USC Libraries

University of Southern California

skip navigation

Archives at USC

« back to Archives at USC Search

The Finding Aid of the Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. records

Finding aid prepared by Katie Richardson, 2010 August

The processing of this collection and the creation of this finding aid was funded by the generous support of the Council on Library and Information Resources.

Summary Information

Repository
USC Libraries Special Collections
Creator
Los Angeles Unified School District.
Title
Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. records
Collection no.
0234
Date
1976-1980
Extent
4.0 Linear feet, 4 boxes
Language
English
Abstract
Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. was a case in which the California Supreme Court ordered the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) to formulate a feasible plan to desegregate its schools. In 1977, the LAUSD came up with a plan that was later deemed one of, if not the most, drastic plans of mandatory student reassignment in the nation. The collection consists of court case transcripts, court exhibits, depositions, reports, office memos, correspondence, articles clippings, notes, files from the superintendent's office, plans considered in desegregating schools, and other miscellaneous documents from the time the defense was being prepared. The collection dates from 1976-1980.

Preferred Citation

[Box/folder# or item name], Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. records, Collection no. 0234, Regional History Collections, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California

Return to Table of Contents »


Historical note

Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. was a case in which the California Supreme Court ordered the Los Angeles Unified School District to formulate a feasible plan to desegregate its schools. In 1977 the LAUSD came up with a plan that was later deemed one of if not the most drastic plans of mandatory student reassignment in the nation. The board proposed a desegregation busing plan which would be implemented in 1978. In response to the proposal the group Bustop Inc. filed two lawsuits which were petitioned to the United States Supreme Court to stop the enforced busing plan. Both lawsuits were titled Bustop, Inc. v. Los Angeles Board of Education and the Supreme Court denied both petitions.

Following the proposed busing plan, California voters ratified California Constitutional Proposition 1 to stop mandatory pupil reassignment and busing within the LAUSD unless the reassignment was mandated by a federal court to remedy a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Federal Constitution's Fourteenth Amendment. The proposition passed in 1979 with 70% of the vote. In 1982, the Supreme Court heard the case and the Court agreed that Proposition 1 did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment.

Wikipedia contributors, "Desegregation busing in the United States," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desegregation_busing_in_the_United_States (accessed December 21, 2010).

Return to Table of Contents »


Scope and Content

The collection consists of court case transcripts, court exhibits, depositions, reports, office memos, correspondence, article clippings, notes, files from the superintendent's office, plans considered in desegregating schools, and other miscellaneous documents from the time the defense was being prepared, 1976-1980.

Return to Table of Contents »


Organization

The records are organized into six series: Court Records, Reports Entered in Case, Office of Superintendent, Aguilar v. Board of Education, Phillip B. Jordan Memos, and William J. Johnston Memos. Original order was kept in organizing the collection and for the most part, original folder titles and series names were used in describing the materials.

Return to Table of Contents »


Administrative Information

Publication Information

USC Libraries Special Collections
2010 August
Doheny Memorial Library 206
3550 Trousdale Parkway
Los Angeles, California, 90089-0189
213-740-5900
specol@usc.edu

Conditions Governing Access

COLLECTION STORED OFF-SITE. Advance notice required for access.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Regional History Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition note

The collection was transferred from USC's Education Library to Special Collections in December, 1991.

Return to Table of Contents »


Related Materials

Related Archival Materials

Paul Egly Papers (Collection 1282). Available at Department of Special Collections, UCLA.

The Desegregation Collection 1976-1983 (Collection 56). Available at the Chicano Studies Research Center, UCLA.

Los Angeles School Monitoring Committee Records (Collection 1291). Available at Department of Special Collections, UCLA.

Return to Table of Contents »


Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Bustop (Organization).
  • Los Angeles (Calif.). Board of Education.
  • Los Angeles Unified School District. Office of Government Relations.

Genre(s)

  • Correspondence
  • Reports
  • Transcripts

Geographic Name(s)

  • Los Angeles (Calif.)--Archival resources

Personal Name(s)

  • Arias, M. Beatriz
  • Carillo, Jess M.
  • Crawford, Mary Ellen
  • Farley, Reynolds, 1938-
  • Johnston, William J.
  • Jordan, Phillip B.
  • Orfield, Gary
  • Pettigrew, Thomas F.
  • Rabinovitz, Francine F.

Subject(s)

  • Education--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
  • Law reporting--Archival resources
  • School integration--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources
  • School integration--Law and legislation--Archival resources
  • Segregation in education--California--Los Angeles--Archival resources

Return to Table of Contents »


Collection Inventory

Series 1:  Court Records 1980 

Scope and Content

The series includes copies of reporter's transcripts from the Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles et al. case heard by the Superior Court of the State of California and proceeded by Judge Paul Egly.

Box
1
Folder
1-9
Box Folder

 Reporter's Transcript- Appearances 1980 October 24 

Scope and Content

1 1

 Reporter's Daily Transcript Volume 2, pages 136 thru 284- Appearances 1980 October 27 

1 2

 Reporter's Daily Transcript Volume 3, pages 285 thru 366- Appearances 1980 October 28 

1 3

 Reporter's Daily Transcript Volume 4, pages 367 thru 541- Appearances 1980 October 31 

1 4

 Reporter's Daily Transcript Volume 6, pages 724 thru 869- Appearances 

1 5

 Exhibits to Respondent's Answers to Judge Egly's 22 Questions undated 

1 6

 Answers of Respondent to 22 Questions Asked by Judge Egly undated 

1 7

 Respondent's Objections to Petitioners' Proposed Findings, Conclusions and Order; Proposed Counterfindings, Counterconclusions and Alternative Order undated 

1 8

 Order After Trial Upon Plan II and the Proposed All-Voluntary Order undated 

1 9

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 2:  Reports Used in Court Case 1975-1979 

Scope and Content

The series includes reports, depositions, and other materials used in the court case. The materials date from 1975 to 1979.

Box
2
Folder
1-19
Box
1
Folder
10-20
Box Folder

 Report by Francine F. Rabinovitz to the Honorable Paul Egly "Evaluation of Feasibility."  1978 November 14 

1 10-11

 Report by Dr. Robert Crain to the Honorable Paul Egly on the "Crawford Remedy"  1978 November 14 

1 12-13

 Report by Dr. M. Beatriz Arias to the Honorable Paul Egly The Desegregation Plan's Impact on Services to Limited and Non-English Speaking Students and Hispanic Students 1978 November 14 

1 14-15

 Report by Dr. Thomas F. Pettigrew to the Honorable Paul Egly "In Response to the Minute Order on February 7, 1978. "  

1 16-17

 Report by Dr. Gary Orfield to the Honorable Paul Egly "Desegregation Principles for Los Angeles"  1978 November 14 

1 18-19

 Report by Dr. Reynolds Farley to the Honorable Paul Egly "In Response to the Minute Order No. C 822 854"  1978 November 14 

1 20

 Report by Elwood B. Hain, Jr. 1978 November 14 

2 1-2

 Report by Dr. Bernard Gifford to the Honorable Paul Egly "Towards a Workable Remedy"  1978 November 14 

2 3

 Deposition of William J. Johnston 1977 March 22 

2 4

 Deposition of Phillip B. Jordan Volume I 1977 November 2 

2 5

 Deposition of Phillip B. Jordan Volume II 1977 November 4 

2 6

 Deposition of Robert Anthony Sampieri 1977 November 3 

2 7-8

 Deposition of Howard Miller 1977 November 30 

2 9-11

 "Integrated Educational Excellence through Choice Volume I Plan for Desegregation of the Los Angeles School District" Submitted by the Los Angeles City Board of Education 1979 March 12 

Scope and Content

Response to Court Order of February 7, 1978.

2 12

 "Report of Progress in Planning and Preparation for Implementation of Plan for the Integration of Pupils in the Los Angeles Unified School District" submitted by the Los Angeles City Board of Education, Volume 1 1977 May 18 

2 13

 Materials related to meeting with Arthur S. Flemming, United States Commission on Civil Rights 1977 

2 14-15

 Crawford Trial 1975-1977 

Scope and Content

Miscellaneous correspondence and notes.

2 16

 "Integration Plan Goes to Court"  1977 March 21 

Scope and Content

Special edition of "Spotlight" newsletter by the Los Angeles City School.

2 17

 Dissertation: "The Process of School Desegregation: The Case of the LAUSD" by Jess M. Carillo 1978 

2 18-19

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 3:  Office of Superintendent 1976-1977 

Scope and Content

Reports, summaries, studies, proposals, and analyses made and compiled by the Superintendent's staff unit in regards to student integration within the Los Angeles Unified School District.

Box
3
Folder
1-24
Box
2
Folder
20-25
Box Folder

 Committee of the Whole- Report No. 2 to the Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles, Governing Board of the Los Angeles Unified School District 1976 November 22 

2 20

 Factor A-1 "Definitions of Critical Mass"  1977 September 1 

2 21

 Factor A-2 "Definitions of Desegregation"  1977 September 1 

2 22

 Factor A-3 "Impact on Maintenance of Existing Integrated Schools"  1977 September 1 

2 23

 Factor A-4 "Metropolitan Plan"  1977 September 1 

2 24

 Factor A-5 "Plans of Other Major Urban Centers"  1977 September 1 

2 25

 Factor B-1 "Context for Effective Student Achievement"  1977 September 1 

3 1

 Factor B-2 "Early Childhood Education Program"  1977 September 1 

3 2

 Factor B-3 Services for "Non and Limited English Speaking Pupils"  1977 September 1 

3 3

 Factor B-4 "Compensatory Education Programs"  1977 September 1 

3 4

 Factor C-1 "Effect of Pupil Reassignment on After School Activities Both Sponsored by the School and by Private or Religious Organizations"  1977 September 1 

3 5

 Factor C-2 "Effect of Pupil Reassignments on School Community Advisory Councils"  1977 September 1 

3 6

 Factor C-3 "Community Acceptance"  1977 September 1 

3 7

 Factor C-4 "Need for Staff and Community Training Programs"  1977 September 1 

3 8

 Factor E-1 "Pupil and Teacher Safety"  1977 September 1 

3 9

 Factor E-2 "New Construction"  1977 September 1 

3 10

 "The Feasibility of a Metropolitan Plan to Comply with Crawford v. Board of Education" prepared by Office of Government Relations Los Angeles Unified School District 1977 September 15 

3 11

 "Numerical Listing of Individual/Organizations Submitting Pupil Integration Suggestions, Components, and Plans"  1977 August 19 

3 12

 EPG -7 Amici Curiae brief in regards to the Crawford et al. v. Board of Education of the City of Los Angeles by the Education Finance Reform Project 1977 August 11 

3 13

 EPG-15 "Summary of Integration Proposals by the Citizens' Advisory Committee on Student Integration"  1977 August 5 

3 14

 EDI-19 "Summary of Integration Proposals" submitted by Homer B. Reeder 1977 August 8 

3 15

 EPG-39 "A Choice for Every Child" submitted by Better Education for Students Today 1977 August 15 

3 16

 EPI-40 "Proposed Plan for Integration of Pupils in the Los Angeles Unified School District" submitted by Robert Wells 1977 August 15 

3 17

 EPI-42 "Proposed Plan for Integration of Pupils in the Los Angeles Unified School District" submitted by Thomas A. Kelley 1977 August 15 

3 18

 EPG-43 "Metropolitan Integration in Southern California: An Alternative Plan" submitted by The Metro Project 1977 August 15 

3 19

 EPI-46 "Proposed Plan for Integration of Pupils in the Los Angeles Unified School District" submitted by Pamela K. Chavez 1977 August 12 

3 20

 EPG-52 "Proposed Plan for Desegregation of Pupils in the LAUSD" submitted by the Council of Black Administrators (COBA) 1977 August 15 

3 21

 EPI-56 "A Plan to Desegregate the Los Angeles Schools" submitted by John Caughey 1977 August 15 

3 22

 EPG-60 "An Integration Plan for the Los Angeles Unified School District" proposed by The Integration Project and submitted by the LAUSD Board of Education 1977 August 15 

3 23

 EPG-62 "Philosophy" plan submitted by BUSTOP (2 copies) 1977 August 17 

3 24

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 4:  Aguilar v. Board of Education 1977 

Scope and Content

Correspondence and court transcripts from the Aguilar et al. v. Los Angeles Unified School District et al. case.

Box
3
Folder
25-26
Box Folder

 Recent Court Decision Requires Review of Proposed Settlement 1977 August 25 

3 25

 Recent Court Decision Requires Review of Proposed Settlement 1977 August 26 

3 26

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 5:  Memos from Phillip B. Jordan 1978 

Scope and Content

The series is organized in chronological order and contains inter-office correspondence from Phil Jordan to William J. Johnston.

Box
3
Folder
28-33
Box Folder

 Racially Isolated Schools 1978 May 25 

3 27

 Pairs/Clusters with Extended Travel Times 1978 July 6 

3 28

 Court Referee's Request 1978 July 10 

3 29

 Considerations to Any Changes in the Districts' Student Integration 1978 July 13 

3 30

 Pairs and Clusters with Extended Travel Times 1978 July 14 

3 31

 Relationship of Changes in Integration Pairs/Clusters and ESAA Complications 1978 July 17 

3 32

 Criteria For A Revamped Plan 1978 December 1 

3 33

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 6:  Memos from William J. Johnston 1977-1981 

Scope and Content

The series is organized chronologically and contains inter-office correspondence between William J. Johnston, the former superintendent of schools, and members of the Board of Education. Included with the memos are reports and studies compiled by the district in regards to desegregation of the LAUSD.

Box
4
Folder
1-25
Box
3
Folder
34-57
Box Folder

 "Full Text of Pupil Integration Proposals" submitted by External Planners 1977 August 19 

3 34

 "Full Text of Pupil Integration Plan Suggestions" submitted by External Planners 1977 August 24 

3 35

 Summaries of Integration Proposals 1977 August 24 

3 36

 Notice of Motion on Behalf of Petitioners Requesting Court to Impose Guidelines for Integration Planning on Board of Education 1977 August 24 

3 37

 Analyses of Factors Relating to Pupil Integration 1977 August 29 

3 38

 Brief Filed by Integration Project Regarding Metropolitan Approach 1977 September 20 

3 39

 Concept L - Draft B "Integrated Educational Excellence through Choice"  1977 September 26 

3 40

 Final Copy - Concept L - Draft B "Integrated Educational Excellence through Choice" submitted by the Los Angeles City Board of Education 1977 September 30 

3 41

 Memorandum Accompanying Board's Integration Plan 1977 October 3 

3 42

 Application by Dr. Caughey to File Amicus Curiae Brief 1977 October 3 

3 43

 Filing of Additional Briefs 1977 October 17 

3 44

 Parties' Memoranda Regarding Board's Integration Plan 1977 October 18 

3 45

 Proposed Informative Memorandum to Members of the Board of Education Regarding Memorandum from Integration Project 1977 October 20 

3 46

 Further Pleadings 1977 October 20 

3 47

 Motion by Integration Project to Abolish PWT Program 1977 October 21 

3 48

 Petitioner's Latest Memorandum Attacking Board's Effort to Obtain Interim Approval of Board's Plan 1977 October 31 

3 49

 Court Hearing, 10:00 AM 1977 October 26 

3 50

 Proposed Responses to Interrogatories 1977 November 1 

3 51

 Board's Memo Concerning the Issues To Be Heard On 1977 November 8 1977 November 2 

3 52

 Filing of Responses to Interrogatories 1977 November 2 

3 53

 Memo In Response To Petitioners' Brief Regarding Board's Plan 1977 November 4 

3 54

 Recent Pleadings 1977 November 4 

3 55

 Pretrial Memo Received From Integration Project 1977 November 4 

3 56

 Results of Hearing Held on Wednesday, November 9, 1977 

3 57

 Hearing 1977 November 15 

4 1

 Pre-trial Order Rendered By the Court 1977 November 17 

4 2

 Proposed Informative To Members of the Board of Education 1977 November 18 

4 3

 Citizen Legal Defense Alliance Inc, et al. v. State of California 1977 November 21 

4 4

 Questions Received from Judge Egly Regarding Integration Plan 1977 November 21 

4 5

 Status Report on Efforts to Arrive at Interim Agreement 1977 December 22 

4 6

 Copy of Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law Brinkman v. Gilligan Dayton, Ohio Integration Case 1977 December 22 

4 7

 Petitioners' Answers to Districts' Interrogatories 1977 December 27 

4 8

 Recent Filings by Various Parties 1978 January 16 

4 9

 Hearing on Statement of Disqualification 9:30 AM 1978 January 17 

4 10

 Petitioners' Memo of Points and Authorities Re Definition of Segregated Schools 1978 January 18 

4 11

 Copy of Order Disqualifying County Counsel As Rep. of Judge Egly in Hearing on Alleged Bias 1978 January 18 

4 12

 Recent Filings 1978 January 23 

4 13

 Referee's Fourteenth Report 1978 January 24 

4 14

 Minute Order from Judge Egly Approving Board's Integration Plan and Ordering Its Implementation 1978 February 8 

4 15

 Recent Filings 1978 February 10 

4 16

 Notice of Motion Filed Yesterday by BUSTOP 1978 January 20 

4 17

 Hearing on Interim Attorney's Fess/Our Responsive Memo 1978 June 21 

4 18

 The Proposed Memo to Members of The Board of Education Regarding Communications Between Judge Egly and BUSTOP Legal Counsel 1978 June 25 

4 19

 Trapp v. L.A. City Board of Education and Latham v. L.A. City Board of Education 1978 July 7 

4 20

 Pairs and Clusters with Extended Travel Times 1978 July 13 

4 21

 Lopez v. Miller recent Federal Court Action Filed by BUSTOP 1978 July 18 

4 22

 Trapp Citizens Legal Defense, Bustop, and Crawford cases -- Recent Filings 1978 September 18 

4 23

 ACLU Response To Integration Project. Motion to Declare Board Recalcitrant 1978 December 4 

4 24

 Proposed Informative Memo To Board Members 1981 June 1 

4 25

Return to Table of Contents »