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POLISH COMPOSERS


WOJCIECH KILAR

by Jan Jakub Bokun



(b. 1932, Lwów, now Lviv, Ukraine)

Biography List of Works Discography Bibliography


A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY

Wojciech Kilar, born on 17 July 1932 in Lwów (formerly Poland, now in Ukraine), is today one of Poland's premier symphonic composers. As a student he studied piano with Władysława Markiewiczówna and composition with Bolesław Szabelski at the State Higher School of Music in Katowice. After graduation he was awarded a French Government Grant which enabled him to study with Nadia Boulanger in Paris; a city he still considers his second home. Wojciech Kilar has been awarded numerous international prizes for composition, among them are the Lili Boulanger Memorial Fund Award of Boston in 1960, the Jurzykowski Foundation Award of New York in 1983, the State Award Grade I in 1980, the awards of the Minister of Culture in 1967, 1976, and 1975, the prize of the Polish Composers' Union in 1975, and the A.S.C.A.P.Award for his score from Coppola's Dracula in Los Angeles in 1992.

Kilar belongs to the generation of composers who made their debut in the 1950's and 60's. Alongside Górecki, Penderecki, and the older Schaeffer and Szalonek, Kilar presented his early avant-garde works at the first Warsaw Autumn festival. However, even within this aura of novelty and modernity, Kilar kept his predilection for simple and expressive structures, as well as his fascination with Polish highland folk music.

    His music from the 1970's and 80's is less complicated; it seems to be written from sheer delight, out of an authentic need. Krzesany, Kóscielec, and Orawa sound almost like symphonic poems from the period of Romanticism or post-Romanticism. The music in Krzesany, romantic in spirit, yet dressed in a contemporary language of sound, speaks to us in a musical language used by 19th-century composers.

In Orawa, Kościelec and Grey Mist, Kilar presents the "spiritual essence" of the Tatra Mountains with incomparable suggestiveness; he paints a musical picture of nature in the mountains and of human response to its awesome beauty. We should explain here that many Poles would call the Tatras their spiritual homeland.

Kilar's works have been performed by several major international orchestras, including the Philadelphia Orchestra, the Cleveland Orchestra, and the New York Philharmonic. For the past 30 years, he has also been composing music for films. He has worked on numerous projects with Krzysztof Zanussi, Andrzej Wajda, Krzysztof Kieślowski, Paul Grimault, Francis Ford Coppola, Roman Polański, and others.


LIST OF WORKS


Music for Orchestra

Small Overture (1955) Youth Festival, 1955

Symphony for Strings (1955)

Symphony Concertant for piano and orchestra, (1956)

Ode Béla Bartók in memoriam for violin, brass, and percussion, (1956)

Riff 62 (1962)

Generique (1963)

Springfield Sonnet (1965)

Prelude and Christmas Carol for four oboes and string orchestra, (1972)

Krzesany (1974)

Kóscielec (1976)

Orawa for string orchestra, (1988)

Choralvorspiel for string orchestra, (1988)

Requiem Father Kolbe for symphony orchestra (1994)

Concerto for Piano and Orchestra (1996)


Chamber Music

Sonatina for flute and piano, (1951)

Woodwind Quintet, (1952)

Training 68 for clarinet, trombone, and piano, (1968)

Numerous solo piano pieces


Vocal - Instrumental Music

    Solenne for sixty-seven performers, (1967)

    Upstairs-Downstairs for soprano choir and orchestra, (1971)

    Bogurodzica [Mother of God] for mixed choir and orchestra, (1975)

    Hoary Bog [Siwa Mgła] for baritone and orchestra, (1979)

    Exodus for mixed choir and orchestra, (1981)

    Victoria for mixed choir and orchestra, (1983)

    Angelus for soprano, for mixed choir and orchestra, (1984)


Film Music

Dracula directed by Francis Ford Coppola

Le Roi et l'oiseau directed by Paul Grimault

Korczak directed by Andrzej Wajda

Life for Life directed by Krzysztof Zanussi

Death and the Maiden directed by Roman Polanski

Death Like a Slice of Bread directed by Kazimierz Kutz

Over one hundred more film scores.


DISCOGRAPHY

  • SOUND-POL SPB CD 034: Exodus, Kościelec, Bogurodzica, Krzesany, Riff 62 (1993)

  • ARTISTA KOS CD 05: Krzesany (1993)

  • OLYMPIA OCD 308: Angelus, Exodus, Kościelec (1993)


BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • BANKS, Janey. "Lighting a Candle for Auschwitz," in BBC Music Magazine 5, no. 6 (1997): 51.

  • PODOBINSKA, Krystyna and Leszek POLONY. Cieszę się darem zycia: Rozmowy z Wojciechem Kilarem [I am happy with the gift of life. Conversations with Wojciech Kilar]. Kraków: PWM Edition, 1998. In Polish.

  • STACHOWSKI, Artur. "Muzyka Filmowa - Wojciech Kilar," (The Film Music of Wojciech Kilar) in Opcje, Kwartalnik Kulturalny 1, no. 3 (1994): 97-102.

  • "Wojciech Kilar - Guide to Records," in the American Record Guide 60, no. 3 (1997): 69.

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Copyright 1999-2001 by the Polish Music Center
Send your comments and inquiries to:polmusic@usc.edu
Biography and List of Works by Jan Jakub Bokun. Bibliography by Brian Harlan.
Edited and updated on 19 April 1999 by Brian Harlan. Updated on 17 February 2005 by K. Close.