CIVIL UNREST EMPLOYER
the civil unrest of April-May1992, the Employment Development
Department (EDD), with the support of the State Department of
Commerce, the City and County of Los Angeles, and numerous local
economic-development and employment and- training agencies, set
out to identify employers in need of help in order to refer them
to agencies providing appropriate assistance and to provide one
factor for use in estimating the extent to which local employment
had been affected. For this purpose, a decision was made to conduct
a survey of employers located within the areas of Los Angeles
County most affected by the civil unrest.
As the basis for determining employers to be surveyed, EDD used
five primary data sources:
- The Unemployment Insurance
(UI) tax records. Virtually all employers in the county are required
to cover their employees with unemployment insurance. From this
program, EDD receives monthly employment and quarterly payroll
information from employers.
- A 1990 employment-site
project. This project is a one-time study that supplemented the
UI-tax records with survey data that provided employment by physical
location for all employers in the Los Angeles County.
- Lists of addresses
of buildings and the names of some businesses that were damaged
during the civil unrest. These were prepared by various municipal
and county building and safety departments.
- Records of eligible
claimants who filed Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)claims.
DUA is a special program in which individuals who might not otherwise
qualify for UI benefits can receive help. This list supplements
the UI employer list since many of the DUA claimants were self-employed.
- Los Angeles City Clerk
business licenses file. EDD received a listing of business licensees
that had been matched with addresses of damaged buildings.
- A list of all employers
in the ZIP codes affected by the civil unrest was developed from
these sources. After removing duplicate addresses, the sources
were combined, and 54,416 questionnaires were mailed to businesses
in early July. The mailing included a translation of the EDD Director's
cover letter in both Spanish and Korean. An 800-number telephone
bank provided assistance in English, Spanish, Korean, Chinese
and Vietnamese. Table 2summarizes the status of the questionnaires
mailed out by the source of the mailing address.
When survey forms were
returned to EDD, all requests for assistance were immediately
forwarded to responsible agencies including the Trade and Commerce
Agency, local Service Delivery Areas, and EDD's Tax Branch and
field offices. A total of 17,355survey forms were returned between
July and the end of September. These represented a 31.9 percent
Of the 17,355 firms that responded to the survey, 2,095requested
one or more types of assistance. These responses included3,451
separate requests for aid (see Graph 16 for specific type of requests
made). Over 58 percent of the employers requesting assistance
needed help with short-term loans, over 30 percent requested assistance
in letting people know that their businesses were still open,
and over 20 percent wanted tax credit information.
Analysis of the 1992 Los Angeles Civil Unrest
Continue to Employment Effects of the Civil Unrest
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