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Finding aid for the USC Library of Aeronautical History Women's International Association of Aeronautics records

Finding aid prepared by Claude Zachary, 2010 August

Summary Information

Repository
USC Libraries Special Collections
Creator
McQueen, Elizabeth L.
Creator
Women's International Association of Aeronautics.
Title
USC Library of Aeronautical History Women's International Association of Aeronautics records
Collection no.
0055
Date [inclusive]
1920-1958
Extent
10.0 Linear feet, 10 boxes
Language
English
Abstract
Biographies of early woman aviators, correspondence, photographs, memorabilia, scrapbooks, instructional materials; copies of Aerogram, the WIAA publication; personal archives of Elizabeth L. McQueen (Mrs. Ulysses Grant McQueen, d.1958), founder of WIAA in 1929 and the Women's Aeronautic Association of California, and organizer of the Women's Air Derby ("Powder Puff Derby").

Preferred Citation

[Box/folder# or item name], USC Library of Aeronautical History Women's International Association of Aeronautics records, Collection no. 0055, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California

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Biographical note

Elizabeth Lippincott (September 26, 1878-December 24, 1958) was born in Pennington, New Jersey. She graduated from Pennington Seminary in 1898, and in March 1900 married Ulysses Grant McQueen (1864-1937), a wealthy New York City inventor and manufacturer. The couple lived in New York City until 1928, then moved to Beverly Hills, California. During World War I, Mrs. McQueen performed war relief work in Palestine under Field Marshal Allenby. In 1919 she founded the Jerusalem News, the first English-language newspaper in Jerusalem. She became interested in aviation when in 1920 she witnessed seven airplanes in military actions in the desert near Aden. In September 1928, Mrs. McQueen organized the Women's Aeronautic Association of California, which was soon followed by similar organizations in New York, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, Canada, England, France, Germany, Australia, and New Zealand. On May 23, 1929, she organized the Women's International Association of Aeronautics (WIAA), which became the principal focus of her activities for the rest of her life. Mrs. McQueen served as "founder and honorary president" of the WIAA; subsequent presidents included prominent British aviator Lady Mary Heath (1929-1932), British reporter Lady Grace Hay Drummond-Hay (1932-1940), educator Dr. Mary Sinclair Crawford (1940-1947), actress Mary Pickford (1947-1949), airplane manufacturing executive Olive Ann Beech (1949-1954), and pioneer aviator Matilde Moisant (1954-). A junior division of the WIAA was organized in 1931; members under 7 years old were called "tailwinds", those from 7 through 20 years old "zoomers". In 1929, Mrs. McQueen and Lady Heath appealed to the Federation Aeronautique Internationale in Paris to have women's air records recognized, an appeal that was ultimately successful. At the same time, in order to arouse greater interest in women's flying, Mrs. McQueen conceived the idea and was one of the principal organizers of the first Women's Air Derby from Santa Monica, California, to the 1929 National Air Races in Cleveland. 20 female aviators took part in this forerunner to the Powder Puff Derby. In 1932 and 1933, Mrs. McQueen published a column, "Happy Contacts", concerning women and aviation, in the monthly magazine Speed; she also published several articles in The Air Pilot in 1933. In July 1933, Mrs. McQueen, who in 1929 had been deputized as the first aerial policewoman in the world by Police Chief Charles Blair of Beverly Hills, organized the Women's Aerial Police Association, whose members were deputized to assist the civil authorities in times of emergency. From March 1940 to February 1941, she also undertook a Goodwill Tour to Mexico and Central and South America. From approximately 1942 to approximately 1947, Mrs. McQueen resided in the Mission Inn, in Riverside, California, the location of the International Shrine of Aviators and the Famous Fliers' Wall. By the late 1940s, she had returned to her house on Doheny Drive in Beverly Hills. Ulysses Grant McQueen died in April 1937, and about 1955 Mrs. McQueen married Dr. Irving Reed Bancroft, a prominent retired physician. She died at her home in Hermosa Beach, California at the age of 80; her ashes are interred in the Portal of the Folded Wing in Pierce Brothers Valhalla Cemetery, in North Hollywood. Although she had devoted her life to furthering the role of women in aviation, she had never obtained a pilot's license.

(Adapted from the Finding aid for the Elizabeth Lippincott McQueen papers. Special Collections, Honnold/Mudd Library, Claremont University Consortium)

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Scope and Content

The collection consists of biographies of early woman aviators, correspondence, photographs, memorabilia, scrapbooks, instructional materials; copies of Aerogram, the WIAA publication; and the personal archives of Elizabeth L. McQueen (Mrs. Ulysses Grant McQueen, d.1958), founder of WIAA in 1929 and the Women's Aeronautic Association of California, and organizer of the Women's Air Derby ("Powder Puff Derby").

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

USC Libraries Special Collections
2010 August
Doheny Memorial Library 206
3550 Trousdale Parkway
Los Angeles, California, 90089-0189
213-740-5900
specol@usc.edu

Revision Description

 Finding aid edited, revised, and encoded by Sue Luftschein, 2014 January

Conditions Governing Access

COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. Advance notice required for access.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Manuscripts Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition

Donated by Clementina deForest Griffin, 1965.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials

Elizabeth Lippincott McQueen papers, Collection 525, Special Collections, Honnold/Mudd Library, Claremont University Consortium

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Women's International Association of Aeronautics. -- Archives

Genre(s)

  • Books
  • Clippings
  • Correspondence
  • Photographs
  • Scrapbooks
  • Sheet music

Personal Name(s)

  • Batten, Jean, 1909-1982 -- Archives
  • Beech, Olive Ann, 1904-1993 -- Archives
  • Bowen, Pansy -- Archives
  • Earhart, Amelia, 1897-1937 -- Archives
  • Hay-Drummond-Hay, Grace Marguerite, Lady, 1895-1946 -- Archives
  • Jacobs-Bond, Carrie, 1862-1946 -- Archives
  • McQueen, Elizabeth L. -- Archives
  • Quimby, Harriet, 1875-1912 -- Archives
  • Rasche, Thea, 1899-1971 -- Archives
  • Thaden, Louise McPhetridge, 1905-1979 -- Archives
  • Trout, Evelyn, 1906-2003 -- Archives

Subject(s)

  • Aeronautics--History--Archival resources
  • Women air pilots--History--Archival resources
  • Women in aeronautics--History--Archival resources

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Collection Inventory

Series 1:  Elizabeth McQueen 

 Correspondence 

Box Folder

 Egypt and Palestine 1919 - 

1 1

 Correspondence 1917-1929 

1 2

 Correspondence 1929-1939 

1 3

 Correspondence 1940-1949 

1 4

 Correspondence 1950-1954 

1 5

 Correspondence 1955-1956 

1 6

 Correspondence 1957-1958 

1 7

 Telegrams 1933-1946 

1 8

 Famous Signatures undated 

1 9

 Famous Signatures undated 

1 10

 Famous Signatures undated 

1 11

 South Africa undated 

1 15

 Southern California Aviation Breakfast Club undated 

1 16

 Scrapbook Materials (Moisant, 1946-48) undated 

1 18

 World undated 

1 18

 Holiday Greetings to EM undated 

1 19

 Pan American League 1938-1943 

1 17

 Dick the Parrot undated 

2 17

 Photographs 

Box Folder

 McQueen undated 

1 12

 McQueen undated 

1 13

 Others undated 

1 14

 Writings 

Box Folder

 Biographical undated 

2 1

 Passports undated 

2 2

 Radio talks, speeches undated 

2 3

 Speeches, articles undated 

2 6

 Women's Aerial Police undated 

2 7

 Articles undated 

2 8

 Articles undated 

2 9

 Speed articles undated 

2 10

 Copies of articles in folders undated 

2 11

 Highlights of Pioneer University cruise undated 

2 12

 Poems undated 

2 13

 Testimonials and Honors undated 

2 14

 Founder's Messages 1934-1948 

2 15

 Dick the Parrot undated 

2 16

 South America 1930 

2 4

 South America/Goodwill Tour 1930 

2 5

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Series 2:  WIAA 

 Correspondence 

Box Folder

 General letters 1929-1939 

3 1

 General letters 1940-1949 

3 2

 General letters 1950-1959 

3 3

 Board 

Box Folder

 Meeting minutes 1930-1939 

3 4

 Meeting minutes, business correspondence 1940-1949 

3 5

 Meeting minutes, business correspondence 1940-1949 

3 6

 Meeting minutes, business correspondence 1950-1958 

3 7

 Membership lists and application forms 1929-1959 

3 8

 Constitution and Bylaws 1948-1949 

3 9

 Mrs. Northrup correspondence 1940s 

3 10

 Clementine DeForest Griffin 1949-1965 

3 11

 Elizabeth McQueen correspondence 1945-1948 

3 12

 Events undated 

3 13

 Skylines bulletin 1951-1958 

3 14

 Meetings-NY branch undated 

3 15

 Clippings--newspaper articles undated 

3 16

 Founders Day, Mary Pickford 1948-1949 

3 16

 Aerial Police undated 

4 1

 Aeronautical Organizations undated 

4 2

 Aeronautical Literary Contest 

Box Folder

 WIAA contest undated 

4 3

 Contest winner lists 1936-1953 

4 4

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity 1958 

4 5

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity 1957 

4 6

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity 1956 

4 7

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity 1955 

4 8

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity 1954 

4 9

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity 1953 

4 10

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity 1952 

4 11

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity 1951 

4 12

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity 1950 

4 13

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity 1949 

4 14

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity 1948 

4 15

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity 1947 

4 16

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity undated 

4 17

 Submissions, correspondence, publicity undated 

4 18

 Poem Submissions undated 

4 19

 From Border to Border (song, 1958) undated 

4 20

 Clippings 

Box Folder

 War experiences Egypt and Palestine 1920 

5 1

 Misc. Aviation undated 

5 2

 Avatrix undated 

5 3

 Avatrix undated 

5 4

 Biographical 

Box Folder

 Biographical sketches of women pilots undated 

5 5

 Biographical sketches of women pilots undated 

5 6

 World women flyers, No I + Rickenbacker undated 

5 7

 Latina flyers undated 

5 8

 Amelia Earhart undated 

5 9

 Jack Freeman--Men in aviation 1934 

5 10

 General Italo Balbo undated 

5 11

 Women's air derby 1929 

5 12

 Famous flyers wall--Riverside undated 

5 13

 Jean Batten undated 

5 14

 Thea Rasche undated 

5 15

 Liesl Schwab undated 

5 16

 Bobbie Trout undated 

5 17

 Harriet Quimby undated 

5 18

 Carrie Jacobs Bond undated 

5 19

 Pansy Bowen undated 

5 20

 Louise Thaden undated 

5 21

 Photographs undated 

5 22

 Grace Hay Drummond-Hay undated 

5 23

 Grace Hay Drummond-Hay undated 

5 24

 Grace Hay Drummond-Hay undated 

5 25

 Olive Ann Beech undated 

5 26

 Olive Ann Beech undated 

5 27

 Scrapbooks 

Box Folder

 Clippings 1911 June-October 

7 1

 McQueen Aviation Scrapbook 1934-1938 

8 1

 McQueen Aviation Scrapbook 1938 

8 2

 WIAA Scrapbook Vol. 1 1949 

9 1

 WIAA Scrapbook Vol. 2 1950 

9 1

 1st Women's Air Derby 1929 

10 1

 Card files 

Box
7
Folder
2

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Series 3:  Printed Material 

Box Folder

 Sheet Music 1932-1959 

6 1

 Speed Magazine 1932 July-December 

6 2

 Speed Magazine 1933-1934 

6 3

 The Air Pilot 1933 

6 4

 The Aeroplane 1937 

6 5

 National Aeronautics 1956 

6 6

 Flying 1958 

6 7

 Air Force 1958 

6 8

 Instructor Manuals and clippings undated 

6 9

 Hard-bound books undated 

6 10

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