USC Monogram Polish Music Center Books

POLISH COMPOSERS


LIDIA ZIELIŃSKA

(b. 1953, Poznań)

Biography List of Works Zielińska About Music Manuscripts


BRIEF BIOGRAPHY

Lidia Zielińska was born in Poznań on 9 October 1953. She graduated in composition studies in 1979 with Andrzej Koszewski at the State Higher School of Music in Poznań. She then worked as a violonist in the Poznań Philharmonic Orchestra and the Agnieszka Duczmal Chamber Orchestra. Zielińska also worked with the Eighth Day Theatre, with creators of visual art, theatre and experimental film (i.e. with Izabella Gustowska, Jan Berdyszak, Aleksandra Korejwo). In 1978-87, she received several dozen prizes in Poland, Yugoslavia, Germany, Switzerland and France (first prizes in Belgrade 1979, Mannheim 1981 and Paris 1983) for her musical and multimedia pieces.

In the 1993/94 season she participated in the EuroMusicTheater project which resulted in a premiere of Zeitschlingen in Stuttgart, in 1994/95 she was a participant in the Donau Ballet project, crowned with a premiere of Venture Unknown at the Holland Dance Festival. In the 1995/96 season she was the composer-in-residence at the EMS (Electronic Music Studio) in Stockholm, and for a piece produced there, Like These White Mice, she was awarded a prize at the International Competition of Electroacoustic Music in Bourges.

From 1982-1992 she served as the artistic director of the "Poznań Music Spring" festival. She is a professor of composition at the Poznań Academy of Music, and she has also taught at the State Higher School of Visual Arts, Wroc³aw Academy of Music; in addition, she has been a guest lecturer at summer courses in Poland, France, Holland, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Belarussia and Moldavia. She has given workshops on sound for children, the handicapped, actors and film-makers. An important area of interest is music ecology and the relationship of composed sound to environmental sounds.

She has held many functions in musical organizations, being at various times a board member of the Polish Society for Contemporary Music, the Poznań branch of the Polish Composers' Union, the "Warsaw Autumn" repertoire commitee, and the secretary of the Coordination Committee for Creative and Visual Art Circles. In addition, she is president of the "House of World Rhythms" foundation, and co-founder of the "Brevis" music editions and "Monochord" quarterly. She also composed theatre and film music.


ZIELIŃSKA ABOUT MUSIC


Whether or not something is pretty is a relative thing, but the definition of beauty has always been somehow connected with strength, with intensity. I think that a musical composition should be convincing and if it has in itself this strength, this power, it will be beautiful. While composing, the hardest effort is not exerted on finding new ideas - ideas are scattered everywhere - but on arranging and structuring these ideas. It takes a lot of work to direct the attention, to "manipulate" the listeners so that they would feel exactly what I had planned "[...]

The composer should foresee the reactions of the listeners and shouldfind appropriate means for the listeners to perceive exactly either the intention of the composer or the ambiguity of this intention. The internal structure of the work, the ways of using, or ordering some modules are perceived by everyone in the same way, independently of their temperaments and circumstances. The rest is an attempt at narrating (for others) the ideal world which the composer has imagined. This world is ideal, i.e., for me, it is the most beautiful and the most perfect. For this reason, I have to strive to achieve the greatest precision in transmitting this world in sound - so that my listeners could also participate in my world. At the same time I should explain that this is not a world that "pours out of my soul" as it were - this would be gratuitous writing. It is an imagined world that emerges from reflection and thought. Whatever else I could say about it, it would sound banal and pretentious. . . [Zielińska, interview with Ewa Gajkowska, 1994]

In the Two Dances for strings the point of departure is the assumption that Saturday is the symbol of the several short hours of weekly culmination of the "profanum" and that Sunday is the symbol of (and has been established for) the "sacrum." Therefore, the Saturday Dance intends to reflect the content of the secular holiday - its fleeting nature, its feverish character, the glimpses of its various emotions, with a shred of humor, a touch of sensuality, and the seeds of various ideas being thrown around hurriedly and chaotically (for the realization of these ideas one would have to wait till the next Saturday). The dangers of such a brief - and, therefore, violent - release of tension are alleviated by the Sunday Dance which is directed towards other matters. The Sunday Dance restores the internal peace, allowing us to order and generalize the contradictory emotions experienced during the past week and - perhaps - also to ascend above these emotions. [Zielińska, program note for Two Dances ]

I have never had any inclinations to buy a Mercedes or to build a villa, and because of that I still have a feeling that I can do whatever I want. And if I would do it with enthusiasm and professional quality, I would always earn a living. So far this principle has worked in my life pretty well and I do not intend to abandon it. But when studying I did not think whether it would be my profession or not - I only knew that I would certainly continue to write, even if only "to the drawer." Now I know that until I find out what I have done in composing one piece [during a performance] it does not make sense to attempt another task. Till now, even though I have been around for quite a while already, every premiere is a profound experience for me, I would even say that it is a painful experience. Despite the enjoyment of the final result, the success of the work, I am tortured and hurt just by the process of having a thousand thoughts and doubts. [Zielińska, interview with Ewa Gajkowska, 1994]



MANUSCRIPTS AT USC

  • Two dances, for strings (1981); 1. Sobotni [Saturday Dance], 2. Niedzielny [Sunday Dance] . Manuscript score in black ink, 49 pages, on Dom Ksi ki music paper of 16 staves.

  • Sonet o Tatrach, for trumpet, trombone, violin, sheep bells, and accordion [Sonnet about Tatra Mountains] (1985). Manuscript score and sketches in pencil, 8 pages, music paper from Dom Ksi ki, 24 staves.

  • Sonet o Tatrach, for trumpet, trombone, violin, sheep bells, and accordion [Sonnet about Tatra Mountains] (1985). Manuscript score in dark blue ink, 8 pages, music paper of 24 staves.

  • Jednostka Togo, for male choir and prepared piano [The Unit Togo] (1995). Manuscript score in pencil, first version, 7 pages; music paper of 28 staves.


    LIST OF WORKS


    Chamber Music

    Litany for string quartet - 1979

    Minuten - Sonate for optional instrument - 1981

    Two Dances for strings - 1981

    Treaty for oboe quartet - 1982

    Sonnet on the Tatras for 5 musicians - 1985

    Glossa for viola and violin - 1986

    Pleonasmus for oboe, violin and string orchestra - 1986

    String Quartet - 1988

    Jacquard for 14 musicians - 1991

    La Vetrata for young string orchestra - 1996


    Orchestral works

    Violin Concerto - 1979

    Farewell to Toorope for orchestra - 1981

    Epitaph in memoriam Poznan June 1956 for orchestra - 1981

    Fiction for orchestra - 1986

    Little Atrophic Symphony for orchestra - 1988


    Stage Music

    Listen, Joe, monodrama for mime, tape and orchestra based on Samuel Beckett - 1978

    Mrs. Koch, tragicomedy for solo voices, tape recorders, vocal and instrumental ensembles - 1981

    Cascando, for actors and double mixed choir to a text by Samuel Beckett - 1983/91

    Huit heures de la vie des femmes, musical theatre for 9 performers - 1988

    The Same, performance - 1988

    In the Field, minispectacle - 1990

    Voices, performance - 1992

    Zeitschlingen, sound spectacle - 1994

    Venture Unknown, ballet - 1995


    Vocal-Instrumental Music

    Concrete Music for choir and orchestra - 1987

    Music for Holy Week for mixed choir and percussion - 1988

    TOGO Unit for male choir and piano - 1995


    Electroacoustic Music

    Artificial Cult for tape, video tape, neons and visual objects - 1985

    Heldenleben. Overheard and Spied on for audio tape, video tape and shadowgraph - 1986

    Polish Dances According to Priest Baka for tape - 1986

    Feature Piece for saxophone and tape - 1987

    Musica humana or How Symphonies Are Born radio piece (Horspiel) - 1989

    Graphic 2 for 10 instruments and live electronics - 1991

    Fago for bassoon, double-bass, accordion and electronic keybord - 1992

    Short piece for flute and computer or computer and tape - 1992

    Like These White Mice, radio piece - 1996

    Expandata for percussion and tape - 1997


    Solo Instruments

    Gagaku Lullaby for double-bass - 1984


    Mixed Media

    AKO, cartoon (together with Aleksandra Korejwo) - 1986


    Music for Children

    Kaleidoscope - Passacaglia for percussion, slides and clapping hands, for children - 1987

    Piece about Everything for percussion and children audience - 1988

    Sound Museum, "live" installation for children - 1988

    Soaked Music, with children audience, narrator, conductor and tape - 1993



    PMC Home Page Composers


    Copyright 1999-2001 by the Polish Music Center
    Send your comments and inquiries to:polmusic@usc.edu
    Based on materials from the program book of the Warsaw Autumn
    Festival, and from PMRC Archives.
    Edited and updated in July 2000 by Ewa Grzegrzulka. Updated on 28 June 2001.