A brilliant psychologist, Frank Lloyd Wright, became the spokeman for American architecture around the world. He understood human needs and administered to them through his work. Above all he sought repose, a restful environment free of tension which catered to the mental health and happiness of the indweller. Born in Richland Center, Wisconsin, in 1890, Wright not only influenced this area with his Prairie Style architecture, but expanded to Los Angeles, Phoenix, New York, and eventually beyond the boundaries of the United States.

Wright conceived of the interior space in terms of rooms overlapping and interpenetrating--often at the corners. Use areas were defined by screaning devices and subtle changes in ceiling heights. For Wright, spaces were defined rather than enclosed, and use was relative to the individual rather than absolute.

Until the outbreak of war in 1914, Wright continually evolved the prairie house toward greater abstraction in Oak Park, near Chicago. Roofs and balconies gradually became flat, hovering slabs, and a geometric interplay between verticals and horizontals replaced an emphais upon wall. Even his non-residential work reflected this development: the Larkin Administration Building and Unity Temple reiterated geometric shapes and the uselessness of a visible roof.

In the 1920s in Los Angeles, Wright continued to develop his architectural vocabulary with cast blocks of concrete. Especially of note are the residences known as the Hollyhock House for Adine Barnsdall, the Freeman House, and the Ennis-Brown House in Griffith Park. Each house has its own distinctive signature block design, a natural form reduced to pure geometry.

In 1936 he designed and built both Fallingwater in Connecticut and the Johnson Administration building. Near Phoenix, Arizona, he built Taliesin West as a winter retreat. His last project during his long and illustrious life was the Guggenheim Museum in Manhattan. A circular spiral of a building, the Guggenheim became an icon of New York architecture.

Selected Architects: Gregory Ain | Stiles Clements | Charles Eames | A. Quincy Jones |
Raymond Kappe | Pierre Koenig | John Lautner | Clifford May | Richard Neutra | Rudolph
M. Schindler
| Raphael Soriano | Frank Lloyd Wright | Lloyd Wright

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