A COUNTRYSIDE PHOTOGRAPHER AND HIS SON . Shen Xiao Min

      Subtitles translated by Megan Conolly

    Bingzhong! It's me!

    Tianbing!

    It's been such a long time since your last visit.

    Master Tianbing is here to take a photo for us!

    Get the colored photos tomorrow!

    Come again tomorrow!

    I'll have to go to Gongya Mountain tomorrow.

    Are you really going to Gongya Mountain tomorrow?

    It would be inconvenient for a double trip during the Spring Festival.

    I still want to go there.

    I'll take the camera and leave.

    Futian Village, Makeng Town, Hua¡an County, Fujian Province.

    Good day, Granny and Grandpa!

    You are back! You are back already!

    Li Hao's back from Hua¡Żan!

    This is for the Spring Festival. It is wine.

    And bonus for the Festival!

    The holiday will begin on the 29th.

    But the others have the day off beginning on the 27th.

    I'll go to Gongya Mountain on the second and the third day of the New
    Year.

    You are going to Gongya Mountain?

    Yes. There is a car and the trip won't be difficult. I have to go there. I have to go to have a look.

    It is given to your brother by the army.

    Put this on the door!

    There is only one horizontal scroll.

    And this inscribed board.

    Put these on the back.

    You have hung the wrong side out.

    Don't you come in!

    I will have a look at those lambs.

    This is much more modern.

    What is this for?

    To measure the depth of the view and the sensitivity of the film.

    This was bought with the money appropriated by the county government.

    It is easy to find a view.

    What is this for?

    This is to focus.

    This is one meter, ten, five, three, two meters.

    One meter and a half is here.

    Two meters and a half. Three meters.

    Where is one meter? Here is one and a half. And here, 2,3,5,10 meters.

    The smallest distance is one meter and a half.

    This is the zoom. You can zoom in close and zoom out.

    This is for focusing.

    2 meters.

    3 meters.

    Look here!

    This is to zoom in and out.

    This is to focus. 10,5,3 meters.

    This is to zoom in and out.

    This is the aperture. It is quite complicated!

    Too complicated!

    My camera is easier to use.

    This one is too difficult to handle.

    My camera is simpler.

    Are you more used to your own camera because you started using it before Liberation (1949)?

    Yes. I am used to it.

    Should I dry these clothes in the sun?

    As you wish.

    Watch how to clean the lens! Just like this.

    It's O.K. when there is no dirt left.

    Can you dance?

    What's that flower? I will have a look. Look here!

    What flower? Come! Come!

    In 1945, a cameraman from Long Yan came to take photos for the Identification cards. I carried his luggage for him. During that time, I learned how to take and develop a photo from him.

    I bought a camera in 1946.

    I bought a camera, So I began to take photos.

    This is the same camera. For example, it can sit still.

    I forgot my film box.

    People sit in front of the camera.

    This is 2 inches. And this is 3 inches.

    It depends on the size of the picture.

    Once the shot is in focus.

    Lift the lid off!

    Then Plug in the film box from here.

    Plug it in at the right place and then shut it up.

    Now take pictures like this.

    When his eyes look here, Snap! Just like that!

    It was this way even before Liberation.

    This is the last one.

    Before Liberation, people used to use the lids.

    I'll fetch a lid.

    What is the function of the lid?

    Before 1951, all the lids were like this. You had to lift it off.

    Lift the lid off. Like this.

    After the man sat down, you would find the accurate angle.

    Put on the lid, as it used to be.

    You put on the lid when the angle is found.

    Then the man in front of you has been in your camera.

    Just like this. He will find himself in the camera.

    2 or 3 inches? That depends on the film.

    Put in the film box like this.

    Pull open the film box.

    Pull it open like this.

    Attention!

    Wait! I'll carry the camera here.

    The lens is here.

    The man looks in the right direction.

    The lens aims at him.

    The film box switch is on.

    And the exposure. When light is dim.

    Count one, two, then put on the lid.

    The man has already been in it!

    When the sun is bright, you can lift it off like this.

    You sit here. (Small ones sit in the front line. We are bigger. We'll stand behind.)

    (Sit close to each other!)

    Sit straight, You, please!

    You, move a little.

    Don't move your hands.

    Smile.

    Li Hao, look in this direction!

    Li Hao, move, a little!

    He's all right.

    (Li looks at the camers)

    Your head, just a little movement.

    Terrific!

    Good! Come in. Let's have dinner.

    A new year is coming.

    Put them here!

    In the 4 corners.

    8 corners.

    Hi. How are you?

    Let's cheer up!

    You needn't stand up! Cheer up!

    Cheers!

    Cheers!

    This is the most exciting New Year's Eve. The most exciting day for me in the Spring Festivals of the last few decades.

    Bonus for you, from your uncle.

    The lambs are making their way up. Come down!

    The lambs are blocking the way.

    It doesn't matter. Go home. Mummy has another pair of shoes.

    These two shoes are terrific!

    You look great!

    Enlarge each piece of these 3R coloured pictures from Hua¡Żan County, Fujian Province.

    I develop the black and white photos by myself.

    The colored ones are my works.

    Please make sure of the quality of the developing!

    No problem. I assure you of that.

    And the enlargement. This is my works.

    It's quite hot there.

    It's 27C in Huajan; and 34C in Hainan Province.

    The weather can hardly be predicted.

    Sometime it would rain cats and dogs every half hour.

    What're you doing with that?

    Making the liquid for developimg films.

    What's that?

    It's a fixing bath.

    That liquid is for developing.

    Did you buy it or make up by yourself?

    I bought it. I develop the films in the quilt when they are in urgent
    need.

    I usually develop the films in the evening.

    The photos are in urgent need.

    So I develop them as soon as I took them.

    But why cover up with a quilt?

    The light will leak if I don't do this.

    It becames a dark-room once there's a quilt.

    Today is the Lunar New Year's Day.

    We village people are happy together.

    The old and young put on their new dresses.

    All are looking forward to Master Tianbing's coming.

    Now the camera stands on the ground of the village.

    The elder ones sit in the middle, with the women right, and the men left.

    Suddenly there's a sound of snapping.

    And each one's smile had been captured.

    Marvelous is Master Tianbing!

    Dark is his room.

    He develops the pictures all by his two hands.

    The faces of the people is emerging.

    So nice is Master Tianbing!

    He climbs over the high mountain regardless of rain or shine.

    He sends us our pictures overcoming innumerable hardships.

    Each village person respects and loves him.

    I took pictures at that time.

    My father was a photographer when I was a child.

    I always followed him when I was young.

    I even followed him to remote villages.

    I always followed him when I was young.

    I also had great interest in taking pictures.

    When I was 6 or 7 years old, I helped him dry and cut pictures.

    I learned some basic skills.

    Later I work for Makeng county government.

    I insist on photographing.

    Once I traveled on foot for more that 1,000 km. for photographic creation.

    After I returned from Makeny County I held my first photo exhibition.

    I'll clip the negatives first.

    What're you doing?

    Checking the negatives.

    Develop the negatives with printing paper.

    I'll expose them when I fix them.

    How do you expose?

    I'll open the door for a certain time

    The light will shed upon the printing paper.

    Then you can use them to develop films.

    Just like this, the light from the outside sheds on it. Then develops it.

    Develop for how long?

    It depends on the sensitizing. Usually it would take 4 seconds. 3 to 4 seconds is enough.

    Dry it over the stove.

    Images in the film will emerge.

    Immerse it into clean water, then into the developer.

    When the images are almost done, put it into the fixing bath.

    That's it. It'll usually be of no problem.

    Immerse the films into clean water after developing.

    Then fixing after the immersion.

    Then it can be sensitized outside. Be sensitized at the door.

    Again, immerse the sensitized negatives into clean water. Now it's developed.

    Hello, Yes. I say. No. I say, that one.

    Some officials in the Bureau of Tourism arranged and asked him to offer
    you.

    What material do you need?

    I'll explain to him.

    I'll ask him to find the specific material for you.

    All right. That's it. One picture dropped.

    A picture dropped. We two have sharp eyes.

    I will tell grandpa when I find the pictures on the ground.

    There's another picture in the water, grandpa.

    Here it is.

    We'll use your picture when we're home.

    A picture dropped.

    Don't touch it. Just look at it.

    Who's this guy?

    Put this on one here.

    Don't touch with your hands. Just look.

    Who's this?

    It's your mother.

    No. It's not.

    Smile.

    Huimin is foolish-looking.

    I've come to Gongya Mountain for more than 130 times for my creation.

    You can't gather the herbal medicine here.

    You can't gather the herbal medicine on the mountain.

    Neither can you break the trees, nor pick the flowers.

    And it's not a place for fireworks.

    And a place for burning tomb money. Li Hao, are you doing your homework?

    Should I write lu, le or lu?

    This one should be a little higher.

    What's your score of the test?

    Did you score well?

    The Children's Day is coming. Try to be a good boy.

    Have you been chosen as 'Good Child'?

    How many times have you been chosen? Four times.

    Four times?

    Four times of being chosen as 'Good Child'

    This time is the best.

    You draw the eye-brow apart.

    Wipe it slightly with the face tissue.

    Let's have a drink.

    Wish you enjoy both happiness and longevity, and rise steadily in your career.

    Your daughter is married today.

    I have 7 children.

    She's the fifth one, according to the age.

    I have 4 daughters, 3 boys,

    She's the third among the girls.

    In that year, around 1977, 1980, I took no photos. Life was hard.

    (She) was sent to another family, as the daughter-in-law.

    She found a husband when she did manual work in Zhangzhou.

    She's getting married today.

    Getting married! She should have a photo taken as a memento.

    What do you mean by doing this?

    This tube goes straight up to the roof.

    There's sunlight on the roof.

    Connect the three sections, then install a magnifying glass onto thebottom. Put the negatives in.

    The sunlight sheds on the printing paper through the negatives.

    Such a sky-light.

    Install the magnifying glass like this.

    Cut the enlarging paper this way, on matter it's 6 or 4-inch big.

    This is the coconut I bought from Hainan. And a bamboo hat.

    I went to Hainan for 6 to 7 days. For photographic creation.

    I took part in an Ecological Culture and Tourism Festival in Hainan.

    I took a lot of pictures.

    Coconuts are one of the specialties of that place.

    It grows in this kind of tree.

    Yes. This is the fruit tree.

    The Red Detachment of Women. Get my glasses.

    Men or Women?

    Women.

    This is the Tourism Festival in Hainan.

    Come and have a look at the pictures!

    It's such a pleasant journey.

    This is a leopard.

    It' s in the zoo of Hainan.

    When you go into the zoo.

    You have to shut the car door.

    You look out from the window.

    And a tiger may step right beside you.

    Tiger? Yes. Tigers and leopards passed beside you.

    The people in the car are safe. Since there are iron doors.

    These developed pictures are so beautiful

    Very good developer.

    Come and have a seat.

    Come here. Yes.

    Today is the Lunar New Year's Day.

    We village people are happy together.

    The old and young put on their new dresses.

    All are looking forward to Master Tianbing's coming.

    Now the camera stands on the ground of the village.

    The elder ones sit in the middle, with the women right, and the men left.

    Suddenly there's a sound of snapping.

    And each one's smile had been captured in.

    Marvelous is Master Tianbing!

    Dark is his room.

    He develops the pictures all by his two hands.

    The faces of the people are emerging.

    So nice is Master Tianbing!

    He climbs over the high mountain regardless of rain or shine.

    He sends us our pictures overcoming innumerable hardships.

    Every village people respects and loves him.

    Are the children studying now? One is still studying,

    The other is in the business of architecture in Zhangzhou

    I don't know him.

    My daughter knows him.

    What's your daughter doing now?

    She's teaching.

    She's teaching in the county.

    In which high school?

    In Cheng Guan.

    The computer can make photos.

    For example, if you stand right facing the lens.

    You can input him to the computer.

    Look at this lens

    I'm adjusting the light.

    Smile!

    Look at the picture. It shows on the screen.

    Are you satisfied or not?

    No, OK. Come on. We'll take another one.

    Look into the lens.

    I'll adjust the light again.

    We want a colored one.

    Black and white can be made into different colors.

    Look! Now it's black and white.

    It you want color. Now it colored.

    More light.

    We can make it a little darker.

    Adjust the contrast and brightness.

    Good. Now it's fairly satisfying.

    Then we can have another one.

    Look at the lens.

    That's it. Now I'll take it.

    The photo you took is right here.

    You can hear music a moment later.

    You can enjoy music while working.

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