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Finding Aid of the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department records

Finding aid prepared by Katie Richardson, Andrew Goodrich, Vivian Yan, and Michael Hooks, March 2011

The processing of this collection and the creation of this finding aid was funded by the generous support of the Council on Library and Information Resources.

Summary Information

Repository
USC Libraries Special Collections
Title
Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department records
Collection no.
0229
Date
1991
Extent
48.5 Linear feet, 50 boxes
Language
English
Abstract
The city of Los Angeles became the epicenter of a public relations scandal on March 3, 1991, when an amateur cameraman captured on video four uniformed LAPD officers beating motorist Rodney G. King. In addition to generating public outrage, the incident cast a dark shadow over the LAPD and called into question the integrity of the nation's third largest municipal police force. Subsequently, the ten member Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department was formed to conduct a full and fair evaluation of all aspects of the LAPD's structure and operations related to the use of force when making arrests. Included in this collection are the documents that were collected and analyzed by the Commission over the course of its study.

Preferred Citation

[Box/folder# or item name], Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department records, Collection no. 0229, Regional History Collections, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California

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Historical note

On March 3, 1991, at the end of a high-speed vehicle pursuit, an amateur cameraman captured on video four uniformed LAPD officers beating motorist Rodney G. King. The incident, which occurred in the presence of a sergeant and a group of other officers, spurred public outcry and fostered an overwhelming sense of mistrust and disdain toward the LAPD. In response, the Mayor and the Chief of Police of Los Angeles each formed an independent citizens' commission to conduct a full and fair investigation into the LAPD's tactics, policies, practices, and procedures, especially those pertaining to the use of force when making arrests. To avoid overlap the two commissions subsequently merged and formed the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department, also referred to as the Christopher Commission.

Presiding over the ten member advisory body was Los Angeles attorney Warren Christopher, who had previously served in the Lyndon Johnson administration as Deputy Attorney General and in the Jimmy Carter administration as Deputy Secretary of State. Retired California Supreme Court Justice, John A. Arguelles, was selected to be second in command. Over the course of the investigation, Christopher, Arguelles, and the Commission members were assisted by an experienced staff of more than 60 attorneys from major Los Angeles law firms, all of whom worked strictly on a pro bono basis.

Together, the Commission and its staff reviewed one million pages of documentation related to all aspects of the law enforcement structure in Los Angeles that might cause or contribute to the problem of excessive force. Special attention was drawn to the LAPD's training and recruitment practices, assignment and promotion procedures, internal disciplinary system, citizen's complaint process, and use-of-force guidelines. The investigation also centered on the role of the city's Board of Police Commissioners and evaluated the dynamics between the Mayor-appointed commissioners and members of the LAPD's administration.

The Commission concluded its study after three months and synthesized its findings into the Report of the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department. The 228 page report identified several major structural problems within the LAPD that shed light onto the King incident and also offered conditions and recommendations for improvement. Many of the problems identified by the Commission were attributed to the LAPD's management and administration practices led by Chief of Police Daryl M. Gates.

The major issues and strategies identified in the Commission report can be grouped into the following thematic categories:

(1) Excessive Force. Dozens of officers abuse the Department's use-of-force guidelines by repeatedly exercising excessive force. These incidents are rarely included in the officers' personnel files.

(2) Racism. The problem of excessive force is aggravated by racism and bias within the LAPD. Officers brazenly send racist and sexist messages over the Department's Mobile Data Terminal (MDT) system without reprimand. A greater degree of sensitivity training should be incorporated into the academy curriculum to solve this problem.

(3) Community. The LAPD has an organizational culture that emphasizes crime control over crime prevention. This has fostered a siege mentality among officers and has isolated the police from the communities and the people that they serve. The Department should re-evaluate its philosophy and consider adopting a more proactive, community oriented approach to law enforcement.

(4) Discipline. The discipline system is skewed against citizens making complaints. Instead of conducting a full and fair evaluation, investigators seem more concerned with exonerating the accused officers of wrongdoing.

(5) Recruitment. The Department's current recruitment and screening program is a poor predictor of an applicant's tendencies toward violent behavior, and the background investigation pays too little attention to a candidate's history of violence. Officers should also be regularly screened to determine if physical or psychological problems develop over time.

(6) Chief. Chief of Police Daryl F. Gates should transition toward retirement, and his successors should be limited to two 5-year terms.

(7) Implementation. The support of politicians, the police, and the general public is essential to successfully enact reforms and implement change within the Department.

The Commission completed its study in 100 days and published its report in July, 1991, three months after the investigation was formally launched.

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Scope and Content

Chaired by prominent attorney and former Deputy Secretary of State Warren Christopher, the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department assessed the structure and operations of the LAPD in connection with the Rodney King incident of March, 1991. The collection consists of materials collected and analyzed by the Commission and its professional staff over the course of their 100 day study. Materials reflect the major themes of the Commission's investigation including use-of-force guidelines, bias and discrimination, personnel and hiring practices, internal discipline, complaints, and citizen oversight.

Included in the collection are the following: excerpts from books, journals, dissertations, and reports related to the role of the police in society; newspaper and article clippings; excerpts from and analyses of the Los Angeles City Charter; court transcripts, memoranda, and legal briefs; correspondence with witnesses, LAPD personnel, and members of the general public; interview transcripts and copies of witness testimony; statistics related to the use of force maintained in LAPD databases; summaries of and excerpts from selected LAPD personnel files; settlement agreements between the city of Los Angeles and aggrieved citizens; street maps delineating the LAPD's service areas; and draft copies of several chapters from the Commission report. Also featured are materials related to the Commission staff's work product, including work plans, meeting agendas, notes, and correspondence.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged by the law firm that compiled or produced the given documents for the Commission.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

USC Libraries Special Collections
March 2011
Doheny Memorial Library 206
3550 Trousdale Parkway
Los Angeles, California, 90089-0189
213-740-5900
specol@usc.edu

Revision Description

 , September 2012

Conditions Governing Access

COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. Advance notice required for access.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Manuscripts Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition

The collection was given to the University of Southern California on July 31, 1991.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials

Los Angeles Webster Commission records, 1991-1992. University of Southern California: Regional History Collection. 0244.

Separated Materials note

Flitner, David, The Politics of Presidential Commission (New York: Transnational Pub., 1986).

Ogawa, Brian, Color of Justice: Culturally Sensitive Treatment of Minority Crime Victims (Sacramento, Calif.: Office of the Governor, State of California, Office of Criminal Justice Planning, 1990).

Sparrow, Malcom K., Mark H. Moore, and David M. Kennedy, Beyond 911: A New Era for Policing (New York: Basic Books, 1990).

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Bryan, Cave, McPheeters & McRoberts. -- Archives
  • First Interstate Bancorp. -- Archives
  • Freeman & Mills. -- Archives
  • Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher. -- Archives
  • Graham & James. -- Archives
  • Heller, Ehrman, White & McAuliffe. -- Archives
  • Hufstedler, Kaus & Ettinger. -- Archives
  • Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Dept. (Los Angeles, Calif.). -- Archives
  • Irell & Manella LLP. -- Archives
  • Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue. -- Archives
  • Kirkland & Ellis (Firm). -- Archives
  • Latham & Watkins. -- Archives
  • Los Angeles (Calif.). Police Dept. -- Archives
  • Manatt, Phelps & Phillips. -- Archives
  • Morrison & Foerster. -- Archives
  • Munger, Tolles & Olson LLP. -- Archives
  • O'Melveny & Myers. -- Archives
  • O'Neill & Lysaght. -- Archives
  • Price Waterhouse (Firm). -- Archives
  • Sharenow & Corbin. -- Archives
  • Sidley & Austin. -- Archives
  • Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom. -- Archives

Genre(s)

  • Books
  • Clippings
  • Maps
  • Reports

Geographic Name(s)

  • Los Angeles (Calif.)--History--Archival resources
  • Los Angeles (Calif.)--Social conditions--20th century--Archival resources

Personal Name(s)

  • Anderson, Percy, 1948- -- Archives
  • Anderson, Roy A. -- Archives
  • Arguelles, John A. -- Archives
  • Barnes, Willie R. -- Archives
  • Briseno, Theodore J. -- Archives
  • Christopher, Warren -- Archives
  • Drooyan, Richard E. -- Archives
  • Estrada, Leobardo -- Archives
  • Feess, Gary Allen -- Archives
  • Fisher, Raymond Corley, 1939- -- Archives
  • Gates, Daryl F., 1926-2010 -- Archives
  • Getto, Ernest J. -- Archives
  • Gotlieb, Lawrence B. -- Archives
  • Holliday, Thomas E. -- Archives
  • Kantor, Michael, 1939- -- Archives
  • Kelley, Barbara J. -- Archives
  • King, Rodney, 1965-2012 -- Archives
  • Koon, Stacey C., 1950- -- Archives
  • LaMothe, Louise A. -- Archives
  • Mosk, Richard M. -- Archives
  • Nelson, Bryce Eugene, 1945- -- Archives
  • Ordin, Andrea Sheridan -- Archives
  • Orozco, Yolanda -- Archives
  • Perluss, Dennis M., 1948- -- Archives
  • Powell, Laurence -- Archives
  • Ray, Gilbert T. -- Archives
  • Sherrell, John B. -- Archives
  • Slaughter, John Brooks, 1934- -- Archives
  • Spiegel, John -- Archives
  • Sun, Brian A. -- Archives
  • Tranquada, Robert E. -- Archives
  • Williams, Hubert, 1939- -- Alumni and alumnae
  • Wind, Timothy E. -- Archives

Subject(s)

  • Police brutality--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
  • Police corruption--California--Los Angeles--History--Archival resources
  • Police misconduct--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
  • Police--California--Los Angeles--History--20th century--Archival resources
  • Police--Complaints against--California--Los Angeles--History--20th century--Archival resources
  • Police-community relations--California--Los Angeles--History--20th century--Archival resources
  • Race riots--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
  • Riots--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
  • Trials (Police misconduct)--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources

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Collection Inventory

Series 1:  First Interstate Bancorp 

Scope and Content

Included in the series are research materials collected by the staff of First Interstate Bancorp during their broad analysis of municipal police departments' structure and function. The series consists primarily of excerpts from books, reports, academic journals, case studies, and other published sources regarding the proper role of police in society. Also included are inventories of other sources relevant to staff's investigation, correspondence and memoranda, speech transcripts, and excerpts from the Congressional Record regarding the implementation of a 10-year fixed term for the FBI Director.

Box Folder

 Alternatives for Selection and Discipline of Chief of Police 1991 April 19 

1 1

 Bibliography of books, articles and dissertations regarding civilian oversight of police departments 

1 2

 "Big Trouble for LAPD"  1991 March 1 

1 3

 Churchill Collection of Police Research Materials 

1 4

 City of Quartz - chapter  "The Hammer and the Rock" by Mike Davis 

1 5

 "Determinants of Law Enforcement Policies" by Fred A. Meyer 

1 6

 James Foster Marsh Curriculum Vitae 1991 April 15 

1 7

 "Justice Without Trial" by Jerome H. Skolnick 

1 8

 Law and Society Review, Vol. 12 #3, Spring 1987, Special Issue on Criminal Justice 1987 Spring 

1 9

 "Law Enforcement in a Complex Society" by Thomas Reddin 1968 November 

1 10

 Library Research Materials 1991 May 13 

1 11

 "Neighborhood Policing in Los Angeles: A Case Study" by David M. Kennedy 1987 

1 12

 "Police Politics: A Comparative Study of Three Cities" by Leonard Ruchelman 

1 13

 "Police Revitalization" by Gerald E. Caiden 

1 14

 "Policing a Free Society" by Herman Goldstein 1990 

1 15

 Speeches by Thomas Reddin discussing the topic "Balanced Law Enforcement" 1968-1991 

1 16

 "Staff One: A Perspective on Effective Police Management" by Edward M. Davis 

1 17

 Ten-Year Term for the FBI Director 1991 May 7 

1 18

 "The Police Mystique" by Chief Anthony V. Bouza 1991 May 

1 19

 "The Politics of Law Enforcement" by Alan Edward Bent 

1 20

 "Who Rules the Police?" by Leonard Ruchelman 1973 

1 21

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Series 2:  Graham & James 

Scope and Content

Graham & James collected research materials pertaining to the role of gender in policing. Included in the series are academic journal articles, working papers, reports, and a dissertation regarding the role and performance of female police officers. Also included is the firm's correspondence. Most materials in the series are derived from academic sources.

Box Folder

 Joanne Belknap Materials Gender Research 

1 22

 Gender Research 

1 23-27

 "Measuring Job Performance Success for Female Officers of the LAPD" by Kenneth G. Hickman 1983 

1 28-29

 Gender Issues in Policing Materials 

1 30

 "Women in Policing Women and Male Violence"  1991 April 24 

1 31

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Series 3:  Hufstedler, Kaus & Ettinger 

Scope and Content

Included in the series are source materials that were collected and analyzed by Hufstedler, Kaus & Ettinger. The series consists of the following: notes, memoranda and reports from meetings held with religious leaders and community organizations; an informational packet describing the city of Los Angeles' employee Wellness Program, which was launched in 1985; a photocopy of the indictment of Lawrence Powell, Timothy Wind, Theodore Briseno, and Stacey Koon, the four LAPD officers involved in the Rodney King incident; essays and reports about police violence and civil disorder; and a packet of materials related to the San Pedro/Wilmington Skills Center, an occupational outreach organization in South Los Angeles. Relevant information from these materials was synthesized into a background chapter of the Commission report by the firm.

Box Folder

 Public Meetings - Ministers 

2 1

 Documents Obtained through Coalition Against Police Abuse 

2 2

 Community Policing Materials 

2 3

 Indictment of Officers 

2 4

 Carnegie Police Research Forum 

2 5

 Independent Commission Source Materials for Background Chapter 

2 6

 San Pedro/Wilmington Skills Center 

2 7

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Series 4:  Independent Commission File List 

Scope and Content

The series consists of miscellaneous source materials that were collected and analyzed over the course of the Independent Commission's investigation. Included are the following: article clippings pertaining to the Rodney King incident; legal materials related to the Gates v. Board of Los Angeles Police Commissioners case, including appellate documents, court transcripts, preliminary injunctions, and briefs; black-and-white photographs; essays and articles related to police misconduct; issues of  The Thin Blue Line, the Los Angeles Police Protective League's monthly publication, and  Perspectives on Policing, a newsletter published by the United States Department of Justice; materials regarding policing issues in other major United States cities, including commission reports and Pate and Hamilton's book  The Big Six: Policing America's Largest Cities; supplemental materials and appendices to the Independent Commission's report; requests for copies of the Commission report; transcripts from public hearings conducted by members of the Commission; and instructional materials related to the Video Incident Capture System, a video camera system that provides video and audio records of police officers' activities while on patrol.

 AB1417, AB2067, SB549 1991 

Box
50
Folder
1

 Article Clippings 1991 March-July 

Box
4
Folder
1-10
Box
3
Folder
1-15
Box
2
Folder
14-20

 Bradley's Charge for Commission 1991 

Box
50
Folder
2

 Gates v. Police Commission 1991 April 4-June 18 

Scope and Content

Appellate Documents Vol. 1, 2, 3, 4

Preliminary Injunction Southern Christian Leadership Conference Vol. 1, 2

Preliminary Injunction Vol. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Box
5
Folder
1-16
Box
6
Folder
1-5
Box
4
Folder
11-17

 Litigation Briefs 

Box
6
Folder
6-8

 Photographs 

Box
6
Folder
9

 Publications 

Box Folder

 Advisory (Criminal Justice Legal Foundation), "Good Cops - Bad Cops" 1991 Winter 

50 3

 Book Chapters - "The Political Environment" by Mark Moore 1991 April 26 

6 10

 Book Chapters - "The City of Quartz " by Mike Davis 1990 

50 4

 Book Chapters - "The President’s Commission" by Frank Popper 1970 

6 11

 Book Chapters - "20th Century Los Angeles: Power, Promotion, and Social Conflict," by Norman M. Klein and Martin J. Schiesl 

6 12

 Lexis Nexis Materials 

6 13-15

 Los Angeles Police Memorial Foundation: Financial Statements 1991 January 23 

50 5

 Newspapers - "Review of the Thin Blue Line" and copies of  "The Thin Blue Line"  1990 January-1991 May 

6 16-20

 Reports - "Preliminary Report of the Board of Police Commissioners" by the Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners 1991 

7 1

 Reports - "Investigation of the Glendale Police Department’s Hiring and Employment Practices as they pertain to Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Volume I" by Ochoa and Sillas 1988 January 

7 2

 Reports - "Investigation of the Glendale Police Department’s Hiring and Employment Practices as they pertain to Racial and Ethnic Minorities: Executive Summary" by Ochoa and Sillas 1988 January 

7 3

 Reports - "Investigation of the Glendale Police Department’s Hiring and Employment Practices as they pertain to Racial and Ethnic Minorities, Volume II" by Ochoa and Sillas 1988 January 

7 4

 Reports - "Report of the Governor's Panel to Review Police Training Programs" by the Governor's Panel to Review Police Training Programs 1989 May 

7 5

 Reports - "Violence in the City: An End or a Beginning?" by the Governor's Commission on the Los Angeles Riots 1965 December 2 

7 6

 Reports - "Police Department Response to the 1965 McCone Commission Report and to the Christian and Jews Joint Task Force on South Central Los Angeles Report" by the LAPD Planning and Research Division 1983 June 16 

7 7

 Reports - "The Knapp Commission Report on Police Violence" by the Commission to Investigate Allegations of Police Corruption and the City's Anti-Corruption Procedures 1978 November 2 

7 8

 Reports - "McCone Revisited: A Focus on Solutions to Continuing Problems in South Central Los Angeles" by the Los Angeles County Commission on Human Relations and the Los Angeles City Human Relations Commission 1985 January 

7 9

 Reports - "The Big Six: Policing America’s Largest Cities" by Anthony Pate and Edwin E. Hamilton 1991 

7 10-13

 Reports - "Report of the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, Chapter 2" by the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders 

7 14

 Reports - "Philadelphia and its Police: Toward a New Partnership" by the Philadelphia Police Study Task Force 1987 March 

7 15-16

 Reports - "A Review of Administrative Processes of the Tampa Police Department" by the Police Foundation, 1987 November 18 1987-1990 


    Box Folder
Textual materials   7 17
    Box Folder
Textual materials   50 6-8

 Reports - "Police Foundation Annual Report" by the Police Foundation 1989 


    Box Folder
Textual materials   7 18
    Box Folder
Textual materials   50 9

 Reports - "Blue Ribbon Commission on Public Safety and Community Relations: A Report to the County Executive Prince George’s County, Maryland" by the Blue Ribbon Commission on Public Safety and Community Relations 1990 February 


    Box Folder
Textual materials   7 19
    Box Folder
Textual materials   50 10

Box Folder

 Reports - "The Impact of Fanchon Blake v. City of Los Angeles on the Selection, Recruitment, Training, Appointment and Performance of Women and Minorities for the Los Angeles Police Department, Volume I" by the Claremont Graduate School 1990 

7 20

 Reports - "The Impact of Fanchon Blake v. City of Los Angeles on the Selection, Recruitment, Training, Appointment and Performance of Women and Minorities for the Los Angeles Police Department Volume II" by the Claremont Graduate School 1990 

8 1

 Reports - "Who is Guarding the Guardians?" by the United States Commission on Civil Rights 1981 October 

8 2

 Reports - "City Government for the Future" by the Los Angeles City Charter Commission 1969 July 

8 3

 Reports - "A Challenge for our Community" by the Joint Task Force on South Central Los Angeles 1981 June 22 

8 4

 Reports - "Proceedings of the National Conference on Criminal Justice" by the National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals 1973 

8 5

 Reports - "Report of the Board of Police Commissioners Concerning the Shooting of Eulia Love and the Use of Deadly Force" by the Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners 1980 

8 6

 Reports - "Civilian Review of the Police: A National Survey of the 50 Largest Cities" by Samuel Walker and Vic W. Bumphus 1991 April 

8 7

 Reports - "Student Attitudes Toward Law Enforcement" by Gloria J. Romero and Desdemona Cardoza 1991 June 17 

8 8

 Reports - "Supplemental Documents and Appendices to the Report to the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department" by Reed Adams 1991 July 4 

8 9-10

 Series - Perspectives on Policing Publications, issued by the United States Department of Justice 1988-1990 

8 11-13

 The Political Animal, "Dissarray in L.A." 1991 April 15 

50 11

 Thesis - "Nonlethal Weapons versus Conventional Police Tactics: The Los Angeles Police Department Experience" by Greg Meyer 1991 March 

8 14-15

 Recommendations for the Independent Commission 

Box
8
Folder
16

 Requests for Commission Reports 

Box
8
Folder
17-19
Box
9
Folder
1-13
Box
10
Folder
1

 Transcripts from Independent Commission Public Hearings 1991 May 1-June 5 

Box
10
Folder
2-5

 Video Incident Capture System 

Box
10
Folder
6
Box

 Press Conference 18th Dining Room 1991 April 9   3 audio cassettes

13

 Public Hearing at S.P.N.B. 1991 May 1   9 audio cassettes

13

 Press Conference 1991 May 8   9 audio cassettes

13

 Press Conference Maclay Junior High 1991 May 13   9 audio cassettes

13

 1910 1991 May 13   1 audio cassette

13
Box Box

 Press Conference Woodrow High 1991 May 20   9 audio cassettes

13 14
Box

 Public Session 1991 May 29   9 audio cassettes

14

 "Policing the Police" , KCET 1991 May 7 

Box
50
Folder
12

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Series 5:  Irell & Manella 

Scope and Content

The series consists of press clippings that were analyzed by Irell & Manella. Topics include the Rodney King incident, abuse and corruption within the LAPD, the embattlement of Chief of Police Daryl Gates, the formation of the Christopher Commission, and the Commission's findings and recommendations.

Box Folder

 Press Clippings 

2 8-10

 Article Clippings Regarding Rodney King Events 

2 11-13

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Series 6:  Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue 

Scope and Content

The series consists of source materials related to the use of force that were collected and analyzed by Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue. Included are testimonies and statistics that were obtained from the Police Misconduct Lawyer Referral Service, a nonprofit organization dedicated to counseling victims of police abuse; the Board of Police Commissioners' report regarding the Rodney King incident; memoranda and correspondence; excerpts from the Los Angeles City Charter regarding police discipline; instructional materials from a physical contact control course offered by The Police S.A.F.E.T.Y. System, a law enforcement training and consulting firm; and a case study of one police officer's experience using deadly force.

Box Folder

 Source Materials: Police Misconduct Lawyer Referral Service 

10 7

 Source Materials: Police Commission Reports 

10 8

 Source Materials: Telephone Survey 

10 9

 Source Materials: Los Angeles City Charter - Section 202 

10 10

 Source Materials: Police Protective League (Correspondence) 

10 11

 Source Materials: The Police S.A.F.E.T.Y. System 

10 12

 Source Materials: Kentucky School of Government Articles 

10 13

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Series 7:  Munger, Tolles & Olson 

Scope and Content

Included in the series is a statement issued by the Los Angeles Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in light of the Rodney King incident. The statement lists several policy recommendations aimed at (1) curbing police-citizen violence, and (2) restoring public trust in the LAPD.

Box Folder

 NAACP Policy Recommendations Police - Citizen Violence Resolution 

10 14

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Series 8:  Pepper, Hamilton & Scheetz 

Scope and Content

The staff of Pepper, Hamilton & Scheetz collected source materials regarding structural police issues from the Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research. The series includes these materials as well as lists of other relevant sources.

Box Folder

 Materials Relating to Structural Police Issues 

10 15

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Series 9:  Price Waterhouse 

Scope and Content

Price Waterhouse collected detailed street maps for each of the LAPD's geographical divisions. The series includes photocopies of Thomas Guide street-level maps and street indexes for the city of Los Angeles.

Box Folder

 Thomas Guide Maps of Los Angeles Police Department Geographic Divisions 

10 16-17

 Los Angeles County Street Index 1989 

10 18-20

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Series 10:  Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom 

Scope and Content

The staff of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom assisted the Commission's investigation by coordinating interviews and compiling and synthesizing witness declarations. Included in the series are biographies of several expert witnesses solicited by the Commission, as well as three witnesses' written testimonies. Also included are statistics provided by the Police Misconduct Lawyer Referral Service, a nonprofit organization that counsels victims of police abuse, and one article regarding the critical role that mayors play in the implementation of police policy.

Box Folder

 Witness Biographies - Beurlein, Al M. 

10 21

 Witness Biographies - Chambers, James C. 

10 22

 Witness Biographies - Doston, David D. 

10 23

 Witness Biographies - Frankle, Ron 

10 24

 Witness Biographies - Gates, Daryl F. 

10 25

 Witness Biographies - Hunt, Matthew V. 

10 26

 Witness Biographies - Jones, James D. 

10 27

 Witness Biographies - Kroeker, Mark A. 

10 28

 Witness Biographies - Levant, Glenn A. 

10 29

 Witness Biographies - Parks, Bernard C. 

10 30

 Witness Biographies - Pines, Burt 

10 31

 Witness Biographies - Rathburn, William M. 

10 32

 Witness Biographies - Vernon, Robert L. 

10 33

 Witness Biographies - West, Louis J. 

10 34

 Witness Biographies - Wilson, James Q. 

10 35

 Preliminary input for the testimony of Hubert Williams, Esq. 1991 April 11 

10 36

 Testimony of Bill Lane Lee 1991 May 1 

10 37

 "A Need for Change: Confronting the Problems of the Los Angeles Police Department"  1991 May 1 

10 38

 Police Misconduct Lawyer Referral Service - Summary of Statistics 

10 39

 Police Misconduct Lawyer Referral Service 

10 40

 U.S. Mayor Publication "Police Policy Board: Police Need Mayor's Leadership"  1990 October 29 

10 41

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Series 11:  Bryan, Cave, McPheeters & McRoberts 

Scope and Content

Bryan, Cave, McPheeters & McRoberts investigated the attitudes held by members of Los Angeles' African-American community toward the police, an issue that garnered national attention after the Rodney King incident. The series contains summaries of two interviews conducted with prominent figures within Los Angeles' African-American community, focusing primarily on police brutality in South Los Angeles and the fear that it instills among community members. Also included is a report pertaining to the professional and psychological history of Robert Brodowy, an LAPD officer who had amassed a personnel complaint history "unparalleled in the history of the Department."

Box Folder

 Higgins, Reverend Frank and Ted Watkins 1991 April 22 

15 1

 Gary, E. Jean 1991 May 17 

15 2

 Memoranda: Robert M. Brodowy 1991 June 12 

15 3

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Series 12:  First Interstate Bancorp 

Scope and Content

On April 3, 1991, the Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners ordered Chief of Police Daryl Gates to take 60 days of paid administrative leave in response to the Rodney King incident. After threatening legal action, Gates was reinstated to his post as Chief by the City Council. However, this incident called into question the balance of power between the Chief of Police and members of the Commission. First Interstate Bancorp was the firm selected to investigate the dynamics between these two administrative bodies, and materials in the series pertain to the firm's work product.

Included are performance-related self evaluations submitted by Chief Gates to the Police Commission; the writ of mandamus petitioned by Gates related to his administrative leave; a legal opinion discussing the role of the City Attorney in cases where the opinions of two city bodies are juxtaposed; interview transcripts regarding the LAPD's procedures for handling complaints; memoranda about corruption within the LAPD; and reviews and summaries of literature regarding civilian oversight of municipal police departments. The series also contains materials directly related to First Interstate Bancorp's work product, including detailed work plans, contact lists, meeting agendas, and correspondence with other firms working on the Commission report.

Box Folder

 "Performance Factors and Goals for Fiscal Years 1989-1991" by Chief of Police Daryl Gates to the Board of Police Commissioners 1989-1991 

15 4

 Merit Pay Evaluation Report Submitted by Chief of Police Daryl F. Gates to Mayor Tom Bradley 1988-1989 

15 5

 Overview and Summary of Commission Work Plan 1991 April 22 

15 6

 Potential Ethical Conflicts Involving the City Attorney 

15 7-8

 Transcripts: Testimony of Dan Garcia and Comments of William Rathburn 1991 May 

15 9

 Verified Petition for Writ of Mandate, Injunctive Relief and Monetary Damages; Exhibits Filed by Petitioner Daryl Gates 

15 10

 Memo - McCone Commission Report Summary: Independent Commission - LAPD 170, 445-885 1991 April 12 

Scope and Content

Summary of the McCone Commission Report issued after the Watts Riots of 1965, placing emphasis on the Commission's suggestions for improving the LAPD.

15 11

 Summary Points from Presentation of James Q. Wilson 1991 April 19 

Scope and Content

Observations of James Q. Wilson, Chairman of the Police Foundation and a professor of criminology, about the operations of the LAPD.

15 12

 Practical Recommendations to End Police Brutality 1991 April 23 

Scope and Content

Several recommendations for ending police brutality within the LAPD, as opined by lawyer William Houser.

15 13

 Generic Questions for Witnesses Regarding the Chapter on the Structure of the Los Angeles Police Commission and the Office of the Chief of Police 1991 April 26 

Scope and Content

Lists of questions developed by the Commission's staff to be asked of citizen witnesses and expert witnesses.

15 14

 Work Assignments Being Handled by O'Melveny and Myers at the direction of Larry Gotlieb 1991 May 7 

Scope and Content

List of Commission related tasks undertaken by the firm O'Melveny and Myers.

15 15

 Christopher Commission: Tasks to Be Assigned 1991 May 7 

Scope and Content

A list of Commission-related tasks that still needed to be completed as of May 7, 1991.

15 16

 Discussion Agenda for Meeting Regarding Commission/Police Chief Research Needs 1991 May 8 

Scope and Content

Agenda for a meeting regarding the legal and factual matters of the relationship between the Chief of Police and the Board of Police Commissioners

15 17

 Examples of Data Being Compiled on Police Department Governance by Civilian/Political Bodies 1991 May 9 

Scope and Content

Data sheets regarding civilian oversight procedures developed by other major cities.

15 18

 Review of Kennedy School Materials 1991 May 9 

Scope and Content

Detailed summaries of 13 issues of the journal Perspectives on Policing.

15 19

 Independent Commission, 170, 445-885 1991 May 15 

Scope and Content

A list of contacts pertinent to the Commission's study.

15 20

 MOVE Report 1991 June 7 

Scope and Content

A summary of the MOVE Report, the findings and recommendations of the Philadelphia Special Investigation Commission regarding an altercation between the Philadelphia Police Department and members of a radical, anti-establishment group in 1986.

15 21

 Term of Office for the Director of the CIA 1991 June 11 

Scope and Content

A summary of proposed legislation which would establish a term of office for the Director of the CIA, and how this idea could possibly be implemented for the Los Angeles Chief of Police.

15 22

 Discernable Patterns in Governance Structures 1991 June 13 

Scope and Content

A memorandum that outlines general patterns of governance structure, based on a compilation of information from over twenty of the largest cities in the United States.

15 23

 Memo - Constraints on Political Corruption in the LAPD 1991 June 19 

Scope and Content

An analysis of how criminal and civil penalties are ineffective in the prevention of political corruption in the LAPD.

15 24

 Summary of Publications 1991 May-June 

Scope and Content

Summaries of several pieces of literature pertaining to civilian oversight of municipal police departments.

15 25

 List of Experts and Consultants from which the Commission is Obtaining Information 

15 26

 Inserts for Commission Report 1991 June 17-21 

Scope and Content

Proposed inserts to the draft report of the Christopher Commission.

15 27

 Draft Outline of Commission Work Plan 1991 

15 28

 Faxes 

Scope and Content

Correspondence between the various law firms working on the Commission report.

15 29

 Correspondence: O'Melveny and Myers 1991 April-June 

Scope and Content

Correspondence between First Interstate Bancorp and the firm O'Melveny and Myers.

15 30

 Correspondence: Pepper, Hamilton and Scheetz 1991 April-July 

Scope and Content

Correspondence between First Interstate Bancorp and the firm Pepper, Hamilton, and Scheetz.

15 31

 Correspondence: Warren Christopher 1991 June 14 

Scope and Content

A facsimile from First Interstate Bancorp to Commission Chair Warren Christopher regarding the firm's progress and findings.

15 32

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 13:  Freeman & Mills 

Scope and Content

To ascertain misconduct on the part of LAPD officers, the Independent Commission set out to probe databases maintained by the LAPD related to four areas: personnel complaints, use of force, officer-involved shootings (OIS), and the use of dogs (K-9). This task was delegated to the firm Freeman & Mills, which was responsible for obtaining these databases from the LAPD, converting pertinent data into useable formats, creating additional databases of additional information, and analyzing its findings. The series contains items related to Freeman & Mills' work product, including numerous analyses of use-of-force, OIS, and K-9 data; weekly complaint summary printouts; graphs, charts, tables, and other visual representations of this data; and computer directory lists that provide the names and locations of files within the LAPD's databases. At the end of the series is a draft copy of the Independent Commission's final report, which incorporates many of the aforementioned data and figures.

Box Folder

 Analyses Requested by Counsel 

15 33-35

 Analyses Requested by Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom 

15 36-37

 Analysis 


    Box Folder
Textual materials   15 38-40
    Box Folder
Textual materials   16 1

Box Folder

 Analysis - Reference, Weekly Summary, OIS, Top 44, OUF, Complaints 

16 2

 Analysis by Mark Beckford 

16 3

 Computer Files: LAPD Database Analysis 

Scope and Content

A directory that lists the names of pertinent computer files within the LAPD's database.

16 4

 Requests 

16 5-6

 Weekly Complaint Summary Printouts 

16 7-10

 Graphs 

Scope and Content

A variety of graphs, charts, tables, and figures produced from statistics within the LAPD's database. Most of these figures pertain to police misconduct, including personnel complaints, allegations of excessive force and/or improper tactics, and penalties issued to noncompliant officers. Other figures pertain to training and academy curricula, and arrest rates according to ethnicity.

16 11-12

 Statistical Tables for the Commission on the LAPD 1991 July 

16 13

 Draft Report of the Independent Commission on the LAPD 

16 14-15

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 14:  Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher 

Scope and Content

The staff of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher coordinated witness interviews and conducted an extensive review of complaints filed against LAPD officers. Included in the series are summaries of witness interviews, statistics and investigative reports related to citizen complaints, an analysis on adjudicated cases involving use-of-force complaints, reports regarding LAPD's recruitment of African American officers and community oriented policing, and an excerpt from Malcolm Sparrow's Beyond 9-1-1. Also included are materials related to the firm's work product, including attorney notes, work plans, memoranda, and drafts of chapters for the Commission report.

 Interviews 

Box
16-19
Box Folder

 Abella-Robinson, Lita 1991 June 25 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

16 16

 Academy Visit 1991 May 15-July 17 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

16 17

 Adams, Dr. Reed 1991 May 1-July 17 


    Box Folder
Textual materials   17 1
    Box Folder
Textual materials   16 18-19

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

Box Folder

 Allen, Ray 1991 May 17 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 2

 Anonymous Interviews: Officer #1 1991 June 18 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 3

 Anonymous Interviews: Officer #2 1991 May 21- June 19 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 4

 Anonymous Interviews: Officer #3 1991 May 21-June 21 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 5

 Anonymous Interviews: Officer #5 1991 May 23 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 6

 Anonymous Interviews: Officer #6 1991 May 28 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 7

 Anonymous Interviews: Officer #7 1991 June 17 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 8

 Anonymous Interviews: Officer #8 1991 June 21 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 9

 Anonymous Interviews: Officer #20 1991 June 12 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 10

 Anonymous Interviews: Officer #23 1991 June 3 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 11

 Anonymous Interviews: Officer B 1991 June 10 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 12

 Anonymous Interviews: Officer H 1991 June 10 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 13

 Antkiewicz, Bill and Vic Nelson 1991 June 25 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 14

 Badar, Emmett 1991 June 20 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 15

 Bagdonas, Michael 1991 June 19 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 16

 Bagot, Patricia 1991 May 17 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 17

 Balderama, Robert 1991 July 1 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 18

 Balkin, Joseph 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 19

 Barber, Sam 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 20

 Barrett, Marilyn 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 21

 Bennett, Charles 1991 June 6 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 22

 Blake, Franchon 1991 May 16 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 23

 Bostick, Michael 1991 May 14-June 24 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 24

 Brewer, Jesse 1986 August 26-1991 June 19 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews and five microcassettes of his testimony.

17 25

 Britt, Diana 1991 May 14-28 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 26

 Brutsch, Kena 1991 June 6 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 27

 Burke, Kathleen 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 28

 Byun, John 1991 June 16 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 29

 Caffelman, Gary 1991 May 6 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 30

 Campagnola, Alfonso 1991 May 1 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 31

 Carlson, Jan 1991 May 3-June 11 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 32

 Chaleff, Gerald 1991 May 14, June 21 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 33

 Cho, Angela 1991 May 22 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 34

 Clark, Ann 1991 June 4 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 35

 Cleghorn, John 1991 June 13 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 36

 Conterras, Robert 1991 May 24 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 37

 Coombs, Roger 1991 June 7 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 38

 Cooper, Henderson 1991 June 7 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 39

 Cooper, Michael 1991 June 14 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 40

 Cotwright, Marty 1991 June 11 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 41

 Cunningham, Noel 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 42

 Darmiento, Frank 1991 May 28 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 43

 Davis, Ed 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 44

 DeLadurantey, Joe 1991 June 24 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 45

 Denning, Donna 1991 June 11 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 46

 Dial, Connie Milazzo 1991 June 11 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 47

 Dotson, Daniel 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 48

 Driscoll, Jack 1991 April 29-May 24 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 49

 Drulias, Gus 1991 July 3 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 50

 Duff, Joseph 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 51

 Durham, Peter 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 52

 Earle, Howard 1991 May 8 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 53

 Elfmont, Tom 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 54

 Embree, Stan 1991 June 11 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 55

 Experts 1991 April 15-May 20 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 56

 Faulkner, Mattye 1991 May 10 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 57

 Felix, Bob 1991 June 6 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 58

 Felkenes, George 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 59

 Garrison, Carol 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 60

 Gates, Daryl F. 1991 May 29 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 61

 George, Ronald 1991 June 25 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 62

 Gerald, Frank 1991 May 14 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 63

 Gerritsen, Jack 1991 May 16 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 64

 Glasser, Debbie 1991 May 8 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 65

 Godwin, George 1991 April 30 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 66

 Green, Sergeant Bob 1991 June 19 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 67

 Grennan, Sean 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 68

 Guerrva, Amari 1991 May 22 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 69

 Hall, Sergeant 1991 May 22 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 70

 Hall, William 1991 June 30 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 71

 Hazelton, Tom 1991 June 20 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 72

 Henning, Phil 1991 April 29-May 8 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 73

 Hollywood Division 1991 June 23 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 74

 Hunter, Lee 1991 June 21 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 75

 Jackson, Kyle 1991 May 15 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 76

 Kay, Dr. Sheldon 1991 May 17 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 77

 Kennedy, David 1991 April 24-May 8 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 78

 Kidder, Helen 1991 July 10 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 79

 King, Tim 1991 July 3 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 80

 Kliver, Nells 1991 May 23 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 81

 Konstanturos, John 1991 May 28 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 82

 Kroeker, Mark 1991 May 6 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 83

 La Ley (the LAPD Latino Officers Union): Carlos Ramirez, Al Ruvalcaba, Bob Contreras, and Mike Mejia 1991 May 24 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 84

 Labrow, Chuck 1991 June 13 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 85

 Lackey, Ray 1991 June 11 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 86

 Lamaestra, Pete 1991 June 20 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 87

 Lamin, Sloan Dana 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 88

 Lanza, Carmine 1991 July 3 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 89

 Lee, Ben 1991 June 6 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 90

 Levant, Glen 1991 June 18 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 91

 Linfield, Donald 1991 June 25 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 92

 Livesay, Curt 1991 April 10 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 93

 Lorenzen, Tom 1991 June 18 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 94

 Los Angeles Sheriff's Department (Training Experts) 1991 May 28 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 95

 Madrid, Carmen 1991 May 22 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 96

 Martin, Susan 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 97

 McBride, James T. 1991 June 25 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 98

 McCarren, Dr. Marge; Bailey, Dr. Julia; Anderson, Dr. Gale 1991 May 17 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 99

 Nancy McClelland's Interview of 8 LAPD Officers 1991 June 11 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 100

 McCorvey, Leona 1991 April 26, May 8 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 101

 McIntyre, Mary Kay 1991 June 12 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 102

 Mejia, Mike 1991 June 18 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

17 103

 Meyer, Kent 1991 May 10-17 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

17 104

 Militello, Officer Lee 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

17 105

 Miller, Marjorie Ann 1991 May 17 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

18 1

 Min, George 1991 June 16 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 2

 Mitchell, William D. 1991 May 22 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

18 3

 Montano, Eleanor 1991 June 25 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 4

 Montelongo, Frank 1991 June 17 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 5

 Moore, Mark 1991 April 24-May 8 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

18 6

 Morse, Ram 1990 April 23-1991 February 10 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 7

 Mutz, John 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 8

 Nelson, Chief 1991 July 3 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

18 9

 Nestel, Thomas J. 1991 May 9 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

18 10

 Nichols, Fred 1991 May 20-June 20 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 11

 Pannicia, Val 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 12

 Pavelic, Detective William 1991 June 28 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 13

 Payne, Stephany 1991 June 15 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 14

 Paysinger, Earl 1991 May 1 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 15

 Pequeros, Captain Francisco "Frank" 1991 June 5-July 1 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 16

 Piersol, Frank 1991 June 5 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 17

 Pincus, Gail 1991 June 21 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 18

 Pines, Burt 1991 May 15 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

18 19

 Police Officer Interviews- Themes 1991 June 23 

18 20

 Police Protective League 1991 June 11-23 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 21

 Pop, Jim 1991 July 3 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

18 22

 Price, Barbara 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

18 23

 Probationary Officers 1991 June 17-24 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 24

 Proctor, Vance 1991 June 19 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 25

 Pruitt, Bill 1991 June 26 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 26

 Ramirez, Carlos J. 1991 May 24 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 27

 Rathburn, William 1991 May 6-June 18 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 28

 Ratsukis, Jim 1991 May 23 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 29

 Reddin, Tom 1991 May 2-8 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 30

 Reiser, Dr. Martin 1991 April 29-May 20 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 31

 Rianer 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 32

 Rice, Ken 1991 June 15 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 33

 Ride Alongs 1991 May 15-June 25 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 34

 Riley, Bob 1991 May 3-June 13 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 35

 Rilling, Jerome 1991 June 12 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 36

 Ripston, Ramona 1991 May 2-7 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

18 37

 Rivetti, Dominick 1991 July 1 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

18 38

 Rock, Sergeant David 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 39

 Rouzan III, Joe 1991 June 25 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 40

 Ruddy, Ed 1991 May 13 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 41

 Ruff, Cliff 1991 June 20 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 42

 Ruvalcaba, Al 1991 May 24 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 43

 Schlei, Barbara 1991 May 15 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

18 44

 Schofield, S.A. Dan 1991 June 19 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

18 45

 Shannon, Ed 1991 May 14 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

18 46

 Sherman, Lawrence 1991 May 2-28 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

18 47

 Shigemasa, Thomas 1991 May 9-20 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

18 48

 Silverling, Russell 1991 July 3 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

18 49

 Sjoquist, Arthur 1991 April 8-28 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 50

 Slater, Jim 1991 June 20 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 51

 Smith, Dave 1991 May 3 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 52

 Spada, Francine 1991 May 8 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 53

 Brian Sun Interviews 1991 June 18-21 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 54

 Talcott, Robert 1991 May 6-15 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

18 55

 Thomas, Bob 1991 June 3 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

18 56

 Thompson, George 1991 May 21 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 57

 Tirre, Lawrence 1991 June 30 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 58

 Tooley, Reva 1991 April 30 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 59

 Vencill, Ron 1991 June 20 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 60

 Vernon 1987 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 61

 Vogue, Jim 1991 May 1 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 62

 Wade, Donna 1991 June 5-27 

Scope and Content

Interviews - Non-LAPD

18 63

 West, Dr. Louis 1991 May 1-2 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

18 64

 White, Jack 1991 May 15-23 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

18 65

 Williams, Hubert 1987 November 4-1991 May 22 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

18 66-69

 Williams, Sam 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

19 1

 Wilson, James Q. 1991 April 19 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

19 2

 Wong, Cliff 1991 June 6 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

19 3

 Ybarra, George 1991 May 1 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

19 4

 Yost, Mason 1991 March 28-June 19 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

19 5

 Ziegler, Dave 1991 June 20 

Scope and Content

LAPD Interviews

19 6
Box Folder

 Review of Complaint and Personnel Files 

19 7

 Phone conversations with the people who had sustained complaints 1991 June 18-21 

19 8

 Correspondence - Volume I 1991 April 3-July 8 

19 9-11

 Correspondence - Volume II 1991 May 20-June 13 

19 12-13

 Correspondence - Volume III 1991 June 14-July 15 

19 14-15

 Correspondence - Volume IV 1991 July 11-September 4 

19 16

 Interoffice Memoranda 1991 April 10-July 29 

19 17

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume I - Meeting Materials 1991 July 1 

19 18

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume I - Attorney Notes 

19 19

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume I - Correspondence 1991 June 26-July 9 

19 20

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume I - Coveted Positions Report 1991 March 13-May 30 

19 21

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume I - Los Angeles County Chiefs 

19 22

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume I - Los Angeles Police Department Opinion Survey 

19 23

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume I - Memoranda 

19 24

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume I - Police Officer Appointments 

19 25

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume I - Preliminary Analysis of Statistical Information 1991 May 30 

19 26

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume I - Price Waterhouse Materials 

19 27

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume I - Profiles of 19 Involved Officers 

19 28

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume II - Excessive Force Complaints 


    Box Folder
Textual materials   19 29-32
    Box Folder
Textual materials   20 1

Box Folder

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume II - Chapter Drafts 1991 June 26-July 3 

20 2-4

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume III - Miscellaneous Statistics 

20 5

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume III - Independent Commission Officers Involved in Shooting 

20 6-7

 Thomas E. Holliday Working Papers, Volume III - Excessive Force, Improper Tactics, Sexual, Discrimination and Discourtesy Complaints 1991 April 25 

20 8

 N. McClelland Work Product - Arthur Sjoquist 

20 9

 N. McClelland Work Product - King Incident 

20 10

 N. McClelland Work Product - Louis J. West, M.D. 

20 11

 N. McClelland Work Product - Notes 

20 12

 N. McClelland Work Product - Background for Chapter 6 

20 13-14

 "Analysis on Adjudicated Cases" by Peat Marwick 

20 15

 Drafts 1991 August 5 

20 16

 Attitudinal Factors Affecting Recruitment of Blacks into the Los Angeles Police Department 1973 August 

20 17

 Community Policing: A Partnership in Action 

20 18

 Los Angeles Police Department Organization 1991 July 19 

20 19

 Challenges to Promotional System 1991 August 5 

20 20

 Beyond 9-1-1 1991 June 25 

Scope and Content

Interviews LAPD and other

20 21

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Series 15:  Graham & James 

Scope and Content

Graham & James researched two issues: the role of gender in the use of excessive force, and instances of gender discrimination within the LAPD. Research toward this end was derived from a wide variety of sources, including published literature, theses and dissertations, studies and statistics, police ride-alongs, and personal interviews. The series includes a memorandum issued by Graham & James discussing the reasons why female officers are less inclined to use excessive force, as well as many of the firm's interview notes.

Box Folder

 Memoranda - Gender differences in the use of excessive force by the Los Angeles Police Department 1991 June 

20 22

 Attorney Work Product 

20 23

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Series 16:  Heller, Ehrman, White & McAuliffe 

Scope and Content

A critical component of the Commission's investigation centered on the idea that governance of the LAPD was shared between the Office of the Chief of Police, an administrative body, and the Board of Police Commissioners, a citizen body. To better understand the dynamic between these two entities, the staff of Heller, Ehrman, White, & McAuliffe researched the history of the Los Angeles City Charter, focusing primarily on its provisions regarding the distribution of power and the structure and organization of the LAPD. Included in the series are reproductions of reports, dissertations, article clippings, excerpts from city documents, and charter amendments related to the charter's conception and development over time. The series also includes several summaries of expert witness interviews regarding the effectiveness of this structure.

 "The Progressives and The Police: Urban Reform and the Professionalization of the Los Angeles Police" by Joseph Gerald Wood 1973 


    Box Folder
Textual materials   21 1-3
    Box Folder
Textual materials   20 24

Box Folder

 Legal Research Regarding the History of the Los Angeles Charter 1850-1925 

21 4-6

 Los Angeles City Document Index 

21 7-8

 Article Clippings 1923-1969 

21 9

 Legislature History of Charter Amendments 

21 10

 Memoranda Interviews - Rathburn, William 1991 May 29 

21 11

 Memoranda Interviews - Reinhardt, Stephen 1991 May 31 

21 12

 Memoranda Interviews - Schlei, Barbara 1991 May 20 

21 13

 Memoranda Interviews - Talcott, Robert 1991 May 6-20 

21 14

 Memoranda Interviews - White, Jack and Reva Tooley 1991 April-May 

21 15

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Series 17:  Hufstedler, Kaus & Ettinger 

Scope and Content

Hufstedler, Kaus & Ettinger conducted interviews with several LAPD patrol officers who were present at the time of the Rodney King incident. The series contains summaries of 11 such interviews, a transcript from an interview with a retired LAPD captain, a transcript from an interview with a citizen involved with Neighborhood Watch programs, and a summary of the Rodney King incident through the lens of the officers involved. Items in the series are arranged alphabetically by the last name of the interviewee.

Box Folder

 Summary of King Incident 

21 16

 Memoranda Interviews - Gray, David 1991 June 13 

Scope and Content

Transcript of an interview with David Gray, a Los Angeles resident deeply involved in Neighborhood Watch Programs.

21 17

 Memoranda Interviews - Pruitt, Bill 1991 June 26 

Scope and Content

Transcript of an interview with Bill Pruitt, Retired Captain, LAPD.

21 18

 Clemmer, Susan 1991 April 8 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Susan Clemmer, an LAPD patrol officer assigned to the Foothill Division.

21 19

 Gebhardt, Paul 1991 May 1 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Paul Gebhardt, an LAPD patrol officer at the Foothill station.

21 20

 Graybill, Russ 1991 April 5 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Ross Graybill, an LAPD officer stationed at the Foothill Division.

21 21

 Hajduk, Christopher 1991 April 4 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Christopher Hajduk, an LAPD officer stationed at the Foothill Division.

21 22

 Larson, Ingrid Emma 1991 April 8 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Ingrid Emma Larson, an LAPD officer stationed at the Foothill Division.

21 23

 Love, David 1991 April 8 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with David Love, an LAPD officer stationed at the Foothill Division.

21 24

 Napolitano, Joseph 1991 April 30 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Joseph Napolitano, an LAPD officer stationed at the Foothill Division.

21 25

 Shry, Danny 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Danny Shry, an LAPD officer stationed at the Foothill Division.

21 26

 Simpach, Robert 1991 April 30 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Robert Simpach, an LAPD officer stationed at the Foothill Division.

21 27

 Solano, Rolando 1991 April 5 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Rolando Solano, an LAPD officer stationed at the Foothill Division.

21 28

 Turriaga, Luis Manuel 1991 May 1 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Luis Manuel Turriaga, an LAPD officer stationed at the Foothill Division.

21 29

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Series 18:  Independent Commission File List 

Scope and Content

Materials in the series fall into one of several categories related to the Independent Commission's work product: (1) Commission meeting materials, which include meeting agendas, work plans, memoranda, and articles about police misconduct that were circulated and reviewed during the Commission's internal meetings; (2) public correspondence, which includes citizen complaints against the LAPD in the form of written testimony, articles, and an audio cassette tape, as well as letters drafted by citizens in support of the LAPD; (3) summaries of interviews held with LAPD officers regarding Departmental procedures and relations; (4) public meeting materials, which include transcripts, supplementary documents, and witness statements that were reviewed at the Commission's public meetings; (5) press releases related to the formation and work product of the Commission; and (6) miscellaneous materials reviewed by the Commission during its study, including LAPD personnel and training manuals, a memorandum of understanding, and messages from the LAPD's Mobile Digital Terminal (MDT) system.

 Commission Meetings 1991 March 6-June 26 


    Box Folder
Textual materials   21 30-37
    Box Folder
Textual materials   22 1-16

 Complaints, Suggestions, and Support 


    Box Folder
Textual materials   23 1-21
    Box Folder
Textual materials   22 17
    Box Folder
Textual materials   24 1-9

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence and telephone complaints, suggestions and support with regard to the LAPD, Chief Gates and the Independent Commission.

Box Folder

 Correspondence 1991 March 28-July 16 

24 10-12

 Los Angeles Police Department Interviews 

24 13-16

 Public Hearings 1991 April-June 

24 17-19

 Public Sessions 1991 May 1-29 


    Box Folder
Textual materials   25 1-10
    Box Folder
Textual materials   24 20-25

Box Folder

 Press Releases - Los Angeles Police Department 1991 March 27 

25 11

 Press Releases - Mayor Bradley 1991 April 1 

25 12

 Press Releases - Christopher Statement 1991 April 1 

25 13

 Press Releases - Christopher Independent Statement 1991 April 2 

25 14

 Press Releases - Appointment of Bryce Nelson 1991 April 4 

25 15

 Press Releases - Joint Statement: Justice John Arguelles and Warren Christopher 1991 April 4 

25 16

 Press Releases - Appointment of Staff, Biographies 1991 April 19 

25 17

 Press Releases - May 1 Session and re. Others 

25 18

 Press Releases - Details re. May 1 

25 19

 Press Releases - Warren Christopher Statement at May 1 Session 

25 20

 Press Releases - Details re. May 8 Public Session, etc. 

25 21

 Press Releases - Warren Christopher Statement at May 8 Session 

25 22

 Press Releases - re. May 13 Session 

25 23

 Press Releases - re. May 20 Public Session 

25 24

 Press Releases - re. May 29 Public Session 

25 25

 Press Releases - re. June 6 Executive Session 

25 26

 Press Releases - re. June 14 Executive Session 

25 27

 Press Releases - re. the Report Release 1991 July 5 

25 28

 Press Releases - Press Embargo 1991 July 9 

25 29

 Press Releases - Embargo on Transcripts 1991 July 11 

25 30

 Press Releases - Warren Christopher Response to Gates' Resignation 1991 July 22 

25 31

 Training Procedures 

25 32-34

 1989 IOD Injuries and Illnesses 

25 35

 "Alternatives for Selection and Discipline of Chief of Police" from the Personnel Department to the Public Safety Committee 1991 April 19 

Scope and Content

Alternatives for selection and discipline of chief of police, The Personnel Department

25 36

 Appendix to the Commission Report 

25 37

 Bills Relevant to Police Use of Excessive Force Pending in the California Legislature 1991 June 14 

25 38

 Executive Summary re. Training and Personnel Issues May 6, 1991 Commission Meeting Presentation by the LAPD 

26 1

 Lists: Commission/Staff (Public) 

26 2

 Memorandum of Understanding with LAPD Regarding Access to LAPD Personnel Records 1991 April-May 

26 3

 Miscellaneous Articles and Correspondence 

26 4

 Police Officer's Bill of Rights 1991 May 13 

26 5

 Selected Messages from the Los Angeles Police Department Mobile Digital Terminal System 1989 November 1-1991 March 4 

26 6
Box

 Commission 1991 April 17   9 audio cassettes

46

 Commission Conf. 16 B 1991 April 16   9 audio cassettes

46

 Executive Session Conf. 6 B 10:30-2:00 1991 April 9   6 audio cassettes

46

 Commission Meeting Suite 1910 1991 April 23-May 17   47 audio cassettes

46-48

 Executive Session 1910 1991 May 20-June 6   39 audio cassettes

48-49

 Chief Daryl F. Gates 1991 June 14   4 audio cassettes

48

 Assistant Chief David D. Dotson 1991 June 14   1 audio cassette

48

 Assistant Chief Robert L. Vernon 1991 June 14   1 audio cassette

48

 Lieutenant Paul Kim   1 audio cassette

48

 Dan Garcia   1 audio cassette

48

 Interview of Chief Gates KABC (Michael Jackson Show) 1991 May 29   1 audio cassette

48

 William Rathburn   1 audio cassette

48

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 19:  Irell and Manella 

Scope and Content

The circumstances surrounding the beating of Rodney King led many to believe that the incident was racially motivated and reflected a spirit of bias and discrimination within the LAPD. Irell & Manella analyzed in depth the LAPD's recruitment, hiring, training, and promotion practices to determine if bias and intolerance were in fact pervasive issues within the Department. The series includes materials related to Irell and Manella's work product, including the firm’s correspondence; summaries of personnel files for potential recruits; records of the Leon Panduro case, in which a citizen was shot by a probationary officer; minutes from the LAPD Professional Advisory Committee maintained between 1983 and 1991; witness files, which consist of written testimony and supplemental materials; and notes, outlines, and drafts maintained over the course of Irell and Manella’s investigation.

Box Folder

 Background Investigations 

Scope and Content

Includes reviews of background files and interviews with background investigators.

26 7-10

 Correspondence 1991 July 

26 11-14

 Independent Commission/Analysis of the City Attorney Documents 1991 June 11-13 

26 15

 Interview Recruits 1991 May 30 

26 16

 Leon Panduro Case File 

26 17-18

 Los Angeles Police Department Gay/Lesbian Officers Association 1991 June 13 

26 19

 Memo re. Use of Dogs 

26 20

 Summary of Discussion re. Ground Rules for LAPD Document Production 

26 21

 Rodney King Arrest 1991 May 29 

26 22

 Professional Advisory Committee Minutes 

26 23

 Witness File - Adams, Reed Dr. 

26 24-26

 Witness File - Anguiano, Frank 1991 July 1 

26 27

 Witness File - Denning, Donna (research psychologist) 1991 June 11 

26 28

 Witness File - Duff, Joseph Hairston 1991 June 28 

26 29

 Witness File - Fabricatore, Joseph M. (psychologist and management consultant) 1991 April 8 

26 30

 Witness File - Kay, Dr. Sheldon (psychiatric testing of entry level candidates) 1991 April 29-May 2 

26 31

 Witness File - Kelling, George 1991 April 22-June 4 

26 32

 Witness File - Kennedy, David (Christopher Commission Expert - John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University) 1991 April 19-May 7 

26 33

 Witness File - Klyver, Dr. Nels 1991 May 23 

26 34

 Witness File - Kroeker, Mark 1991 May 6 

26 35

 Witness File - Maher, Patrick 1984-1991  

26 36

 Witness File - Meyer, Marshall 1991 April 22 

27 1

 Witness File - Mitchell, William 1991 May 6 

27 2

 Witness File - Moore, Mark (Christopher Commission Expert - John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University) 1991 April 5-June 5 

27 3

 Witness File - Murphy, Patrick (former commissioner for NYPD) 1991 April 10-May 8 

27 4

 Witness File - Lieutenant Ratsukis 1991 May 23 

27 5

 Witness File - Reddin, Chief Tom 1991 May 2-23 

27 6

 Witness File - Upton-Knittle, William (Psychologist and martial arts teacher who spoke at the Los Angeles Police Academy 12 years ago and predicted a Rodney King type incident) 1991 March 2-April 12 

27 7

 Witness File - West, Dr. Louis Jolyon (leading psychiatrist on violence) 1991 April 25-May 2 

27 8

 Derrick Boston Work Product 

27 9

 David Huebner Work Product 

27 10-12

 Rick Silverman Work Product 

27 13-16
Box

 Use of Force Video 

45

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Series 20:  Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue 

Scope and Content

Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue investigated how LAPD administrators respond to personnel complaints and allegations of misconduct. Materials in the series were collected and analyzed by the firm for this purpose, and include summaries of witness interviews; article clippings discussing instances of alleged police misconduct; source materials related to the LAPD’s use-of-force policies; a transcript of a court case involving officer misconduct; summaries of personnel complaint statistics; and excerpts taken from the personnel files of officers with multiple complaints and misconduct charges. Also included is correspondence sent and received by the firm over the course of its investigation.

 Correspondence 

Box
27
Box Folder

 Correspondence Vol.1 1991 April 

27 17-18

 Correspondence Vol.2 1991 May 

27 19

 Correspondence Vol.3 1991 June 

27 20

 Correspondence Vol.4 1991 July 

27 21

 Miscellaneous Correspondence 1991 April-July 

Scope and Content

Miscellaneous correspondence collected over the course of the Christopher Commission's study.

27 22

 Interviews 

Box
27-28
Box Folder

 Witness File: Anonymous 1991 June 3-13 

Scope and Content

Confidential interviews regarding the reputation of Chief of Police Daryl Gates, differences between male and female police officers, and officers accused of using excessive force.

27 23

 Witness File: Michael Bostic 1991 June 5 

Scope and Content

Interview with Commander Michael Bostic about his impressions of the LAPD's internal operations.

27 24

 Witness File: Jan Carlson 1991 April 29-May 31 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Jan Carlson, Commanding Officer for the LAPD's Internal Affairs Division, about the differences between the Internal Affairs and the rest of the Department. Also included is correspondence between Carlson and members of the legal counsel.

27 25

 Witness File: Roger Gunson 1991 May 16-29 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Roger Gunson, Head Deputy District Attorney of the Special Investigations Division of the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office, regarding how his Division handles allegations of police misconduct.

27 26

 Witness File: Rita Knecht 1991 May 16-24 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Lieutenant Rita Knecht, Department Advocate, Internal Affairs Division, LAPD. Topics include the overall structure and organization of the Internal Affairs Division of the LAPD; the structure and operation of the personnel complaint system; and the structure and operation of the Board of Rights. Also included as appendices are several textual materials provided to the Commission by Knecht.

27 27-28

 Witness File: Eleanor Montano 1991 June 25 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Eleanor Montano, President of the Los Angeles County Commission on Human Relations, about the recommendations she developed for the Christopher Commission.

28 1

 Witness File: Burt Pines 1991 May 15 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Burt Pines, City Attorney of Los Angeles between 1973 and 1981, about his perception of the imbalance of power between the Police Commission and the Chief of Police. Also discussed is the City Attorney's Office's role in overseeing matters involving the LAPD.

28 2

 Witness File: Eugene Ramirez 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Eugene Ramirez, a Reserve Police Officer, about his background and his role in LAPD affairs.

28 3

 Witness File: Jerry Rilling 1991 June 12 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Jerry Rilling, retired LAPD sergeant, about his impressions of the use of excessive force within the Department.

28 4

 Witness File: Ed Ruddy 1991 May 14 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Ed Ruddy, a 26-year LAPD veteran and patrol officer in the Harbor Area, about several problems he identified as rampant within the Department.

28 5

 Witness File: Barbara Schlei 1991 May 15 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Barbara Schlei, former Police Commissioner of Los Angeles, about her suggestions for improving the Department and mitigating its shortcomings.

28 6

 Witness File: Robert Talcott 1991 May 6-15 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Robert Talcott, former Police Commissioner of the City of Los Angeles.

28 7

 Witness File: Reva Tooley 1991 April 30 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Reva Tooley, former Police Commissioner of the City of Los Angeles, about her tenure on the Police Commission, and her recommendations for reform.

28 8

 Witness File: Don Vincent 1991 May 16 

Scope and Content

Notes from an interview with Don Vincent about the use of force within the LAPD, and the Department's procedure for handling force-related complaints.

28 9

 Witness File: Jack White 1991 May 15 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Jack White, Chief of the District Attorney's Investigation Section, about the LAPD's complaint process, the adjudication of disciplinary actions, and the Rodney King "aberration."

28 10

 Witness File: James Wilson 1991 April 16-19 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with James Q. Wilson, a professor of criminology and Chairman of the Police Foundation, about his observations of the LAPD.

28 11

 Witness File: Michael Zinzun 1991 May 2-3 

Scope and Content

Summary of an interview with Michael Zinzun of the Coalition Against Police Abuse (CAPA) about his organization's role in curbing police abuse by LAPD officers.

28 12

 Notes - Curt Livesay Interview 1991 April 4 

Scope and Content

Outlines and notes from an interview with Curt Livesay of the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office.

28 13

 Drafts 1991 April 5-May 27 

Scope and Content

Draft summaries of witness interviews, and hand-written notes regarding these interviews.

28 14-15

 Los Angeles Police Department Working Notes 1991 April 15-May 8 

Scope and Content

Handwritten notes from interviews with LAPD officials.

28 16

 Source Materials 

Box
28
Box Folder

 Source Materials: Bias and Discrimination 1991 May 29-June 21 

Scope and Content

Memoranda relating to issues of bias and discrimination among LAPD personnel, specifically in regards to the Asian, gay and lesbian, and Latino communities.

28 17

 Source Materials: Canine Policy Report 1991 June 20 

Scope and Content

Memorandum that summarizes the policies and procedures of the LAPD regarding the use of canines, as well as the procedures for reviewing incidents where canines were used.

28 18

 Source Materials: Category 2 1991 April 4-May 14 

Scope and Content

Miscellaneous materials, including interview outlines and notes, a copy of the LAPD Board of Rights Manual, a memorandum of understanding reached between the Board of Police Commissioners and the City Administrative Officer, a timeline of the history of the LAPD's disciplinary system, and excerpts from legal briefs.

28 19

 Source Materials: City Attorney Cases 1991 June 5 

Scope and Content

Notes regarding civil suits brought against the city of Los Angeles by those who alleged excessive force or improper tactics had been used.

28 20

 Source Materials: City Council Meetings 1991 May 22-June 7 

Scope and Content

Memoranda related to the Los Angeles City Council meeting of May 22, 1991, where members of the Human Resources and Labor Relations Committee questioned Chief of Police Daryl Gates.

28 21

 Source Materials: K-9 Use 1991 June 12-13 

Scope and Content

Memorandum regarding a conversation with City Attorney Mary House about the LAPD's canine policy.

28 22

 Source Materials: Los Angeles District Attorney's Office Materials undated 

Scope and Content

Pamphlets and organization charts produced by the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office.

28 23

 Source Materials: People of the State of California v. Lance Braun 1991 May 30 

Scope and Content

Court transcript and internal notes related to the case.

28 24

 Source Materials: Press Clippings 1991 March 29-June 21 

Scope and Content

Clippings from newspapers and legal journals regarding the discipline of police officers accused of using excessive force.

28 25

 Source Materials: Press Statements 1991 April 1-8 

Scope and Content

Press releases regarding the formation of the Christopher Commission and biographical sketches of Commission members.

28 26

 Source Materials: Statistical Information on Personnel Complaints 1991 April 16-May 6 

Scope and Content

Memoranda, facsimiles, and work plans associated with the Feess/Drooyan team of the firm Jones, Day, Reavis, and Pogue.

28 27

 Source Materials: Summaries/Reviews of Personnel Complaint Annual Statistical Data Reports 1991 May 3-15 

28 28

 Reviews/Summaries of Complaints and Personnel Files 

Box
28
Folder
29-36

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Series 21:  Kirkland & Ellis 

Scope and Content

Kirkland & Ellis provided general assistance to the Independent Commission over the course of its investigation, and also researched the merits and drawbacks associated with a community-oriented policing model. Included in the series are article clippings, reports, and other source materials related to community-oriented policing; interviews with personnel from the LAPD’s Harbor Division, where a community-oriented model was tested; and interviews with personnel from other LAPD divisions about their perceptions of departmental operations.

Box Folder

 Attorney Work Product 

29 1

 Memoranda Interviews - Coombs, Rodger 1991 June 7 

29 2

 Memoranda Interviews - DeLadurantey, Joe 1991 June 24 

29 3

 Memoranda Interviews - Hamilton, Jeff and Bob Hutton 1991 June 21 

29 4

 Memoranda Interviews - Linfield, Donald 1991 June 25 

29 5

 Memoranda Interviews - Montaño, Eleanor R. 1991 June 25 

29 6

 Memoranda Interviews - Nelson, Vic and Bill Antkiewicz 1991 June 25 

29 7

 Memoranda Interviews - Rilling, Jerry 1991 June 12 

29 8

 Memoranda Interviews - Rouzan, Joseph 1991 June 3 

29 9

 Memoranda Interviews - Rouzan, Joseph III 1991 June 25 

29 10

 Memoranda Interviews - Summary of themes presented in interviews with individuals in connection with the Christopher Commission investigation 1991 June 25 

29 11

 Memoranda Interviews - List of witnesses interviewed 1991 June 25 

29 12

 Memoranda Interviews - Contacts with Ernie Valdez and Myron Klanfeld 

29 13

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Series 22:  Latham & Watkins 

Scope and Content

Latham & Watkins researched a total of 83 civil litigation cases brought against the LAPD pertaining to excessive force and/or improper tactics to ascertain whether the Rodney King incident was in fact the "aberration" that Chief Daryl Gates described. Included in the series are several materials related to the firm’s investigation and final work product. Specifically, the series contains source materials related to the 83 cases that were studied. These materials include the firm’s own memoranda and notes, statistics on misconduct and police brutality, summaries of the selected cases, recommendations for settlement drafted by the Office of the City Attorney, docket cards, copies of settlement agreements, a master roster of officers named in the civil suits, and excerpts from officers’ personnel files. Also included are summaries of interviews held with police personnel and aggrieved citizens about their perception of problems within the LAPD.

 Source Materials 

Box
29-30
Box Folder

 Memoranda 1991 April 20-June 20 

29 14

 Civil Litigation Work Product Material 

29 15-18

 Case Summaries of the 83 Selected Cases 

29 19-22

 Summaries of and City Attorney Recommendation for Settlement Cases 

29 23-26

 City Attorney - Police Litigation Settlement Material 1991 April 30-July 13 

29 27-29

 Carlos D. Rodriguez and Yolanda Rodriguez v. City of Los Angeles, Walter R. Rose et al. 1984-1986 

Scope and Content

Included are depositions from the trial and a summary of what the case is about.

30 1-2

 Canine use by the LAPD 1991 May-June 

30 3

 Source Materials: George Denny/Dr. Irving Stone Materials 1991 May 23 

Scope and Content

A memorandum and article regarding procedures that evolved in order to preserve the scene and witnesses in a deadly-use-of-force case while marshaling the resources to document the circumstances.

30 4

 Master List - Officers involved in Civil Litigation Cases 1991 June 7 

30 5

 Notes: Officers Involved in Civil Litigation Cases 1991 June 20 

30 6

 Reviews/Summaries of Officers Involved in Civil Litigation Cases 

30 7-9

 Reviews/Summaries of Officers Involved in Civil Litigation Cases Binder 1 

30 10-12

 Reviews/Summaries of Officers Involved in Civil Litigation Cases Binder 2 

30 13-14

 Judgment and Settlement Source Materials: Docket Cards 

30 15-16

 Judgment and Settlement Source Materials: Trials 

30 17

 Judgment and Settlement Source Materials: Arbitration 

30 18-19

 Correspondence 

Box
30
Folder
20

 Interviews 

Box
30-31
Box Folder

 Meeting with Police Misconduct Lawyer Referral Service Attorneys 1991 May 10 

30 21

 Interviews with Attorneys Who Specialize in Excessive Force Cases 1991 May 2 

30 22

 Interviews - Casselman, Gary, Floyd Cranmore, and Roger Guydon 1991 May 20 

Scope and Content

Summaries of interviews conducted with Gary Casselman, a police misconduct attorney; Floyd Cranmore, Casselman's associate; and Roger Guydon, one of Casselman's clients.

31 1

 Interviews - Coodley, Dr. Alfred 1991 May 28 

31 2

 Interviews - Dunning, Wesley 1991 June 27 

31 3

 Interviews - Fleishman, Charles 1991 May 17-24 

Scope and Content

Memoranda regarding the Eulia Love incident, an officer-involved shooting that occurred in Los Angeles in 1979.

31 4

 Interviews - Gilbert, Leon 1991 May 24, June 18 

31 5

 Interviews - Gontarz, Stanley 1991 May 2 

31 6

 Interviews - Karim-Panahi, Parviz 1991 May 3 

31 7

 Interviews - Levy, Adolf 1991 June 27 

31 8

 Interviews - Melvin, Cameron 1991 May 24 

31 9

 Interviews - Meyer, Kent 1991 May 10-17 

31 10

 Interviews - Meyer, Marshall 1991 April 22 

31 11

 Interviews - Miller, Ann 1991 May 17 

31 12

 Interviews - Mullin, Pamela, Anna Abors, and Doro Thy 1991 May 28 

31 13

 Interviews - Murphy, Patrick 

31 14

 Interviews - Smith, John 1991 June 22 

31 15

 Interviews - Vrana, Ken 1991 May 28 

31 16

 Interviews - Zerrien, Ben 1991 July 3 

31 17

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Series 23:  Manatt, Phelps & Phillips 1991 May 17 

Scope and Content

The staff of Manatt, Phelps & Phillips extended its support to the Independent Commission by undertaking the following tasks: preparing and reviewing the recruitment/testing and academy/training chapters of the Commission report; presenting witnesses to the Commission; interviewing over 20 LAPD personnel of different departmental ranks; interviewing city staff and medical personnel; attending meetings with the Police Protective League; reviewing the background files of LAPD officers; attending numerous roll call training sessions and public meetings; researching and drafting legal memoranda in reference to labor issues arisen within the report; conducting general background research for the Commission; and attending two ride-alongs with the LAPD. Materials in the series pertain to the firm’s work product, including interviews conducted with alleged victims of police brutality and with respected figures in the law enforcement field. Also contained in the series are statistics that show the passage rate of new recruits who took a mandated psychological evaluation upon employment. These statistics are compiled according to gender and race.

Box Folder

 Allegations of Police Misconduct in the Arrest of Albert Lewis 1991 May 3 

31 18

 Allegations of Police Misconduct in the Arrest of Toriano Harding 1991 May 13 

31 19

 Ruth Hill v. City of Los Angeles 1991 May 28 

31 20

 Statistics Pertaining to Passage Rate of Psychological Examinations 1991 May 17 

Scope and Content

Statistics related to test results from the LAPD's psychological examination, which is administered to entry-level recruits by the LAPD's Occupational Health and Safety Division. Data are organized according to gender and race.

31 21

 Memoranda Interviews - Bostic, Michael J. 1991 June 5 

31 22

 Ginger, Jim 1991 May 14 

31 23

 Nowicke, Ed 1991 May 6 

31 24

 Velkoff, David 1991 June 13 

31 25

 Wright, Amos 1991 May 10 

31 26

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 24:  Morrison & Foerster 

Scope and Content

Morrison & Foerster assessed the manner by which LAPD officers treat racial minorities and disadvantaged sectors of the population. Included in the series are interviews held with community members regarding how police treat juveniles and the mentally ill. The series also includes statistics that evaluate the respective numbers, ranks, and geographic distribution of different races of LAPD officers.

Box Folder

 Campbell, Jean 1991 May 10 

31 27

 Smith, Ernest 1991 May 9-10 

31 28

 Los Angeles Police Department "Sworn and Civilian Personnel by CS Class Sex, Descent" as of October 17, 1983, October 12, 1986 and April 21, 1991 

Scope and Content

Statistics and charts pertaining to the relationship between ethnicity and the LAPD's personnel practices. Five statistical analyses are included:

1. Los Angeles 1990 Census: Preliminary Breakdown by Division Compared to LAPD Personnel Deployment by Division, Descent, and Class

2. LAPD Sworn Personnel by Division: Approximate Percentage in Rank by Ethnicity

3. LAPD Personnel by Division, Descent, and CS Class

4. LAPD Coveted Positions by Ethnicity

5. Sworn Personnel by Rank and Ethnicity

31 29

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 25:  Munger, Tolles & Olson 

Scope and Content

The series pertains to the work of Munger, Tolles & Olson, the firm responsible for coordinating the activities and proceedings of the Independent Commission's legal counsel. Included are legal briefs, court transcripts, and memoranda; press releases and article clippings about the Rodney King incident and the subsequent creation of the Independent Commission; summaries of witness interviews; analyses of legislation regarding the role and purview of peace officers; work plans and outlines developed by Commission staff; draft copies developed for all sections of the Commission report; supplemental materials for the report, including a copy of the Rodney King arrest log, law enforcement literature, and public opinion surveys; materials distributed and reviewed during Commission meetings; letters of interest submitted to Chairman Christopher from prospective Commission members and organizations; and lists of bills and Commission expenditures.

Box Folder

 LAPD Meeting Notes 1991 April 23-July 9 

Scope and Content

Handwritten notes from several LAPD staff and working group meetings regarding the Rodney King incident.

31 30

 People v. Powell Transcripts 1991 May 7-31 

Scope and Content

Transcripts from the court case "The People of the State of California v. Laurence M. Powell, Timothy E. Wind, Theodore J. Briseno, and Stacey C. Koon ("People v. Powell, et. al")"

31 31-32

 LAPD Pleadings 1991 May 6-June 10 

Scope and Content

Legal briefs pertaining to the Christopher Commission's request to review the personnel records of Laurence Powell, Timothy Wind, Theodore Briseno, and Stacey Koon, the four LAPD officers indicted in the Rodney King incident.

31 33-34

 Memo re. Inapplicability of Brown Act to Commission 1991 April 9 

Scope and Content

Memorandum and legal brief discussing why California's Ralph M. Brown Act is not applicable to the Christopher Commission.

31 35

 General Counsel Charter 1991 April 1-30 

Scope and Content

Press release from Mayor Tom Bradley's office formally announcing the creation of the Christopher Commission; biographies of Commission members; and a copy of the restraining order that sealed the personnel files of the four indicted LAPD officers during litigation.

31 36

 General Counsel Pleadings Volume 1 1991 April 30-June 10 

31 37-42

 General Counsel Correspondence Volume 1 1991 March 26-May 2 

31 43

 General Counsel Correspondence Volume II 1991 May 3-31 

32 1-2

 General Counsel Press Releases/Miscellaneous 1991 April 1-July 22 

32 3

 General Counsel King 1991 March 6-April 10 

Scope and Content

Independent Commission on LAPD General Counsel Press Releases.

32 4

 General Counsel Press/Miscellaneous 1974 October 6-1991 May 23 

32 5-6

 Memoranda re. Witnesses 1991 May 3-July 1 

Scope and Content

Memoranda summarizing the interviews of several witnesses in the People v. Powell case.

32 7

 LAPD Interview Notes on Witnesses 1991 May 6-June 3 

Scope and Content

Handwritten notes summarizing interviews of several witnesses conducted by the Christopher Commission's legal counsel. Most interviews pertain to complaints of police brutality.

32 8

 Grassroots People to Contact 1991 May 22 

Scope and Content

A short list of grass roots community contacts who might be helpful to the Christopher Commission, either for their first-hand knowledge or for their ability to identify others who may have first-hand knowledge.

32 9

 Hubert Williams Materials 

32 10-12

 Brewer, Jess 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

32 13-16

 Livesay, Curt 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

32 17

 Murphy, Patrick V. 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

32 18

 Wilson, James Q. 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

32 19

 West, Louis J. 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

32 20

 Armstrong, Michael 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

32 21

 Von Minden, Theodore H. 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

32 22

 Moore, Mark 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

32 23

 Kwoh, Stewart 1991 May 1 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 1

 Sherman, Lawrence 1990 December-1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 2

 Brennan, John 1991 May 1-3 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 3

 Carlson, Jan 1991 May 3-31 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 4

 Henning, Philip A., Jr. 1991 April 29 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 5

 David, Ed 1991 May 3 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 6

 Cunningham, Noel 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 7

 Rathburn, William 1991 May 6-28 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 8

 Coalition Against Police Abuse 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 9

 Vernon, Robert L. 1991 June 2-26 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 10

 Arnault, E. Jane 1991 May 10 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 11

 Interviews 1991 May 10-July 10 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 12

 Duff, Joseph H. 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 13

 Denny, George V. 1991 May 10 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 14

 F.B.I. 1991 May 7 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 15

 Harber, Barbara "Diane"  1986 March 16-1991 June 5 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 16

 Ruddy, Ed 1991 May 13 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 17

 Yost, Mason 1991 March 18-May 10 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 18

 Thal, Rabbi Lennard R. 1991 May 15-16 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 19

 Jackson, Kyle B. 1991 May 15 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 20

 Bostic, Michael 1991 June 5-24 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 21

 Germann, Dr. A.C. 1991 May 13 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 22

 Nichols, Fred 1991 May 20 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 23

 Nowicke, Ed 1991 May 6 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 24

 Shannon, Ed 1991 May 14 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 25

 Kay, Dr. Sheldon 1991 May 17-June 10 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 26

 Kroeker, Mark 1991 May 22 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 27

 Ginger, Dr. Jim 1991 May 16 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 28

 Reiser, Dr. Martin 1991 May 20 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 29

 Curtsinger, Chief Ernest 1991 May 15-June 6 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 30

 Talcott, Robert 1991 May 6 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 31

 Schlei, Barbara 1991 May 15 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 32

 Pines, Burt 1991 May 15 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 33

 Elfmont, Captain Thomas 1991 May 21-22 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 34

 Hahn, James K. 1991 May 17 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 35

 White, Jack B. 1991 May 23 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 36

 Police Commission 1991 May 29 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 37

 Gunson, Roger 1991 May 23 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 38

 Klyver, Dr. Nels 1991 May 23-31 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 39

 Petersilia, Joan 1991 May 31 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 40

 Goldstein, Professor Herman 1991 May 30 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 41

 Alleyne, Professor Reginald 1991 June 3 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 42

 Spillar, Katherine 1991 May 23 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 43

 Brown, Lee 1991 May-June 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 44

 Cooper, Henderson 1991 June 7 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 45

 Poole, Officer 1991 June 6 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 46

 Picus, Joy 1991 June 3 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 47

 Reinhardt, Judge Stephen 1991 May 31-June 5 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 48

 Gender Issues 1991 May 8-June 6 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 49

 Gibbs, Geoffrey Taylor 1991 June 13 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 50

 Sheinbaum, Stanley K. 1991 May 31-June 12 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 51

 "Officer H"  1991 June 10 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 52

 Los Angeles Sheriff's Office 1990 February 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 53

 Bouza, Anthony V. 1991 June 8 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 54

 Kennedy, Scott 1991 May 30 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 55

 Rouzan, Joseph T. 1991 June 3 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 56

 Godwin, Lt. George 1991 July 17 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 57

 Adam, Dr. Reed 1991 June 27-July 17 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 58

 Religious Leaders 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 59

 Police Protective League 1991 June 13 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 60

 Levant, Deputy Chief Glen 1991 June 27 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 61

 Chaleff, Gerald 1991 June 27 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 62

 Singer, Officer Melanie 1991 June 29 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 63

 Parks, Chief Bernard 1991 June 28 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 64

 Reddin, Chief Tom 1991 May 2 

Scope and Content

Witnesses/Consultants (continued)

33 65

 General Counsel-Dinse, Rick Undated 

Scope and Content

Independent Commission on LAPD Witnesses/Consultants

33 66

 General Counsel City List Undated 

Scope and Content

Independent Commission on LAPD Witnesses/Consultants

33 67

 General Counsel Correspondence 1990 September 21-1991 June 19 

Scope and Content

Independent Commission on LAPD Witnesses/Consultants

33 68

 General Counsel Officers 1991 June 3-26 

Scope and Content

Independent Commission on LAPD Witnesses/Consultants

33 69-70

 General Counsel-Miscellaneous 1991 April 10 

Scope and Content

Independent Commission on LAPD Publications relating to police behavior.

33 71

 General Counsel-Legislation 1991 April 1-May 3 

Scope and Content

Independent Commission on LAPD Publications relating to legislation.

33 72

 General Counsel-Charter Amendments 1991 May 15-June 11 

Scope and Content

Independent Commission on LAPD Charter amendments.

33 73

 General Counsel- Alternative Dispute Resolution 1991 June 21 

Scope and Content

Memorandum relating to using alternative dispute resolution methods to resolve citizen complaints against the LAPD.

33 74

 Administrative Transfers 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

33 75

 Work Plans 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

33 76

 Draft Outlines 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

33 77

 Hospital 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 1

 Outline 5/17/91 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 2

 King 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 3

 Jail Ward 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 4

 Police Department Dispatcher/Fire Department Transcript 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 5

 Structure 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 6

 Mobile Digital Terminal 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 7-8

 Implementation 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 9

 Promotion 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 10

 Recruitment 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 11

 Training 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 12

 Complaints 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 13

 Gender Issues 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 14

 Gay Issues 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 15

 Bias Issues 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 16-17

 Community Based Policing 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 18

 K-9 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 19

 Public Hearings 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 20

 Asian Pacific 

Scope and Content

Research (continued)

34 21

 Los Angeles Times Polls 

Scope and Content

Reports

34 22

 Civilian Review 

Scope and Content

Reports

34 23

 Commission on Civil Disorders 

Scope and Content

Reports

34 24

 F.B.I. Director 

Scope and Content

Reports

34 25

 Alternatives re. Chief of Police 

Scope and Content

Reports

34 26

 Challenger 

Scope and Content

Reports

34 27

 King Arrest Report 

Scope and Content

Reports

34 28

 Blue Line 

Scope and Content

Reports

34 29

 American Bar Association (Disciplinary Enforcement) 

Scope and Content

Reports

34 30

 Los Angeles City Charter Commission 

Scope and Content

Reports

34 31

 Romero Survey 

Scope and Content

Reports (continued)

34 32

 Jon Varat 

Scope and Content

Reports (continued)

34 33

 Psychological Review 

Scope and Content

Reports (continued)

34 34

 Glendale Police Department 

Scope and Content

Reports (continued)

35 1

 Goldstein Book 

Scope and Content

Reports (continued)

35 2

 1991 April 9 Commission Meeting 

35 3

 1991 April 16-17 Meetings 

35 4-6

 1991 April 23 Meeting 

35 7-8

 1991 May 1 Meeting 

35 9-12

 1991 May 7-8 Meetings 

35 13

 1991 May 13 Meeting 

35 14-15

 1991 May 17 Meeting 

35 16

 1991 May 24 Meeting 

35 17-18

 1991 June 7 Meeting 

35 19

 1991 June 14 Meeting 

35 20-21

 1991 June 17 Meeting 

36 1

 1991 June 19 Meeting 

36 2

 1991 June 21 Meeting 

36 3

 1991 June 25 Meeting 

36 4-5

 1991 June 26 Meeting 

36 6-7

 Applicants 

Scope and Content

Contacts

36 8

 Community 

Scope and Content

Contacts

36 9

 Staff 

Scope and Content

Contacts

36 10

 Attorneys 

Scope and Content

Contacts

36 11

 Consultants 

Scope and Content

Contacts

36 12

 General 

Scope and Content

Contacts

36 13

 Investigators 

Scope and Content

Contacts

36 14

 Other Law Enforcement 

Scope and Content

Contacts

36 15

 Los Angeles Government 

Scope and Content

Contacts

36 16

 Documents 

Scope and Content

Contacts

36 17

 Southern California Organizing Committee 

Scope and Content

Contacts

36 18

 Civil Suits 

Scope and Content

Excessive Force

36 19

 Use of Force Policy 

Scope and Content

Excessive Force

36 20

 Stress Claims 

Scope and Content

Excessive Force

36 21

 Incidents 

Scope and Content

Excessive Force

36 22

 Responses to Initial Requests 

Scope and Content

Document Production

36 23

 Materials From Ms. Usher 1991 April 8 

Scope and Content

Document Production

36 24

 Brewer 

Scope and Content

Document Production

36 25-26

 1991 May 13 

Scope and Content

Billing

36 27

 Firms' Cumulative 

Scope and Content

Billing

36 28

 Eranye, Dr. 1991 April 29-May 6 

36 29

 Stern, Barry 1991 May 17 

36 30

 Interviews 

Box
36
Folder
31-33

 Memo to John W. Spiegel 1991 June 4 

36 34

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Series 26:  O'Melveny & Myers 

Scope and Content

O'Melveny & Myers, the firm for which Commission Chairman Warren Christopher worked, conducted research pertaining to the structure and organization of the LAPD. Included in the series are materials related to the firm's research and work product, including excerpts from city charter revisions, summaries of dissertations and books about organizational control of the police, memoranda on various structural issues facing both the LAPD and the Commission's investigation, an excerpt from the Manual of the Los Angeles Police Department, and a transcript of court proceedings in  Collins v. City of Los Angeles, a civil case in which a female African-American police recruit filed a lawsuit against the city on the grounds of racial and gender discrimination.

 Charter 

Box
36
Box Folder

 Brief Summary of Charter Amendment 5 1991 June 11 

Scope and Content

A brief summary of Charter Amendment 5 to the Los Angeles City Charter, which permits any action of the Police Commission to be appealed to the City Council for its review.

36 35

 Charter Amendment Proposals from 1971-1991 1991 June 11 

Scope and Content

A memorandum that provides a brief description of amendments proposed between 1971 and 1991 to the Charter of the City of Los Angeles, that either sought to revise the City's Civil Service System or change the balance of power between the Mayor, the City Council, and the Commissions.

36 36

 The Charter of the City of Los Angeles and the Reform Movements of the 1940's 1991 June 7 

Scope and Content

A memorandum that briefly summarizes J.G. Woods' The Progressives and the Police: Urban Reform and the Professionalization of the Los Angeles Police (1973), relating to the City Charter provisions detailing the governance of the LAPD and the reform attempts of the 1940s.

36 37

 Litigation Concerning Charter Amendment Five Independent Commission 1991 June 26 

Scope and Content

A memorandum regarding Mayor Tom Bradley's appeal of Charter Amendment 5, an amendment to the Los Angeles City Charter.

36 38

 Various City Charters 

Scope and Content

Excerpts from the charters of several major United States cities regarding the composition, organization, powers and duties, and oversight of their police departments. Cities include Baltimore, Chicago, Columbus, Dallas, Detroit, Houston, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Memphis, Milwaukee, New York, Philadelphia, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, and the District of Columbia. A brief administrative summary of this information is also included.

36 39

 Publications 

Box
37
Box Folder

 General comments on reviewed articles 1991 June 7 

Scope and Content

Summaries and commentary on six articles published regarding civilian review and oversight of municipal police departments.

37 1

 Los Angeles Times articles re. Gerald Caplan review of LAPD practices 1991 June 7 

Scope and Content

A memorandum that contains quotes taken from Gerald Caplan's opinion on LAPD shootings, which was published in the Los Angeles Times in 1980. Caplan, a Professor of Law at George Washington University and a federal law enforcement expert, criticized the LAPD for its failure to limit the use of deadly force. Also included is a photocopy of the aforementioned article in which Caplan was quoted.

37 2

 "The Report of the New York State Judicial Commission on Minorities" by Franklin H. Williams 1991 June 24 

37 3

 Summary of "The Erosion of Bureaucratic Responsibility and the Crisis of Municipal Legislative Authority; An Examination of Law Enforcement Deviance From City Council Control" by T.E. Wilson 1991 June 7 

37 4

 Summary of "Professional and Bureaucratic Processes of Organizational Control: Internal Discipline in the LAPD" by Linda M. Wallen 1991 June 4 

37 5

 Summary of "The Progressives and the Police: Urban Reform and the Professionalization of the Los Angeles Police" by Joseph G. Woods 1991 June 17 

37 6

 Summary of the Remaining Chapters of The New Blue Line by J.H. Skolnick and D.H. Bayley 1991 May 31 

37 7

 Witnesses and Testifiers 

Box
37
Box Folder

 Interviews with Potential Witnesses 1991 April-June 

37 8

 Commission Interviews with Homeless Persons at an Inner-city Law Center About Alleged Police Misconduct 1991 June 14 

37 9

 Confirmation Letter to Invited Testifiers at the May 1 Hearing 1991 April 23 

Scope and Content

A letter formally inviting Roger Coggan, Director of Legal Services for the Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Community Services Center, to testify before the Christopher Commission.

37 10

 Submitted Written Testimony of Mr. Roger Coggan for May 1 Commission Hearing 1991 April 29 

Scope and Content

A memorandum containing the written testimony of Roger Coggan, Director of Legal Services for the Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Community Services Center.

37 11

 List of Individuals Contacted for the Independent Commission on the L.A.P.D. and Statements of Contacted Individuals 1991 June 10 

37 12

 Prospective Testifiers Before the Christopher Commission from the Gay and Lesbian Community 1991 April 22 

Scope and Content

A memorandum that identifies those members of Los Angeles' gay and lesbian community who are most qualified to testify on the relationship between the LAPD and the gay and lesbian community.

37 13

 Research and Summaries 

Box
37
Box Folder

 Mayor's Subpoena Power 1991 April 15 

Scope and Content

Legal memorandum upholding the Christopher Commission's ability to subpoena, by explaining how Los Angeles' city charter authorizes the Mayor to delegate his subpoena powers. Recommendations on how to issue and enforce subpoenas are also included in the memorandum.

37 14

 Discernable Patterns in Governance Structures 1991 June 13 

Scope and Content

A memorandum that describes different structures of governance structures with regard to police operations.

37 15

 Inapplicability of the Brown Act to Meetings of the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department 1991 April 18 

Scope and Content

A legal memorandum explaining why the meetings of the Christopher Commission are not subject to the open-meeting requirements articulated in California's Ralph M. Brown Act.

37 16

 Constraints on Political Corruption in the LAPD 1991 June 19 

Scope and Content

A legal memorandum discussing how criminal and civil penalties are inadequate with regard to the prevention of corruption in the LAPD.

37 17

 Feasibility of Using Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods to Resolve Citizen Complaints Against the LAPD 1991 June 21 

Scope and Content

A memorandum that explores whether the city of Los Angeles might employ alternative dispute resolution techniques to resolve allegations of excessive force against the LAPD.

37 18

 Term of Office for the Director of the CIA 1991 June 11 

Scope and Content

A memorandum that reviews a proposed term of office for the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

37 19

 Focus for File Review 1991 June 6 

Scope and Content

A list of seven points for members of the legal counsel to consider while reviewing the case files of LAPD officers who have been repeatedly charged with misconduct.

37 20

 Summaries of Relevant Congressional Hearings Documents 1991 June 18 

Scope and Content

A memorandum that summarizes the relevant sources included in the Congressional Record of the Hearings before the Subcommittee on Crime of the Committee of the Judiciary, House of Representatives.

37 21

 Legislative Rationale Behind Appointment of FBI Director to Ten Year Term 1991 June 5 

Scope and Content

A memorandum explaining the rationale behind instituting a ten-year term for the Director of the FBI, with the hope that this rationale could provide insight into the advantages and disadvantages of instituting a limited term for the Chief of Police of Los Angeles.

37 22

 Request for information sought in conjunction with inquiry by the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department 1991 May 28 

Scope and Content

A memorandum issued by the National Institute of Municipal Law Officers (NIMLO) regarding materials requested by the Christopher Commission about the structure of other cities' police departments.

37 23

 Notes 

Scope and Content

Handwritten notes and memoranda regarding citizen complaints of excessive force and improper tactics against LAPD officers.

37 24

 Manual of the LAPD 

Scope and Content

Excerpts from the Manual of the Los Angeles Police Department, which describes in detail the Department's policies and procedures. Included are five "volumes" from the manual:

1. Policy/Law Enforcement Operations 2. Organization and Functions/Personnel and Training Bureau 3. Management Rules and Procedures/Personnel Management 4. Line Procedures/Communications 5. Clerical Operations

37 25

 The Independent Commission on the LAPD 1991 July 15 

Scope and Content

A memorandum requesting Commission members to review their files for items to be classified as "confidential." Confidential materials are any documents or copies thereof from the LAPD, and all work product referring to any present or former LAPD officer by either name or badge number.

37 26

 1991 July 9 Press Conference 

Scope and Content

A list of individuals who worked with general counsel on Commission-related projects.

37 27

 Reporter's Transcript of Proceedings: Collins v. City of Los Angeles 1978 September 28 

37 28

 Analysis of Police Liability Claims (1986-1990) in relation to Los Angeles Police Department Internal Affairs Division Investigation and Discipline 

37 29

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Series 27:  O'Neill & Lysaght 

Scope and Content

The series includes the work product of O'Neill & Lysaght, the firm responsible for conducting interviews and assisting witnesses in the preparation of their oral and written testimonies. Included are summaries of interviews conducted with LAPD personnel and representatives from the grassroots organization Coalition Against Police Abuse (CAPA). Also included is a memorandum regarding concerns expressed by members of Los Angeles' Asian community in light of the Rodney King incident.

Box Folder

 Memoranda Interview - Evaluation/Summary of LAPD Interviews 1991 June 18 

37 30

 Memoranda Interview - Carlson, Jan 1991 May 7 

37 31

 Memoranda Interview - Zinzun, Michael 1991 May 2 

37 32

 Memoranda - Concerning Issues Affecting the Asian-Pacific Community Arising out of the Rodney King Incident 1991 June 21 

37 33

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Series 28:  Pepper, Hamilton & Scheetz 

Scope and Content

Pepper, Hamilton & Scheetz analyzed Gates v. Board of Police Commissioners of Los Angeles, the civil suit that Chief of Police Daryl Gates brought against the city of Los Angeles after the Board of Police Commissioners elected to place Gates on administrative leave. Included in the series are summaries of case hearings, appendices containing materials related to the suit, one interview summary, and a summary of an essay regarding the history of urban policing.

Box Folder

 Summary of Interview with Manuel Pasteur 

37 34

 Gates v. Board of Police Commissioners of the City of Los Angeles Hearing 

37 35

 Gates v. Board of Police Commissioners of the City of Los Angeles Hearing 

37 36

 Gates v. Board of Police Commissioners of the City of Los Angeles Hearing 

Scope and Content

Summaries.

37 37

 Potential Ethical Conflicts Involving the City Attorney in Gates v. Board of Police Commissions of Los Angeles 

Scope and Content

Memorandum analyzing potential ethical conflicts involving the city attorney in the Gates v. Board of Police Commissions matter (with attachments).

37 38

 "History of Urban Police" by Eric Monkonen 

37 39

 Other Related Material 

37 40

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Series 29:  Price Waterhouse 

Scope and Content

The series includes materials related to the work product of Price Waterhouse, whose staff investigated citizen complaints and civil litigation claims involving the LAPD. Included are claims reports, claims analyses, card files, and arbitration reports; summaries of 83 selected civil litigation cases; materials from the personnel files of LAPD officers named in these cases, as well as documents listing their subsequent penalties; and statistics that break complaints down according to a variety of criteria, including race, gender, and police division.

 Claims 1985-1988 


    Box Folder
Textual materials   37 41-47
    Box Folder
Textual materials   40 1-8
    Box Folder
Textual materials   39 1-18
    Box Folder
Textual materials   38 1-17

Box Folder

 Claims Analysis 

40 9-10

 Correspondence 1991 June 12 

40 11

 Arbitration Reports - City Attorney's Office 1986-1990 

40 12-13

 Court Judgments and Jury Verdict Notes - City Attorney's Office 1986-1990 

40 14

 Disposition Summaries - City Attorney's Office 1986-1990 


    Box Folder
Textual materials   41 1
    Box Folder
Textual materials   40 15-19

Box Folder

 Disposition Analysis 

41 2-3

 Case Summaries for 83 Cases 

41 4-6

 83 Litigation Investigation Summaries Updated Version 1991 June 20 

41 7

 Police Officer Summary Info for 83 Cases A-E 

41 8-9

 Police Officer Summary Info for 83 Cases F-H 

41 10-11

 Police Officer Summary Info for 83 Cases I-Q 

41 12-14

 Police Officer Summary Info for 83 Cases R-Z 

41 15-17

 Case and Officer Summary Analysis 

42 1-3

 Reports from Police Personnel Files 

42 4-6

 Penalty Information 

42 7-10

 Shooting Police Violations 

42 11

 Holliday and Other Reports 

42 12-13

 Personnel Cards 

42 14

 Summaries of Complaints, OIS Reports, and Notes 

42 15

 Summary of Complaints 

42 16-17

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Series 30:  Sharenow & Corbin 

Scope and Content

Sharenow & Corbin contributed to the Commission's study by interviewing twelve active-duty and retired police officers, investigating one complaint alleging police misconduct, and participating in several of the Commission's executive and staff meetings. The series includes memoranda related to the firm's body of work.

Box Folder

 Attorney Work Papers 1991 May-July 

Scope and Content

Correspondence and memoranda related to the assignments and duties of the Christopher Commission's legal counsel. Included is a standardized list of interview questions, interview schedules, memoranda with suggestions for interviewing witnesses, and miscellaneous correspondence exchanged between attorneys.

42 18

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Series 31:  Sidley & Austin 

Scope and Content

The series relates to the work product of Sibley & Austin, whose staff contributed to the Commission's probe of excessive force allegations brought against the LAPD. Included in the series are memoranda, witness testimonies, interview summaries, copies of officers' background files, after-action summaries and reports, and notes taken by the firm. Materials relate to four major areas of study undertaken by the firm: the Justice for Janitors labor demonstration of 1990, the jail ward of County/USC Medical Center, Los Angeles city jails, and a review of the LAPD's Background Investigation Unit.

Box Folder

 Justice for Janitors - Appendix 

42 19

 Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support of Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and Motion to Show Cause re. Preliminary Injunction 1991 June 21 

42 20

 Transcript of Daryl Gates Speaking via Telephone on Channel 9 TV 1990 June 15 

42 21

 Declarations of Public Officers 

42 22

 Declarations in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Order to Show Cause re. Preliminary Injunction and for Temporary Restraining Order 

42 23

 Police Commission Report re. the 1990 June 15 Justice for Janitors Demonstration 

42 24

 Temporary Restraining Order and Order to Show Cause 1990 June 22 

42 25

 Work Product Derived from Documents Received from the LAPD - Peter Chaffetz 

43 1

 Background Investigations Unit 

43 2

 Jail Division 

43 3

 Justice for Janitors 

43 4

 Balderrama, Robert 1991 July 1 

43 5

 Hall, William 1991 June 30 

43 6

 Pequeros, Captain Frank 1991 June 5-July 1 

43 7

 Schaffer, Jono 1991 May 3 

43 8

 Tirre, Lawrence 1991 June 30 

43 9

 Wilkes, Jamaal 1991 May 24 

43 10

 Young, Brian 1991 May 10 

43 11

 Attorney Notes 1991 April-June 

43 12

 Correspondence/Memoranda 1991 April 24-July 12 

43 13-17

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Series 32:  Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom 

Scope and Content

To better understand how LAPD management reacts to problem officers, Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom examined the Department's procedures regarding the identification, documentation, and response to personnel complaints. The series includes memoranda and correspondence; attorney notes; materials related to the firm's administrative capacities, including staff rosters and work plans; flow charts that illustrate the LAPD's structure and organization; and draft copies of the firm's contributions to the Commission report.

Box Folder

 Correspondence 1991 April 8-July 19 

Scope and Content

General correspondence and materials obtained from other sources. Included are drafts of the report as well as correspondence amongst the general counsel and deputy general counsel.

43 18-23

 Attorney Work Product: Attorney Notes 1991 April 23-24 

Scope and Content

Attorney Work Product: (1) File Index, (2) Attorney Notes, (3) Internal Skadden Memos, (4) Draft Documents, (5) Participant's List.

43 24

 Attorney Work Product: Internal Skadden Memos 1991 April 27-May 6 

Scope and Content

Attorney Work Product: (1) File Index, (2) Attorney Notes, (3) Internal Skadden Memos, (4) Draft Documents, (5) Participant's List.

43 25

 Attorney Work Product: Draft Documents 1991 April 16-May 8 

Scope and Content

Attorney Work Product: (1) File Index, (2) Attorney Notes, (3) Internal Skadden Memos, (4) Draft Documents, (5) Participant's List.

43 26

 Attorney Work Product: Participants' List 1991 April 3 

Scope and Content

Attorney Work Product: (1) File Index, (2) Attorney Notes, (3) Internal Skadden Memos, (4) Draft Documents, (5) Participant's List.

43 27

 Organization Flow Charts 

43 28

 Drafts 

Scope and Content

General correspondence and materials obtained from other sources. Included are drafts of the report as well as correspondence amongst the general counsel and deputy general counsel.

43 29-30

 Attorney Work Product 

Scope and Content

Attorney Work Product: (1) File Index, (2) Attorney Notes, (3) Internal Skadden Memos, (4) Draft Documents, (5) Participant's List. Folder 3: Work product developed by Freeman and Mills based on the computer databases provided by LAPD (no serial numbers)

44 1-3

 Review of Personnel Complaint Annual Statistical Data Report 1991 May 10 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 4

 LAPD Disciplinary System 1991 May 22 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 5

 Questions Generated by Review of Weekly Summaries 1991 May 21 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 6

 LAPD Database 1991 June 4-13 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 7

 Arrests per Officer 1991 June 26 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 8

 Preliminary Analysis of Statistical Information 1991 May 30 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 9

 Additional Charts 1991 July 2-11 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 10

 Description of Databases 1991 June 4 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 11

 Statistical Information on Personnel Complaints 1991 May 6 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 12

 Reliability of Statistics and Conclusions in Los Angeles Times article 1991 June 7 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 13

 LAPD Policies Regarding Use of Canines and Review of Use of Canines 1991 June 20 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 14

 Questionnaires and Forms 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 15

 Attorney Notes/Work Product 

44 16

 Attorney Work Product 

44 17-18

 Drafts of Commission Report 

44 19-21

 Officer Interviews 

44 22-24

 Memoranda: K-9 Units 

44 25

 Memoranda: Phone call complaints 

44 26

 Complaint Phone Interviews 

44 27

 Reviews/Summaries of Complaints and Personnel Files 

44 28-32

 Lisenby, Robert and Don Williamson 1991 May 22-29 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 33

 Pratt, Sergeant Terry 1991 May 15-June 7 

Scope and Content

Memoranda and notes of conversations prepared mostly by Jeff Dasteel.

44 34

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