KOENIG BIOGRAPHY

FAIA

Vitae

Born in San Francisco, California, October 17, 1925. Educated in San Francisco, The University of Utah, 1943; School of Engineering, Salt Lake City, Pasadena City College, California, 1946-48; University of Southern California, Los Angeles, 1948-52, B.Arch. 1952. Served in the United States Army as a Flash-Ranging Observer in Europe, 1943-46. Apprenticed in the offices of Raphael Soriano; Edward Fickett; Kistner, Wright and Wright; Jones and Emmons. Built his first architecturally exposed steel and glass house while a third year architectural student at USC in 1950. He has been in private practice since graduation in 1952. After designing a number of exposed steel and glass houses, Koenig was invited by John Entenza, editor of Arts & Architecture magazine, to design Case Study House No. 21. With the successful completion of that project Koenig designed Case Study House No. 22, which turned out to be one of the most famous houses of all.


MOCA

In 1989-90 MOCA (Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles), built a full-size, walk-through model of Case Study House 22 in their Temporary Contemporary Building for the major exhibition: "Blueprints for Modern Living, History and Legacy of the Case Study House program." Case Study House No.22 is represented in the traveling exhibition "The End of the Century, One-Hundred Years of Architecture.


Academia

In 1964 Koenig was invited by Dean Sam Hurst to join the architecture faculty at USC where he worked with Prof. Ralph Knowles in designing with natural forces and with Konrad Wachsman as Assistant Director of the Institute of Building Research, 1969-71. As Associate Professor since 1970, Koenig was Director of the Chemehuevi Indian Reservation Planning Program from 1971- 78. Pierre Koenig was elected to the College of Fellows of the American Institute of Architects in 1971. Continuing his practice while teaching, Koenig has taught various Design Studios and is now the Director of the Natural Forces Laboratory and the undergraduate Building Science Program for Architecture at USC, from 1980 to the present.


Lectures

Pierre Koenig was a visiting Critic and Lecturer at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 1963; Visiting Lecturer, Pratt Institute, New York, 1963, Arizona State University, Tempe, 1964, University of California at San Luis Obispo, 1965; Panelist, Creativity in Architecture, Los Angeles, Participant, Cranbrook Seminar, Illinois, 1965; Lecturer, University of California at Los Angeles, 1967; Panelist, Pacific Design Center, Los Angeles, 1975, Panelist, Southern California Institute of Architecture, Santa Monica, 1978. Panelist for Polytechnic University at Pomona, Pacific Design Center, 1981; Guest Speaker, H.U.D. Housing Conference, Phoenix, Arizona; Participant, A.C.S.A. Conference, M.I.T., Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1984; Speaker, AIA Conference, Pacific Design Conference, Los Angeles, 1985; Speaker, California Hospital Guild, Univ. of Calif. at Los Angeles, 1987; Press Conference speaker, MOCA, , Interview, Radio Station KCRW, Los Angeles, Speaker, Calif. Polytechnic Univ., Pomona, 1989; Guest speaker, MOMA, Herbst Auditorium, San Francisco, Lecturer, Univ. of Calif. at Los Angeles, Lecturer, Univ. of Southern California, Speaker, MOCA, Speaker, Calif. Polytechnic Univ., Pomona, Panelist, MOCA, Speaker, MOCA, Japan-American Theater, Los Angeles, 1990; Guest speaker, Art Center, Pasadena, 1991; Guest speaker, Harvard Univ., Massachusetts, Speaker, Art Center, Pasadena, 1992; Speaker, Univ. of Calif. at Los Angeles, Speaker, Art Center, Pasadena, 1993; Guest speaker Woodbury College, Burbank, Calif., Panelist, Pacific Design Center, W. Hollywood, Speaker, Art Center, Pasadena, 1994, Panelist, Pacific Design Center, Los Angeles, So. Clifornia Institute of Architecture, 1995, Speaker, Masters of Architecture, LACMA, Los Angeles, 1996.Lecture, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, Calif., 1997; Lecture, Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX, 1997; Speaker, Engineering Honors Program, USC, 1998; Speaker, Lindhurst Art Gallery, USC, L.A. Obscura, 1998; Speaker, Society of Architectural Historians, Los Angeles County Central Library, 1998; Speaker, The Steel Alliance, Santa Monica, Calif. 1998; Lecturer, The Art Center College of Design, Pasadena, Calif. 1999; Speaker, 24th. California Preservation Conference, Palm Springs, Calif., 1999; Lecture, Form Zero Book Store & Gallery, Santa Monica, Calif.1999; Speaker, Cal Poly University, Pomona, Calif. 1999; Speaker, School of Architecture, Arizona State University,Tempe,Arizona.1999; Guest Lecturer, So. Calif. Inst. of Architecture, Los Angeles, Calif., 1999 Speaker, Society of Architectural Historians, Carmel, Calif., 2000; Panelist, 2000 Parkinson Spirit of Urbanism, The L.A. Conservancy, Los Angeles. 2000; Panelist, LA 12+12+12, Westweek, Pacific Design Center, Los Angeles, 2000; Speaker, The American Institute of Architects Students Convention, Biltmore Hotel, Los Angeles, Calif., 2000.


Awards 1957 to present:

Awards include the Sao Paulo Bienal Exhibition Award, 1957; AIA-House and Home Magazine Award, 1957, Architectural League of New York Award, 1957, AIA-Sunset Magazine Honor Award, 1959; Western Construction Magazine Honor Award, 1959, AIA-House and Home Magazine Award, 1960, AIA-Sunset Magazine Award, 1961-62, AIA House and Home Magazine Award, 1962, AIA-House and Home Magazine Award, 1963, American Institute of Iron and Steel Award, 1963, AIA-Los Angeles Fiesta Award, 1967, Thirty-Six Best Buildings in Los Angeles Award, 1967, AIA 200/2000 Award 1983, AIA Olympic Architect Award, 1984, Los Angeles Dept. of Cultural Affairs Award, 1989, AIA-100 Architects/100 Years. 1995, AIACC 25 Year Award for Case Study House No. 22, 1996, AIACC Maybeck Award for Lifetime Achievement, 1996, Design Center, Los Angeles, 1998, Star of Design for a Lifetime Achievement in Architecture Award Design Center, Los Angeles, 1998, Distinguished Alumni Award, School of Architecture, USC, 1998, Distinguished Professor of Architecture at USC 1999; Awarded the Architectural Gold Medal from the American Institute of Architects Los Angeles Chapter 1999; Distinguished Alumni Award, Pasadena City College, 2000; Gold Medal Lifetime Achievement Award, Tau Sigma Delta Society of Architects and Landscape Architects, 2000; American Institute of Graphic Arts Award, Pierre Koenig book and cover, best 50 books, 50 covers, (for 1998-1999) 2000; Best Preservation Award of the year, for Case Study House No. 21, Los Angeles Conservancy, 2000; Elected Honorary Fellow in the Royal Institute of British Architects, 2000.


Exhibits 1957 to present:

Exhibited by invitation at do Museu de Arte Moderna, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1957. From 1957 to 1995: The Architectural League, New York; The American Federation of the Arts, NY; Bethlehem Traveling Exhibition; Harvard; Yale; MOMA, NY; Fisher Gallery, USC; LA Museum of Science and Industry; UCLA; Pompadou Centre, Paris; Whitney Museum, NY; Arizona State Univ., Max Protetch Gallery, NY; Cal Poly, Pomona; MOCA, Los Angeles; Photographic Gallery, London; San Juan Capistrano Museum, Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, Orchard Gallery, Derry, Impressions Gallery, York, Cambridge/Eastern Region Centre for Architecture, Cambridge, England; Avery Museum, Columbia Univ., NY; Bradbury Building, Los Angeles; Solon International, Milan, Italy; Santa Monica Art Center, S.M., Calif.; Convention Center, Pacific Design Center, Los Angeles; Heinz Gallery, London; The Hamilton Art Gallery, Hamilton, Canada, Craig Krull Gallery, Santa Monica, Calif.; AIACC headquarters , Sacramento, California. 1996-97.; Sixth Venice Biennale for Architecture, Venice, Italy, 1996; Architecture Exhibit, Academy of Building Arts, Vienna, Austria, 1997; Copenhagen, Denmark, 1997; Hammer Gallery, Westwood Village, Calif., 1997; Galleria Sozzani, Milan, Italy, 1997; End of the Century, One Hundred Years of Architecture, traveling exhibit, 1998 to 2002, MOCA; L.A. Obscura: Fisher Gallery, Univ. of Southern California, 1998; AIA/LA Traveling Exhibit, 2000; History of American Housing, Ariz. St. Univ., Tempe, 1999; Retrospective, Univ. of Texas, Houston, 1999; Retrospective, Form Zero Gallery, Santa Monica; Kolnischer Kunstverein, Koln, Germany, 2000; California Polytechnic University School of Architecture, Pomona, Calif; University of Southern California, Lindhurst Gallery, Los Angeles, Calif. 2000.



Books:

The Chemehuevi Project, with P. Rodemier and K. Grey; The Chemehuevi Future; This is Our Land, Koenig; Remaking the Homeland; The Chemehuevi Today; Graphic Communication; Prefabricated Systems Handbook, USC; Pierre Koenig, by James Steele, Phaidon Press, London. (Summer 1998). The book jacket for "Pierre Koenig" won the AIGA award, one of 50 Best Cover Designs in the World, 1998.


Books on Koenig:

Designs for Living, Reinhold, 1955; Einfamilienhauser in Stahlbauweise, 1961;Modern California Houses, Reinhold 1962 O/P; La Decoration, Hachette, 1963; Community and Privacy, Doubleday.1963; Wohnbau auf Neuen Wegen, Otto Maier, 1964; House und Garten in Kalifornian, Hatje, 1964; A Guide to Architecture in Southern California, LACMA, 1965; Los Angeles, Portrait of an Extraordinary City, Lane, 1968; Los Angeles, the Architecture of Four Ecologies, Harper & Rowe, 1971; Modern Movements in Architecture, Doubleday Anchor, 1973; Drawings of American Architects, Wiley, 1973; Energy and Form, M.I.T. Press, 1974; Presentation Drawings by American Architects, Wiley, 1977; The Case Study Houses, Reinhold, 1962; Contemporary Architects, St. James Press, 1980; Dream Come True, Lippincott & Crowell, 1980; The Architecture of Los Angeles, Rosebud Books, 1981; Guide to US Architecture, Arts and Architecture Press, 1982; The City Observed, 1983; Construire la Pente, Vellemin, 1984; Modern Movements in Architecture, 1985; Architecture in Los Angeles Guide, Peregrine Smith, 1985; High Styles, Whitney, 1985; Photographing Architecture, Van Nostrand, 1986; Cities and People, Yale Press, 1986; Lost and Found, Yale Press, 1986; Building the Slope, Arts & Architecture Press, 1987; Contemporary Architects, St. James Press, 1988; Design by Choice, Academy Editions, 1981, 1989; Blueprints for Modern Living, M.I.T., 1989; American Architects, Facts On File, 1989; Arts & Architecture, The Entenza Years, M.I.T., 1990; International Who's Who, Europa, current; Contemporary Architectural Drawings, Pomagranate, 1991; Architecture in the Twentieth Century, Taschen, 1991; LA Inside Out, Viking Penguin, 1992; Die Bilanz, Harenberg, 1993; Los Angeles Architecture, Phaidon, 1993; West Coast Wave, Von Nostrand Reinhold, 1994; Los Angeles, a Guide, Gibbs-Smith, 1994; The Great Buildings Collection, CD-ROM, VanNostrand Reinhold, 1994; A Constructed View, Rizzoli, 1994; Contemporary, Phaidon, 1994; Los Angeles, Artemis, 1994; Eames House, Phaidon, 1994; Modern House, Phaidon, 1995; Contemporary California Architects, Taschen, 1995; "To View From Here" Hamilton, 1996; Sol Power, The Evolution of Solar Architecture, Prestal, 1996; Fifties Life Style, Then and Now, Beech Books, NY; The Modern Steel House, FN SPON, 1996; Dictionnaire de L'Architecture de XX Siecle, Hazan, Insitute Francais D'Architecture, 1996; Modern Architecture Since 1900, Phaidon Press, London, 1996; 20th. Century American Architecture, Whittney Library of Design, 1996; Details of Modern Archiecture, by Edward R. Ford, MIT Press 1996;City of Quartz, Vintage Press, 1997; The City of Los Angeles and urban Theory at the End of the Twentieth Cetury, Univ. Calif. Press 1997; The Architecture of Fear, Princeton Press, NY, 1997; Scenarios and Spaces, Rizzoli, 1997; Los Angeles A to Z, Univ. of California Press, 1997; Case Study House, Sumai Library Publishing Company; Architecture Today, Phaidon Press, 1997; L.A. Obscura, Fisher Gallery, USC, 1998. Oxford Dictionary of Architecture, 1999; Site of Sound, of Architecture & the Ear, Errant Bodies Press, 1999; Architectuur en Landschape, Delft University of Technology,Netherlands, 1999; California Interiors, Taschen. 1999; Modern, Masters of the 20th-Century Rizzoli, 1999; Julius Shulman, Taschen, 1999; Twentieth-Century Houses, Phaidon Press. 1999; Open House West, 1999, Dutton, 1999.


Selected Journals and Periodicals for 1999:

Echoes Magazine, Article, Pierre Koenig, "A Commitment to the Ideal", CSH No.21, CSH No. 22, Schwartz House, Palos Verdes House, Koenig No. 1 House, Koenig No. 2 House, Mandeville Canyon House, Seidel Beach House, Jan. 1999; Art News, CSH No. 22, exhibit at Yancey Richardson Gallery, Feb. 1999; Elle Decoration, UK, "Sound Investment", Koenig House No. 2, CSH No. 21, CSH No. 22, photos CSH No. 21, Feb. 1999; Costruttori Romani, "Pierre Koenig, Un'approfondita Monografia", CSH No. 22, Gantert house, Feb. 1999; The Architectural Review, (UK), "Pierre Koenig", Metcalf House, Feb. 1999; Building Design (UK), "The Lost Era's Forgotten Man", Koenig No. 1 House, CSH No. 22, Feb. 1999; RIBA (Royal Institute of British Architects Journal),"Pierre Koenig", Mar. 1999; AMC (Le Moniteur Architecture), "Livre", CSH No. 22, Iwata House, Mar. 1999; Blueprints, Seidel Beach House, CSH No. 22, Mar. 1999; Christie's Magazine, Art Book Review,"Pierre Koenig", April 1999;

USC Trojan Family, "The Master Builder as Master Teacher", Pierre Koenig, Wind Tunnel, Koenig House No. 2, CSH No.21, CSH No. 22, Summer 1999; Numero, Palos Verdes House,Koenig House No. 2, CSH No. 22; AMC (Le Moniteur Architecture), "Le Case Study House", CSH No.21, CSH No. 22, Mai,1999; Art Book Review Quarterly, "Pierre Koenig", May, 1999; Harvard Design Magazine, "Questions of Value", CSH No.21, winter/spring; USC Chronicle, "The Master Builder as Master Teacher", Pierre Koenig, Wind Tunnel, CSH No.21, CSH No. 22, Summer, 1999;

Architectural Record, Book Department, Pierre Koenig, May, 1999; Casabella, "Pierre Koenig, Il rinnovato interesse per L'architettura californiana", June, 1999;Architectural Digest, "Case Study Gem in Los Angeles", CSH No.21, July, 1999; LA Times, "MOCA Stitched Itself into L.A.'s Fabric", CSH No. 22, July 1, 1999; Telepolis, "Befreites Wohnen", "Die Wiederentdeckung der modernen" CSH No.21, CSH No. 22, July, 1999; Merkur, "Gegenteil", CSH No. 22, Aug. 1999; Bo Bedre, "Hus pa tvaers", Schwartz House, Oct. 1999; Architecture Magazine, "Looking Forward", Oct. 1999; Echoes Magazine, "Modern Spaces, Case 22 in 2000", Fall, 1999;LA Architect, Design Awards, receiving Gold Medal Jan., Feb. 1999; Interior Design, Cover, Dec. 1999; Los Angeles Conservancy, Awards, May/Jun. 2000;Newsweek, Case Study House No. 22, May 2, 2000; LA Times, Southern California Living, MAK Center for Art & Architecture, Ap. 4, 2000; USC Chronicle, Architectural Guild Honors L.A. Conservancy, Ap. 3, 2000; LA Times, Real Estate, "Metal of Freedom," Ap. 2, 2000; City AZ, Electronic Design Awards 2000, Mar. 2000, LA Times Calendar, MAK tour,reception and talk. Mar 28, 2000; LA Weekly, exhibit at Lindhurst Gallery, USC, Mar.17,2000; San Francisco Real Estate, "Ultra-Low- Maintenance House," Mar. 12, 2000; Newsweek, 2000 book review, Arts & Entertainment, Feb. 22, 2000; USC Chronicle, article, Feb 14, 2000; Cooper-Hewitt National Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Magazine, "Icons of Modernism," Winter, 2000; AD, Architectural Digest, Die Schonsten Hauser Der Welt, "Musterhaus der Moderne," Feb./Mar. 2000; Architects' Group Honors Three USC Faculty," wins Gold Medal, Jan. 24, 2000.


Research, Building Science Graduate School:

J. Effendi, P. Koenig, Climatic Performance of Indonesian Traditional Architecture, 1994, paper accepted by and read at the East-West Conference, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1995; S. Mehta, P. Koenig, Behavior of Hipped Roof Dwellings in Response to Wind Forces, 1992; S. Mitra, P. Koenig, Mixed-use High-Rise Buildings in Response to Natural Forces, 1991; H. Wang, P. Koenig, A Cross-ventilation Study on a Building with Skip-Stop Corridors, 1990; M. Tabet, P. Koenig, Terrestrial Computer Program for Casting Shadows on Form, All Year, All times, 1990; R. Srinivas, P. Koenig, From Nescience to Science and beyond, Buildings in Cyclone Prone Areas, 1990; L. Nkuo, P. Koenig, Passive Cooling Methods for Mid to High-Rise Buildings as in the Hot-Humid Climate of Doula, Cameroon, West Africa, 1988; T. Al-Qahtani, P. Koenig, Passive Cooling for the Arabian Desert, 1987, paper accepted by the Annual Passive Solar Conference, Portland OR, 1987. M. Lahham, G. Schierle, M. Schiler, P. Koenig, Serismic Response of Prestressed Cable Trusses, 1998.; B. Gowda, G. Schiler, P. Koenig, Damage Controlled Design of Structures, 1998; R. Svastisinha, P. Koenig, Principal Advisor Wind and Human Comfort in Thailand, 1999.M. Lahham, G. Schierle, M. Schiler, P. Koenig, Seismic Response of Prestressed Cable Trusses, 1998. Hernandez, P., Koenig, P., principle advisor, An underwater farming community for Chili, S.A. 2000. ACSA NEWS, Gold Medal for Architecture, Mar. 2000.



Research, Architecture and Building Science Undergraduate School:

There are over one-hundred undergraduate research project reports produced under the direction of Prof. Koenig at the University of Southern California from 1966 to the present. These reports cover the study of Wind, Sun, Water and Seismic forces. CA.


There are a substantial number of videos about Pierre Koenig available at the AFA Library, USC, notably of which is the BBC TV production, "Materials in Architecture", Part 6, Steel, which features the work of Pierre Koenig.
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