Jenkins, John Stilwell (1818-1852)
UNITED STATES EXPLORING EXPEDITIONS. | [rule 90 mm.] |
VOYAGE | OF THE | U.
S. EXPLORING SQUADRON, | COMMANDED BY | CAPTAIN
CHARLES WILKES, | OF THE UNITED STATES NAVY, | IN
1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, AND 1842: | TOGETHER
WITH | EXPLORATIONS AND DISCOVERIES MADE BY | ADMIRAL
DURVILLE, CAPTAIN ROSS, | AND OTHER NAVIGATORS AND
TRAVELLERS; | AND AN | ACCOUNT OF
THE EXPEDITION TO THE DEAD SEA, | UNDER LIEUTENANT LYNCH.
| BY JOHN S. JENKINS, | AUTHOR OF THE
LIFE OF SILAS WRIGHT, POLITICAL HISTORY OF NEW YORK,
| HISTORY OF THE WAR WITH MEXICO, ETC., ETC.
| WITH NUMEROUS ILLUSTRATIONS. | AUBURN:
| JAMES M. ALDEN. | [rule 18 mm.] | 1850
24 x 16 cm.: p4 1-2112 228
(-228) [$2 (i.e. 1st and 5th leaf) signed] pp. [i]-xxii, , 26-517,
CONTENTS: p. [i]. Half title. p. [iii]. Title
page. p. [v]. Preface. p. [ix]. Contents. p. 25. Part I. Chapt. I. Early maritime
discoveries. p. 26. Indebtedness of America. Act of Congress authorizing expedition
to the south seas. Organization of the expedition. p. 27. Departure from Norfolk.
p. 28. Instructions of the Secretary of the Navy. p. 29. Orders of the Commander
of the expedition. p. 30. The Gulf Stream and currents. p. 31. Wester islands.
Approach to Madeira. p. 32. Arrival at Funchal. p. 37. The Cape de Verdes. p.
39. St. Jago and Porto Praya. p. 40. Route to Rio Janeiro. p. 41. Chapt. II. Appearance
of the City of Rio Janeiro from the sea. p. 42. Imperial Palace, chapel and other
public buildings. Celebration of the Emperors birth-day. Churches in Rio.
p. 43. Dwelling-houses and streets. p. 44. Fountains. p. 45. Population of the
city. Condition of the society. Fondness for ornaments and display. p. 46. Funerals.
Amusements. p. 47. Slaves and slavery. p. 48. Beauty of the suburbs and environs.
p. 49. Discovery of Brazil. History and form of government. p. 50. Greatness of
the Brazilian empire. Magnificent flora. p. 51. Rich cabinet and dry woods. Cacaö,
mango, and agave. Other plants and shrubs. Indigo plant and manufacture of indigo.
p. 52. Coffee shrub. Mode of preparing the berry for market. Other products. p.
53. Markets in Brazilian towns. Parasites and creepers in the forests. Birds and
animals. Wild horse and cattle of the pampas. p. 54. Gold mines. p. 55. Diamond
washings. p. 56. Other mineral products. p. 56. Commerce of Brazil. Caoutchouc.
Most important products of the southern provinces. p. 57. Importance of the Brazilian
trade to the United States. Departure of the expedition. p. 58. Chapt. III. Pamperos
off the coast of La Pláta. The Rio Negro; barrenness of the adjacent country.
Pampas of the interior. p. 59. The gauchos; their costume and appearance. Settlement
at El Carmen. p. 60. Early history of Buénos Ayres. Its population and
capital. p. 61. Other important towns. Climate. Vegetable products. Horses, mules,
and cattle. Mines. Lagunas de Salinas. p. 62. Matté. Zoölogy. Native
population. Weapons of the Indian tribes. p. 63. Alarm at El Carmen. Approach
to the southern extremity of the continent. Dreary appearance of Tiérra
del Fuégo. p. 64. Straits of Magellan. Straits of Le Maire. Doubling Cape
Horn. p. 65. Geögraphical position of the Cape. p. 66. Arrival of the squadron
at Orange Harbor. p. 67. Chapt. IV. Voyage of the Relief. Discovery of Patagonia.
p. 68. Geögraphical description. Mineral formations. Patagonian Indians.
p. 69. Dress, appearance, and mode of life. Use of the Bólas. p. 70. Interviews
with the natives. p. 71. Orange harbor. Visits from the Fuégians. p. 72.
Description of Tiérra del Fuégo. Principal trees. Winters
bark. Geölogy. p. 73. Mountain scenery. Animals and birds. The Fuégians
physiognomy, dress, and mode of life. p. 74. Wigwams and canoes. Superstitions.
p. 75. Arms and weapons. Southern cruise. p. 76. Icebergs. Vain attempt to penetrate
beyond former navigators. Beautiful luciform appearances. p. 77. Return to Orange
Harbor. The Pacific Ocean. Arrival at Valparaiso. p. 78. Loss of the sea gull.
p. 79. Chapt. V. Splendid view of the Andes on approaching the Chilian coast.
p. 80. Country around Valparaiso. View of the town. p. 81. The harbor. Fortifications.
p. 82. Facilities for landing. Choloës. Custom-house and exchange. p. 83.
Other public buildings. Chingáno and Samacuéca. City prisons. Taverns.
p. 84. Efficiency of the police. Population of the city. Mercantile character.
p. 85. Old Spanish residents. State of morals. p. 86. Cemeteries. Historical notices
of Chili. Revolution, and establishment of independence. p. 87. Changes in the
government. p. 88. Administration of Priéto. Diego Portales. Beneficent
legislation. Improvement in the finances. p. 89. Form of government of Chili.
General prosperity of the country. Boundaries of the republic. p. 90. Péonage.
Management of the large estates. War with Peru. p. 91. Defeat and banishment of
Sánta Cruz. p. 92. Santiago. Imposing appearance. p. 93. Public edifices.
p. 94. The palace. Cathedral and parish churches. The mint. College and public
library. p. 95. Private dwellings. Markets. Fine horses. p. 96. Amusements and
recreations. Attachment to religious forms. The Oración. Fashions. p. 97.
Population of Santiago. Coquimbo. Huasco. Concepçion. Valdivia. p. 98.
Dress of the Chileños. Traits of character. p. 99. Dwelling-houses. Indian
population. The Cordilleras, and intermediate valleys. p. 100. Climate of Chili.
Rivers. Geölogy. Fertility of the soil. p. 101. Chilian forests. Productions.
p. 102. Agriculture , and implements of husbandry. Cattle-breeding. Wild animals.
p. 103. Birds. Commerce. p. 104. Internal trade. Mode of travelling and carrying
burdens. p. 105. Manufactures. Mineral wealth. p. 106. Copper mines in Coquimbo
and Jajuel. mining system. p. 107. Departure from Valparaiso. p. 108. Chapt. VI.
Island of San Lorenzo. p. 109. Harbor and town of Callaö. p. 111. Road to
the capital. p. 112. Lima. Situation of the city. p. 113. Its streets. Beauty
of its public edifices. The Pláza Mayór and fountain. p. 114. Government
palace, Cabildo, and cathedral. p. 115. Churches and convents. p. 116. Monastic
establishments, hospitals, and asylums. Palace of the inquisition. p. 117. University.
Mint, national library, and theatre. City wall. p. 118. Spanish colonization.
p. 119. Fortifications. Private houses. p. 120. Pantéon. p. 121. Population
of Lima. Other principal towns in Peru. p. 122. Cuzco. Arequípa. p. 123.
Cérro di Pasco. Guamánga. Huácho. p. 124. Huancavélica.
Truxillo. Early history of Peru. p. 125. War of independence. Dictatorship of
Bolivar. Revolt of the Peruvian patriots. p. 126. Civil dissensions. Protectorate
of Sánta Cruz. p. 127. Present administration. Population of Peru. The
white Creoles. p. 128. Peruvian ladies. p. 129. Mixed races. p. 130. Influence
of Catholicism. p. 131. Style of dress. Sáya y Mánto. p. 132. Popular
amusements. Amancaes Fête. p. 133. Intoxicating drinks and stimulants. Houses
of the Peruvians in the interior. Beasts of burden. Mode of travelling. Topography
of Peru. p. 134. Character of the soil. Harbors. p. 135. Rivers and lakes. Climate.
p. 136. Diseases. Earthquakes. Mineral wealth. p. 137. Silver mines at Cérro
di Pasco. Mode of working. p. 138. Other mining districts. Agriculture. p. 139.
Implements of husbandry. Products of the coast. p. 140. Cotton, maize, and sugar
cane. p. 141. The high lying districts. Aracácha, Yucca and other productions.
p. 142. The olive tree. Castor oil plant. Plants of the Siérra. Quinuä
and Ullúco. p. 143. Lucern. Fruits. p. 144. The Chirimoya. p. 145. Peruian
bark. p. 146. Balsam of Peru. Tonga. Ratanhia. Flora of Peru. p. 147. Commerce.
Exports and imports. Roads. p. 148. Manufactures. p. 149. Birds. The condor. p.
150. Wild animals. The llama. p. 151. Alpaca and Guanaco. p. 152. The vicuña.
p. 153. Domestic quadrupeds. Fine horses and mules. p. 154. Sailing of the squadron.
p. 155. Chapt. VII. The Paumotu group. p. 156. Clermont de Tonnèrre. Unfriendliness
of the natives. Mode of surveying the islands. p. 157. Other islands of the group.
p. 158. Movements of the squadron. Boring on Aratica Island. p. 159. The lagoons.
Geölogy. p. 160. Different theories. p. 161. Botany. p. 162. Birds and animals.
Population. p. 163. Physical character of the inhabitants. Dress and customs.
p. 164. Mode of constructing habitations. p. 165. Canoes. Chapt. VIII. p. 166.
View of Tahiti from the sea. p. 167. Society Islands. Discovery and description
of the group. p. 168. Rivers. p. 169. Harbors. p. 170. Papiéti and Matavai.
p. 171. Taloö. Establishment of missions. Adoption of a form of government.
Features of the constitution. p. 172. Queen Pomare The king consort. p. 173. Caricature
of royalty. Tahitian politics. p. 174. Police regulations. Character of the natives.
Former state of degradation. p. 175. Change produced by the missionaries. Influence
of the climate on the feelings and disposition. p. 176. Personal traits and characteristics.
p. 177. Appearance, customs, and language. p. 178. Style of dress. p. 179. Love
of flowers. p. 180. Productions. p. 181. Otaheitan cane. Rich fruits. p. 182.
Wild banana. Guava and coca. Mode of climbing the cocoa-nut tree. p. 183. The
bread-fruit. p. 184. Mahi. Diet, and mode of living. Zoölogy. p. 185. The
queens palace. Native dwellings. p. 186. Furniture. Commercial resources.
p. 187. Vessels and canoes. Internal traffic. p. 188. Manufacture products. Mode
of extracting the oil of the coca-nut. Arrow root. Beating tapa. p. 189. General
influence of the missionaries. Errors committed. Chapt. IX. p. 191. Arrival of
the Squadron at Tahiti. Friendly reception. p. 192. Voyage to the Samoän
group. Geögraphical description. Manuö. p. 193. Tutuilla. Upolu. p.
194. Beautiful scenery. Manono and Apolima. p. 195. Savii. Streams and lakes.
Formation of the islands. p. 196. Climate. Harbor of Pago-Pago. p. 197. Apia.
Other ports. p. 198. Population of the group. Personal appearance of the natives.
Treatment of women. p. 199. Chastity. Traits and characteristics. p. 200. Habit
of bathing. p. 201. The Devils men. Heathen women. People of
Savaii. Fondness for traffic. p. 202. Diseases. Language. The Maro. p. 203. Titi,
and other articles of dress. Ornaments. Tattooing. p. 204. Mode of wearing the
hair. Occupations and amusements. Lascivious dances. p. 205. Musical instruments.
p. 205. Games. p. 206. Marriages. Births and burials. Manner of cooking food.
Disgusting mode of preparing ava. p. 207. Government. State of society. Crimes
and punishments. p. 208. Heathen deities. Successful labors of the missionaries.
p. 209. Manner of erecting houses. p. 210. Arrangements in the interior. Culinary
utensils. Native lamp. p. 211. Tapa and mulberry cloth. p. 212. Canoes. Animal
kingdom. p. 213. Fish. Cultivated trees and plants. Ti-root sugar. p. 214. Yam
and Taro. Beauty of the forests. Tamanu and Amai. p. 215. Tou, toi, and toa. Manufacture
of pitch from the bread-fruit. Candle nut tree. p. 216. Surveys of the squadron.
Native fono. p. 217. Departure from the Samoän group, and arrival at Sydney.
Chapt. X. p. 218. New Holland, or Australia. Position of the continent. p. 219.
First discovery. Subsequent explorations. p. 220. Geögraphical features.
p. 221. Mountain ranges. p. 222. Interior of the country. p. 223. Geölogical
formation. p. 224. The Uplands. p. 225. The theory of formation. Harbors. p. 226.
Port Jackson. Rivers. p. 227. The Hawkesbury. p. 228. The Murray and its tributaries.
p. 229. Lakes. p. 230. Character of the country in respect of fertility. Soil.
Geölogy and mineral substances. p. 231. Climate. p. 232. Tropical Australia.
p. 233. Wet and dry seasons. Atmospheric phenomena. p. 234. Diseases. Peculiarities
in the vegetable kingdom. p. 235. General arrangement of plants. p. 236. Cerealia,
native grasses and fruits. p. 237. Other productions. p. 238. Cotton, coffee,
and other tropical plants. Forest scenery. p. 239. Timber trees. Eucalypti. p.
240. Medicinal trees. Impressions on the mind of a stranger. p. 241. State of
agriculture and horticulture. Animal existence. p. 242. Birds. Cassowary. p. 243.
Black swan. Mammalia. Marsupialia. p. 244. Kangaroo. Other genera. p. 245. Ornithorhynchus.
p. 246. Rodentia. Domestic animals. p. 247. Reptiles and fish. p. 248. Insects.
Personal appearance of the Aborigines. p. 249. Character. p. 250. Native huts
and weapons. p. 251. Boomereng. Canoes. Mode of living. p. 252. Ideas of government.
Customs. Making young men.p. 253. Amusements. Burying the dead. Superstitions.
p. 255. Poetic idea in regard to sleep. First colonization of Australia. p. 256.
Embarrassments and changes in the government. p. 257. Cost of establishing colony
of New south Wales. Encouragement of immigration. p. 258. Speculation in wild
lands. Subordinate penal colonies. Other settlements by voluntary immigrants.
p. 259. West Australia. South Australia. Port Phillip. North Australia. p. 260.
Population of Australia. Government. p. 261. The Judiciary. Colonial life. p.
262. Different classes of society. Amusements and fashions. p. 263. Schools, colleges,
and literary and benevolent societies. Style of building. p. 264. Condition of
the convicts. Their treatment. p. 265. Discontinuance of New South Wales as a
penal colony. Tasmania, or Van Diemens Land. p. 266. Geölogy. p. 267.
Manner of selling lands in the colony. Climate. Vegetable and animal kingdoms.
p. 268. Harbors, rivers, and lakes. p. 269. Government. Aboriginal race. Hobarton.
p. 270. Launceston. Sydney. p. 271. The public buildings and institutions. p.
272. Paramatta and Woolongong. p. 273. Adelaide and other towns. Commerce of the
Australian colonies. p. 274. Manufactures. Saltworks. Chapt. XI. p. 275. Departure
of the squadron from Sydney. p. 276. Antarctic Expedition. p. 277. Macquarrie
Island. Land supposed to exist near the Antarctic circle. p. 278. Deceptive appearances.
p. 279. Actual discovery of land. Antarctic continent. p. 280. Return to Sydney.
Discoveries of Biscoe and Balleny. p. 281. French expedition and M. dUrville.
p. 282. Expedition under Captain Ross. p. 283. Discovery of land. p. 283. Mount
Erebus and Mount Terror. p. 284. Icy barrier. Subsequent voyages. p. 285. Expedition
under Lieutenant Moore. Results of the different expeditions. The whale fishery.
Magnetic observations. p. 286. Geölogy of the Antarctic continent. Belt of
ice. The icebergs. p. 287. Splendid exhibitions of the Aurora Australis. Last
traces of vegetation. p. 288. Animal kingdom. Sea-lion, and sea-elephant. Killer.
p. 289. Wild fowl. Rendezvous of the squadron in the Bay of Islands. Chapt. XII.
p. 290. Acquisitions of England. p. 291. New Zealand. Discovery. Description of
the islands. p. 292. Formation of the country. Rivers and streams. p. 293. Harbors.
Bay of Islands. p. 294. Towns. p. 295. Volcanic phenomena. Hot springs. Minerals.
p. 296. Soil. Climate and diseases. p. 297. Population. Abandoned character of
the inhabitants. Occupation by Great Britain. p. 298. Improvement in the state
of society. Government. p. 299. Native New Zealanders. p. 300. Their character
and customs. Ornaments. p. 301. Influence exerted by the missionaries. Mechanical
skill of the natives. p. 302. Amusements. Power of the chiefs in former times.
p. 303. Fortified towns, or Pas. Native habitations. p. 304. Furniture. Dress.
Diet. p. 305. Taboo. Funeral ceremonies. Botany of the islands. p. 306. Pine timber.
Fern and flax. New Zealand spinach. p. 307. Agriculture. Foreign products. p.
308; Animals and birds. p. 309. Exports and imports. Canoes. Manufactures. p.
310. Sailing of the squadron, and arrival in the Tonga Islands. Chapt. XIII. p.
311. Discovery of the Tonga Group. Description of the Islands. p. 312. Physical
geögraphy. Climate. p. 313. Fertility of Tonga. Productions of the group.
p. 314. Culture of the soil. Population. Personal appearance of the Tongese. p.
315. Beautiful women. Cleanly habits. Character. Dress. p. 316. Native warriors.
Occupations. p. 317. Birds and animals. Fondness for tobacco and Ava. Singing.
p. 318. Government. Ancient religion. Divinities. p. 319. Island of Bulotu. p.
320. Dwellings. Articles of furniture. Beautiful mats. p. 322. Nukualofa. Manner
of fortifying their towns. Expertness as seamen. Canoes. p. 323. Mode of sculling.
Missionaries. War between the Christians and the Devils Party.
p. 324. Defeat of the former. Sailing of the squadron for the Feejee Group. Chapt.
XIV. p. 325. Bad character of the Feejee Group. p. 326. Discovery and geögraphical
description of the islands. p. 327. Important members of the group. Eastern Islands.
Vanuä-levui. p. 328. Viti-levui. Ovolau and Malolo. p. 329. Assuä Group.
Rivers and streams. Harbors and towns. Levuka. Savu-Savu and its Hot Springs.
p. 330. Ambau and Rewa. p. 331. Sawau. p. 332. Somu-Somu. p. 333. Evidences of
the volcanic origin of the islands. Geölogical formations. p. 334. Richness
of the soil. Climate. p. 335. Diseases. Productions. Preservation of bread-fruit.
p. 336. Fruit and timber trees. Paper mulberry and Tapa. Mangrove. p. 337. Edible
roots. Cotton plant and tree. Acclimated fruits and vegetables. Flowering plants
and shrubs. p. 338. Agriculture. Labor performed by the women. p. 339. Zoölogy.
Whales and turtles. Modes of taking fish. Biche de Mer. p. 340 Birds. Physiognomy
of the Feejeean. p. 341. Appearance of the women. Mode of wearing the hair. Character
of the natives. p. 343. Cannibal propensities. Wars between the tribes. Manner
of suing for mercy. p. 344. Contrast between the character of the Feejeeans and
the scenery and climate of the islands. A field for the missionary. p. 345. Population
of the group. Government. Dress of the natives. Attention paid to the toilet.
p. 347. Tattooing and circumcision. Mode of sitting. Food, and its preparation.
Pottery. p. 348. Manner of serving up food. Ava-drinking. Amusements. p. 349.
Language. Polygamy and marriage. Putting to death the old and infirm. Treatment
of women. Divinities. Traditions and superstitions. p. 350. Ambati, or priests.
p. 351. Mbures, or spirit-houses. Fortified Koros. Furniture in the native houses.
Canoes. p. 352. Mechanical ingenuity. Tools. Articles of commerce. p. 353. Capture
of Vendovi. Burning of Tye and Sualib. p. 354. Murder of Lieutenant Underwood
and Midshipman Henry. p. 355. Chastisement of the natives. p. 356. Departure from
the group. Chapt. XV. p. 357. Position and destiny of the Sandwich Islands. p.
358. Geögraphical description. Hawaii. p. 359. Maui. p. 360. Kauai and Niihau.
General character of the scenery. p. 361. Rivers and streams. Geölogy. Volcanoes.
p. 362. Burning crater of Kilanéa. p. 363. Population. p. 364. Causes of
the diminution. p. 365. Heterogeneous mixture. Personal appearance of the natives.
p. 366. Characteristic traits. p. 367. Melancholy. Dress. p. 368. Royal attire.
Ornaments. p. 369. Sporting in the surf. p. 370. Amusements. p. 371. Ancient sport
of Hoolua. 371. Taboo. p. 372. Marriage. The Kanakas. p. 373. Articles of food.
Making Pöe. Use of tobacco. Habits. Deaths. p. 374. Mode of salutation. Arrival
of the missionaries. Abolishment of taboo and other ancient customs. p. 375. Errors
committed. Deplorable condition of the Hawaiian. p. 376. The remedy. Acknowledgment
of the sabbath, and adoption of other reforms. Accession of Kamameha III. p. 377.
Written constitution adopted. Declaration of rights. Leading features of the constitution.
p. 378. Police regulations. p. 379. Taxes. Schools. Scenery of the islands. p.
380. Soil and climate. Common diseases. p. 381 Fruit and timber trees. p. 382.
Vegetable productions. Failure of the attempt to manufacture silk. p. 383. Calabash-tree.
Pasturage. Flower plants and shrubs. p. 384. Birds, fish, and animals. p. 385.
Introduction of fleas. Honolulu. p. 386. Waikiki. p. 387. Kailua. Lahaina. Hilo
Bay. Kealakekua Bay. p. 388. Waimén Building materials. Grass-houses. p.
390. Furniture. Commercial importance of the Hawaiian group. p. 391. Exports and
imports. Tonnage. Manufactures. p. 392. Canoes. Arrival of the squadron. Voyage
to Oregon. Chapt. XVI. p. 394. Cruise of the Peacock and Flying Fish. Washington
Island. Phoenix Group. p. 395. Union Group. Description of the islands. p. 396.
The inhabitants. Dress. Houses. p. 397. Temple. Wells. Canoes. p. 398. Mechanical
ingenuity. Dances and music. Arrival at the Samoän Group. p. 399. Burning
of the heathen towns. Ellices Group. p. 400. Appearance and character of
the inhabitants. Customs. Ornaments and dress. p. 401. Canoes. Implements and
weapons. Kinsmill Group. p. 402. Productions. Beauty of the climate. p. 403. Animals,
birds, and fish. Population. Personal appearance. p. 404. Beauty of the young
women. Hideousness of their mothers. Practice of producing abortions. p. 405.
Inhabitants of Pitts Island. Character of the Kingsmill Islanders. Respect
paid to the dead. p. 406. Want of chastity. Social divisions and government. Descent
of rank and property. p. 407. Dress and ornaments. Tattooing. Fondness for war.
Weapons and armor. p. 408. Ordinary occupations. Divinities. p. 409. Native Elysium.
Births. Marriages. p. 410. Amusements. p. 411. Dwelling houses. Furniture. p.
412. Manner of preparing food. Beverages. p. 413. Canoes. Tools. Supposed murder
committed by the natives. Burning of the town of Utiroä. p. 414. Sailing
of the American vessels. Arrival at the mouth of the Columbia. Loss of the Peacock.
Chapt. XVII. p. 415. Boundaries of Oregon. p. 416. Physical geögraphy. Passes
through the mountains. p. 417. Fertility of the soil. Geölogy. p. 418. Population.
Indian tribes. The white inhabitants. Government. p. 419. Principal towns. Rivers.
Columbia. p. 420. Other streams. p. 421. Harbors. Pugets Sound. Grays
Harbor. Entrance to the Columbia River. p. 422. Climate of Oregon. p. 423. Diseases.
Timer trees. p. 424. Agricultural products. p. 425. Domestic animals. Fruits.
Game. p. 426. Wild fowl. Discovery of California. Expeditions of Cortés.
p. 427. Subsequent expeditions. Pearl fisheries. Establishment of the Jesuits
in California. p. 428. Colonization by the Spaniards. Gold known to exist. Slow
progress of the country. p. 429. Boundaries. Modern explorations. p. 431. Discovery
of gold in 1848. Effect on the inhabitants. Manner of working the Placéras.
p. 432. Extent of the gold district. Purity of the metal. p. 434. Productiveness
of the mines. p. 435. Other mineral products. p. 436. Mine at Mariposa. Prospects
for the future. p. 437. Yield for the first year. p. 438. Severity of the labor.
Rage for speculation. p. 439. Present population of the territory. Rapid immigration.
p. 440. State of society. Adoption of a state constitution. Boundary established
by the convention. p. 441. Physical geögraphy. Rivers. p. 442. Harbors and
towns. p. 443. Climate. p. 444. Wild animals. Fertility of the soil. Agricultural
products. p. 445. Forests. Flowering plants and shrubs. p. 446. Departure from
San Francisco. Arrival at Manila. Chapt. XVIII. p. 447. City of Manilla. Dwelling
houses. p. 448. Public buildings. Cigar manufactories. Streets and canals. p.
449. Suburbs. Population. Society. p. 450. Dress. Commerce of the town. Harbor.
The Philippines. p. 451. Geölogical formation. Character of the vegetation
Chief products. p. 452. Zoölogy. Climate. Monsoons. p. 453. Trade and manufactures.
Pina. Government. Sailing of the American vessels. p. 454. Arrival of the Vincennes
at the Sooloo Islands. Geögraphy of the group. Personal appearance of the
inhabitants. p. 455. Customs. Dress. Principal products. Commerce. Cowry shells.
Treaty with the Sultan. Voyage to Singapore. Description of the city and island.
p. 456. Geölogy. Flora and zoölogy. Inhabitants. p. 457. Commercial
importance. Sailing of the American squadron. Voyage home. p. 458. Cape Town.
Arrival in the United States. Part II. Chapter I. p. 461. Destruction of the cities
of the plain. p. 462. Traditions. The infidel. p. 463. Ancient and modern writers
and travellers. Scientific explorations. p. 464. Expedition projected by Lieutenant
Lynch. Preparations. Boats for navigating the Jordan and the Dead Sea. p. 465.
Departure from New York. Arrival at Smyrna. Appearance of the city. p. 466. Buildings.
Population. p. 467. Costume and climate. Firman of the Sultan. p. 468. Voyage
to Beïrut. Description of the city. p. 469. Costume of the inhabitants. The
The Tantûr. p. 470. Arrival at St. Jean dAcre. p. 471. Architecture.
Landing of the exploring party. Arabian horses. p. 472. Sherîf Hazzâ.
The Sheikh Akil. The Bedawi of the desert. p. 473. Description of his person
and mode of life. p. 474. Character. p. 475. Overland march of the American exploring
party. Plain of acre. p. 476. Arabian escort. Appearance of the cavalcade. p.
477. Villages of the Fellahîn. Houses. Route taken by the party. p. 478.
Vegetation. p. 479. Arrival at Tiberias. Chapt. II. p. 480. Changes on the shores
of the sea of Galilee. p. 481. Size and appearance of the lake. Depth of the water.
Its properties. p. 482. Geölogy of the surrounding country. State of agriculture.
Scriptural associations. p. 483. Tiberias. Condition of the Jews. p. 484. Sanhedrim.
Contrast between the male and female Jews in personal appearance. Beauty of the
women. p. 485. Practice of carrying water on their heads. p. 486. Dress and ornaments.
Source of the Jordan. Course of the river. p. 487. Scenery along its banks. Valley
of El-Ghor. Sinuosity of the Jordan. p. 488. Rapids and cascades. Tributaries.
Analysis of the water. Sacred character of the river. p. 489. Movements of the
American party. Descent of the stream. p. 490. Passing the rapids. p. 491. Character
of the adjacent country. Vegetation of the river valley. p. 492. Animals. Bulbul.
Inhabitants living upon the borders of the river and the Dead Sea. p. 493. The
Fellahin. Pilgrims Ford (El-Meshraa). Anniversary of the Saviours
baptism. p. 494. The bathers. p. 495. Arrival at the mouth of the river. Encampment
on the shore of the Dead Sea. Chapt. III. p. 496. Various names given to the Dead
Sea. p. 497. Dépôt of the American Party. Taking the soundings. Existence
of the ford disproved. Surveys and explorations. p. 498. Pillar of Salt. p. 499.
Difficulty in making the surveys. Return to Aìn Turâbeh. Dimensions
of the lake. p. 500. Depth of the water. Supposed subterranean communication not
possible. Chemical analysis. p. 501. Density and buoyancy of the water. Other
properties. p. 502. Evaporation. p. 503. Its rapidity and cause. Impregnated state
of the atmosphere. p. 504. Overhanging clouds of vapor. Population superstition.
p. 505. Physical geögraphy. Shape of the sea. The peninsula. The mountains.
p. 506. Geölogy. Shore outline. Character of the bottom. p. 507. Mineral
substances found. Tributaries. p. 508. Remarks of Châteaubriand. Fish. Animals.
Birds. Vegetable kingdom. The apple of Sodom. p. 509. The plains and deltas. Supposed
position of the five cities. Different opinions. p. 510. Ruins alleged to have
been seen. Concurrence of history and tradition in regard to the main fact. Modern
theory. Examinations of Robinson and De Bertou. p. 511. Opinions of Rev. Mr. Wylie.
p. 513. An error corrected. p. 514. Facts ascertained by Lieutenant Lynch. p.
515. Inferences and conclusions. Position of the vale of Siddim. The argument
based on scripture. p. 516. Manner in which the cities were destroyed. Most reasonable
supposition. p. 517. Return of the exploring party.
Wood engravings: Opposite p. 53. Brazilian forest. Opp. p. 172. Missionary preaching
before Queen Pomare. Opp. p. 357. Scene of Captain Cooks murder. Opp. p.
385. Native church at Honolulu. Opp. p. 388. Waimaia. Opp. p. 430. Sutters
Fort. Opp. p. 458. Capetown and table mountain.
Green cloth binding, blind-stamped front and back boards.
Half-title: United States exploring expeditions.
Geo. C. Eaton, Delaware, 1830.
KEYWORDS: 1. United
States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842) 2. Oceania. 3. South America. 4. Palestine.