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Feuchtwanger Memorial Library

Home | About | About Feuchtwanger | Archives | Exhibitions |
Researching German Exiles | Feuchtwanger Society | Villa Aurora | Writings


Bertolt Brecht Turns 100: A Web Exhibit

Heinrich Mann: His Final Years. Drawings, Letters and Manuscripts
Exiled to Paradise Kurt Weill and Lion Feuchtwanger: Collaborations and Connections
Feuchtwanger as a Manuscripts Collector    

Lion Feuchtwanger as a
Manuscripts Collector Exhibit



  • Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais. French playwright and man of affairs (1732-1799). Remittance of money to his book-seller. Signed in his own hand.

  • Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais. French playwright and man of affairs (1732-1799). Holograph letter to M. Airain, Procureur Général in Tours. Business letter concerning the purchase of wood by the Compagnie des Indes and remittance of payment. Pantin, August 25, 1768.

  • Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais. Les Deux Amis, ou, Le Négociant de Lyon: Drame en Cinq Actes en Prose. Paris: La veuve Duchesne, 1770.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PQ1956.A65 1770

      Lion Feuchtwanger portrayed Beaumarchais in his novel about progess, Waffen für Amerika (Proud Destiny), published in 1947.

  • Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton. English novelist (1803-1873). Letter to Adelheid von Stolterfork. Letter of thanks for sending her ballads and regrets that he learned too late about the planned honor of having his ballads included. Frankfurt am Main (probably in the years 1830-40).

      Bulwer-Lytton served as a Member of Parliament in the mid 1800s and financed his extravagant lifestyle with his versatile and prolific writing.

  • Alphonse Daudet. French writer (1840-1897). Letter to the publisher of Le Monde Illustré.

  • Alphonse Daudet. Les Rois en Exile; Roman Parisien. Paris: E. Dentu, 1879.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PQ2216.R7 1879

      Daudet is best known today for his sentimental and humorous sketches of Provençal life; however, he was a leading figure of the Naturalist Movement. He also wrote novels, such as this one, depicting the political world.

  • Charles Dickens. English writer (1812-1870). Letter to Mrs. Benzon. March 7, 1864.

  • Charles Dickens. Pickwick Papers: the Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club. London: Chapman and Hall, 1874.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PR4569.A1 1874

      This book was originally published in 20 monthly installments beginning in April 1836.

  • Alexandre Dumas. French writer (1802-1870). Letter to M. Bocage discussing the details of an upcoming visit, request for cigars, and financial matters. Dec. 29, 1841.

  • Alexandre Dumas. Henri III et sa Cour; Drame Historique en Cinq Actes et en Prose. Representé sur le Théâtre français, par les Comédiens ordinaires du Roi, le 11 février 1829. Paris: Vezard, 1829.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PQ2227.H4 1829

      This historical drama written in prose by the elder Dumas was produced at the Théâtre Français. The production was a great success for Dumas as well as for the Romantic Movement.

  • Alexandre Dumas. Mémoires d'un Médecin, Joseph Balsamo. Paris: Boulanger et Legrand, 1863-64.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PQ2227.M5 1864

      Dumas wrote many historical novels, this being one of his most famous. Mémoires d'un Médecin, depicts a picture of court life and intrigues in the years between Marie-Antoinette's arrival in France and the death of Louis XV. The main character, Joseph Balsamo (known as Cagliostro), was a clever charlatan who acquired a reputation in France as a wonder-worker.

  • Lion Feuchtwanger. German writer (1884-1958). Lion Feuchtwanger's manuscript of Jud Süss was finished in 1922 but not published until 1925. This historical novel explores the life and era of Joseph Süss Oppenheimer (1692-1738), who served as minister of finance for Duke Karl Alexander of Württemberg. Oppenheimer became a victim of anti-Semitism and was executed after refusing to renounce his Jewish heritage and become a Christian.

  • Lion Feuchtwanger. Jud Süss. Munich: Drei Masken Verlag, 1925.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PT2611.E85J7 1925

      Lion Feuchtwanger's manuscript of Jud Süss was finished in 1922 but not published until 1925. This historical novel explores the life and era of Joseph Süss Oppenheimer (1692-1738), who served as minister of finance for Duke Karl Alexander of Württemberg. Oppenheimer became a victim of anti-Semitism and was executed after refusing to renounce his Jewish heritage and become a Christian.

      Within three months Jud Süss became a bestseller and was eventually translated into fifteen languages. This novel rocketed Feuchtwanger onto the international literary scene.

  • Leben, Ubelthaten und gerechtes Urtheil des berichtigten Erzschelmen und Diebs Juden Süss Oppenheimers, darinnen sein böser Lebens-Wandel, Schelmen und Diebs Stücke, und wie er endlich seinen wohl-verdienten Lohn durch des Henckers Hand empfangen, ausführlich erzehlet werden von einem aufrightigem Spiele-Wercks-Mann, 1738.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      DS135.G5S84 1738

      This account of Joseph Süss Oppenheimer was published in 1738, the year of his execution.

  • Lion Feuchtwanger. This photograph of Lion Feuchtwanger was taken by Florence Homolka.

  • Gustave Flaubert. French writer (1821-1880). Fragment of a sketch for a ballet.

      Gustave Flaubert was a famous French novelist (author of Madame Bovary) who studied law before turning to literature. He lived a secluded, hermit-like life, focusing most of his energy on his work. Because of his high standards, his writing progressed slowly. He took great pains researching his novels and aimed to create an objective and impersonal work of art. His correspondence with his friends and colleagues describes how much effort this took, as he would spend uncounted hours rewriting and agonizing over his prose.

  • Anatole France. French author (1844-1924). Letter to the publisher of a journal. Complains that the reviewer of his poetic drama Les Noces corinthiennes was uneducated.

  • Anatole France. French author (1844-1924). Manuscript on the first page is a retrospective view of the war and the history of France; on the second, a draft of a short story, circa 1919.

  • John Galsworthy. English author (1867-1933). Letter of six lines wishing addressee and group of Austrians happiness. Hampstead, London, December 6, 1929.

      Galsworthy is best known for his series of novels about the Forsyte family. The first of the stories, Man of Devon, was published in 1901. He received the Nobel Prize for literature in 1932.

  • Stephanie Félicité Genlis, comtesse de. French writer (1746-1830). Letter to the Empress regarding their Thursday appointment and Genlis' need to cancel her conflicting appointment with the diplomat Tallyrand (1754-1838). Paris.

      Mme de Genlis was one of the great ladies of the 18th century. She served as a lady-in-waiting to the Duchesse de Chartres and later become a governess to her children. After her husband was beheaded in 1793, she emigrated and earned her living in England and Switzerland by writing. She wrote countless popular romances which combined morals and history.

  • Stephanie Félicité Genlis, comtesse de. La Duchesse de La Vallière. London: M. Peltier, 1804.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PQ1985.G5A673 1804

  • Franz Grillparzer. Austrian poet (1791-1872). Poem for a friend: "Zwei Blüthen" ("Two Blossoms"), 1853.

      Franz Grillparzer wrote poetry, plays, novellas, and historical fiction. Lion Feuchtwanger greatly admired Grillparzer's writing and acquired an impressive collection of his works. Grillparzer's five-act tragedy, Die Jüdin von Toledo, based on an earlier work by Lope de Vega, was the inspiration for Feuchtwanger's novel with the same title.

  • Victor Hugo. French author (1802-1885). Letter to the critic Nefftzer about his favorable but brief review of his novel Les Miserables in Le Temps. Hugo asks him to write a full review of his novel as it has been ignored by the French press. Hauteville, July 1, 1862.

  • Victor Hugo. Le Roi s'amuse: Drame. Paris: E. Renduel, 1832.
      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PQ2289.R7 1832

      Victor Hugo is considered the greatest poet of 19th century France. He played a central role in the Romantic Movement, writing numerous novels and dramas. Le Roi s'amuse is a poetic drama which Verdi adapted in 1851 for his opera Rigoletto.

  • Anna Luise Karschin. German poet (1722-1791). Poem to the Councilor of the Consistory Büsching. May 4, 1785.

  • Anna Luise Karschin. Gedichte. Edited by her daughter C.L. v. Kl: née Karschin. Berlin: gedruckt mit Dichterischen Schrifften, 1792.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PT2372.K75A9 1792

      Anna Luise Karschin had little formal education but was a voracious reader. She was helped in her writing career by many respected German authors, including J.W.L. Gleim and G.E. Lessing, who recognized her talent.

  • Charles Perrault. French writer (1628-1703). Letter explaining that a financial document of a certain Collin was good, yet not signed. Paris, January 28, 1674.

  • Andrew Lang. Perrault's Popular Tales. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1888.
      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PQ1877.A7 1888

      Perrault's collection of fairy tales was originally published in 1697 and became known throughout Europe. In this work, Lang discusses Perrault's tales.

  • George Sand. French writer; pseudonym of Lucile-Aurore Dupin, baronne Dudevant (1804-1876). Letter concerning corrections of a book. Thanks the recipient for his accuracy. March 30, 1852.

  • George Sand. French writer; pseudonym of Lucile-Aurore Dupin, baronne Dudevant (1804-1876). Letter to a M. Perrotin. Is very busy with renting a house. Asks for his visit. (Saturday) 1850.

  • George Sand. Consuelo. New ed. Paris: Michel Levy, 1856.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PQ2400.A1 1856

      Consuelo is a novel about 18th century musical life with a young gypsy singer named Consuelo as the heroine. Her innocence and talent bring her through many adventures in the novel without harm.

      George Sand lived a highly unusual and independent life for a woman of the 19th century. She wore trousers and earned her living as a writer. During her prolific career, she penned numerous novels, essays, and dramatic works.

  • August Wilhelm von Schlegel. German literary critic and linguist (1767-1845). Letter to a "beautiful friend" named Charlotte. Full of literary gallantries. Signed "Your devoted A.W. von Schlegel." Bonn, October 31, 1842.

  • August Wilhelm von Schlegel. German literary critic and linguist (1767-1845). Engraving.

  • August Wilhelm von Schlegel. De geographia homerica commentatio, quae in concertatione civium Academiae Georgiae Augustae IV Junii M D CC XXXVII ab illustri philosophorum ordine proxime ad praemium accessisse pronuntiata est. Hannover: I.W. Schmidium, 1788.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PA4037.A2S35 1788

  • Johanna Schopenhauer. German writer and mother of philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer (1766-1838) Letter to Mr. Winder asking him to accept an I.O.U. with her signature. It would be unlikely for her to die by Christmas, and if she were to, her daughter would certainly respect her mother's signature. Weimar, July 31, 1822.

  • Johanna Schopenhauer. Die Reise nach Italien; Novelle. Frankfurt am Main: J.D. Sauerlander, 1836.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library

  • Sir Walter Scott. Scottish poet and novelist (1771-1832). Letter to a politician concerning the date of an upcoming celebration.

  • Sir Walter Scott. The Lady of the Lake, a Poem. Edinburgh: Printed for John Ballantyne, 1810.

      euchtwanger Memorial Library
      PR5308b.A1 1810

      Sir Walter Scott established the form of the historical novel. His work was highly influential to many 19th century writers and greatly admired by Lion Feuchtwanger.

  • Johann Heinrich Voß. German poet and translator of the classics (1751-1826). Letter to a lady, about the translation of Byron which he had agreed to undertake in order to please Goethe. Heidelberg, February 18, 1822.

  • Johann Heinrich Voß. Luise; ein landliches Gedicht in drei Idyllen. 3rd. ed. Königsberg: F. Nicolovius, 1800.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PT2549.V2L6 1800

      Voss was the editor of the Göttinger Musenalmanach and translator of Homer's Odyssey into German hexameter. Voss's substantial poem, Luise, is his best known work in idyll form.

  • Oscar Wilde. English writer (1854-1900). Pen sketch of Wilde by Kornman, ca. 1880.

  • Oscar Wilde. A Woman of No Importance. Paris: L. Smithers, 1903.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PR5820.W5 1903

      Wilde is best known for his shrewd social observation in his plays, such as A Woman of No Importance and The Importance of Being Earnest. His Salomé was performed in Paris in 1896 by Sarah Bernhardt.

  • Émile Zola. French author (1840-1902). Letter to M. Vaughan, wants to meet him at the "Aurore," will bring latest article on the affair "..." Dec. 20, 1900.

      Zola wrote realistic novels and developed his own theory about the `naturalistic' novel. His descriptions of vice and misery are powerful, sometimes to the point of being lurid and horrifying.

Royalty and Politics

  • Louis Bonaparte, King of Netherlands (brother of Napoleon I) (1778-1846). Document for the State Councilor Moreau St. Méry. Sends him a medal on the occasion of the laying of the corner stone for the Colonne Nationale (Colonne Vendôme). Paris, July 17, 1800.
  • Friedrich II (Frederick the Great), King of Prussia (1712-1786). Letter to his brother Heinrich, Prince of Prussia (1726-1802). Speaks with resignation about his advanced age, about some great writers whom he knows by their reputation. Discusses how people, without regard to their intellect, allow themselves to be carried away by their passions. 1784.

      Prince Heinrich shared his brother Friedrich the Great's admiration for French culture and the philosophy of the Enlightenment. The brothers has a strained relationship and they often differed in matters of politics. He tutored Friedrich II's heir, Friedrich Wilhelm II.

  • Friedrich Wilhelm II (1744-1797), King of Prussia. Letter to Voltaire (1694-1778) expressing his admiration for him. Congratulates him on his newest work, which includes attacks on Holbach's System of Nature. He derives comfort from the thought that Voltaire seems to believe in immortality. Potsdam, Nov. 12, 1770.

      Friedrich Wilhelm assumed the throne in 1786. He was notorious for his mistresses, the most famous being Wilhelmine Ritz, who was created Gräfin Lichtenau in 1796.

  • Warren Hastings. English head of state (1732-1818). Letter to Mr. Wilkins, to whom he humorously suggests when presenting him with a silver tea kettle to use the old copper kettle for anything else but for water at breakfast. Benares, 1784.

      Warren Hastings was the first governor-general of British India. He left India in 1785 and was imprisoned on grounds of cruelty and corruption in his administration. He was acquitted after a trial of 145 days, which lasted from 1788 to 1795. Lion Feuchtwanger wrote a play in 1916 based on Hastings.

  • The History of the trial of Warren Hastings, Esq. : late Governor-General of Bengal, before the High Court of Parliament in Westminster-Hall, on an impeachment by the Commons of Great-Britain, for high crimes and misdemeanours : containing the whole of the proceedings and debates in both Houses of Parliament, relating to that celebrated prosecution, from Feb. 7, 1786, until his acquittal, April 23, 1795 : to which is added, an account of the proceedings of various general courts of the Honourable United East-India Company, held in consequence of his acquittal. London: Printed for J. Debrett, and Vernor and Hood, 1796.

      Special Collections
      DS473.3.H28 1796

  • Lion Feuchtwanger. Warren Hastings, Gouverneur von Indien; Schauspiel in vier Akten und einem Vorspiel. München: G. Muller, 1916.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      PT2611.E85W4 1916

  • Henry IV, Henri de Bourbon, King of Navarre (1553-1610). Letter, with signature, to Privy Counsel Courandry (advisor to the King). He wishes to be informed whether the Parliament now had finally ratified his Edicts of Nantes. Wishes to have his will executed without delay. Fontainebleau, July 2, 1609.

      Henry IV, a man of great intelligence and an excellent ruler, ascended to the throne in 1589. During his reign the Edict of Nantes was issued in 1598 which granted tolerance to the Protestants. He was aided by his minister Sully but never fulfilled his vision to create a federation of Europe. He was assassinated in 1610 by François Ravaillac.

  • Locarno Conference. Autographed printed menu of a "Déjeuner de la Presse organisé par L'Association Internationale des Journalistes ... Menu." With eight original signatures of the attending ministers at the founding of the League of Nations (Locarno-Conference) on verso, including: Aristide Briand, French statesman (1862-1932); Vittorio Scialoja, Italian statesman (1856-1933); Gustav Stresemann, German statesman (1878-1929); Arthur Neville Chamberlain, British statesman (1869-1940); Eduard Benesch, German statesman (1884-1948); Count A. Skrzynski, Polish statesman (1882-1931). October 15, 1925.

      The League of Nations held the Locarno Conference from October 5-16, 1925 in Italy resulting in a group of treaties among Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Great Britain, and Poland which helped to create a sense of security among the European powers.

  • Louis XVI, King of France (1754-1793). Order to pay into the till of the Queen 244 000 golden Louis. Handwritten signature, countersigned by the financial administrator. Versailles, August 30, 1789.

      Louis XVI married Marie-Antoinette in 1770 and in 1774 succeeded his grandfather, Louis XV, as King of France. He was deprived his powers as ruler in August 1792 by the Assemblée législative and was beheaded in January 1793. Marie-Antoinette (1755-1793) encouraged him to resist the Revolution and was herself condemned to death in October 1793. Marie-Antoinette was depicted by Lion Feuchtwanger in his novel Waffen für Amerika.

  • Louis XVIII, Louis-Stanislas-Xavier, King of France (1755-1824). Certificate for an officer concerning his loyalty to the monarchy, with handwritten signature and royal seal. Turin, April 30, 1794.

      Louis XVIII fled Paris in 1791 after the outbreak of the French Revolution. He settled in Coblenz, Germany, and from there commanded the Royalist army "armée des émigrés" until it disbanded in 1801. He continued to instigate Royalist conspiracies against Napoleon. After Napoleon's abdication in 1814, Louis XVIII was named King of France, until Napoleon's return in March 1815. He was restored once more to the throne in June 1815 after Waterloo.

  • Ludwig I, King of Bavaria (1786-1868). Letter to the King of Württemberg (signed in his own handwriting), whom he informs of the birth of a nephew, Munich, June 24, 1831.

  • Ludwig I, King of Bavaria (1786-1868). Ten letters to a "Beloved Caroline." Letters, very friendly with regards to contents, mostly from holiday resorts. From the period of February 5, 1841 to September 28, 1843.

      Ludwig I succeeded his father, Maximilian I, to the throne in 1825. He was a great supporter of the arts and played a vital role in the development of Munich as a center of culture. His indiscreet affair with the dancer Lola Montez in 1846 led to his abdication two years later in 1848. The affair between Ludwig I and Lola Montez likely influenced Franz Grillparzer's tragedy Die Jüdin von Toledo published in 1851. A little more than a century later, Lion Feuchtwanger revisited this theme in his novel Die Jüdin von Toledo (1955).

  • James Monroe. 5th President of the United States (1758-1831). An official apology to the Marin Commission of the French Republic for infringements on the part of American captains, promises to make reparations. Paris, January 7, 1795.

  • Napoleon III. Charles-Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, Emperor of France, nephew of Napoleon I (1808-1873). Letter to the secretary of the Institute Monglave. Thanks him for having been member of the Institute. If Emperor Napoleon received this title joyfully, how much more proud must have been his nephew. Arenenberg, July 17, 1835.

  • Napoleon III. Charles-Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, Emperor of France, nephew of Napoleon I (1808-1873). Letter to the Editor of the London Times. He declines the responsibility for the Paris revolt and explains that, if he were the heart and soul of a conspiracy, he would share the danger with the others. London, Carlton House Terrace, May 17, 1839.

      Napoleon III made two unsuccessful attempts to overthrow Louis-Philippe in 1836 and 1846. In 1848 he was elected to the Assemblée constituante and gained more power in 1851 with a coup d'état. He re-established the Empire and was proclaimed Emperor in late 1852.

  • Philipp IV, King of Spain (1605-1665). Long letter to the Constable de Castilla Duque de Frias, Governor of Milan. Calls upon him to look after the welfare of an Alessandria and Torona, which had been affected to an extraordinary degree by the war. Signed "Yo el Rey," Toledo, November 5, 1639 (?). With seal and envelope.

  • Philipp IV, King of Spain (1605-1665). Expert opinion of the Royal Privy Councillor Arbona on litigations concerning the water supply of Tortona. Fourteen-page-long document. Milan, October 5, 1660.

  • Wilhelm II, Kaiser of Germany (1859-1941). Patent for the Legislation-Councillor Johann Hermann von Rath Sassnitz, on board the yacht "Hohenzollern," July 28, 1895.

Theater & Art

  • Sarah Bernhardt. French actress (1845-1923). Letter, 1883.
  • Sarah Bernhardt. French actress (1845-1923). Playbill from the Théâtre Sarah Bernhardt.

      Sarah Bernhardt was one of the most famous actresses of all times. She began training for the stage at 13 and continued acting until her death. At the height of her career, she was her own manager and eventually had her own theater-Théâtre Sarah Bernhardt.

  • Sarah Bernhardt. Dans les nuages; impressions d'une chaise; récit recueilli par Sarah-Bernhardt; illustré par Georges Clairin. Paris: G. Charpentier, 1878.

      Special Collections
      Oversize, TL620.B4A3 1878

  • Emil Devrient. German actor. (1798-1871). Letter, May 8, 1865.

  • Emil Devrient. German actor. (1798-1871). Photographs, 1848.

  • Eleonora Duse. Italian actress (1859-1924). Letter to a colleague. Explains to him she could accept him into her company only as an actor, but never as a director. Refers to a personal, not written, discussion. Messina, June 24, 1887. With a personally signed photograph.

  • Sarah Siddons (née Kemble). English tragic actress (1755-1831). Actress at Drury Lane, Covent Gardens, London. Regrets that she is ill and not "up to the business of the night." Signed in full with engraved portrait.

  • Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein. German painter (1751-1829). Text with three sketches of a ram's skull and horns at the bottom of the sheet.

      Tischbein is best known for his two portraits of Goethe which date from the late 1780s. In addition to his portraits, he also painted historical pictures, landscapes, and sketches such as these.


  • Giacomo Meyerbeer. German composer (1791-1864). Letter to Gutzkow. Would like to introduce him to Alexander von Humboldt and the Minister of Education Johannes Schulze. Talks about the Cholera in Berlin. Baden-Baden, August 7, 1837.
  • Giacomo Meyerbeer. German composer (1791-1864). Letter written in his own hand to an unknown person. Returns music and urgently requests the return of the piano score of the Hugenotten (Les Huguenots). Paris, Jan. 21, 1837 (to M. Mangoldt).

  • Jacques Offenbach. French opera composer (1819-1880). Letter to a critic, who had to review one of his very latest operettas, La Fille du Tambour Major. Asks him to be lenient with a very young composer who had just written his one hundredth score, but, on the other hand, not to praise him too highly, or he would write his one hundred first. Paris, about 1879.

  • Jacques Offenbach. French opera composer (1819-1880). Letter to a friend. Suggests they meet in a coffee house. Paris, no date.

  • Jacques Offenbach. French opera composer (1819-1880). Photograph on postcard.

      Offenbach, who was born in Germany, came to Paris to study at the Conservatoire and later adopted French nationality. His gay and melodious works were highly successful during his lifetime. He led the orchestra of the Comédie-Française in the 1850s, later producing his own operettas in the Bouffes Parisiens.

  • Richard Strauss. German composer (1864-1949). Autographed postcard to the music reviewer Paul Zschorlich. Tells him that the program for "Heldenleben" was finished before the composition. Regrets that the addressee had to endure the immature prattle of Dr. Urban. Charlottenburg, February 21, 1902.

      Richard Strauss had a distinguished career as a conductor in Munich, Weimar, Berlin and Vienna; however, he lost his appointment as president of the Reichsmusikkammer in 1935 when he protested the racial policies of National Socialism. Strauss was also a successful composer. He wrote orchestral music, and created his own form which he called Tondichtungen-illustrative orchestral works. He wrote several operas in collaboration with poet Hugo von Hofmannsthal as well as an opera based on Oscar Wilde's Salome.

  • Cosima Wagner (1837-1930). Letter in which she makes it clear that her husband, Richard Wagner (1813-1883), no longer gives autographs. Bayreuth, September 10, 1876.

  • Richard Wagner. Oper und Drama. Leipzig: J.J. Weber, 1852.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library

      Richard Wagner (1813-1883), the famous German composer and conductor, married his second wife, Cosima in 1870. She was the daughter of pianist and composer Franz Liszt. Wagner is best known for his dramatic operas, the best known being Der Ring des Nibelungen cycle which includes Das Rheingold, Die Walküre, Siegfried and Götterdämmerung. Wagner developed his theory of opera as a Gesamtkunstwerk (a work of art to which many arts contribute) which he described in three books, the last one being Oper und Drama.


  • Antoine-Nicolas Condorcet, Marquis de. French philosopher and mathematician (1743-1794). Letter to Ancillon concerning the publication of his theory of probability. Paris, January 29, 1787.
    • Condorcet was perpetual secretary of the Académie des Sciences and later a member of the Académie française. He was a friend of Voltaire and an ardent supporter of the French Revolution. Facing execution by guillotine for his membership in the Girondin party, he committed suicide in 1794.

  • Charles Darwin. British naturalist (1809-1882). Postcard to Dr. Otto Zacharias. Beckenham, 1878.

  • Charles Darwin. British naturalist (1809-1882). Letter to Karl Scherzer, Austrian Consul General in London. Darwin is pleased with zoologist Ernst Haeckel's success in Vienna. In regard to Darwin's opponent Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902) he writes: "evolution is too firmly established for any one man to shake it." (Down, Beckenham, Kent), April 1, 1878.

  • Charles Darwin. British naturalist (1809-1882). Photograph and postcard with his portrait.

  • Charles Darwin. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. London: J. Murray, 1871.

      Feuchtwanger Memorial Library
      QH365.D2 1871b

  • Ernst Haeckel. German zoologist (1834-1919). Letter to Prof. Emilio Euratolo re Darwin and Virchow, Dec. 17, 1906.

  • Ernst Haeckel. German zoologist (1834-1919). Photograph and illustrated postcard.

  • Heinrich Schliemann. German archeologist (1822-1890). Letter to Mr. Ouvry, whom he thanks for congratulating him on the birth of little Agamemnon. London, April 7, 1878.

  • Heinrich Schliemann. German archeologist (1822-1890). Letter to Prof. Pyrne. Thanks him for his New Year's wishes. Was overworked and had a vacation on St. Thomas, San Domingo and Cuba. Athens, April 4, 1886.

  • Horatius Accorombonus. Doctoral diploma, University of Bologna, for Horatius Accorombonus von Gubbio. Confirmed by Camillus Gypsius, Notary and Vice Chancellor, December 3, 1630.

For more information contact the Feuchtwanger Librarian.

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