About UNIX Commands
The UNIX operating system is case sensitive. In general, commands in UNIX are lower case. Commands can include three parts: a command, an option, and an argument.
- A command is a word or group of characters that UNIX recognizes as a request to perform a specific task.
- An option, as the name implies, is not mandatory. Options give extra functions to a command; they are always preceded by a dash (-).
- An argument is a variable supplied by the user. Often, it represents the name of a file or directory targeted for action.
For example, the UNIX command
ls -l first.file uses the command
ls to request a listing, the option
l to specify a long
listing, and the argument
first.file to only list information about the file named
Customizing Your Unix Environment
Aliases allow you to define a shortcut for a command or series of commands.
Customization allows you to set parameters for your shell and sessions.
set setenv source
Finger allows you to check the user information for an account.
General Account Usage
Printing from your Unix account.
lpr lpq lprm enscript printers file
Process Control allows you to list and manage processes running under your account.
ps kill bg fg stop jobs
Quota manages the limits placed on the amount of disk space you can use. Commands allow you to check your current usage and quota.
quota ls du
File and Directory Commands
Directory commands allow you to create, remove, and navigate UNIX directories.
ls mkdir rmdir rm cd pwd cp mv pushd popd dirs
File commands allow you to create, remove, and view files in UNIX.
ls rm mv cp more less cat file diff
File and Directory Permissions allow you to add/remove access to files and directories in your account for other users.
Access Control Lists allow you to give specific users (one or more) access to a single file and/or directory in your account.
File Compression and Transfer
Tar is a file archiving command that allows you to bundle a number of files and/or directories together into a single file that can be easily transferred between computers.
File Compression allows you to reduce the size of a file for storage or transfer.
compress uncompress pack unpack zip unzip gzip gunzip zcat zmore zdiff zcmp gzexe zgrep
File Transfer commands allow you to move files between systems.
ftp kermit xyzmodem rcp
Text File Searching and Manipulation
Grep commands allow you to search text files for a particular expression (text string).
grep agrep egrep fgrep zgrep
Filtering Text Files can be used to retrieve, replace or remove certain text strings in a UNIX file or group of files.
awk sed grep