Electrical engineering is, according to Professor Jim Moore, one of the four biggest branches of engineering. Electrical engineering is a huge field which deals with developing and designing electrical circuits and digital components which can be used in computers, communication, digital controls, and signal controls. Electrical engineering offers about 301,500 jobs in the United States alone, and the average income for an electrical engineer adds up to around $82,160 (Sloan Career Cornerstone Center). Jobs involved in electrical engineering mainly deal with technology.
There are several sub-branches within electrical engineering; one of the sub-branches is computers. Electrical engineers that are working the computer field are involved with optimizing software and hardware, developing faster and smaller microprocessors, and interfaces with the components of the computer, such as operating systems.
Communication is another field in which electrical engineers work in. They are responsible for making the global positioning system and the cell phone, which have revolutionized how we interact with each other today. Fiber optics have also improved the speed and reliability of how we exchange information today.
Electrical engineers who work with digital controls focus on making electronic systems more reliable, efficient, and safe. They design, develop, and operate these systems, and they determine how they would be controlled. Control systems are used in major facilities, such as power and chemical plants.
Electrical engineers are also involved in producing instruments that measure quantities such as flow rate, pressure, temperature and speed. Since electrical engineers created these instruments, they are also responsible for turning the data read from the instrument into readable and audible signals. As an example, electrical engineers work with bioengineers to create medical instruments that are used in treating and diagnosing patients.