Butterworth independently published analyses of his data, but the more enduring of his contributions, used selectively here, with his permission, have been his data making and synopsis preparation activities. First was the publication of R. L. Butterworth, with Margaret E. Scranton, Managing Interstate Conflict,1945-74:Data with Synopses, University Center for International Studies, University of Pittsburgh, 1976; an unpublished volume, Managing Interstate Conflict, 1975-1979:Data with Synopses, Final Report to the Defense Advanced Projects Agency, 1980, updates these contributions, prepared in part with the assistance of Frank L. Sherman. In this Web site (see the SHERFACS pages), we have used an integrated set of dispute narratives maintained, and, we believe, updated further by Sherman into the middle 1980s as part of his SHERFACS materials

Used here with his permission, is the data from Haas' latest (he says "final") study of conflict management practices, "Collective Conflict Management: Evidence for a New World Order?" in Thomas G. Weiss, ed., Collective Security in a Changing World, Lynne Rienne Publishers, Boulder and London, 1993, pp. 61-117. It extends to the post-Cold War era his "Regime Decay: Conflict Management and International Organization 1945-1981," International Organization, 37,2(Spring 1983), and his Why We Still Need the United Nations: The Collective Management of International Conflict, 1945-1984, Institute of International Studies, University of California, Berkeley, 1986. A more general study of the systemic issues still at the core of his concern is E. B. Haas, When Knowledge is Power: Three Models of Change in International Organizations, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1990.

A Short Description of the Haas Collective Security data Ernst Haas, a distinguished political scientist on the faculty of the University of California at Berkeley, has been doing empirical research on the performance of the UN Collective Security System at least since the 1960s (Haas 1968). He has combined attention to the evolutionary adaptation and redefinition of Charter-linked norms of conduct with a realistic sense of the UN's strengths and weaknesses, as when he argued at a low point in the UN's history, that "Abatement of disputes without settling or isolating them is the UN's major contribution. Its ability to stop hostilities is confined to Arab-Israeli and Cypriot confrontations and to certain cases of de-colonialization." (Haas 1986, p. 55). By "abating," Haas means the lessening or termination of hostilities, of rival claims, of intervention and propaganda, and the initiation or acceptance of negotiations and third-party intercessions. (Haas 1986, p. 13).

His rather Grotian re-conceptualization of UN functioning as "conflict management," rather than the more ambitious, Charter-based notion of "dispute resolution", represents an important aspect of his case-based, institutionally-oriented, practically or "operationally" focused, environmentally sensitive research. Arguing that to attribute failure to the UN and associated regional organizations is "to endow these entities with a degree of autonomy they do not possess." Rather than transcend state interests, conflict management for a help states realize their interests "when action outside the organizations [which they often prefer] is either not possible or not desired." (Haas 1986, p.1)

The most recent, thorough analysis of his empirical studies in this vein, (Haas 1993), updates the 1986 report with codings and analyses of events through December 31, 1990, i.e. the beginning of the post-Cold War period. As part of this work, Haas and his coworkers -- most importantly in this respect, Robert Butterworth -- have developed carefully constructed, qualitative, case narratives of conflict management practices to go along with their more quantitative codifications of those situated activities. (Haas, Nye Butterworth, 1972; Butterworth 1976; Butterworth 1980). The main sources for these synopses are the relevant UN records, Keesing's Archives, often supplemented by relevant academic or journalistic reports.