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Exiles in Southern California
Bruno Walter (1876-1962)
conductor Bruno Walter (born Bruno Walter Schlesinger) played
an important role
in the development of musical life in Los Angeles. Walter's conducting
career began in 1894 in Cologne and was followed by prestigious
appointments to the Munich State Opera and Berlin State Opera.
While in Munich Bruno Walter and Thomas Mann
met and become close friends; their friendship was later rekindled
when both lived in Southern California. In 1933 Walter was forced
from his position as the director of the Gewandhaus Orchestra
in Leipzig. He left Germany emigrating to Austria where he served
as director of the state opera from 1936-1938, before moving to
France. In 1939 he crossed the Atlantic for the United States.
During the next twenty years Walter conducted the Los Angeles
Philharmonic Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra, and the New
York Philharmonic (where he served as musical adviser from 1947-49).
He also conducted frequently at the Metropolitan Opera between
1941 and 1957.
returned to Europe as a guest conductor after the end of the
Second World War, he met with great success. In the years
following 1947, Walter returned several times to Europe to
conduct in Edinburgh, Salzburg, Vienna, and Munich. As a conductor
Walter is best remembered for his promotion of Mahler and
interpretion of Mozart's works.
Bruno Walter lived at 608 N. Bedford Drive in Beverly
in Southern California: 1945?-1962.
Britannica. Biographisches Lexikon zur Weimarer Republik.
Edited by Wolfgang Benz and Hermann Graml. Munich: C.H. Beck, 1988.
Crichton. "Bruno Walter" in The New Grove Dictionary of Music
and Musicians. Edited by Stanley Sadie. Vol. 20. London: MacMillan,
Mann. Tagebücher 1940-1943. Edited by Peter de Mendelssohn.
Frankfurt: Fischer, 1982.
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