Rare Books & Manuscripts
HUNGARIAN HISTORY PROJECT
essays by various authors, in English or Hungarian, on the modern political
history of Hungary, especially during World War II. The essays were
gathered, ca. 1964-65, as part of USC's "Living History" project.
of studies in the Hungarian History Collection are:
- Gabriel de
Baross, a member of Parliament for several decades -- events witnessed
by him before and during the War
- Desire de Collas,
former Advisor to the minister of Finance -- several short papers
of events observed by him in his official position and others related
to him by participants.
- A former minister
in the Hungarian Reformed Church who prefers to remain anonymous
for a few years - the status of that Church and its changes from
1945 to 1956.
- Aurel Krause,
a former manager of a 160,000 acre estate in Hungary -- a description
of the development and conditions of agriculture between the two
- Joseph Lassany,
former Inspector-in-Chief of a district of the Statewide Chamber
of Agriculture, in charge of quality and increased production --
reform and improvement of agriculture through the Statewide Chamber
- Jeno Szemak,
former President of the Royal Hungarian Curia -- observations and
opinions of the constitutional and political situation in Hungary
after the War.
- Frank de Balogh,
former Secretary to the Royal Hungarian Misister of Finance -- first-hand
accounts of the visits of the Hungarian Minister of Finance to Italy,
and the Reichsminister for Economic Affairs to Hungary.
War II and particularly after the Revolution in Hungary in 1956 there
was a great influx of Hungarian refugees to the United States and to
California. In 1961, the University of Southern California Library,
realizing that this was an important source of knowledge of recent history
of that nation, contacted one of the more influential and knowledgeable
Hungarians in Los Angeles, Dr. Frank de Balogh, and told him we were
concerned about the vast amount of information possessed by many of
the refugees who once held official government positions or who were
otherwise in a position to know unpublished historical facts.
Dr. de Balogh,
former Secretary to the Royal Hungarian Minister of Finance, recognized
the value of the idea and contacted several of his friends, and together
they drew up a select list of Hungarians in Europe and the US who
were able to contribute to the writing of this history. The Library
wrote to some and Dr. de Balogh personally wrote and talked to others.
The response was gratifying, with enough participation to insure the
success the project. Professor Colin Lovello, of the Department of
History at the University, represented that department and gave us
advice and direction. Dr. de Balogh accepted the task of accurately
translating the papers into an English style comparable to the original
Hungarian. All papers needed either translating or editing.
The project was
under the direction of Dr. Robert Knutson, Special Collections Head
and a Ph.D. in history (Columbia University).