| About | About
Feuchtwanger | Archives | Exhibitions
Researching German Exiles |
Feuchtwanger Society | Villa
Aurora | Writings
Caron de Beaumarchais. French playwright and man of affairs
(1732-1799). Remittance of money to his book-seller. Signed
in his own hand.
Caron de Beaumarchais. French playwright and man of affairs
(1732-1799). Holograph letter to M. Airain, Procureur Général
in Tours. Business letter concerning the purchase of wood by
the Compagnie des Indes and remittance of payment. Pantin, August
Caron de Beaumarchais. Les Deux Amis, ou, Le Négociant
de Lyon: Drame en Cinq Actes en Prose. Paris: La veuve
Lion Feuchtwanger portrayed Beaumarchais in his novel about
progess, Waffen für Amerika (Proud
Destiny), published in 1947.
George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton. English novelist (1803-1873).
Letter to Adelheid von
Stolterfork. Letter of thanks for sending her ballads and regrets
that he learned too late about the planned honor of having his
ballads included. Frankfurt am Main (probably in the years 1830-40).
served as a Member of Parliament in the mid 1800s and financed
his extravagant lifestyle with his versatile and prolific
Daudet. French writer (1840-1897). Letter to the publisher
of Le Monde Illustré.
Daudet. Les Rois en Exile; Roman Parisien. Paris:
E. Dentu, 1879.
Daudet is best known today for his sentimental and humorous
sketches of Provençal life; however, he was a leading
figure of the Naturalist Movement. He also wrote novels, such
as this one, depicting the political world.
Dickens. English writer (1812-1870). Letter
to Mrs. Benzon. March 7, 1864.
Dickens. Pickwick Papers: the Posthumous Papers of the
Pickwick Club. London: Chapman and Hall, 1874.
Dumas. French writer (1802-1870). Letter to M. Bocage discussing
the details of an upcoming visit, request for cigars, and financial
matters. Dec. 29, 1841.
Dumas. Henri III et sa Cour; Drame Historique en Cinq
Actes et en Prose. Representé sur le Théâtre
français, par les Comédiens ordinaires du Roi,
le 11 février 1829. Paris: Vezard, 1829.
This historical drama written in prose by the elder Dumas
was produced at the Théâtre Français.
The production was a great success for Dumas as well as for
the Romantic Movement.
Dumas. Mémoires d'un Médecin, Joseph Balsamo.
Paris: Boulanger et Legrand, 1863-64.
Dumas wrote many historical novels, this being one of his
most famous. Mémoires d'un Médecin, depicts
a picture of court life and intrigues in the years between
Marie-Antoinette's arrival in France and the death of Louis
XV. The main character, Joseph Balsamo (known as Cagliostro),
was a clever charlatan who acquired a reputation in France
as a wonder-worker.
Feuchtwanger. German writer (1884-1958). Lion Feuchtwanger's
manuscript of Jud Süss was finished in 1922
but not published until 1925. This historical novel explores
the life and era of Joseph Süss Oppenheimer (1692-1738),
who served as minister of finance for Duke Karl Alexander of
Württemberg. Oppenheimer became a victim of anti-Semitism
and was executed after refusing to renounce his Jewish heritage
and become a Christian.
Feuchtwanger. Jud Süss. Munich: Drei Masken
Lion Feuchtwanger's manuscript of Jud Süss
was finished in 1922 but not published until 1925. This historical
novel explores the life and era of Joseph Süss Oppenheimer
(1692-1738), who served as minister of finance for Duke Karl
Alexander of Württemberg. Oppenheimer became a victim
of anti-Semitism and was executed after refusing to renounce
his Jewish heritage and become a Christian.
Within three months Jud Süss became a bestseller
and was eventually translated into fifteen languages. This
novel rocketed Feuchtwanger onto the international literary
Ubelthaten und gerechtes Urtheil des berichtigten Erzschelmen
und Diebs Juden Süss Oppenheimers, darinnen sein böser
Lebens-Wandel, Schelmen und Diebs Stücke, und wie er endlich
seinen wohl-verdienten Lohn durch des Henckers Hand empfangen,
ausführlich erzehlet werden von einem aufrightigem Spiele-Wercks-Mann,
This account of Joseph Süss Oppenheimer was published
in 1738, the year of his execution.
Feuchtwanger. This photograph of Lion Feuchtwanger was taken
by Florence Homolka.
Flaubert. French writer (1821-1880). Fragment of a sketch
for a ballet.
Flaubert was a famous French novelist (author of Madame
Bovary) who studied law before turning to literature. He
lived a secluded, hermit-like life, focusing most of his
energy on his work. Because of his high standards, his writing
progressed slowly. He took great pains researching his novels
and aimed to create an objective and impersonal work of
art. His correspondence with his friends and colleagues
describes how much effort this took, as he would spend uncounted
hours rewriting and agonizing over his prose.
France. French author (1844-1924). Letter to the publisher
of a journal. Complains that the reviewer of his poetic drama
Les Noces corinthiennes was uneducated.
France. French author (1844-1924). Manuscript on the first
page is a retrospective view of the war and the history of France;
on the second, a draft of a short story, circa 1919.
Galsworthy. English author (1867-1933). Letter
of six lines wishing addressee and group of Austrians happiness.
Hampstead, London, December 6, 1929.
is best known for his series of novels about the Forsyte
family. The first of the stories, Man of Devon, was published
in 1901. He received the Nobel Prize for literature in 1932.
Félicité Genlis, comtesse de. French writer
(1746-1830). Letter to the Empress regarding their Thursday
appointment and Genlis' need to cancel her conflicting appointment
with the diplomat Tallyrand (1754-1838). Paris.
de Genlis was one of the great ladies of the 18th century.
She served as a lady-in-waiting to the Duchesse de Chartres
and later become a governess to her children. After her
husband was beheaded in 1793, she emigrated and earned her
living in England and Switzerland by writing. She wrote
countless popular romances which combined morals and history.
Félicité Genlis, comtesse de. La Duchesse
de La Vallière. London: M. Peltier, 1804.
Grillparzer. Austrian poet (1791-1872). Poem for a friend:
"Zwei Blüthen" ("Two Blossoms"), 1853.
Grillparzer wrote poetry, plays, novellas, and historical
fiction. Lion Feuchtwanger greatly admired Grillparzer's
writing and acquired an impressive collection of his works.
Grillparzer's five-act tragedy, Die Jüdin von
Toledo, based on an earlier work by Lope de Vega,
was the inspiration for Feuchtwanger's novel with the same
Hugo. French author (1802-1885). Letter to the critic Nefftzer
about his favorable but brief review of his novel Les
Miserables in Le Temps. Hugo asks him to
write a full review of his novel as it has been ignored by the
French press. Hauteville, July 1, 1862.
Hugo. Le Roi s'amuse: Drame. Paris: E. Renduel,
Victor Hugo is considered the greatest poet of 19th century
France. He played a central role in the Romantic Movement,
writing numerous novels and dramas. Le Roi s'amuse is a poetic
drama which Verdi adapted in 1851 for his opera Rigoletto.
Luise Karschin. German poet (1722-1791). Poem to the Councilor
of the Consistory Büsching. May 4, 1785.
Luise Karschin. Gedichte. Edited by her daughter
C.L. v. Kl: née Karschin. Berlin: gedruckt mit Dichterischen
Anna Luise Karschin had little formal education but was a
voracious reader. She was helped in her writing career by
many respected German authors, including J.W.L. Gleim and
G.E. Lessing, who recognized her talent.
Perrault. French writer (1628-1703). Letter explaining that
a financial document of a certain Collin was good, yet not signed.
Paris, January 28, 1674.
Lang. Perrault's Popular Tales. Oxford: Clarendon
Perrault's collection of fairy tales was originally published
in 1697 and became known throughout Europe. In this work,
Lang discusses Perrault's tales.
Sand. French writer; pseudonym of Lucile-Aurore Dupin, baronne
Dudevant (1804-1876). Letter concerning corrections of a book.
Thanks the recipient for his accuracy. March 30, 1852.
Sand. French writer; pseudonym of Lucile-Aurore Dupin, baronne
Dudevant (1804-1876). Letter to a M. Perrotin. Is very busy
with renting a house. Asks for his visit. (Saturday) 1850.
Sand. Consuelo. New ed. Paris: Michel Levy, 1856.
is a novel about 18th century musical life with a young gypsy
singer named Consuelo as the heroine. Her innocence and talent
bring her through many adventures in the novel without harm.
George Sand lived a highly unusual and independent life for
a woman of the 19th century. She wore trousers and earned
her living as a writer. During her prolific career, she penned
numerous novels, essays, and dramatic works.
Wilhelm von Schlegel. German literary critic and linguist
(1767-1845). Letter to a "beautiful friend" named Charlotte.
Full of literary gallantries. Signed "Your devoted A.W. von
Schlegel." Bonn, October 31, 1842.
Wilhelm von Schlegel. German literary critic and linguist (1767-1845).
Wilhelm von Schlegel. De geographia homerica commentatio,
quae in concertatione civium Academiae Georgiae Augustae IV
Junii M D CC XXXVII ab illustri philosophorum ordine proxime
ad praemium accessisse pronuntiata est. Hannover: I.W.
Schopenhauer. German writer and mother of philosopher Arthur
Schopenhauer (1766-1838) Letter to Mr. Winder asking him to
accept an I.O.U. with her signature. It would be unlikely for
her to die by Christmas, and if she were to, her daughter would
certainly respect her mother's signature. Weimar, July 31, 1822.
Schopenhauer. Die Reise nach Italien; Novelle.
Frankfurt am Main: J.D. Sauerlander, 1836.
Walter Scott. Scottish poet and novelist (1771-1832). Letter
to a politician concerning the date of an upcoming celebration.
Walter Scott. The Lady of the Lake, a Poem. Edinburgh:
Printed for John Ballantyne, 1810.
Sir Walter Scott established the form of the historical novel.
His work was highly influential to many 19th century writers
and greatly admired by Lion Feuchtwanger.
Johann Heinrich Voß. German poet and translator of
the classics (1751-1826). Letter to a lady, about the translation
of Byron which he had agreed to undertake in order to please
Goethe. Heidelberg, February 18, 1822.
Heinrich Voß. Luise; ein landliches Gedicht in drei
Idyllen. 3rd. ed. Königsberg: F. Nicolovius, 1800.
Voss was the editor of the Göttinger Musenalmanach and
translator of Homer's Odyssey into German hexameter. Voss's
substantial poem, Luise, is his best known work in idyll form.
Wilde. English writer (1854-1900). Pen sketch of Wilde by
Kornman, ca. 1880.
Wilde. A Woman of No Importance. Paris: L. Smithers,
Wilde is best known for his shrewd social observation in his
plays, such as A Woman of No Importance and The
Importance of Being Earnest. His Salomé
was performed in Paris in 1896 by Sarah Bernhardt.
Zola. French author (1840-1902). Letter to M. Vaughan, wants
to meet him at the "Aurore," will bring latest article on the
affair "..." Dec. 20, 1900.
realistic novels and developed his own theory about the `naturalistic'
novel. His descriptions of vice and misery are powerful, sometimes
to the point of being lurid and horrifying.
Bonaparte, King of Netherlands (brother of Napoleon I) (1778-1846).
Document for the State Councilor Moreau St. Méry. Sends
him a medal on the occasion of the laying of the corner stone
for the Colonne Nationale (Colonne Vendôme). Paris, July
II (Frederick the Great), King of Prussia (1712-1786). Letter
to his brother Heinrich, Prince of Prussia (1726-1802). Speaks
with resignation about his advanced age, about some great writers
whom he knows by their reputation. Discusses how people, without
regard to their intellect, allow themselves to be carried away
by their passions. 1784.
Heinrich shared his brother Friedrich the Great's admiration
for French culture and the philosophy of the Enlightenment.
The brothers has a strained relationship and they often
differed in matters of politics. He tutored Friedrich II's
heir, Friedrich Wilhelm II.
Wilhelm II (1744-1797), King of Prussia. Letter to Voltaire
(1694-1778) expressing his admiration for him. Congratulates
him on his newest work, which includes attacks on Holbach's
System of Nature. He derives comfort from the thought
that Voltaire seems to believe in immortality. Potsdam, Nov.
Wilhelm assumed the throne in 1786. He was notorious for
his mistresses, the most famous being Wilhelmine Ritz, who
was created Gräfin Lichtenau in 1796.
Hastings. English head of state (1732-1818). Letter
to Mr. Wilkins, to whom he humorously suggests when presenting
him with a silver tea kettle to use the old copper kettle for
anything else but for water at breakfast. Benares, 1784.
Hastings was the first governor-general of British India.
He left India in 1785 and was imprisoned on grounds of cruelty
and corruption in his administration. He was acquitted after
a trial of 145 days, which lasted from 1788 to 1795. Lion
Feuchtwanger wrote a play in 1916 based on Hastings.
History of the trial of Warren Hastings, Esq. : late Governor-General
of Bengal, before the High Court of Parliament in Westminster-Hall,
on an impeachment by the Commons of Great-Britain, for high
crimes and misdemeanours : containing the whole of the proceedings
and debates in both Houses of Parliament, relating to that celebrated
prosecution, from Feb. 7, 1786, until his acquittal, April 23,
1795 : to which is added, an account of the proceedings of various
general courts of the Honourable United East-India Company,
held in consequence of his acquittal. London: Printed
for J. Debrett, and Vernor and Hood, 1796.
Feuchtwanger. Warren Hastings, Gouverneur von Indien;
Schauspiel in vier Akten und einem Vorspiel. München:
G. Muller, 1916.
IV, Henri de Bourbon, King of Navarre (1553-1610). Letter,
with signature, to Privy Counsel Courandry (advisor to the King).
He wishes to be informed whether the Parliament now had finally
ratified his Edicts of Nantes. Wishes to have his will executed
without delay. Fontainebleau, July 2, 1609.
IV, a man of great intelligence and an excellent ruler,
ascended to the throne in 1589. During his reign the Edict
of Nantes was issued in 1598 which granted tolerance to
the Protestants. He was aided by his minister Sully but
never fulfilled his vision to create a federation of Europe.
He was assassinated in 1610 by François Ravaillac.
Conference. Autographed printed menu of a "Déjeuner
de la Presse organisé par L'Association Internationale
des Journalistes ... Menu." With eight original signatures of
the attending ministers at the founding of the League of Nations
(Locarno-Conference) on verso, including: Aristide Briand, French
statesman (1862-1932); Vittorio Scialoja, Italian statesman
(1856-1933); Gustav Stresemann, German statesman (1878-1929);
Arthur Neville Chamberlain, British statesman (1869-1940); Eduard
Benesch, German statesman (1884-1948); Count A. Skrzynski, Polish
statesman (1882-1931). October 15, 1925.
League of Nations held the Locarno Conference from October
5-16, 1925 in Italy resulting in a group of treaties among
Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Great Britain, and Poland
which helped to create a sense of security among the European
XVI, King of France (1754-1793). Order to pay into the till
of the Queen 244 000 golden Louis. Handwritten signature, countersigned
by the financial administrator. Versailles, August 30, 1789.
XVI married Marie-Antoinette in 1770 and in 1774 succeeded
his grandfather, Louis XV, as King of France. He was deprived
his powers as ruler in August 1792 by the Assemblée
législative and was beheaded in January 1793. Marie-Antoinette
(1755-1793) encouraged him to resist the Revolution and
was herself condemned to death in October 1793. Marie-Antoinette
was depicted by Lion Feuchtwanger in his novel Waffen
XVIII, Louis-Stanislas-Xavier, King of France (1755-1824).
Certificate for an officer concerning his loyalty to the monarchy,
with handwritten signature and royal seal. Turin, April 30,
XVIII fled Paris in 1791 after the outbreak of the French
Revolution. He settled in Coblenz, Germany, and from there
commanded the Royalist army "armée des émigrés"
until it disbanded in 1801. He continued to instigate Royalist
conspiracies against Napoleon. After Napoleon's abdication
in 1814, Louis XVIII was named King of France, until Napoleon's
return in March 1815. He was restored once more to the throne
in June 1815 after Waterloo.
I, King of Bavaria (1786-1868). Letter to the King of Württemberg
(signed in his own handwriting), whom he informs of the birth
of a nephew, Munich, June 24, 1831.
I, King of Bavaria (1786-1868). Ten letters to a "Beloved
Caroline." Letters, very friendly with regards to contents,
mostly from holiday resorts. From the period of February 5,
1841 to September 28, 1843.
I succeeded his father, Maximilian I, to the throne in 1825.
He was a great supporter of the arts and played a vital
role in the development of Munich as a center of culture.
His indiscreet affair with the dancer Lola Montez in 1846
led to his abdication two years later in 1848. The affair
between Ludwig I and Lola Montez likely influenced Franz
Grillparzer's tragedy Die Jüdin von Toledo
published in 1851. A little more than a century later, Lion
Feuchtwanger revisited this theme in his novel Die
Jüdin von Toledo (1955).
Monroe. 5th President of the United States (1758-1831).
An official apology to the Marin Commission of the French Republic
for infringements on the part of American captains, promises
to make reparations. Paris, January 7, 1795.
III. Charles-Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, Emperor of
France, nephew of Napoleon I (1808-1873). Letter to the secretary
of the Institute Monglave. Thanks him for having been member
of the Institute. If Emperor Napoleon received this title joyfully,
how much more proud must have been his nephew. Arenenberg, July
III. Charles-Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, Emperor of
France, nephew of Napoleon I (1808-1873). Letter to the Editor
of the London Times. He declines the responsibility
for the Paris revolt and explains that, if he were the heart
and soul of a conspiracy, he would share the danger with the
others. London, Carlton House Terrace, May 17, 1839.
III made two unsuccessful attempts to overthrow Louis-Philippe
in 1836 and 1846. In 1848 he was elected to the Assemblée
constituante and gained more power in 1851 with a coup d'état.
He re-established the Empire and was proclaimed Emperor
in late 1852.
IV, King of Spain (1605-1665). Long letter to the Constable
de Castilla Duque de Frias, Governor of Milan. Calls upon him
to look after the welfare of an Alessandria and Torona, which
had been affected to an extraordinary degree by the war. Signed
"Yo el Rey," Toledo, November 5, 1639 (?). With seal and envelope.
IV, King of Spain (1605-1665). Expert opinion of the Royal
Privy Councillor Arbona on litigations concerning the water
supply of Tortona. Fourteen-page-long document. Milan, October
II, Kaiser of Germany (1859-1941). Patent for the Legislation-Councillor
Johann Hermann von Rath Sassnitz, on board the yacht "Hohenzollern,"
July 28, 1895.
Bernhardt. French actress (1845-1923). Letter, 1883.
Bernhardt. French actress (1845-1923). Playbill from the
Théâtre Sarah Bernhardt.
Bernhardt was one of the most famous actresses of all times.
She began training for the stage at 13 and continued acting
until her death. At the height of her career, she was her
own manager and eventually had her own theater-Théâtre
Bernhardt. Dans les nuages; impressions d'une chaise;
récit recueilli par Sarah-Bernhardt; illustré
par Georges Clairin. Paris: G. Charpentier, 1878.
Oversize, TL620.B4A3 1878
Devrient. German actor. (1798-1871). Letter, May 8, 1865.
Devrient. German actor. (1798-1871). Photographs, 1848.
Duse. Italian actress (1859-1924). Letter to a colleague.
Explains to him she could accept him into her company only as
an actor, but never as a director. Refers to a personal, not
written, discussion. Messina, June 24, 1887. With a personally
Siddons (née Kemble). English tragic actress (1755-1831).
Actress at Drury Lane, Covent Gardens, London. Regrets that
she is ill and not "up to the business of the night." Signed
in full with engraved portrait.
Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein. German painter (1751-1829).
Text with three sketches of a ram's skull and horns at the bottom
of the sheet.
is best known for his two portraits of Goethe which date from
the late 1780s. In addition to his portraits, he also painted
historical pictures, landscapes, and sketches such as these.
Meyerbeer. German composer (1791-1864). Letter to Gutzkow.
Would like to introduce him to Alexander von Humboldt and the
Minister of Education Johannes Schulze. Talks about the Cholera
in Berlin. Baden-Baden, August 7, 1837.
Meyerbeer. German composer (1791-1864). Letter written in
his own hand to an unknown person. Returns music and urgently
requests the return of the piano score of the Hugenotten
(Les Huguenots). Paris, Jan. 21, 1837 (to M. Mangoldt).
Offenbach. French opera composer (1819-1880). Letter to
a critic, who had to review one of his very latest operettas,
La Fille du Tambour Major. Asks him to be lenient with
a very young composer who had just written his one hundredth
score, but, on the other hand, not to praise him too highly,
or he would write his one hundred first. Paris, about 1879.
Offenbach. French opera composer (1819-1880). Letter to
a friend. Suggests they meet in a coffee house. Paris, no date.
Offenbach. French opera composer (1819-1880). Photograph
who was born in Germany, came to Paris to study at the Conservatoire
and later adopted French nationality. His gay and melodious
works were highly successful during his lifetime. He led
the orchestra of the Comédie-Française in
the 1850s, later producing his own operettas in the Bouffes
Strauss. German composer (1864-1949). Autographed postcard
to the music reviewer Paul Zschorlich. Tells him that the program
for "Heldenleben" was finished before the composition. Regrets
that the addressee had to endure the immature prattle of Dr.
Urban. Charlottenburg, February 21, 1902.
Strauss had a distinguished career as a conductor in Munich,
Weimar, Berlin and Vienna; however, he lost his appointment
as president of the Reichsmusikkammer in 1935 when he protested
the racial policies of National Socialism. Strauss was also
a successful composer. He wrote orchestral music, and created
his own form which he called Tondichtungen-illustrative
orchestral works. He wrote several operas in collaboration
with poet Hugo von Hofmannsthal as well as an opera based
on Oscar Wilde's Salome.
Wagner (1837-1930). Letter in which she makes it clear that
her husband, Richard Wagner (1813-1883), no longer gives autographs.
Bayreuth, September 10, 1876.
Wagner. Oper und Drama. Leipzig: J.J. Weber,
Richard Wagner (1813-1883), the famous German composer and
conductor, married his second wife, Cosima in 1870. She was
the daughter of pianist and composer Franz Liszt. Wagner is
best known for his dramatic operas, the best known being Der
Ring des Nibelungen cycle which includes Das
Rheingold, Die Walküre, Siegfried
and Götterdämmerung. Wagner developed
his theory of opera as a Gesamtkunstwerk (a work
of art to which many arts contribute) which he described in
three books, the last one being Oper und Drama.
Condorcet, Marquis de. French philosopher and mathematician
(1743-1794). Letter to Ancillon concerning the publication of
his theory of probability. Paris, January 29, 1787.
was perpetual secretary of the Académie des Sciences
and later a member of the Académie française.
He was a friend of Voltaire and an ardent supporter of the
French Revolution. Facing execution by guillotine for his
membership in the Girondin party, he committed suicide in
Darwin. British naturalist (1809-1882). Postcard to Dr.
Otto Zacharias. Beckenham, 1878.
Darwin. British naturalist (1809-1882). Letter
to Karl Scherzer, Austrian Consul General in London. Darwin
is pleased with zoologist Ernst Haeckel's success in Vienna.
In regard to Darwin's opponent Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902) he
writes: "evolution is too firmly established for any one man
to shake it." (Down, Beckenham, Kent), April 1, 1878.
Darwin. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation
to Sex. London: J. Murray, 1871.
Haeckel. German zoologist (1834-1919). Letter to Prof. Emilio
Euratolo re Darwin and Virchow, Dec. 17, 1906.
Haeckel. German zoologist (1834-1919). Photograph and illustrated
Schliemann. German archeologist (1822-1890). Letter to Mr.
Ouvry, whom he thanks for congratulating him on the birth of
little Agamemnon. London, April 7, 1878.
Schliemann. German archeologist (1822-1890). Letter to Prof.
Pyrne. Thanks him for his New Year's wishes. Was overworked
and had a vacation on St. Thomas, San Domingo and Cuba. Athens,
April 4, 1886.
Accorombonus. Doctoral diploma, University of Bologna, for
Horatius Accorombonus von Gubbio. Confirmed by Camillus Gypsius,
Notary and Vice Chancellor, December 3, 1630.
more information contact the Feuchtwanger