USC Libraries

University of Southern California

skip navigation

Archives at USC

« back to Archives at USC Search

Finding aid for the Oskar Kohnstamm papers

Finding aid prepared by Emily Hodgkins, 2014 March

Summary Information

Repository
USC Libraries Special Collections
Creator
Kohnstamm, Oskar
Title
Oskar Kohnstamm papers
Collection no.
6046
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1905-1918
Date [inclusive]
1900-1983
Extent
0.84 Linear feet, 2 boxes
Language
German
Language
Most of the material is in German.
Abstract
Papers of Dr. Oskar Kohnstamm, M.D. (1871-1917). The collection is predominantly made up of Dr. Kohnstamm's published work and research in medical journals. It also includes materials that concern both Dr. Kohnstamm and the Sanatorium Dr. Kohnstamm, which he established; there are photographs, newspaper articles, and informational brochures. Dr. Oscar (Oskar) Kohnstamm, M.D. was a nerve and neurology specialist working around the turn of the 20th century in Koenigstein im Taunus, Germany. In 1902, he and his wife started a sanatorium for his psychiatry patients and constructed a dedicated building for this practice in 1904-1905. By 1911 it was successful enough to be updated, remodeled, and expanded. He treated predominantly internal and nervous ailments, and was published on subjects as wide ranging as hypnosis, the physiology of the brain and spinal cord, and psychiatric illness.

Preferred Citation

[Box/folder# or item name], Oskar Kohnstamm papers, Collection no. 6046, Special Collections, USC Libraries, University of Southern California

Return to Table of Contents »


Biographical note

Dr. Oscar (Oskar) Kohnstamm, M.D. was born in Pfungstadt in 1871. After studying in Giessen, Strassburg, and Berlin (particularly under renowned pathologist Rudolf Virchow) he came to Koenigstein in 1894, where he set up his own medical practice. In 1896, he married Eva Pauline Gad, the daughter of one of his professors, Johannes Gad, M.D. Dr. Kohnstamm specialized in physical, neurological, psychological therapy. In 1902, he and his wife started a sanatorium for his psychiatry patients. They constructed a building just for this purpose in 1904-1905, and in 1911 it was successful enough to be updated, remodeled, and expanded. He treated predominantly internal and nervous ailments, and was published on subjects as wide ranging as hypnosis, the physiology of the brain and spinal cord, and psychiatric illness.

Dr. Kohnstamm was known for hosting cultural activities in the Turnhalle part of the Sanatorium building, with concerts and theater productions that both guests and patients could enjoy. Many well-known people and their families came to the Sanatorium Dr. Kohnstamm in Koenigstein for treatment, and Dr. Kohnstamm's circle of friends came to include such people as Henry van de Velde, Alexander der Moissi, Karl Wolfskehl, Botho Graef, Stefan George, and Otto Klemperer. Perhaps Dr. Kohnstamm's most famous patient was renowned artist Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, who had stayed at the Sanatorium in June and July of 1916. He created a portrait of Kohnstamm and a series of murals on the walls of the Brunnenturm of the Sanatorium, the latter of which were tragically destroyed during the Nazi period. After his oldest son Rudolf died in World War I in 1916 at the age of 19, Kohnstamm's own health began to fail rapidly, and he died of appendicitis while in Frankfurt in 1917. However, the Sanatorium Dr. Kohnstamm stayed open for business and research until 1939, when all businesses run by those with Jewish descent were forced to be sold or closed. Parts of the Sanatorium building were eventually destroyed in an air raid on 1945 February 2-3. The remaining Sanatorium building has been used as a post office.

Information gathered in part from: Sturm-Godramstein, Heinz. Juden in Koenigstein: Leben, Bedeutung, Schicksale. Koenigstein im Taunus: Magistrat der Stadt Koenigstein Stadtarchiv, 1983.

This book is found in folder 2.16 of the Kohnstamm papers.

Return to Table of Contents »


Scope and Content

The Oskar Kohnstamm papers represent many parts of his medical career, both researching neurology and psychiatry and establishing a well-known sanatorium.

The Medical Journals series contains published research articles, predominantly by Dr. Kohnstamm but also including a couple from collegues on related topics. The majority of the journals are from German publications, and have been placed in chronological order but original folder divisions have been maintained.

The series entitled "Materials concerning Dr. Kohnstamm and his Sanatorium in Koenigstein im Taunus" contains ephemera, newspapers, and other materials concerning Dr. Kohnstamm's biographical details, or information regarding the establishment and running of the Sanatorium Dr. Kohnstamm. These materials were also placed in chronological order but original folder divisions have been maintained.

Return to Table of Contents »


Administrative Information

Publication Information

USC Libraries Special Collections
2014 March
Doheny Memorial Library 206
3550 Trousdale Parkway
Los Angeles, California, 90089-0189
213-740-5900
specol@usc.edu

Conditions Governing Access

Advance notice required for access.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Manuscripts Librarian. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition

Gift of Ann C. Hayman, February 14, 2014.

Return to Table of Contents »


Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Clippings
  • Photographs
  • Publications

Personal Name(s)

  • Kohnstamm, Oskar -- Archives

Subject(s)

  • Neurology--Study and teaching--20th century--Archival resources
  • Physicians--Germany--20th century--Archival resources
  • Psychology--Study and teaching--20th century--Archival resources
  • Sanatoriums--Germany--20th century--Archival resources

Return to Table of Contents »


Collection Inventory

Series 1:  Medical Journals 1900-1951  (Bulk, 1905-1918)

Box Folder

 Ueber Koordination, Tonus, und Hemmung nebst Bemerkungen zur Bewegungstherapie 1900-1901 

Scope and Content

Von Dr. Oscar Kohnstamm in Koenigstein im Taunus. Sonderabdruck aus der "Zeitschrift fuer diaetetische und physikalische Therapie" 1900/1901, Band IV, Heft 2.

1 1

 Intelligenz und Anpassung 1905 

Scope and Content

Von Oskar Kohnstamm. Sonderabdruck aus: "Archiv fur die gesamte Psychologie." VI. Band, 1. und 2. Heft.

1 2

 Vom Urspring des pradorsalen Langsbundels und des Trigeminus ein Beitrag zur topischen Diagnostik der Oblongata ca. 1905 

Scope and Content

Von Dr. Oskar Kohnstramm, Konigstein im Taunus. Sonderabdruck aus der "Psychiatrisch-Neurologischen Wochenschrift", 7. Jahrgang, Nr. 24. Nach einem Vortrag auf der 30. Wanderversammlung sudwestdeuschter Neurologen und Irenaerzte 1905.

1 3

 Die centrifugale Stroemmung in sensiblen Nerven 1905 

Scope and Content

Von Dr. Oscar Kohnstamm (Koenigstein i. Taunus). Sonder-Abdruck aus den Verhandlungen des Kongresses fuer Innere Medizin. XXII. Kongress. Wiesbaden 1905.

1 4

 Kunst als Ausdruckstaetigkeit: Biologische Voraussetzungen der Aesthetik 1907 

Scope and Content

Von Dr. Oskar Kohnstamm.

1 5

 Beziehungen zwischen Zwangsneurose und Katatonie? 1908 October 1 

Scope and Content

Von Dr. Oscar Kohnstamm, Koenigstein i. T. Sonder-Abdruck aus "Zentralblatt fuer Nervenheilkunde und Psychiatrie," 31. Jahrgang. Erstes Oktoberheft 1908. Neue Folge 19. Bd.

1 6

 Hypnotische Stigmatisierung und biologisches Gestaltungsproblem 1908 

Scope and Content

Von Dr. Oskar Kohnstamm, Koenigstein i. Taunus. Zeitschrift fuer den Ausbau der Entwicklungslehre. Band II, Heft 10, 1908.

1 7

 Geistige Arbeit und Wachstum 1908 

Scope and Content

Eine energetisch-biologische Fragestellung von Dr. Oscar Kohnstamm, Sanatorium Koenigstein i. T. Sonderabdruck aus der Medizinischen Klinik: Wochenschrift fuer praktische Aerzte. Jahrgang 1908, Nr. 47.

1 8

 Psychobiologische Grundbegriffe 1909 

Scope and Content

III. Gefuhl und Empfindung. Von Dr. Oscar Kohnstamm, Koenigstein i. Taunus. Zeitschrift fuer den Ausbau der Entwicklungslehre und Archiv fuer Psychobiologie. III. Jahrgang, 1909, Heft 3/4.

1 9

 Babinskis Hysteriebegriff 1909 June 

Scope and Content

Kritisches Referat von Dr. Oskar Kohnstamm-Koenigstein i. Taunus. Sonderabdruck aus: Die Therapie der Gegenwart. 50. Jahrgang, Neueste Folge. XI Jahrgang, 6. Heft, Juni 1909.

1 10

 Das Vestibulariszentrum der Augenbewegungen 1911 June 2-3 

Scope and Content

VI. Herr Oskar Kohnstamm-Koenigstein. Abdruck aus den Verhandlungen der Deutschen otologischen Gesellschaft auf der zwanzigsten Versammlung in Frankfurt a. M. am 2. und 3. Juni 1911.

1 11

 System der Neurosen vom psychobiologischen Standpunkte 1912 

Scope and Content

Ergebnisse der Inneren Medizin und Kinderheilkunde. Sonderabdruck aus Band IX.

1 12

 Das System der Neurosen 1912 

Scope and Content

Sonderabdruck aus der Deutschen Zeitschrift duer Nervenheilkunde. 43. Band. Kohnstamm in Koenigstein i. T.

1 13

 Ueber eine materielle Ursache der sogen. hysterischen Hamverhaltung 1912 

Scope and Content

Sonderabdruck aus der Deutschen Zeitschrift fuer Nervenheilkunde. 45. Band. Kohnstamm in Koenigstein i/Taunus.

1 14

 Zwecktaetigkeit und Ausdruckstaetigkeit 1913 

Scope and Content

Von Oscar Kohnstamm. Sonderabdruck aus "Archiv fuer die gesamte Psychologie". XXIX. Band, 1. und 2. Heft.

1 15

 Schizothymie und Zyklothymie 1914 

Scope and Content

Von O. Kohnstamm-Koenigstein im Taunus. Sonderabdruck aus der Berliner klin. Wochenscr., 1914, Nr. 40.

1 16

 Ueber gewisse gegen Schafmittel refraktaere Formen von Schlaflosigkeit 1914 

Scope and Content

Von. Dr. O. Kohnstamm (Koenigstein i. Taunus). Sonder-Abdruck aus den Verhandlungen des Deutschen Kongresses fuer innere Medizin. XXXI. Kongress. Wiesbaden 1914.

1 17

 Demonstration einer Katatonieartigen Erscheinung beim Gesunden (Katatonusversuch) 1915 

Scope and Content

Von O. Kohnstamm (Koenigstein i/T.). Separat-Abduck aus "Neurologisches Centralblatt". Uebersicht der Leistungen auf dem Gebiete der Anatomie, Physiologie, Pathologie und Therapie des Nervensystems einschliesslich der Geisteskrankheiten. 1915. Nr. 9.

1 18

 Ausserzweckhaftigkeit und Form in Leben und Kunst 1916 

Scope and Content

Von Oscar Kohnstamm.

1 19

 IX. System der Neurosen von psycho-biologischen Standpunkte ca. 1917 

Scope and Content

Von Oscar Kohnstamm-Koenigstein i. T. With handwritten annotations throughout the text, and pages of notepaper with handwritten notes found in the front cover.

1 20

 Deutsche Zeitschrift fuer Nervenheilkunde: Offizielles Organ der "Gesellschaft deutscher Nervenaerzte" 1917 

Scope and Content

1917. Band 56, Heft 4/6.

1 21

 Ueber das Krankheitsbild der retro-anterograden Amnesie und die Unterscheidung des spontanen und des lernenden Merkens 1917 

Scope and Content

Monattsschrift fuer Psychiatrie und Neurologie. Sonder-Abdruck aus Band XLI. Heft 6. (1917.) (Aus dem Vereinslazarett 244 [Sanatorium Dr. Kohnstamm, Koenigstein i. Taunus].)

1 22

 Medizinische und philosophische Ergebnisse aus der Methode der hypnotischen Selbstbesinnung 1918 

Scope and Content

Von Dr. Oscar Kohnstamm.

2 1

 Das Unterbewusstsein und die Methode der hypnotischen Selbstbesinnung 1918 

Scope and Content

Journal fuer Psychologie und Neurologie. Band 23, Ergaenzungsheft 1. (Aus dem Sanatorium Dr. Kohnstamm, Koenigstein im Taunus. Von Oskar Kohnstamm.

2 2

 Der Arzt als Erzieher des Kindes [only front cover] 1919 

Scope and Content

Vorlesungen von Professor Ad. Czerny in Berlin. Fuenfte, vermehrte Auflage.

2 3

 Medical and Philosophical Results of the Method of Hypnotical Self-Observation 1918 and 1951 

Scope and Content

The Journal of General Psychology, 1951, 44, 71-111. Sanitarium Dr. Kohnstamm, Koenigstein im Taunus, Germany. Oskar Kohnstamm, M.D. [English posthumous translation and publication].

Found with the German version of the same medical article, published in 1918, and a piece of paper with handwritten notes.

2 4

 Neuropsyche und Hirnrinde 1932 

Scope and Content

Von Dr. med. M. Friedemann, Koenigstein i. Taunus. Sonderdruck aus "Der Nervenarzt". 5. Jahrgang 1932, Heft 2.

1 5

 Medical and Philosophical Results of the Method of Hypnotical Self-Observation 1951 

Scope and Content

The Journal of General Psychology, 1951, 44, 71-111. Sanitarium Dr. Kohnstamm, Koenigstein im Taunus, Germany. Oskar Kohnstamm, M.D. [English posthumous translation and publication]. 6 copies.

2 6

 Medical and Philosophical Results of the Method of Hypnotical Self-Observation 1951 

Scope and Content

The Journal of General Psychology, 1951, 44, 71-111. Sanitarium Dr. Kohnstamm, Koenigstein im Taunus, Germany. Oskar Kohnstamm, M.D. [English posthumous translation and publication]. 5 copies.

2 7

Return to Table of Contents »


Series 2:  Materials concerning Dr. Kohnstamm and his Sanatorium in Konigstein im Taunus 1905-1983 

Box Folder

 Aus dem Taunus: 16 Bilder von Fritz Wucherer, Cronberg i. T. 2. Auflage, Bilder aus der Heimat, Heft 1921 

2 10

 [Informational booklet with pictures, all about the Sanatorium Dr. Kohnstamm in Koenigstein im Taunus] ca. 1925-1935 

Scope and Content

Handwritten notes on many of the pages.

2 11

 Die alte Bruecke: Tiefdruckbeilage des Stadt-Blatts der Frankfurter Zeitung 1926 August 15 

2 12

 Oskar Kohnstamm: Eine Biographische Skizze von Rudolf Laudenheimer 1927 

2 13

 Koenigstein im Taunus: Hoehenluft und Nerven-Kurort [Informational booklet] undated 

2 14

 [Newspaper clippings about Dr. Kohnstamm and his patients] 1970 

Scope and Content

Also included with the clippings is the envelope they were found in.

2 15

 Juden in Koenigstein 1983 

Scope and Content

Written by Heinz Sturm-Godramstein. Article about Drs. Oscar and Eva Kohnstamm on pages 26-30.

2 16

 Photographs 

Box Folder

 [Photos of the Sanatorium Dr. Kohnstamm, Koenigstein im Taunus] ca. 1905-1920 

2 8

 [Photos of Oskar Kohnstamm (1917) and the Sanatorium Kohnstamm, Koenigstein (1911)] 1911 and 1917 

2 9

 [Photographs of Koenigstein im Taunus] 1985-1986 

Scope and Content

Originally backed on cardboard together in a picture frame. The caption on the back read, "Koenigstein/Taunus, Germany--1985-1986."

2 17

Return to Table of Contents »