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William Torrey Harris papers

Finding aid prepared by Sue Luftschein; data entry by Carly Rustebakke, 2014 April

Summary Information

Repository
USC Libraries Special Collections
Creator
Abbot, Francis Ellingwood, 1836-1903
Creator
Cabot, James Elliot, 1821-1903
Creator
Caird, Edward, 1835-1908
Creator
d'Alfanso, Nicolo
Creator
Dewey, John
Creator
Eucken, Rudolf, 1846-1926
Creator
Everett, Charles Carroll, 1829-1900
Creator
Gilman, Daniel C., (Daniel Coit), 1831-1908
Creator
Hall, G. Stanley, (Granville Stanley), 1844-1924
Creator
Harris, William Torrey, 1835-1909
Creator
Hedge, Frederic H., (Frederic Henry), 1831-1918
Creator
Hegel, Karl, 1813-1901
Creator
Henry, C. S., (Caleb Sprague), 1804-1884
Creator
Hodgson, Shadworth Hollway, 1832-1912
Creator
Holden, Edward S., (Edward Singleton), 1846-1914
Creator
Hough, Williston S., (Williston Samuel), 1860-1912
Creator
Howison, George Holmes, 1834-1917
Creator
James, William, 1842-1910
Creator
Morris, George Sylvester, 1840-1889
Creator
Peirce, Charles S., (Charles Sanders), 1839-1914
Creator
Royce, Josiah, 1855-1916
Creator
Simon, Thomas Collins
Creator
Stirling, James Hutchison, 1820-1909
Creator
Wasson, David Atwood, 1823-1887
Creator
Watson, John, 1847-1939
Title
William Torrey Harris papers
Collection no.
0184
Date [inclusive]
1857-1909
Extent
1.88 Linear feet, 5 boxes
Language
English
Abstract
The William Torrey Harris papers, 1857-1909, consists of letters, manuscripts, typescripts, notes, and leaflets collected and created by noted 19th century educator, philosopher and lexicographer William Torrey Harris. In addition to letters from major philosophers of the period, including John Dewey, Josiah Royce, William James, and George H. Howison, the collection also contains manuscripts and notes penned by Harris and material related to the Philosophical Union of the University of California. Harris (1835-1910) was the editor of the Journal of Speculative Philosophy, and one of the founders of both the "St. Louis Movement" and the Concord School of Philosophy. A prolific author, he also edited and published early work by William James, Josiah Royce, and John Dewey, and introduced Hegel to the American intellectual scene.

Preferred Citation

[Box/folder# or item name], William Torrey Harris papers, Collection no. 0184, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California

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Biographical note

William Torrey Harris (1835-1909) was an American educator, lexicographer, and philosopher. Born in Connecticut, Harris graduated from Phillips Andover Academy and enrolled at Yale University, but left in his junior year. He moved to St. Louis, where he accepted a position as a teacher of shorthand in the St. Louis public school system. He eventually rose to become the superintendent of schools in that city, a post he held from 1867 to 1880. Shortly after his arrival in St. Louis, Harris became interested in modern German philosophy, specifically the work of Hegel. From 1867 to 1893, Harris edited the Journal of Speculative Philosophy, the quarterly publication of the St. Louis Philosophical Society (of which he was co-founder) and the first such journal to be published in the United States and in English. In 1873, Harris, with Susan E. Blow, founded the first permanent public school kindergarten in St. Louis. In 1880, Harris moved to Concord, MA where he helped establish the Concord School of Philosophy; he lectured at the School until 1889, when he accepted the position of United States Commissioner of Education, a post he held until 1906. In 1906, he was awarded the first meritorious award by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. He published many books on both education and philosophy, including "The Psychological Foundations of Education" (1898).

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Scope and Content

The William Torrey Harris papers consists of letters, manuscripts, typescripts, notes, and leaflets collected and created by William Torrey Harris, 1857-1909. In addition to letters from major philosophers of the period, including John Dewey, Josiah Royce, William James, and George H. Howison, the collection also contains manuscripts and notes penned by Harris and material related to the Philosophical Union of the University of California.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

USC Libraries Special Collections
2014 April
Doheny Memorial Library 206
3550 Trousdale Parkway
Los Angeles, California, 90089-0189
213-740-5900
specol@usc.edu

Conditions Governing Access

Advance notice required for access.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Manuscripts Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Custodial History

Originally housed in the USC Hoose Library of Philosophy; transferred to Special Collections in late 1990s.

Acquisition

Gift of Edith Davidson Harris, 1951, 1954, 1957, 1967.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials

See: University of Southern California School of Philosophy records, 1889-1978, 1988, Collection no. 5095, University Archives, Special Collections, University of Southern California

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Philosophical Union of the University of California. -- Archives

Genre(s)

  • Correspondence
  • Manuscripts
  • Notes
  • Typescripts

Personal Name(s)

  • Abbot, Francis Ellingwood, 1836-1903 -- Correspondence
  • Cabot, James Elliot, 1821-1903 -- Correspondence
  • Caird, Edward, 1835-1908 -- Correspondence
  • d'Alfanso, Nicolo -- Correspondence
  • Dewey, John -- Correspondence
  • Eucken, Rudolf, 1846-1926 -- Correspondence
  • Everett, Charles Carroll, 1829-1900 -- Correspondence
  • Gilman, Daniel C., (Daniel Coit), 1831-1908 -- Correspondence
  • Hall, G. Stanley, (Granville Stanley), 1844-1924 -- Correspondence
  • Harris, William Torrey, 1835-1909 -- Archives
  • Harris, William Torrey, 1835-1909 -- Correspondence
  • Hedge, Frederic H., (Frederic Henry), 1831-1918 -- Correspondence
  • Hegel, Karl, 1813-1901 -- Correspondence
  • Henry, C. S., (Caleb Sprague), 1804-1884 -- Correspondence
  • Hodgson, Shadworth Hollway, 1832-1912 -- Correspondence
  • Holden, Edward S., (Edward Singleton), 1846-1914 -- Correspondence
  • Hough, Williston S., (Williston Samuel), 1860-1912 -- Correspondence
  • Howison, George Holmes, 1834-1917 -- Correspondence
  • James, William, 1842-1910 -- Correspondence
  • Morris, George Sylvester, 1840-1889 -- Correspondence
  • Peirce, Charles S., (Charles Sanders), 1839-1914 -- Correspondence
  • Royce, Josiah, 1855-1916 -- Correspondence
  • Simon, Thomas Collins -- Correspondence
  • Stirling, James Hutchison, 1820-1909 -- Correspondence
  • Wasson, David Atwood, 1823-1887 -- Correspondence
  • Watson, John, 1847-1939 -- Correspondence

Subject(s)

  • Philosophers--United States--19th century--Archival resources
  • Philosophy--Study and teaching--United States--Archival resources

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Collection Inventory

Series 1:  Correspondence 

Box Folder

 Abbot, Francis Ellingwood 1867-1903   16 letters, 11 postcards.

1 1

 Adams, Henry B. 1875   1 letter, 1 envelope.

1 2

 Appleton, C. E. 1876 October-November   2 letters.

1 3

 Bailey, P.T., Jr. 1897 March 19   1 letter from Harris to Bailey, typed and signed carbon.

1 4

 Barzelloti, Giacomo 1870-1873   3 letters, one each in German, Italian and English.

1 5

 Bosanquet, Bernard 1898 May 13   1 letter.

1 6

 Boulting, William 1887, 1890   2 letters.

1 7

 Bower, George Spencer 1879-1880   4 letters.

1 8

 Bowne, Bordeu P. 1886-1908   7 letters.

1 9

 Brereton, Cloudesley 1900-1908   4 letters.

1 10

 Buisson, Ferdinand 1878-1892   2 letters, 1 telegram with shorthand, 1 business card.

1 11

 Buls, Charles 1883, 1908   2 letters, in French.

1 12

 Burns-Gibson, J. 1881-1898   7 letters, 10 postcards, 1 handwritten announcement. Includes typed carbon of a letter from Harris to Burns-Gibson.

1 13

 Burrows, Herbert 1880   4 letters, 2 leaflets.

1 14

 Cabot, James Elliot 1865-1883   44 letters, 2 postcards.

1 15

 Caird, Edward 1879-1898   9 letters.

1 16

 Chatterji, Mohini M. 1886-1887   4 letters.

1 17

 Clarke, William 1881-1886   1 letter, 4 postcards, In Memoriam pamphlet.

1 18

 Compayre, Gabriel 1890, 1896   1 letter, 1 notecard.

1 19

 Conta, B. 1877 May 15   1 letter, in French.

1 20

 Cowell, Peter 1881-1907   2 letters, 2 engravings, 1 certificate.

1 21

 D'Alfonso, Nicolo 1882-1899   18 letters, 5 postcards, 4 envelopes (one with W.T.H.'s shorthand note).

5 1

 Dewey, John 1881-1904   17 letters from Dewey, 4 postcards, 3 letters from Alice Dewey, 1 typed carbon of a reply from Harris. Folder 22 contains the originals, folder 23 contains photocopies.

1 22-23

 Dini, Francesco 1879 November 6   1 letter, in French.

1 24

 D'Orelli, A. 1885, 1886   2 letters.

1 25

 Eucken, Rudolf 1885-1909   7 letters, 1 notecard, 4 postcards. Primarily in German.

1 26

 Everett, Charles Carrol 1867-1899   21 letters, 3 postcards, 3 carbon typescripts and 1 typed copy of letters to Everett, and 1 letter fragment.

1 27

 Ferri, Luigi 1871 February 17   1 letter, in French.

1 28

 Franke, Kuno 1888-1889   11 letters, 1 course description in German.

1 29

 Friedlaender, Ludwig 1878 February 6   1 letter, in German; 1 envelope.

1 30

 Frohschamer, T. 1883 March 4   1 letter, in German.

1 31

 Gardner, Henry Norman 1894-1909   22 letters, 1 typed carbon of letter from Harris.

5 2

 Gibbons, J. Cardinal 1892 March 26   1 letter, 1 envelope.

1 32

 Gilman, Daniel C. 1874-1896   13 letters, 1 telegram.

1 33

 Giner de los Rios, Francisco 1891, 1892   2 letters, one in English, one in Spanish; 2 envelopes.

1 34

 Gordon, James (Royal Society of Edinburgh) 1881-1882   2 letters.

1 35

 Grasby, William Catton 1890-1904   5 letters; 2 envelopes (1 in W.T.H.'s hand).

1 36

 Hall, G. Stanley 1871-1901   21 letters, 2 postcards, 1 typed copy or a letter from Harris.

1 37

 Hedge, Frederic H. 1865-1886   14 letters, 1 notecard.

2 1

 Hegel, Karl 1879-1887   3 postcards, in German.

2 2

 Henry, C.S. 1867-1868   8 letters, 1 postcard.

2 3

 Henry, Francis A. 1867-1898   25 letters, 4 postcards.

2 4

 Hodgson, Shadworth Hollway 1870-1891   8 letters.

2 5

 Hoffmann, Franz 1870-1880   4 letters in German, 1 translation.

5 3

 Holden, Edward S. 1884-1909   24 letters, 2 notecards, clipping.

2 6

 Hoose, James H. 1906 May 8   1 typed carbon copy from Harris to Hoose.

2 7

 Horne, Herman H. 1904, 1906   2 letters.

2 8

 Hough, Williston S. 1885-1893   13 letters, 1 annotated prospectus.

5 4

 Howells, William Dean 1876 June 10   1 letter, 1 envelope.

2 9

 Howison, George H. 1866-1908   Folder 10: 1866-1878, 28 letters, 1 note. Folder 11: 1878-1889, 27 letters, 8 postcards, 2 typed carbon copies of letters from Harris, 1 typescript. Folder 12: 1889-1895, 17 letters, 1 flyer. Folder 13: 1896 March-November, 13 letters, 2 offprints. Folder 14: 1897-1908, 22 letters, 2 typed carbon copies of letters from Harris, 1 typescript.

2 10-14

 Hvalgren, Emanuel 1876-1881   6 letters, 1 pamphlet, 1 manuscript, in German and English.

2 15

 James, Henry 1866-1872   3 letters.

2 16

 James, William 1877-1903   23 letters, 9 postcards.

2 17

 Kodyn, Senyabuso 1880 January 26   1 letter

2 18

 Ladd, George Trumbull 1887-1901   6 letters, 1 typed carbon copy of letter from Harris, 1 letter from R. Nokashima.

2 19

 Maitland, Edward 1886 August 1   1 letter, 1 envelope.

2 20

 Mariano, Raffaele 1886-1887   2 letters, in German.

2 21

 Matheson, Robert 1885 November 11   1 letter.

2 22

 Michelet, Karl Ludwig 1869-1884   4 letters, in German.

2 23

 Mukharji, Ras Bihari 1885   2 letters.

2 24

 Munsterberg, Hugo 1898-1899   2 letters.

2 25

 Morris, George S. 1871-1889   46 letters, 2 notes, 9 postcards, 2 pamphlets, 1 leaflet.

2 26

 Newcomb, Simon 1880   4 letters, Harris's shorthand notes.

3 1

 Parker, Theodore 1857   1 letter, 1 envelope.

3 2

 Paton, J.B. 1871 May 20   1 letter.

3 3

 Parsons, Mrs. T. W. 1875?   1 letter, 1 envelope.

3 4

 Peirce, Charles S. 1868-1869   20 letters.

3 5

 Pohle, Josef 1888-1889   1 letter, 2 postcards, 1 leaflet in German.

3 6

 Porter, N. 1874 May 28   1 letter.

3 7

 Raymond, W.H.V. 1868 April 20   1 letter, 1 envelope.

3 8

 Reddy, C. Ramabagi 1907 May 17   1 letter.

3 9

 Ribot, Theodule-Armand 1876-1879   4 letters, in French.

3 10

 Royce, Josiah 1877-1894   10 letters, 4 postcards.

3 11

 Sadler, Michael 1905-1906   2 letters.

3 12

 Sanborn, Franklin Benjamin 1868 April-May   2 letters, 2 envelopes.

3 13

 Santayana, George 1900   3 letters.

3 14

 Senier, A. 1881-1882   2 letters, 2 postcards.

3 15

 Simon, T. Collyns 1867-1881   14 letters.

3 16

 Stirling, James Hutchinson 1875-1884   24 letters, 1 flyer.

3 17

 Stratton, George M. 1897   1 letter, 1 typescript.

3 18

 Takachika, Faknoka 1881 June 19   1 letter.

3 19

 Tanaka, Fujinaro 1876, 1880   2 letters.

3 20

 Taylor, Bayard 1871   1 letter, 1 envelope.

3 21

 Tokama, Kawano 1881 February 10   1 letter.

3 22

 Vaihinger, Hans 1881-1904   4 letters, 1 postcard, in German..

3 23

 Van Becelaere, F. L. 1902-1903   4 letters.

3 24

 Vera, A. 1871-1875   8 letters.

3 25

 Wallace, William 1874-1904   5 letters from Wallace, plus 1 letter from Mrs. Wallace and 1 letter from Edwin Wallace.

3 26

 Ward, James 1880-1904   6 letters.

3 27

 Wasson, David A. 1866-1884   10 letters.

3 28

 Watson, John 1875-1909   52 letters, 14 postcards, 1 manuscript.

3 29

 Weiss, Georg 1882   1 postcard, in German.

3 30

 Wiggin, Kale Douglas 1902?   1 letter.

3 31

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Series 2:  Papers 

Box Folder

 "Theology" undated   51 small notebook pages, handwritten essay.

4 1

 W.T.H. address on the "Doctrine of the Divine Personality" 1896   Typed copy of original manuscript.

Scope and Content

Delivered at the Philosophical Union, University of California at Berkeley.

4 2

 G.H. Harrison on W.T.H.'s article undated   Accompanied by envelope with "G.H. Harrison/on W.T.H.'s/article" in Harris's hand.

4 3

 W.T.H. notes for discussions at Philosophical Union 1896   Notebook size pages, handwritten notes.

Scope and Content

Based on Josiah Royce's pamphlet "The Conception of God" and G.H. Harrison's comments in the same pamphlet. Also, notes for a Tuesday morning meeting of the Philosophical Union on "Defend and Expound and Criticize Hegel".

4 4

 [Philosophical Union papers] 1896-1897 

Scope and Content

Typewritten essays by T.P. Bailey, Jr., E.N. Henderson, and J.E. Beard.

4 5

 [Philosophical Union address] 1896 

Scope and Content

Original manuscript of W.T.H. address before the Philosophical Union, December 18, 1896, on "Doctrine of the Divine Personality." Composed of original introduction combined with portions of an address given before the Parliament of Religions (Chicago, 1893), on "The Proofs of the Existence of God."

4 6

 [Philosophical Union pamphlets] 1896 

4 7

 W.T.H.'s engagements in California 1896 December 

4 8

 [Scrapbook pages] 1896-1897 

Scope and Content

Pages of a scrapbook containing clippings about Harris, the State Teachers' Association meeting in San Jose, and the Philosophical Union.

4 9

 [Photograph of George H. Harrison] 1894 October 

4 10

 [Glenmore Group photograph] circa 1890 

4 11

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