USC Monogram Polish Music Center Books

POLISH COMPOSERS


ANDRZEJ PANUFNIK

(b. 1914, Warsaw - d. 1991, Twickenham)

Biography List of Works Discography
Boosey & Hawkes Polish Composers Online PWM Discography (1997)


BRIEF BIOGRAPHY

Andrzej Panufnik was born in Warsaw on 24 September 1914. He was a son of a well-know violin maker and began composing at the age of nine. After completing his theory and composition studies at the Warsaw Conservatory (1932-36), he continued music education with Felix Weingartner (conducting, 1937-38) at the Vienna Academy of Music; he subsequently studied in Paris and London (1938-39). He spent the wartime years in Warsaw, appearing as pianist at legal charities as well as illegally organized concerts. He formed a piano duo with his friend, composer Witold Lutos│awski (1913-1994); together they performed a number of two-piano arrangements of works from standard repertoire. Only Lutos│awski's "Paganini Variations" remain from this bulk of music. After the war (in 1945-46) Panufnik served as the conductor of the Cracow Philharmonic Orchestra and (in 1946-47) director of the Warsaw Philharmonic. Widely regarded as the most important Polish conductor/composer, Panufnik was invited as a guest-conductor to Germany (Berliner Philharmoniker), France and England (London Philharmonic Orchestra). In 1950 he was appointed vice-president of the UNESCO International Music Council. In 1953 he was head of the official Polish cultural delegation to China, where he was personally received by President Mao.

Panufnik's early scores were burnt during the Warsaw Uprising (only three of them were later reconstructed). In the post-war years Andrzej Panufnik won many awards at domestic and foreign competitions for composers: First prize at the Szymanowski Competition in 1947 (for Nocturne), First prize at the Chopin Competition in 1949 (for Sinfonia rustica), First prize at the Helsinki Olympic Games-related competition in 1952 (Heroic Overture). In 1949 he received highest state distinction of the Polish People's Republic - Order of the Banner of Labour of the First Class, in 1951 and 1952 was winner of State Prize. As he could not come to terms with communist-imposed constraints on creative liberties, he decided to remain in London where he traveled on official business in 1953; he continued his conducting career as head of the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra. In 1959 he withdrew from this position to commit himself entirely to composing. Among the various honors that he received, he twice won the Prix de Composition Musicale de Monaco, in 1963 (Sinfonia sacra) and in 1983 (for all his artistic work). Panufnik received the Sibelius Medal of the Century in London in 1965 and in 1984 was granted Honorary Membership in the Royal Academy of Music in London. In 1987 he received Honorary Membership of the Polish Composers' Union (from which he was exluded in 1954 after his departure for England). His pieces were not performed in Poland till 1976 and his name was blacklisted - it could not appear in dictionaries, press reviews, books or any other publications. In 1987 Panufnik published an autobiography (pub. Methuen) entitled "Composing Myself." In 1990 he was granted a prize of the Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs for his contributions to Polish culture. In the same year after the 36-year-absence, he visited Poland at the invitation of the "Warsaw Autumn" Festival as its honorary guest. The program included 11 of his pieces, three of them performed under his baton (Symphony No.10, Harmony and Violin Concerto). In 1990 he was honoured with the British nobleman's title "Sir". Panufnik died at Twickenham on 27 October 1991. His wife, Lady Camilla Panufnik is a renowned photographer, his daughter Roxanna Panufnik and son are composers.



LIST OF WORKS


Orchestral Works

Tragic Overture - 1942 (reconstructed 1945, revised 1955)

Lullaby - 1947 (revised 1955)

Nocturne - 1947 (revised 1955)

Sinfonia Rustica - 1948 (revised 1955)

Heroic Overture - 1952 (revised 1969)

Rhapsody - 1956

Sinfonia Elegiaca - 1957 (revised 1966)

Polonia - 1959

Autumn Music - 1962 (revised 1965)

Landscape - 1962 (revised 1965)

Sinfonia Sacra - 1963

Katy˝ Epitaph - 1967 (revised 1969)

Sinfonia di Sfere - 1974-75

Sinfonia Mistica - 1977

Concerto Festivalo - 1979

Sinfonia Votiva - 1981 (revised 1984)

A Procession for Peace - 1982-83

Arbor Cosmica - 1983

Symphony No.9 - 1986


Works for solo instrument(s) and orchestra

Piano Concerto - 1962 (revised 1970, 1972, 'Intrada' 1982

Hommage a Chopin for flute and small string orchestra - orchestrated 1966

Violin Concerto for violin and strings - 1971

Sinfonia Concertante for solo flute, solo harp, and strings - 1973

Metasinfonia for solo organ, timpani, and strings - 1978

Concertino for timpani, percussion, and strings - 1979-80

Bassoon Concerto for bassoon and small orchestra - 1985


Arrangements of Early Polish Music

Divertimento for string orchestra - 1947 (revised 1955)

Old Polish Suite for string orchestra - 1950 (revised 1955)

Concerto in modo antico - 1951 (revised 1955)

Jagiellonian Triptych - 1966


Vocal and Choral Works

Five Polish Peasant Songs for soprano (or treble) voices, 2 flutes, 2 clarinets, and bass clarinet - 1940 (reconstructed 1945, rev. 1959)

Hommage a Chopin for 5 vocalists and piano - 1949 (revised 1955)

Song to the Virgin Mary for chorus a cappella or 6 solo voices - 1949 (revised 1969)

Universal Prayer for soprano, contralto, tenor, and bass soloists, chorus, 3 harps, and organ - 1968-69

Winter Solstice for soprano and baritone soloists, mixed chorus, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tympani, and glockenspiel - 1972

Dreamscape - 1977


Chamber Music

Piano Trio - 1934 (reconstructed 1945, revised 1977)

Triangles for 3 flutes and 3 cellos - 1972

String Quartet No. 1 - 1976

String Quartet No. 2 "Messages" - 1980


Piano Works

Twelve Miniature Studies - 1947 (Book I rev. 1955, Book II rev. 1964)

Reflections - 1968

Pentasonata - 1984


Works for the Youth

Two Lyric Pieces - 1963

Thames Pageant, cantata for young players and singers - 1969

Invocation for Peace for treble voices, 2 trumpets and 2 trombones - 1972


Music for Brass Ensemble

Paean - 1980


Ballets to the Music of Panufnik

Elegy to Sinfonia Elegiaca - 1967

Cain and Abel to Sinfonia Sacra and Tragic Overture - 1968

Miss Julie, reworking of Nocturne, Rhapsody, Autumn Music and Polonia, together with newly-composed music - 1970

Autumn Music - 1974

The Archaic Moon to Rhapsody - 1978

Homage to Chopin to Hommage a Chopin and "Mazurek" from Polonia - 1980

Adieu to Violin Concerto - 1980

Dances of the Golden Hall to Nocturne - 1982

Bogurodzica to Sinfonia Sacra - 1983

Common Player to Sinfonia Sacra - 1983

Sinfonia Mistica - 1987



DISCOGRAPHY
by Julieanne Klein

  • Accord 011 912-2
    Piano Concerto: Poblocka (piano), Polish National Philharmonic Orchestra, Kord (cond.)

  • Conifer Dig. 74321 16188-2
    Bassoon Concerto: Thompson (bassoon), London Musici, Stephenson (cond.) Violin Concerto: Smietana (violin) Hommage Chopin: Jones (flute), London Musici, Stephenson (cond.)

  • Conifer Dig. 74321 16189-2
    Piano Concerto: Poblocka (piano), London Symphony Orchestra, Panufnik (cond.) Symphony No. 9 (Sinfonia della speranza): London Symphony Orchestra, Panufnik (cond.)

  • Conifer Dig. 74321 16190-2
    String quartets no. 1-3: Chilingirian String Quartet String sextet: Chilingirian String Quartet, Chase (viola), Orton (cello) Song to the Virgin Mary: Chilingirian String Quartet Violin Sonata - Chilingirian String Quartet

  • Conifer Dig. 75605 51217-2
    Concerto for timpani, percussion and strings: London Musici, Stephenson (cond.); Harmony (a poem for chamber orchestra): London Musici, Stephenson (cond.); Sinfonia concertante for flute, harp and strings: Jones (flute), Masters (harp)

  • Elektra Nonesuch/Warner Dig. 7559 79228-2
    Arbor Cosmica: New York Chamber Symphony Symphony No. 3 (Sinfonia sacra): Concertgebouw Orchestra, Panufnik (cond.)

  • Hyperion Dig. CDA 66050
    Symphony No. 8 (Sinfonia votiva): Boston Symphony Orchestra, Ozawa (cond.); Sessions: Concerto for orchestra: Boston Symphony Orchestra, Ozawa (cond.).

  • HMV ASD 2298
    Sinfonia sacra: Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra, Panufnik (comp.); Sinfonia rustica: Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra, Panufnik (comp.)

  • NMC Dig. Single D 0105
    Cello Concerto: Rostropovich (cello), London Symphony Orchestra, Wolff (cond.)

  • NMC D031
    Pastures New (NMC music sampler): includes excerpts by Birtwistle, Britten, Goehr, Panufnik, Weir, Woolrich: compiled 1996.

  • Unicorn UKCD 2016
    Autumn music; Heroic overture: London Symphony Orchestra, Horenstein (cond.); Nocturne: London Symphony Orchestra, Horenstein (cond.), with Anthony Peebles; Sinfonia rustica: Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra, Panufnik (cond.); Tragic overture: London Symphony Orchestra, Horenstein (cond.).

  • Unicorn UKCD 2020
    Concerto festivo: London Symphony Orchestra; Concerto for timpani, percussion and strings: London Symphony Orchestra, Goedicke (timpani), Frye (percussion), Panufnik (cond.); Katyn epitaph - London Symphony Orchestra, Goedicke (timpani), Frye (percussion), Panufnik (cond.); Landscape - London Symphony Orchestra, Goedicke (timpani), Frye (percussion), Panufnik (cond.); Sinfonia sacra (Symphony No. 3): Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra, Panufnik (cond.).

    Non-Commercial Recordings:

  • Katyn Epitaph: American Symphony Orchestra [live] 11/18/68 (11/17/68?)
  • Katyn Epitaph: Probe: American Symphony Orchestra [live] 11/16/68
  • Sinfonia sacra: American Symphony Orchestra [live] 12/12/66
  • Universal Prayer: April Cantelo / Helen Watts / Ian Partridge / Roger Stalman / Louis Halsey Singers / Westminster Chorus [live] 6/20/71

    [source consulted: http://www.geocitites.com/Paris/5577/lslive_d.htm] DISCOGRAPHYG DYSKOGRAFIA 2001 NEW G NOWE 2001 POLAND G POLONIA Cello Concerto -?Sinfonia Sacra - Symphony X Andrzej Bauer (cello), National Philharmonic Orchestra, Warsaw G Orkiestra Filharmonii Narodowej w Warszawie, dir./ dyr. Kazimierz Kord 4 CD Accord ACD 072-2 Piano Trio G Trio fortepianowe Trio Cracovia 4 CD Accord ACD 087-2 U.K. Love Song G Piesn milosci Heather Shipp (mezzo-soprano) London Musici, Mark Stephenson . With re-issue of Concertino for Timpani, Percussion and Strings, Graham Cole (Timpani), Richard Benjafield (Percussion); Hommage a Chopin, Karen Jones (flute); Violin Concerto, Krzysztof Smietana - with London Musici, dir. Mark Stephenson. Song to the Virgin Mary (string sextet version), Chilingirian Quartet 4 London Musici Records,MM281091-2 General discography Arbor Cosmica 1. New York Chamber Symphony, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 Elektra Nonesuch 7559 79228-2 2. Sinfonietta Cracovia, dir. Wojciech Michniewski 4 DUX 0254 Autumn Music G Muzyka jesieni 1. London Symphony Orchestra, dir. Jascha Horenstein 4 Unicorn-Kanchana UKCD 2016 2. Seattle Symphony Orchestra, dir. Gerard Schwarz 4 JVC Classics JVCC-6511-2. Bassoon Concerto G Koncert fagotowy Robert Thompson, London Musici, dir. Mark Stephenson 4 Conifer Classics CDCF 182 Cello Concerto G Koncert wiolonczelowy 1. Mstislav Rostropovich, London Symphony Orchestra, dir. Hugh Wolff 4 NMC D010 2. Andrzej Bauer, Orkiestra Filharmonii Narodowej w Warszawie, dyr. Kazimierz Kord 4 CD Accord ACD 072-2 Concertino for Timpani, Percussion & Strings 1. Kurt-Hans Goedicke (timpani), Michael Frye percussion), London Symphony Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 Unicorn-Kanchana UKCD 2020 2. Richard Benjafield, Graham Cole, London Musici, dir.Mark Stephenson 4 London Musici Records,MM281091-2 / Conifer Classics CDCF217 Concerto Festivo London Symphony Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 Unicorn-Kanchana UKCD 2020 Dreamscape Meriel Dickinson (mezzo-soprano), Peter Dickinson (piano) 4 Unicorn-Kanchana UKCD 9093 Harmony London Musici, dir. Mark Stephenson 4 Conifer Classics CDCF 217 Heroic Overture G Uwertura bohaterska 1. London Symphony Orchestra, dir. Jascha Horenstein 4 Unicorn-Kanchana UKCD 2016 2. Seattle Symphony Orchestra, dir. Gerard Schwarz 4 JVC Classics JVCC-6511-2. Hommage a Chopin (version for flute and orchestra G wersja na flet i orkiestra ) 1. Radik Suleimanov, Leningrad Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra, dir. Gennady Rozhdestvensky 4 HMV ASD 3633 / Melodiya C10 11449-50 2. Karen Jones, London Musici, dir. Mark Stephenson 4 London Musici Records,MM281091-2 / Conifer Classics CDCF 182 Invocation for Peace King's House School Choir, Thames Youth Ensemble, dir. Michael Stuckey Unicorn-Kanchana UNS 264 Katyn Epitaph G Epitafium katynskie London Symphony Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 Unicorn-Kanchana UKCD 2020 Landscape G Pejzaz London Symphony Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 Unicorn-Kanchana UKCD 2020 Love Song G Piesn milosci (mezzo-soprano and harp version) Elisabeth Zapolska (mezzo-soprano), Joanna Kozielska (harp/harfa) 4 SEPM QUANTUM dQM 6997 Love Song G Piesn milosci (mezzo-soprano, harp and strings) Heather Shipp (mezzo), London Musici, dir. Mark Stephenson 4 London Musici Records,MM281091-2 Metasinfonia Jennifer Bate, Kurt-Hans Goedicke, London Symphony Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 Unicorn-Kanchana DKPC 9049 Nocturne G Nokturn 1. London Symphony Orchestra. dir. Jascha Horenstein 4 Unicorn-Kanchana UKCD 2016 2. Louisville Orchestra, dir. Robert Whitney 4 Louisville LS 654 Old Polish Suite G Suita starapolska Orkiestra Polskiego Radia w Warszawie, dir. Jerzy Koloczkowski 4 Vanguard VRS 6001 Paean G Pean Royal Military School of Music Band, dir. Lt. Col. George Evans 4 Bandleader BND 61003 Piano Concerto G Koncert fortepianowy 1. Ewa Poblocka, London Symphony Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 Conifer Classics CDCF 206 2. Ewa Poblocka, Orkiestra Filharmonii Narodowej w Warszawie, dyr. Kazimierz Kord 4 CD Accord ACD 046-2 Piano Trio G Trio fortepianowe 1. Beaux Art Trio 4 Phillips (jeszcze nie wydane) 2. Lake Piano Trio 4 United 88025 3. Trio Cracovia 4 CD Accord ACD 087-2 Rhapsody Louisville Orchestra, dir. Robert Whitney 4 Louisville LS 671 String sextet "Trains of Thought"G Sekstet smyczkowy "PociÓgi my╩?i" Chilingirian String Quartet, Roger Chase, Stephen Orton 4 Conifer Classics CDCF 218 Sinfonia Concertante 1. Aurele Nicolet (flute), Osian Ellis (harp), Menuhin Festival Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 EMI EMD 5525 2. Karen Jones (flute), Rachel Masters (harp), London Musici, dir. Mark Stephenson 4 Conifer Classics CDCF 217 Sinfonia Elegiaca Louisville Orchestra, dir. Robert Whitney 4 Louisville LS 624 Sinfonia Mistica London Symphony Orchestra, dir, David Atherton 4 Decca Head 22 Sinfonia Rustica Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 Unicorn-Kanchana UKCD 2016 Sinfonia Sacra 1. Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 Unicorn-Kanchana UKCD 2020 2. Concertgebouw Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 Elektra/Nonesuch 7559 79228-2 3. Chicago Symphony Orchestra, dir. Sir Georg Solti 4 Chicago Symphony Memorial recording 4. Seattle Symphony Orchestra, dir. Gerard Schwarz 4 JVC Classics JVCC-6511-2. 5. Orkiestra Filharmonii Narodowej w Warszawie, dir. Kazimierz Kord 4 CD Accord ACD 072-2 Sinfonia di Sfere London Symphony Orchestra, dir. David Atherton 4 Decca Head 22 Sinfonia Votiva 1. Boston Symphony Orchestra, dir. Seiji Ozawa 4 Hyperion H55100 2. BBC Symphony Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 BBC Radio Classics BBCRD 9124 Symphony No. 9 (Sinfonia della Speranza) London Symphony Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 Conifer Classics CDCF 206 Symphony No.10 G X Symfonia 1. Seattle Symphony Orchestra, dir. Gerard Schwarz 4 JVC Classics JVCC-6511-2 2. Orkiestra Filharmonii Narodowej w Warszawie, dir. Kazimierz Kord 4 CD Accord ACD 072-2 Song to the Virgin Mary G Pie╩â do Marii Panny (a capella) 1. Camerata Silesia, dir. Anna Szostak, 4 Musicon MCD 007 2. Choir of King's College Cambridge, dir. Stephen Cleobury 4 EMI 5 56439 2 Song to the Virgin Mary G Pie╩â do Marii Panny (string sextet version wersja na sekstet smyczkowy) Chilingirian String Quartet with Roger Chase, Stephen Orton 4 London Musici Records,MM281091-2 4Conifer Classics CDCF 218 String Quartets No. 1 - 3 G Kwartety smyczkowe Nr 1 - 3 Chilingirian String Quartet 4 Conifer Classics CDCF 218 Old Polish Suite G Suita staropolska Orkiestra Polskiego Radia w Warszawie, dir. Jerzy Ko?aczkowski 4 Vanguard VRS 6001 Thames Pageant G Widowisko na Tamizie King's House School Choir, Thames Youth Ensemble, John Amis, dir. Michael Stuckey 4 Unicorn UNS 264 Tragic Overture G Uwertura tragiczna London Symphony Orchestra, dir. Jascha Horenstein 4 Unicorn-Kanchana UKCD 2016 Universal Prayer April Cantelo, Helen Watts, John Mitchinson, Roger Stalman, Louis Halsey Singers, dir. Leopold Stokowski 4 Unicorn DKP 9049 Violin Concerto G Koncert skrzypcowy 1. Yehudi Menuhin, Menuhin Festival Orchestra, dir. Andrzej Panufnik 4 EMI Classics 5 66121 2 4 previously EMD 5525 2. Krzysztof Smietana, London Musici, dir. Mark Stephenson 4 London Musici Records,MM281091-2 4 Conifer Classics CDCF 182 3. Robert Kabara, Sinfonietta Cracovia, dir. Wojciech Michniewski 4 DUX 0254


    PMC Home Page Composers


    Copyright 1999-2001 by the Polish Music Center
    Send your comments and inquiries to:polmusic@usc.edu
    Based on materials from the program book of the Warsaw Autumn Festival
    and Encyklopedia Muzyki (Warsaw: PWM, 1995).
    Edited in July 2000 by Ewa Grzegrzulka. updated on 28 June 2001.