University of Southern California
Rossier School of Education Excellence in Higher Education
Bruce Johnstone
University Professor of Higher & Comparative Education,

Mary Burgan
Former General Secretary
American Association of University Professors

Ellen Chaffee  
Valley City State University

Tom Ingram
Association of Governing Boards

David Ward 
American Council on Education




Governance Roundtable

David Leslie
Chancellor Professor of Education
The College of William & Mary

Governance or Governing?

This paper draws on four perspectives on power and its exercise in organizations to analyze the practice of governing colleges and universities. I use political theories (particularly those assessing the legitimacy and effectiveness of stable political entities), leadership studies, analyses of how formal and informal organization interact in the management of conflict, and analyses of the tension between bureaucratic and professional authority. My argument proposes that the processes of governing provide more useful data than structures of governance in understanding how college and university organizations manage conflict. I conclude that power, conceptualized more in Jeffersonian than Machiavellian terms, can form the central theme of a way to govern academic institutions and has a far better chance of succeeding than any particular structural form.




2002 Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis all rights reserved
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