Carroll (1832 - 1898) is the pen name of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson.
Lewis Carroll is derived from the reversed and transmogrified Christian
names: Lutwidge -- Ludovicus -- Lewis and Charles -- Carolus -- Carroll.
Dodgson was the son of a clergyman. He was educated at Richmond
School in Yorkshire, Rugby School and Christ Church, Oxford, from
which he graduated in 1854 and obtained his master of arts degree
in 1857, and where he spent the rest of his life. From 1855 to 1881
he was a mathematical lecturer at Oxford, where he was a somewhat
eccentric and withdrawn character. He was ordained in the Church
of England in 1861 but never practiced his ministry. His most famous
book, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865), developed
from a story he told one afternoon to the three daughters of the
Greek scholar H. G. Liddell, Dean of Christ Church. Alice, named
after one of them, continued her adventures in Through the Looking-Glass
(1871). In 1869 he published Phantasmagoria and Other Poems,
an entertaining collection comprising thirteen humorous poems and
thirteen serious ones; in 1876 a long nonsense poem, The Hunting
of the Snark appeared; in 1885 came A Tangled Tale, designed
to interest children in mathematics; 1889 saw the publication of
the fairy story Sylvie and Bruno and its sequel Sylvie
and Bruno Concluded was published in 1893. His writings also
include articles and books on geometry, determinants, and the mathematics
of tournaments and elections. Dodgson was an inventor of puzzles,
games, ciphers, and mnemonics, and an amateur pioneer in photography.
He never married, and was most comfortable when with children, especially
little girls in whose company his usual stammer completely disappeared.
Dodgson died at Guilford, Surrey, on January 14, 1898 of influenza,
2 weeks before his 66th birthday. His memory is appropriately kept
alive by perpetual public endowment of a cot in the Children's Hospital,
Great Ormond Street, London.