University of Southern California
Pulsed Power Research Group
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About

Researchers studying nanosecond Pulsed Power at USC conduct basic and applied research in

(1) nanosecond to sub-nanosecond pulsed power generation,

(2) transient plasma, for energy, combustion, and engine science and technologies,

(3) bioelectrics and biophysics, including translational medical devices, and biological responses

(4) cold plasma, with applications in dentistry, sterilization and medicine

(5) education, through a novel approach to communication of science involving popular media.

(6) agriculture, wine production, and other areas for applications of pulsed power

Nanosecond pulsed power, distinct from traditional power electronics, is an enabling element. By focussing on the applications of high peak-power, we employ nanosecond pulses to elicit non-equilibrium responses in widely-varying applications. The research addresses the underlying science of material responses to applied electric pulses in a new domain in which the pulses are too short for normal equilibrium dynamics to occur.Specific potential benefits with broad impact include energy, through advancing low-emission, highly efficient combustion for a wide variety of engines, and bioelectrics, by selective induction of programmed cell death in diseased tissue.

Energy and combustion: basic understanding of the formative phase of plasma and its interactions with fuels, and the related challenge of understanding the complex interactions between non-equilibrium plasma and combustion chemistry will enable improved efficiencies for a wide range of engine technologies, and also reduce emissions, while having strong and powerful intellectual value for basic science. Non-equilibrium plasma in the transient, formative phase of an arc, applied to ignition and combustion (transient plasma ignition or TPI) has several advantages over conventional spark ignition used in most combustion applications. TPI has consistently demonstrated reductions in ignition delay, lean-burn capability, and the ability to ignite higher mass flow rates, resulting in improved efficiency and reduced emissions from a variety of airborne engines and internal combustion engines.

In transportation, technology developed for the field of combustion will have benefits that include the development of leaner burning engines, which will reduce emissions and provide an economic incentive for industrial investment. Industries that will benefit include automobile, automotive electronics, and engine manufacturers. Today, the U.S. consumes almost one million gallons of petroleum every minute of each day for the transport of people and goods. Combustion of fossil fuels results in air pollution, including nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon dioxide (CO2). The motivation for this research is to develop transient plasma ignition for improved combustion efficiencies and lowered emissions.

Bioelectrics: a basic understanding of the responses of biological cellular and intracellular processes to intense fields, using simulations at the level of molecular dynamics and extensive collaborative in vitro and in vivo studies, is opening a challenging research area of high intellectual value. In medicine, the technology developed and knowledge gained in the field of bioelectrics will have potential benefits that include the ability to selectively induce programmed cell death in diseased tissue relative to healthy tissue. This research will involve treatment of cancer using nanosecond pulsed power to activate intracellular processes through remote signaling and advancing pulsed power technologies integrated into medical systems. A significant effort has already been dedicated to developing a system to deliver nanoelectropulses as a skin cancer therapy. For the initial application of cancer therapy, the technology has the potential to impact millions of patients who are diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, and other skin disorders. Success in this area will enable a transition into other forms of cancer therapy.

Education: This research has a novel approach to education. We are exploring the potential for transformative informal science education through film and television. This work fosters interactions between many different professional disciplines that exist in each of these two cultures. Goals of this informal educational project include creating deeper and different perceptions of science and engineering, as well as scientists and engineers, and improving the understanding of the roles of science and engineering in society.
Agriculture: the application of pulsed electric fields (PEF) has been demonstrated to increase juice yield and quality in white wine grapes in our experiments and in published literature. An electric field of moderate intensity (500-1000 V/cm), applied to the grape tissue causes an irreversible electroporation of the cell membranes, allowing selective extraction of cell components without thermally affecting the grapes. The turbidity and the content of solid particles also decrease, which positively impacts the quality of wine.

Collaborators

Naval Postgraduate School

NPS
Dr. Chris Brophy


Department of Physics, NPS

Wright Pattersen Air Force Base

NPS Visible laser sheet demonstrating PLIF measurement setup at WPAFB.

Dr. Campbell Carter


Civ USAF AFMC AFRL/RZAS
Campbell.Carter @ wpafb.af.mi

Ecole Polytechnique

NPS

Dr. Svetlana Starikovskaia


Labratoire de Physique des Plasmas



Alfred P. Mann Institute

NPS

Dr. Jonathan Lasch



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Research

We are actively involved in the following ongoing projects

Emssions treatment

funded by TCC

Biological applications

Biological applications

Compact Pulsed Power

Compact Pulsed Power





Transient Plasma Ignition

pre-combustion application

Plasma Accelerator Research

Plasma accelerator research

TCC institute

Marine Diesel Engines

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Timeline

Our journey with pulsed power

  • 2007-2008

    Our Humble Beginnings

    Our pulsed power research group picture taken at SSC-316

  • 2009

    A new direction

    Transient Plasma systems (TPS) established with Dan Singleton as CEO and Jason Sanders as CTO

  • Be Part
    Of Our
    Story!

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Our Team

Lists all faculty, researchers and students

Dr. Martin Gundersen

Professor/Director Pulsed Power Research Group
Curriculum Vitae
Lloyd F. Hunt Chair in Electrical Power Engineering
Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering
Department of Physics and Astronomy
Mork Family Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science
B.A. 1965, UC Berkeley; Ph.D. 1972, University of Southern California
Tel: (213)740-4396; E-mail: mag @ usc.edu,
Office: SSC 421

Dr. Andras Kuthi

Research Scientist

Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering

Tel: (213)740-7627; e-mail:kuthi @ usc.edu;
Office/Lab: SSC 422







Dr. William P. Schroeder

Research Scientist

Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering

Tel: (310)804-6481; e-mail:wschroed@usc.edu;
Office/Lab: SSC 315








Dr. Dan Singleton

Alumni

Ph.D. 2010, Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering
E-mail: dsinglet @ usc.edu Current Postdoctoral Research Associate at USC/Officer at Transient Plasma Systems

Dr. Jason Sanders

Alumni

Ph.D. 2011, Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering
E-mail: jmsander @ usc.edu Current Postdoctoral Research Associate at USC/Officer at Transient Plasma Systems

Susan Zarate

Budget/Business Analyst

Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering
Tel: (213)740-4412; e-mail:zarate @ usc.edu;
Office: SSC 502






Wei Wang

PhD student

Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering
E-mail: wang194@ usc.edu
Office/Lab: SSC 315

Sriram Subramanian

PhD student

Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering
E-mail: sriramsu@ usc.edu
Office/Lab: SSC 316/410

Sanjana Kerketta

PhD student

Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering
E-mail: kerketta@ usc.edu
Office/Lab: SSC 316/410

James Williams

Undergraduate student

Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering
E-mail: williaja@ usc.edu
Office/Lab: SSC 410

Amanda Minzer

Graduate student

Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering
E-mail: amanda.kuthi@gmail.com
Office/Lab: SSC 312

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Publications

Pulsed Power Publications

  • E.B. Sozer, M.A. Gundersen, and C. Jiang, "Magnesium-Based Photocathodes for Back-Lighted Thyratrons," Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on, vol.40, no.6, pp.1753,1758, June 2012
  • J. M. Sanders, A. Kuthi, and M. A. Gundersen, "Optimization and Implementation of a Solid State High Voltage Pulse Generator that Produces Fast Rising Nanosecond Pulses," Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on, 18(4), 1228-1235, August 2011.
  • D. R. Singleton, A. Kuthi, J. M. Sanders, M. A. Gundersen, A. Simone, and S. J. Pendleton, "Low energy compact power modulators for transient plasma ignition," Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 18, pp. 1084-1090, 2011.
  • E.B. Sozer, Jiang C., Umstattd R. J., Gundersen, M. A., "Quantum efficiency measurements of photocathode candidates for back-lighted thyratrons.", IEEE Trans. Dielect. Elec. Ins. 16(4):993-998, 2009.
  • H. Chen, C. Jiang, A. Kuthi and M. A. Gundersen, "An Ultra Compact Back-lighted Thyratron for Nanosecond Switching Applications," IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul., submitted.
  • Sanders, J. M., A. Kuthi, Y.-H. Wu, P. T. Vernier, and M. A. Gundersen, "A linear, single-stage, nanosecond pulse generator for delivering intense electric fields to biological loads," IEEE Trans. Dielect. Elec. Ins. 16:1048-1054, 2009.
  • H. Chen, E. Kallos, P. Muggli, T. C. Katsouleas and M. A. Gundersen, "A High Density Hydrogen-Based Capillary Plasma Source for Particle-Beam-Driven Wakefield Accelerator Applications," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 27 (3) 456-462 March 2009.
  • Tang, T., F. Wang, A. Kuthi and M.A. Gundersen, "Diode opening switch-based nanosecond high voltage pulse generators for biological and medical applications", IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 14, No. 4, 878-883; 2007.
  • P. Krishnaswamy, A. Kuthi, P.T. Vernier, and M.A. Gundersen, "Compact subnanosecond pulse generator using avalanche transistors for cell electroperturbation studies", IEEE Trans. Dielect. Elec. Ins. 14:873-877, 2007.
  • Fei Wang, Kuthi, A., Gundersen, M.A., "Compact High Repetition Rate Pseudospark Pulse Generator," IEEE Trans. on Plasma Science, 33, Issue: 4, Part 1, 1177 – 1181, Aug. 2005
  • C. Jiang, W. Hartmann , A. Kuthi, and M. A. Gundersen, "Pseudospark electron beam as an excitation source for extreme ultraviolet generation," Applied. Phys. Letters. 87, 131501 (2005)
  • C. Jiang, A. Kuthi, and M. A. Gundersen, "Toward Ultracompact Pseudospark Switches," Applied Physics Letters 86, 024105 (2005).
  • M. Behrend, A. Kuthi, X. Gu, P. T. Vernier, L. Marcu, C. Craft, M. Gundersen, "Pulse generators for pulsed electric field exposure of biological cells and tissues," IEEE Trans. on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 10:820-825, 2003.
  • J.R. Hoffman, P. Muggli, R. Liou, M. Gundersen, J. Yampolsky, T. Katsouleas, C. Joshi, W.B. Mori, "High Power Radiation From Ionization Fronts in a Static Electric Field in a Waveguide," J. App. Phys., 90 (3): 1115-1123, 2001.

    Text Chapters

    • J.M. Sanders, T. Tang, M.A. Gundersen, and G. Roth “High Power Switches: DC Switches,” In Handbook of Accelerator Physics and Engineering (pp. 533-540). World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., New Jersey, 2013
    • M. Gundersen, V. Puchkarev, A. Kharlov, G. Roth, J. Yampolsky and D. Erwin, “Transient Plasma-Assisted Exhaust Remediation”, book chapter in “Low Temperature Plasmas” Volume 2, second edition, R. Hippler, H. Kersten, M. Schmidt and K. Schoenbach, Editors, 2008, pp543-550.
    • T. Tang, M. Gundersen, and G. Roth, “DC Switches”, “The Handbook of Accelerator Physics and Engineering,” 3rd Edition, Eds. A. Chao and Maury Tigner, 2006, pp 454-460.

    Invited Presentations

    • M.A. Gundersen, “Applications for Compact Portable Pulsed Power: Rocket Science, Cancer Therapy, and the Movies” Plenary presentation to the 26th Power Modulator Conference, May 2006, Washington D.C.

    Conference Proceedings and Other Publications

    • S.J. Pendleton, A. Kuthi, H. Chen, P. Muggli, M.A. Gundersen, “Pulsed high-density hydrogen plasma source for wakefield accelerator applications,” IEEE Pulsed Power and Plasma Science Conf. San Francisco, P5-27, 2013
    • E.B. Sozer, C. Jiang, and M.A. Gundersen, "Optically triggered pseudospark switches with metal photocathodes," Pulsed Power Conference (PPC), 2011 IEEE , vol., no., pp.727,729, 19-23 June 2011
    • E.B. Sozer, Jiang C., Gundersen M. A., "Investigation of Gaseous Electron Multiplier-Based Triggering Units for Back-Lighted Thyratrons", Proceedings of 29th IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, Atlanta 2010.
    • S. J. Pendleton, D. Singleton, A. Kuthi, M. A. Gundersen, “Compact Solid State Variable Amplitude High Repetition Rate Pulse Generator,” Proceedings of the IEEE 17th International Pulsed Power Conference, Washington D.C., 2009.
    • J.M. Sanders, A. Kuthi, P. T. Vernier, Y.-H. Wu, C. Jiang, and M. A. Gundersen, "Scalable, compact, nanosecond pulse generator with a high repetition rate for biomedical applications requiring intense electric fields", Proceedings of the IEEE 17th International Pulsed Power Conference, Washington D.C., 2009.
    • E.B. Sozer, Jiang C., Gundersen M. A., "Investigation of UV LEDs for Compact Back-Lighted Thyratron Triggering", Proceedings of the IEEE 17th International Pulsed Power Conference, Washington D.C., 2009.
    • S. Y. Kim, J. M. Sanders, E. B. Sozer, Y. H. S. Lin, Q., A. Kuthi, and M. A. Gundersen, "RF Enhanced PECVD System For CNT Field-Emitter Cathode Array Deposition," in International Conference on Plasma Science, San Diego, CA, 2009.
    • J. Sanders, C. Jiang, A. Kuthi, and M. A. Gundersen, "Broadband Power Measurement of High-Voltage, Nanosecond Electric Pulses for Biomedical Applications," Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE International Power Modulator Conference and High Voltage Workshop, pp. 350-353, May 2008.
    • C. Jiang, E. B. Sozer, R. J. Umstattd, H. Chen, H. Hsu, and M. A. Gundersen, "Photocathodes for Compact Optical Triggering of Back-Lighted Thyratrons", Proceedings of 28th IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference, 27-31 May 2008.
    • J. Sanders, A. Kuthi, and M. A. Gundersen, "Nanosecond Pulse Generator with Scalable Pulse Amplitude," Proceedings of the 28th IEEE International Power Modulator Conference and High Voltage Conference, pp. 65-68, 27-31 May 2008.
    • T. Tang , D. R. Singleton, H. Chen, C. D. Cathey, A. Kuthi, and M. A. Gundersen, "Solid State Pulse Adding System for Transient Plasma Ignition," Pulse Power and Plasma Science Conference, Albuquerque, New Mexico, June 2007.
    • C. Cathey, F. Wang, T. Tang, A. Kuthi, M. A. Gundersen, J. Sinibaldi, C. Brophy, J. Hoke, F. Schauer, J. Corrigan , J. Yu, E. Barbour, and R. Hanson, "Transient Plasma Ignition for Delay Reduction in Pulse Detonation Engines," 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 8-11 Jan 2007.
    • Hao Chen, Chunqi Jiang, Andras Kuthi, Martin Gundersen, "Small Size Back Lighted Thyratrons", Presentated in 1st EAPPC 2006, Sep 18-22, 2006 Chengdu, China.
    • Hao Chen, Chunqi Jiang, A. Kuthi, Martin Gundersen, "High Voltage, Small Back- Lighted Thyratrons", Presentated in 17th IPMC2006, May 14-18, 2006 Washington D.C.
    • T. Tang, A. Kuthi, F. Wang, C. Cathey, and M. A. Gundersen, "Design of 60kV 20ns solid state pulse generator based on magnetic reactor driven diode opening switch," 27th International Power Modulator Conference 2006, Washington D. C., District of Columbia, May 14-18th, 2006.
    • C. Jiang, A. Kuthi, and M.A. Gundersen, "Small BLT Switch for Compact Pulsed Power Studies," 2005 IEEE Pulsed Power Conference, Monterey, CA, June 13-17, 2005.
    • C. Jiang, A. Kuthi, and M.A. Gundersen, "Mini-BLT Switch for Compact Pulsed Power," poster presentation for 2005 IEEE Pulsed Power Conference, Monterey , CA , June 13-17, 2005.
    • Q. Shui, C.-Y. Chan, M. A. Gundersen, R. J. Umstattd, J. Shaw, and D. S-Y. Hsu, "Design and Fabrication of JFET-Controlled Carbon Nanotube Field Emitter Arrays," Technical Digest of the 18th International Vacuum Nanoelectronics Conference, IVNC 2005, St. Catherine’s College, Oxford, UK, July 10-14, 2005.
    • Q. Shui, C.-Y. Chan, M. A. Gundersen, R. J. Umstattd, and J. Shaw, "Simulation and Design of JFET-controlled Carbon Nanotube Field Emitter Arrays," the 32nd IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, ICOPS 2005, Monterey, California, June 18-23, 2005.
    • M.A. Gundersen, E. Schamiloglu, and R.J. Barker, "Compact Pulsed Power: Physics and Applications," Second European Pulsed Power Symposium , Hamburg , Germany , September 20-23, 2004.
    • Gundersen, M. A., M. R. Behrend, Y. Sun, P. T. Vernier, and A. Kuthi, "Four-channel pulse generator for real-time biological investigations," Proc. 26th International Power Modulator Symposium and 2004 High Voltage Workshop, pp. 210-215, 2004.
    • Q. Shui, M. S. Mazzola, X. Gu, C. W. Myles, and M. A. Gundersen, "Investigation of Al2O3 and TiO2 as Gate Insulators for 4H-SiC Pulsed Power Devices," 26th IEEE International Power Modulator Conference, San Francisco, CA, May 23-26, 2004.
    • X. Gu, Q. Shui, C. Jiang, Y. Sun, and M.A. Gundersen, "High Energy Density Ceramic Film Capacitors for Compact Pulsed Power," 26th IEEE International Power Modulator Conference, San Francisco , CA , May 23-26, 2004.
    • M. R. Behrend, A. Kuthi and M.A. Gundersen, "DC to 1 Gigahertz Multikilovolt Voltage Probe," 26th IEEE International Power Modulator Conference, San Francisco, CA, May 23-26, 2004.
    • A. Kuthi, P. Gabrielsson and M. Gundersen, "Feedback Stabilized Pseudospark Switch for Fast Rise Marx Generator Application," 26th International IEEE Power Modulator Conference, San Francisco , CA , May 23-26, 2004.
    • A. Kuthi, M. Behrend, T. Vernier and M. Gundersen, "Bipolar Nanosecond Pulse Generation Using Transmission Lines for Cell Electromanipulation," 26th IEEE Power Modulator Conference, San Francisco , CA , May 23-26, 2004.
    • A. Kuthi, P. Gabrielson, M. Behrend and M. Gundersen, "Nanosecond Pulse Generator Using a Fast Recovery Diode," 26th IEEE Power Modulator Conference, San Francisco , CA , May 23-26, 2004.
    • X. Gu, A. Kuthi, M. Behrend, P.T. Vernier, and M.A. Gundersen, "Compact Pulse Generator for Nanosecond Electroperturbation of Biological Cells," 26th IEEE International Power Modulator Conference, San Francisco , CA , May 23-26, 2004.
    • F. Wang, A. Kuthi, C. Jiang, Q. Zhou, and M.A. Gundersen, "Flyback Resonant Charger for High Repetition Rate Pseudospark Pulse Generator," 26th IEEE International Power Modulator Conference, San Francisco, CA, May 23-26, 2004.
    • C. Jiang, Q. Yao, B. Eccles, A. Kuthi, and M.A. Gundersen, "Pseudospark Discharge-Based Extreme-Ultraviolet Radiation Source," 26th IEEE International Power Modulator Conference, San Francisco, CA, May 23-26, 2004.
    • C. Jiang, A. Kuthi, B. Eccles, and M.A. Gundersen, "Small BLT Switches for Compact Pulsed Power Applications," 26th IEEE International Power Modulator Conference, San Francisco , CA , May 23-26, 2004.
    • E Schamiloglu , R.J. Barker, and M. Gundersen, "Modern Pulsed Power: Charlie Martin and Beyond," Proceedings of the IEEE, 92: 1014-1020, July 2004.
    • John Gaudet, Robert J. Barker, Martin Gundersen, William Nunnally, Edl Schamiloglu, Christos Christodoulou, Scott Tyo, Andreas Neuber, James Dickens, Karl Schoenbach, A. Kuthi, "Research Issues in Developing Compact Pulsed Power for High Peak Power Applications on Mobile Platforms," Proceedings of the IEEE, 92: 1144 - 1165, 2004.
    • M. Gundersen, J. Dickens, and W. Nunnally, "Compact, portable pulsed power: physics and applications," Pulsed Power Conference, 2003. Digest of Technical Papers. PPC-2003. 14th IEEE International, Volume: 1, 15-18 June 2003, Pages: 9 – 12.
    • Q. Shui, X. Gu, C. W. Myles, M. Mazzola, and M. A. Gundersen, "Simulations of a High Power 4H-SiC VJFET," Proc. 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, June 15-18, 2003, Dallas TX, pp. 123-126.
    • A. Kuthi, R. Alde and M.A. Gundersen, Proc. "Marx Generator Using Pseudospark Switches," 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, Dallas , TX , June 15-18, 2003, pp. 241-244.
    • X. Gu, Q. Shui, C. W. Myles and M. A. Gundersen, "Comparison of Silicon, Gallium Arsenide, Silicon Carbide and Gallium Nitride FET-type Switches for Pulsed Power Applications," Proc. 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, June 15-18, 2003, Dallas TX, pp. 362-365.
    • P. Wijetunga, X. Gu, P.T. Vernier, A, Kuthi, M. Behrend and M.A. Gundersen, "Electrical Modeling of Pulsed Power Systems for Biomedical Applications," Proc. 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, Dallas, TX, June 15-18, 2003, pp. 423-428.
    • X. Gu, P. Wijetunga, A. Kuthi, M. Behrend, P.T. Vernier and M. Gundersen, "Nanosecond Rise Time Minipulser for Cell Electroperturbation," Proc. 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, June 15-18, 2003, Dallas TX , pp. 943-945.
    • A. Kuthi, B. Eccles, Q. Yao, C. Jiang, M.A. Gundersen and K. Frank, Proc. "Advanced Multi-Gap Pseudospark Switch," 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, Dallas, TX, June 15-18, 2003, pp. 946-949.
    • A. Kuthi, C. Young, F. Wang, P. Wijetunga and M.A. Gundersen, "Rapid Charger For High Repetition Rate Pulse Generator," Proc. 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, Dallas, TX, June 15-18, 2003, pp. 950-952.
    • M. Behrend, A. Kuthi, and M. Gundersen, "Solid State Stepped Transmission Line Transformer for Spark Gap Triggering," Proc. 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, June 15-18, 2003, Dallas TX, pp. 953-956.
    • A. Kuthi, T. Vernier, X. Gu, and M.A. Gundersen, "Compact Nanosecond Pulse Generator for Cell Electroperturbation Experiments," Proceedings of the 2002 International Power Modulator Conference and High Voltage Workshop, June 30-July 3, 2002, Hollywood, CA, pp. 225-228.
    • M. Behrend, A. Kuthi, P.T. Vernier, L. Marcu, C. Craft, and M.A. Gundersen, "Micropulser for Real-Time Microscopy of Cell Electroperturbation," Proceedings of the 2002 International Power Modulator Conference and High Voltage Workshop. June 30-July 3, 2002, Hollywood , CA , pp. 358-361.
    • X. Gu, C. W. Myles, A. Kuthi, Q. Shui, and M.A. Gundersen, "Gallium Arsenide and Silicon FET-Type Switches for Repetitive Pulsed Power Applications," Proceedings of the 2002 International Power Modulator Conference and High Voltage Workshop, June 30-July 3, 2002, Hollywood, CA, pp. 437-440

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    Combustion Application Publications

    Refereed Journal Articles

    • S. J. Pendleton, S. Bowman, C. Carter, M. A. Gundersen, and W. Lempert. “The Production and Evolution of Atomic Oxygen in the Afterglow of Streamer Discharge in Atmospheric Pressure Fuel/Air Mixtures.” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 46 305202, 2013
    • S. J. Pendleton, A. Montello, C. Carter, W. Lempert, and M. A. Gundersen., “Vibrational and Rotational CARS Measurements of Nitrogen in Afterglow of Streamer Discharge in Atmospheric Pressure Fuel/Air Mixtures,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 44 495401, 2012.
    • D. Singleton, A. Kuthi, J. M. Sanders, A. Simone, S. J. Pendleton, and M. A. Gundersen, “Low Energy Compact Power Modulators for Transient Plasma Ignition,” Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 1084-1090, August 2011.
    • D. Singleton, S. J. Pendleton, and M. A. Gundersen, "The role of non-thermal transient plasma for enhanced flame ignition in C2H4-air," Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 44, 2011.
    • S. J. Pendleton, J. Kastner, E. Gutmark, and M. A. Gundersen. “Surface Streamer Discharge for Plasma Flow Control Using Nanosecond Pulsed Power.” Plasma Sciences, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 39 (11), pp. 2072-2073, 2011.
    • D. Singleton, J. Sinibaldi, C. Brophy, A. Kuthi and M. A. Gundersen, “Compact Pulsed Power System for Transient Plasma Ignition”, IEEE Transactions of Plasma Science, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 37 (12), 2275-2279, 2009.
    • T. Shiraishe, T. Urushihara and M. Gundersen, “A Trial of Ignition Innovation of gasoline engine by nanosecond pulsed low temperature plasma ignition,” in Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 42 (2009) 135208 12pp
    • C. Cathey, J. Cain, H. Wang, M. A. Gundersen, M. Ryan, and C. Carter, “OH Production by Transient Plasma and Mechanism of Flame Ignition and Propagation in Quiescent Methane-Air Mixtures", Combustion and Flame, Volume 154, Issue 4, September 2008, Pages 715-727.
    • C. Cathey, T. Tang, T. Shiraishi, T. Urushihara, A. Kuthi, and M. A. Gundersen, “Nanosecond Plasma Ignition for Improved Performance of an Internal Combustion Engine,” IEEE Trans on Plasma Sci., Volume: 35, 6, Part 1, 1664-1668 2007.
    • Ryan Umstattd, C. Schlise and F. Wang, "Gas Evolution during Operation of a CsI-Coated Carbon Fiber Cathode in a Closed Vacuum System," IEEE Trans. Plasma Science, 33, Issue: 2, Part 3, 901-910, 2005.
    • J.B. Liu, F. Wang, G. Li, A. Kuthi, E. J. Gutmark, P.D. Ronney, and M.A. Gundersen, "Transient Plasma Ignition," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 33, No. 2, April 2005.
    • F. Wang, J.B. Liu, J. Sinibaldi, C. Brophy, A. Kuthi, C. Jiang, P. Ronney, and M.A. Gundersen, ‘Transient Plasma Ignition of Quiescent and Flowing Air/Fuel Mixtures," IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 33, No. 2, April 2005.
    • G. J. Roth and M. A. Gundersen, "Laser-induced fluorescence images of NO distribution after needle-plane pulsed negative corona discharge," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 27, 28 (1999).

    Text Chapters

    • C. Cathey, and M. A. Gundersen, “Transient Plasma Ignition,” Low Temperature Plasma Physics, Rainer Hippler (Editor), Sigismund Pfau (Editor), Martin Schmidt (Editor), Karl H. Schoenbach (Editor) 2008, pp 525-541.

    Invited Presentations

    • S. J. Pendleton, D. Singleton, Y. H. Lin, A. Kuthi, and M. A. Gundersen. “Nanosecond Pulsed Power and Transient Plasma Ignition.” Invited Talk at the Plasma Assisted Combustion MURI Review, The Ohio State University, November 2011.
    • M.A. Gundersen, "Transient Plasma Ignition”, U.C. San Diego, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Dept., Fluid Mechanics Series, March 12, 2007.

    Conference Proceedings and Other Publications

    • Y-H. Lin, D. Singleton, J. M. Sanders, A. Kuthi, and M. A. Gundersen “Pressure effects on transient plasma discharge in air,” IEEE Pulsed Power and Plasma Science Conf. San Francisco, P1-25, 2013
    • Y.-H. Lin, D. Singleton, J.M. Sanders, A. Kuthi, M.A. Gundersen,"Experimental study of pulsed corona discharge in air at high pressures," Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 65th Annual Gaseous Electronics Conference, Volume 57, Number 8, BAPS.2012.GEC.PR1.59, 2012
    • S. J. Pendleton, S. Bowman, D. Singleton, J. Watrous, I. Adamovich, W. Lempert, C. Carter, M. A. Gundersen. “Oxygen Pathways in Streamer Discharge for Transient Plasma Ignition.” Oral Presentation and Student Award Finalist at the 64th Gaseous Electronics Conference, Salt Lake City, UT, November 2011.
    • S. J. Pendleton, J. Watrous, M. A. Gundersen. “Temporal Temperature Evolution of Streamer Discharge in Air.” Oral Presentation at the38th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, Chicago, IL, June 2011
    • S. J. Pendleton and M. A. Gundersen. “Optical Diagnostics on Transient Plasma Ignition.” Poster Presentation at the 38th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, Chicago, IL, June 2011
    • S. J. Pendleton, D. Singleton, J. M. Sanders, A. Kuthi, and M. A. Gundersen. “Transient Plasma Ignition for the Improvement of Combustion.” Poster Presentation at the 2011 Aerospace Thematic Workshop:Fundamentals of Aerodynamic Flow and Combustion Control by Plasmas, Les Houches, France, March 2011.
    • S. J. Pendleton, E. Mintoussov, N. A. Popov, S. Starikovskaia, and M. A. Gundersen. “Fast Gas Heating in Fast Ionization Wave Discharge: Experiment and Modeling.” Oral Presentation at the 37th IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science, Norfolk, VA, June 2010
    • D. R. Singleton, M. A. Gundersen “Study of the Volumetric Effect of Transient Plasma Ignition in Quiescent Ethylene-Air,” IEEE 36th International Conference on Plasma Science, 2009.
    • J. W. Luginsland, D. Singleton, M. Gundersen, C. Brophy, J. Sinibaldi, E. Barbour, D. Waxman, R. Hanson, “The Role of Water in Transient Plasma Ignition for Combustion,” IEEE 36th International Conference on Plasma Science, 2009.
    • D. Singleton, M. A. Gundersen, C. Brophy, J. Sinibaldi, J. W. Luginsland, "Development of High Rep-Rate Pulse Detonation Engines Based on Transient Plasma Ignition Technology," IEEE 35th International Conference on Plasma Science, 2008, 15-19 June 2008.
    • D. Singleton, C. Cathey, A. Kuthi, and M. A. Gundersen, “Applications of Power Modulator Technology to Ignition and Combustion”, Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE International Power Modulator Conference and High Voltage Conference, pp. 174-177, 27-31 May 2008.
    • K. Busby, J. Corrigan, S. Yu, S. Williams, C. Carter, F. Schauer, J. Hoke, C. Cathey, and M. A. Gundersen, “Effects of Corona, Spark and Surface Discharges on Ignition Delay and Deflagration-to-Detonation Times in Pulsed Detonation Engines,” 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 8-11 Jan 2007.
    • C. Cathey, F. Wang, T. Tang, A. Kuthi, M. A. Gundersen, J. Sinibaldi, C. Brophy, J. Hoke, F. Schauer, J. Corrigan , J. Yu, E. Barbour, and R. Hanson, “Transient Plasma Ignition for Delay Reduction in Pulse Detonation Engines,” 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 8-11 Jan 2007.
    • Kenneth Busby, J. Corrigan, S. Yu, S. Williams, C. Carter, F. Schauer, J. Hoke, C. Cathey, and M. A. Gundersen, "Effects of Corona, Spark and Surface Discharges on Ignition Delay and Deflagration-to-Detonation Times in Pulsed Detonation Engines," 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nevada, 8-11 Jan 2007.
    • P. Hutcheson, C. Brophy, J. Sinibaldi, C. Cathey, and M. A. Gundersen, “Investigation of Flow Field Properties on Detonation Initiation,” 42nd AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference 2006, Sacramento, California, 9 -12 July 2006.
    • F. Wang, C. Cathey, A. Kuthi, T. Tang, H, Chen, and M. A. Gundersen, "Pseudospark Based Power Modulator technology for Transient Plasma Ignition," 27th International Power Modulator Conference 2006, Washington D. C., District of Columbia, May 14-18th, 2006.
    • M. Gundersen, "Pseudospark-Based Pulse Generator for Corona-Assisted Combustion Experiments," to appear in "Combustion Processes in Propulsion," 2005.
    • F. Wang, A. Kuthi, C. Jiang and M. Gundersen, "Technology for Transient Plasma Ignition," 43rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, NV, Jan. 10-13, 2005. AIAA Paper 2005-0951.
    • D. Lieberman, J. Shepherd, F. Wang and M. Gundersen, "Characterization of a Corona Discharge Initiator Using Detonation Tube Impulse Measurements," 43rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno , NV , Jan. 10-13, 2005. AIAA Paper 2005-1344.
    • F. Wang, C. Jiang, A. Kuthi, M.A. Gundersen, C. Brophy, J. Sinibaldi, and L.C. Lee, "Transient plasma ignition of hydrocarbon-air mixtures in pulse detonation engines," 42nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 6th Weakly Ionized Gases Workshop, Reno, Nevada 5 - 8 Jan 2004, Paper Number : AIAA-2004-0837.
    • Jianbang Liu, Fei Wang, Long C. Lee, N. Theiss, Paul D. Ronney, and Martin A. Gundersen, "Effect of discharge energy and cavity geometry on flame ignition by transient plasma," 42nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 6th Weakly Ionized Gases Workshop, Reno, Nevada 5 - 8 Jan 2004, Paper Number : AIAA-2004-1011.
    • Jianbang Liu, Fei Wang, Long C. Lee, Paul D. Ronney, and Martin A. Gundersen, "Effect of Fuel Type on Flame Ignition by Transient Plasma Discharges," 42nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 6th Weakly Ionized Gases Workshop, Reno, Nevada 5 - 8 Jan 2004.
    • J.B. Liu, P.D. Ronney, F. Wang, L.C. Lee, and M.A. Gundersen, "Transient Plasma Ignition For Lean Burn Applications," Proceedings of 2003 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Reno, Nevada, January 6-9, 2003, No. 2003-6208.
    • J.B. Liu, P.D. Ronney, and M. Gundersen, "Premixed Flame Ignition by Transient Plasma Discharges," Proceedings of the Third Joint Meeting of the U.S. Sections of the Combustion Institute, Chicago, Illinois, March 16-19, 2003. Paper B-25.
    • F. Wang, C. Jiang, A. Kuthi, M. Gundersen, C. M. Brophy, J. O. Sinibaldi, and L. C. Lee, "Transient Plasma Ignition of Ethylene-Air and Propane-Air Mixtures in Pulse Detonation Engines," Proceedings of the 16th ONR Propulsion Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, June 9-11, 2003, pp. 143-148.
    • F. Wang, A. Kuthi, C. Jiang, and M. Gundersen, "Pseudospark Based Pulse Forming Circuit For Transient Plasma Ignition Systems," Proc. 14th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, Dallas, TX, June 15-18, 2003, pp. 339-342.
    • J. B. Liu, N. Theiss, P. D. Ronney, and M. A. Gundersen, "Minimum ignition energies and burning rates of flames ignited by transient plasma discharges," 2003 meeting of Western States Section/Combustion Institute, UCLA, Oct 20-21, 2003, Paper 03F-88. 2002.
    • Kuthi, J. Liu, C. Young, L.C. Lee, and M. Gundersen, "Pseudospark Based Pulse Generator for Corona Assisted Combustion Experiments," ONR Review, August 5-7, 2002.

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    Biological Applications

    Refereed Journal Articles

    • Y.-H. Wu, D. Arnaud-Cormos, M. Casciola, J. M. Sanders, P. Leveque, P. T. Vernier, "Moveable Wire Electrode Microchamber for Nanosecond Pulsed Electric-Field Delivery," Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on , vol.60, no.2, pp.489,496, Feb. 2013
    • S. Romeo, Y.-H. Wu, Z.A. Levine, M.A. Gundersen, and P.T. Vernier, “Water influx and cell swelling after nanosecond electropermeabilization,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Biomembranes, 2013
    • M.C. Ho, Z.A. Levine, and P.T. Vernier, “Effect of Monovalent Ion Concentration in Molecular Simulation of Electroporation,” Biophysical Journal, 104, 172, 2013
    • M.C. Ho, Z.A. Levine, and P.T. Vernier, “Nanoscale, Electric Field-Driven Water Bridges in Vacuum Gaps and Lipid Bilayers,” The Journal of membrane biology, 1-9, 2013
    • Z.A. Levine and P.T. Vernier, “Calcium and phosphatidylserine inhibit lipid electropore formation and reduce pore lifetime.” The Journal of Membrane Biology, 245(10), 599-610, 2012
    • T.B. Napotnik, Y.-H. Wu, M.A. Gundersen, D. Miklavčič, and P.T. Vernier, “Nanosecond electric pulses cause mitochondrial membrane permeabilization in Jurkat cells, “Bioelectromagnetics, 33(3), 257-264, 2012
    • C. Zhang, P.T. Vernier, Y.-H. Wu, and W. Yang, “Surface chemical immobilization of parylene C with thermosensitive block copolymer brushes based on N‐isopropylacrylamide and N‐tert‐butylacrylamide: Synthesis, characterization, and cell adhesion/detachment,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, 100(1), 217-229, 2012
    • Yang, W., Y.-H. Wu, D. Yin, H. P. Koeffler, D. E. Sawcer, P. T. Vernier, and M. A. Gundersen, Differential sensitivities of malignant and normal skin cells to nanosecond pulsed electric fields, Technology in Cancer Research and Treatment 10:281-286, 2011.
    • D. Arnaud-Cormos, P. Leveque, Y.-H. Wu, J.M. Sanders, M.A. Gundersen, P.T. Vernier, "Microchamber Setup Characterization for Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Field Exposure," Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on , vol.58, no.6, pp.1656,1662, June 2011
    • Wu, Yu-Hsuan, M.A. Gundersen and P.T. Vernier, “Nanosecond Megavolt-Per-Meter Pulsed Electric Field Effects on Biological Membranes”, Biophysical Journal 100(3), 502a, 2011.
    • Z.A. Levine and P.T. Vernier, “Life cycle of an electropore: field-dependent and field-independent steps in pore creation and annihilation,” The Journal of membrane biology, 236(1), 27-36, 2010
    • V. Knecht, Z.A. Levine, and P.T. Vernier, “Electrophoresis of neutral oil in water,” Journal of colloid and interface science, 352(2), 223-231, 2010
    • J. M. Sanders, A. Kuthi, Y.-H. Wu, P. T. Vernier, and M. A. Gundersen, "A Linear, Single-stage, Nanosecond Pulse Generator for Delivering Intense Electric Fields to Biological Loads," IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, vol. 16, pp. 1048-1054, 2009.
    • PT Vernier, MA Gundersen, and M Valderrabano, “Cardiac Myocyte Excitation by Ultrashort High-Field Pulses,” Biophysical Journal, 96(4), 1640-1648, 2009
    • P.T. Vernier, Z.A. Levine, Y.-H. Wu, V. Joubert, M.J. Ziegler, L.M. Mir, and D.P. Tieleman, “Electroporating fields target oxidatively damaged areas in the cell membrane,” PLoS One, 4(11), e7966, 2009
    • C Jiang, MT Chen, and MA Gundersen, “Polarity-Induced Asymmetric Effects of Nanosecond Pulsed Plasma Jets,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 42, 232002, 2009.
    • De-Arco, L.G., FN Ishikawa, PT Vernier, C Zhou, and MA Gundersen, “pH-sensitive Intracellular Photoluminescence of Carbon Nanotube–Fluorescein Conjugates in Human Ovarian Cancer Cells,” Nanotechnology, 20, 295101, 2009.
    • Wang, S., J. Chen, M. T. Chen, P. T. Vernier, M. A. Gundersen, and M. Valderrabano, Cardiac myocyte excitation by ultrashort high-field pulses, Biophys. J. 96:1640-1648, 2009.
    • Chen, M.-T., L. G. De-Arco, F. N. Ishikawa, P. T. Vernier, C. Zhou, and M. A. Gundersen, Intracellular photoluminescence of carbon nanotube-fluorescein conjugates in human ovarian cancer cells, Nanotechnology 20:295101, 2009.
    • Chen, M.-T., C. Jiang, P. T. Vernier, Y.-H. Wu, and M. A. Gundersen, Two-dimensional nanosecond electric field mapping based on cell electropermeabilization, PMC Biophysics 2 (1), 9, 2009.
    • Jiang, C., M.-T. Chen, C. Schaudinn, A. Gorur, P. T. Vernier, J. W. Costerton, D. Jaramillo, P. Sedghizadeh, and M. A. Gundersen," Pulsed atmospheric-pressure cold plasma for endodontic disinfection", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 37:1190-1195, 2009.
    • Jiang, C., M.-T. Chen, C. Schaudinn, A. Gorur, P. T. Vernier, J. W. Costerton, D. Jaramillo, P. Sedghizadeh, and M. A. Gundersen, Nanosecond pulsed plasma dental probe, Plasma Processes and Polymers 6:479-483, 2009.
    • Vernier, P. T., Y. Sun, M.-T. Chen, M. A. Gundersen, and G. L. Craviso, "Nanosecond electric pulse-induced calcium entry into chromaffin cells", Bioelectrochemistry 73:1-4, 2008.
    • Gómez Galindo, F., P. T. Vernier, P. Dejmek, A. Vicente, and M. A. Gundersen," Pulsed electric field reduces the permeability of potato cell wall", Bioelectromagnetics 29:296-301, 2008.
    • J. Wang, W. H. Yong, Y. Sun, P. T. Vernier, H. P. Koeffler, M. A. Gundersen, and L. Marcu, “Receptor-targeted quantum dots: Fluorescent probes for brain tumor diagnosis”, J. Phys. Chem. B 111: 12993-12996, 2007.
    • Garon, E. B., D. Sawcer, P. T. Vernier, T. Tang, Y. Sun, L. Marcu, M. A. Gundersen, and H. P. Koeffler, "In vitro and in vivo evaluation and a case report of intense nanosecond pulsed electric field as a local therapy for human malignancies", Int. J. Cancer 121:675-682, 2007.
    • Krishnaswamy, P., A. Kuthi, P. T. Vernier, and M. A. Gundersen, "Compact subnanosecond pulse generator using avalanche transistors for cell electroperturbation", IEEE Trans. Dielect. Elec. Ins., in press, 2007.
    • Liu, Y. S., Y. Sun, P. T. Vernier, C. H. Liang, S. Y. C. Chong, and M. A. Gundersen, "pH-sensitive photoluminescence of CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS quantum dots in human ovarian cancer cells", J. Phys. Chem. C 111:2872-2878, 2007.
    • Sun, Y., Y. S. Liu, P. T. Vernier, C. H. Liang, S. Y. Chong, L. Marcu, and M. A. Gundersen, "Photostability and pH sensitivity of CdSe/ZnSe/ZnS quantum dots in living cells", Nanotechnology 17:4469-4476, 2006.
    • Sun, Y., P. T. Vernier, M. Behrend, J, Wang, M. M. Thu, M. A. Gundersen, and L. Marcu, "Fluorescence microscopy imaging of electroperturbation in mammalian cells", J. Biomed. Optics, 11:24010, 2006.
    • Vernier, P. T., Y. Sun, and M. A. Gundersen, "Nanoelectropulse-driven membrane perturbation and small molecule permeabilization", BMC Cell Biology 7:37, 2006.
    • Vernier, P. T., M. J. Ziegler, Y. Sun, W. V. Chang, M. A. Gundersen, and D. P. Tieleman, "Nanopore formation and phosphatidylserine externalization in a phospholipid bilayer at high transmembrane potential", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128:6288-6289, 2006.
    • Vernier, P. T., Y, Sun, M. J. Ziegler, D. P. Tieleman, and M. A. Gundersen, "Nanopore-facilitated, voltage driven phosphatidylserine translocation in lipid bilayers — in vitro and in silico", Physical Biology 3:233-247, 2006.
    • Sun, Y., P. T. Vernier, M. Behrend, L. Marcu, and M. A. Gundersen, "Electrode microchamber for non-invasive perturbation of mammalian cells with nanosecond pulsed electric fields," IEEE Trans. Nanobiosci., 4:277-283, 2005.
    • Kuthi, A., P. Gabrielsson, M. Behrend, P. T. Vernier, and M. A. Gundersen, "Nanosecond pulse generator using fast recovery diodes for cell electromanipulation," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 33:1192-1197, 2005.
    • Curreli, M., C. Li, Y. Sun, B. Lei, M. A. Gundersen, M. E. Thompson, and C. Zhou, "Selective functionalization of In2O3 nanowire mat devices for biosensing applications," Journal of the American Chemistry Society, 2005, Vol. 127, pp. 6922-6923.
    • Vernier, P. T., Y. Sun, L. Marcu, C. M. Craft, and M. A. Gundersen, "Nanoelectropulse-induced phosphatidylserine translocation," Biophys. J. 86:4040–4048, 2004.
    • Vernier, P. T., Y. Sun, L. Marcu, C. M. Craft, and M. A. Gundersen, "Nanosecond pulsed electric fields perturb membrane phospholipids in T lymphoblasts," FEBS Lett. 572:103–108, 2004.
    • Vernier, P. T., M. Thu, L. Marcu, C. M. Craft, and M. A. Gundersen, "Nanosecond lectroperturbation — mammalian cell sensitivity and bacterial spore resistance," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 32:1620–1625, 2004.
    • Vernier, P. T., A. Li, L. Marcu, C. M. Craft, and M. A. Gundersen, "Ultrashort pulsed electric fields induce membrane phospholipid translocation and caspase activation: differential sensitivities of Jurkat T lymphoblasts and rat glioma C6 cells," IEEE Trans. Dielect. Elect. Ins. 10:795–809, 2003.
    • Vernier, P. T., Y. Sun, L. Marcu, S. Salemi, C. M. Craft, and M. A. Gundersen, "Calcium bursts induced by nanosecond electric pulses," Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 310:286–295, 2003.

    Text Chapters

    • C. Jiang, C. Schaudinn, D.E. Jaramillo, M.A. Gundersen, and J.W. Costerton, J. W., “A Sub-microsecond Pulsed Plasma Jet for Endodontic Biofilm Disinfection,” In Plasma for Bio-Decontamination, Medicine and Food Security(pp. 179-190). Springer Netherlands, 2012

    Invited Presentations

    • P.T. Vernier, Y. Sun, M. J. Ziegler, and M.A. Gundersen, “Flipping the phospholipid switch for phagocytosis — targeting cells for immune clearance with a nanosecond, remotely delivered, electrical signal,” Bioelectromagnetics Society Winter Workshop, Tempe, AZ, 2006.

    Conference Proceedings and Other Publications

    • Z.A. Levine, N. Ivošević DeNardis, and P.T. Vernier, “Molecular Dynamics Interactions between Silicon Electrodes and Phospholipids,” In Biophysical Society 57th Annual Meeting, Feb. 2013
    • P.T. Vernier, Z.A. Levine, M.A. Gundersen, "Water Bridges in Electropermeabilized Phospholipid Bilayers," Proceedings of the IEEE , vol.101, no.2, pp.494,504, Feb. 2013
    • Y.-H. Wu, D. Arnaud-Cormos, M. Casciola, J.M. Sanders, P. Leveque, and P.T. Vernier, P. T., “Versatile broadband electrode assembly for cell electroporation,” In Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2012 Annual International Conference of the IEEE (pp. 2563-2566). IEEE, 2012
    • M. Anderson, M. A. Gundersen, J. M. Sanders, D. R. Singleton, and A. Waterhouse, "Effects of Pulsed Energy Field Treatments on White Wine Grapes," in Annual Meeting Poster Session, American Society for Enology and Viticulture, Napa, California, 2009.
    • Jiang, C., P. T. Vernier, M.-T. Chen, Y.-H. Wu, L. L. Wang, and M. A. Gundersen, Low energy nanosecond pulsed plasma sterilization for endodontic applications, IEEE 28th International Power Modulator Conference, Las Vegas, 2008.
    • Craviso, G. L., G. Maalouf, S. Choe, M.-T. Chen, D. McPherson, I. Chatterjee, M. A. Gundersen, and P. T. Vernier, Nanosecond electric pulse stimulates catecholamine release from chromaffin cells, Bioelectromagnetics Society 30th Annual Meeting, San Diego, 2008.
    • M. T. Chen, L. G. Arco, Y. Sun, P. T. Vernier, F. Ischikawa, C. Zhou and M. A. Gundersen, "CNT Uptake in Human Ovarian Cancer Cells: Changes in Fluorescence Emission of CNT-Fluorescein in SKOV-3 Ovarian Cancer Cells," Symposium EE: Applications of Nanotubes and Nanowires, MRS meeting, Spring, 2007
    • Garon, E. B., P. T. Vernier, J. Wang, T. Tang, M. M. Thu, X. Gu, Y. Sun, L. Marcu, M. Gundersen, H. P. Koeffler, "Nanoelectropulse therapy for cancer: in vitro and in vivo analysis," 97th American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, 2006.
    • Sun, Y., P. T. Vernier, Y.-S. Liu, T. Black, C.-H. Liang, S. Y. Chong, M.-T. Chen, T. Tang, L. Marcu, and M. A. Gundersen, "Biophotonic studies of mammalian cells with nanosecond pulsed power using quantum dots," Proc. 27th International Power Modulator Symposium and 2006 High Voltage Workshop, 2006.
    • Craviso, G. L., Y. Sun, M.-T. Chen, M. A. Gundersen, and P. T. Vernier, “Single, nanosecond electric pulse elevates intracellular calcium in bovine adrenal chromaffin cells”, Bioelectromagnetics Society 28th Annual Meeting, Cancun, 2006.
    • Vernier, P. T., Y. Sun, M. T. Chen, S. Y. C. Chong, and M. A. Gundersen, “DNA-binding fluorochrome photoluminescence in nanoelectropulsed living cells”, Bioelectromagnetics Society 28th Annual Meeting, Cancun, 2006.
    • Liu, Y.-S., C. H. Liang, P. T. Vernier, Y. Sun, and M. A. Gundersen, “Design and synthesis of a multifunctional probe for bio-imaging and therapeutics”, Materials Research Society Spring Meeting, San Francisco, 2006.
    • Sun, Y., P. T. Vernier, X. Gu, M. T. Chen, L. Marcu, and M. A. Gundersen, “Apoptotic nuclear perturbation induced by nanosecond pulsed electric fields”, Biophysical Society Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, 2006.
    • Y. Sun, P. T. Vernier, J. Wang, X. Gu, S. Y. Chong, T. Tang, M. T. Chen, L. Marcu, and M. A. Gundersen, “Transient membrane permeability induced by nanoelectropulses detected with early apoptosis probe YO-PRO-1,” Gordon Research Conference on Bioelectrochemistry, Sept. 3-8, 2006, Aussois, France.
    • Vernier, P. T., Y. Sun, M. J. Ziegler, and M. A. Gundersen, “Nanoelectropulse-driven membrane perturbation and permeabilization”, 2nd ASM–IEEE EMBS Conference on Bio-, Micro-, and Nanosystems, San Francisco, 2006.
    • Vernier, P. T., M. J. Ziegler, Y. Sun, and M. A. Gundersen, “Nanosecond electroporation and electrophoretic phosphatidylserine translocation — in vitro and in silico”, American Society for Cell Biology 46th Annual Meeting, San Diego, 2006.
    • Ziegler, M. J., P. T. Vernier, Y. Sun, and M. A. Gundersen, “Molecular dynamics simulations of nanopore formation and charged phospholipids translocation in lipid bilayers driven by nanosecond, megavolt-per-meter pulsed electric fields”, Biophysical Society Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, 2006.
    • Jingjing Wang, P. Thomas Vernier, Yinghua Sun, Martin A. Gundersen, and Laura Marcu, "A fluorescence microscopy study of quantum dots as fluorescent probes for brain tumor diagnosis," Proc. SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 5703, 127 (2005)
    • Vernier, P. T., Y. Sun, J. Wang, L. Marcu, and M. A. Gundersen, "Nanoelectropulse-induced membrane perturbations in living cells visualized with fluorescence microscopy," BiOS 2005 (SPIE), San Jose, 2005.
    • Vernier, P. T., Y. Sun, L. Marcu, and M. A. Gundersen, "Nanoelectropulse-driven phosphatidylserine externalization and small molecule permeabilization," Biophysical Society Annual Meeting, Long Beach , 2005.
    • Vernier, P. T., Y. Sun, L. Marcu, and M. A. Gundersen, "Nanoelectropulse-driven phosphatidylserine externalization and small molecule permeabilization," Proc. Fourth International Symposium on Nonthermal Medical/Biological Treatments Using Electromagnetic Fields and Ionized Gases (ElectroMed 2005), Portland , OR , 2005.
    • Sun, Y., P. T. Vernier, J. Wang, A. Kuthi, L. Marcu, and M. A. Gundersen, "Electropermeabilization of mammalian cells visualized with fluorescent semiconductor nanocrystals (quantum dots)," Proc. Material Research Society Symposium, Vol. 873E, K6.9.1, 2005.
    • J. Wang, T. Vernier, Y. Sun, M. Gundersen, L. Marcu, "Fluorescence microscopy study of quantum dots as fluorescent probes for brain tumor diagnosis," SPIE Proc. 5703-23, Photonics West-BIOS, Jan. 2005.
    • Q. Fang, T. Vernier, Y. Sun, J. Wang, M. M. Thu, T. Papaioannou, J. A. Jo, M. Gundersen, and L. Marcu, "Picosecond fluorescence lifetime imaging microscope for imaging of living glioma cells," SPIE Proc. 5699A-5, Photonics West-BIOS, Jan. 2005.
    • J. F. Lo, E. Kim, M. Gundersen, L. Marcu, "Piezoelectric optical MEMS scanning fluorescence biosensor," SPIE Proc. 5692-16, Photonics West-BIOS, Jan. 2005.
    • P. T. Vernier, Y. Sun, J. Wang, L. Marcu, M. A. Gundersen, "Nanoelectropulse-induced membrane perturbations in living cells visualized with fluorescence microscopy," SPIE Proc. 5692-46, Photonics West-BIOS, Jan. 2005.
    • Gundersen, M. A., A. Kuthi, M. R. Behrend, and P. T. Vernier, "Bipolar nanosecond pulse generation using transmission lines for cell electro-manipulation," Proc. 26th International Power Modulator Symposium and 2004 High Voltage Workshop, pp. 224-227, 2004.
    • Thu, M., M. R. Behrend, P. T. Vernier, Y. Sun, A. Kuthi, L. Marcu, and M. A. Gundersen, "Catheter electrode studies for ultra-short high-field pulses," Proc. 26th International Power Modulator Symposium and 2004 High Voltage Workshop, pp. 337-340, 2004.
    • Vernier, P. T., Y. Sun, L. Marcu, C. M. Craft, and M. A. Gundersen, "Nanosecond pulsed electric fields trigger intracellular signals in human lymphocytes," Technical Proceedings of the 2004 Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show (Nanotech 2004), vol. 1, pp. 7-10, 2004.
    • Sun. Y., P. T. Vernier, M. Behrend, L. Marcu, and M. A. Gundersen, "Microscope slide electrode chamber for nanosecond, megavolt-per-meter biological investigations," Technical Proceedings of the 2004 Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show (Nanotech 2004), vol. 1, pp. 485-488.
    • L. Marcu, P. Thomas Vernier, H. Charles Manning, Sarah Salemi, Aimin Li, Cheryl M. Craft, Martin A. Gundersen, and Darryl J. Bornhop, "Fluorescence microscopy studies of a peripheral benzodiazepine receptor targeted molecular probe for brain tumor imaging," Diagnostic Optical Spectroscopy in Biomedicine II. Edited by Wagnieres, Georges A. Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 5141, pp. 64-69 (2003).
    • P. T. Vernier, A. Li, L. Marcu, X. Zhu, C. M. Craft, and M. A. Gundersen, "Nanosecond, Megawatt, Millijoule Pulses Translocate Membrane Phospholipids and activate Caspases in Malignant Cells," ElectroMed 2003, June 11–13, 2003, San Antonio, TX, paper in Proc. Third International Symposium on Nonthermal Medical/Biological Treatments Using Electromagnetic Fields and Ionized Gases (ElectroMed 2003), p. 65.
    • P. T. Vernier, Y. Sun, L. Marcu, S. Salemi, C. M. Craft, and M. A. Gundersen, "Field-Dependent, Intracellular Electroperturbation of Human Lymphocytes," Workshop on High-Field Effects and Fast Pulse Responses in Bio-Systems, IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, October 19–22, 2003, Albuquerque, NM.
    • Y. Sun, P. T. Vernier, M. Behrend, L. Marcu, S. Salemi and M. A. Gundersen, "Non-Invasive Approaches to Nano-Biology Through Advanced Pulsed Power," Workshop on High-Field Effects and Fast Pulse Responses in Bio-Systems, IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, October 19–22, 2003, Albuquerque, NM.
    • L. Marcu, P. T. Vernier, S. Salemi, M. Behrend, C. M. Craft, M. Gundersen, "Optical imaging of electroperturbative effects in Jurkat T lymphoblasts induced by ultrashort pulsed electric fields," World Congress in Medical Biophysics and Biomedical Engineering, Sydney, Australia 2003.
    • Gundersen, M., T. Vernier, C. Craft, L. Marcu, A. Li, X. Zhu, A. Ghalam, T. Katsouleas, A. Kuthi, M. Behrend, and C. Young, "Ultrashort, pulsed electroperturbation: applications of high pulsed electric fields to induced caspase activation of human lymphocytes," Proc. 25th International Power Modulator Symposium and 2002 High Voltage Workshop, pp. 667-670, 2002.

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