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Finding aid of the Laud Humphreys Papers

Finding aid prepared by Loni Shibuyama, © 2007

Summary Information

Repository
ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
Creator
Humphreys, Laud (Robert Allan), 1930-1988
Title
Laud Humphreys papers
Collection no.
Coll2007.012
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1968-1988
Date [inclusive]
1951-1988
Extent
4.8 linear feet.
Language
English
Abstract
Drafts, correspondence, journal articles, notes, newspaper clippings, surveys, legal documents, memoranda, transcripts, speeches, course curricula, subject files, ephemera, photos, and an audiocassette tape created or collected by sociologist and Episcopalian priest, Laud Humphreys, who is best known for his book, Tearoom Trade: Impersonal Sex in Public Places--the first publication to examine the social and sexual behaviors of men who perform sex acts with other men in public restrooms. The majority of the collection consists of manuscripts, correspondence, lecture material, surveys, journal articles and newspaper clippings relating to Humphreys' career--from his doctoral work in 1968 until his death in 1988--and research in the field of sociology and, more specifically, homosexuality and criminology. The collection also contains personal papers including correspondence, documents and clippings related to his experience as an Episcopalian priest from 1955 to 1965, an altercation with a professor at Washington University in 1968, and his trial and subsequent imprisonment for an antiwar demonstration in Illinois in 1970.

Preferred Citation

Laud Humphreys papers, Coll2007-012, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

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Biography

Born on October 16, 1930 in Oklahoma, Robert Allan (Laud) Humphreys is a pioneer researcher in the study of homosexual behavior, combining academic study with political activism.

Humphreys graduated from Seabury-Western Theological Seminary in Evanston, Illinois in 1955. He took the name of "Laud" from William Laud, a seventeenth-century Archbishop of Canterbury, and as "Laud" was ordained an Episcopalian priest. In 1960, Humphreys married Nancy Wallace. In 1965, Humphreys undertook graduate work in sociology at Washington University in St. Louis. His doctoral dissertation on male-male sex in St. Louis-area public restrooms--known in gay slang as "tearooms"--was published as Tearoom Trade: Impersonal Sex in Public Places to much controversy in 1970. The book won the C. Wright Mills Award of the Society for the Study of Social Problems but was frequently denounced as covert research and condemned for its invasion of the privacy of those having sex in a public place. Humphreys moved on to teach at Southern Illinois University. On May 5, 1970, he led an antiwar demonstration that invaded a draft board office, where he destroyed a picture of President Richard Nixon. He was subsequently convicted of destroying government property. He served three months of a one-year prison sentence in the summer of 1972. While in jail, he was hired by Pitzer College, one of the Claremont Colleges in Southern California, where he became a full professor of sociology in 1975. In 1972, Humphreys published  Out of the Closets: The Sociology of Homosexual Liberation, one of the first scholarly accounts of the emerging gay liberation movement. In 1980 Humphreys left his wife and two children to live with his protégé, Brian Miller. Also in 1980, Humphreys earned California certification as a psychotherapist and established a private counseling practice. In his final years, he served as a consultant to police forces and frequently provided expert testimony in court cases. He also retained his position at Pitzer College. Humphreys died from complications of lung cancer on August 23, 1988 in Sherman Oaks, California.

Source: Stephen O. Murray, "Humphreys, Laud (1930-1988)," An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, & Queer Culture, http://www.glbtq.com/social-sciences/humphreys_l.html, last accessed June 20, 2007.

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Scope and Content of Collection

Drafts, correspondence, journal articles, notes, newspaper clippings, surveys, legal documents, memoranda, transcripts, speeches, course curricula, subject files, ephemera, photos, and an audiocassette tape created or collected by sociologist and Episcopalian priest, Laud Humphreys, who is best known for his book, Tearoom Trade: Impersonal Sex in Public Places--the first publication to examine the social and sexual behaviors of men who perform sex acts with other men in public restrooms. The majority of the collection consists of manuscripts, correspondence, lecture material, surveys, journal articles and newspaper clippings relating to Humphreys' career--from his doctoral work in 1968 until his death in 1988--and research in the field of sociology and, more specifically, homosexuality and criminology. The collection is divided into four series: (1) Research, (2) Teaching and Administration, (3) Professional Activities, and (4) Personal.

The first series, Research, compiles material related to research that Humphreys has conducted throughout his career. This series is divided into (1) Writings, (2) Subject Files, and (3) Reference Materials. The bulk of the Writings subseries contains manuscripts and notes for Humphreys' published and unpublished material. This includes manuscripts for Tearoom Trade, Sex & Righteousness and other articles, including an interview with Evelyn Hooker. The Subject Files comprise mostly newspaper clippings and journal articles related to homosexuality. The Reference Materials include surveys, interview transcripts and legal papers used in Humphreys' research.

The second series, Teaching and Administration, consists of student papers, lectures, notes, memoranda and course administration documents related to Humphreys' work teaching sociology courses at Southern Illinois University (1968-1970), State University of New York at Albany (1970-1972) and Pitzer College (1972-1986).

The third series, Professional Activities, includes peer reviews, speeches, memoranda, minutes, flyers, newsletters and clippings related to Humphreys' activities outside of the university. This includes consultations and presentations at professional conferences, such as the Society for the Study of Social Problems. This series also includes documents related to his professional involvement in such organizations as Alternative Lifestyles and the National Committee for Sexual Civil Liberties.

The fourth and final series, Personal, contains personal papers, including correspondence, documents and clippings related to his experience as an Episcopalian priest from 1955 to 1965, an altercation with a professor at Washington University in 1968, and his trial and subsequent imprisonment for an antiwar demonstration in Illinois in 1970.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
© 2007
909 West Adams Boulevard
Los Angeles, California, 90007
(213) 821-2771
askone@usc.edu

Access

The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

Publication Rights

Researchers wishing to publish materials must obtain permission in writing from ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives as the physical owner. Researchers must also obtain clearance from the holder(s) of any copyrights in the materials. Note that ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives can grant copyright clearance only for those materials for which we hold the copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain copyright clearance for all other materials directly from the copyright holder(s).

Acquisition Information

Donor and date of gift unknown.

Processing Information

Formerly boxes 103-146 and 103-097; ONE subject files. Collection processed by Loni Shibuyama, September 10, 2007.

Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)

  • Hooker, Evelyn Caldwell
  • Humphreys, Laud
  • Miller, Brian

Subject(s)

  • Gay activists--California--Los Angeles
  • Gay liberation movement--United States--History
  • Homosexuality and education
  • Homosexuality--Psychological aspects
  • Homosexuality--Religious aspects
  • Homosexuality--Research
  • Homosexuality--Social Aspects
  • Sociology
  • Sociology--Methodology

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Collection Inventory

Series 1:  Series 1. Research 1966-1988   2.2 linear feet.

Series Scope and Content

This series contains publications, typescripts, correspondence, notes, surveys, transcripts, legal papers, subject files, news clippings, and an audiocassette tape compiled throughout Humphreys' career and related to research he has conducted in sociology, criminology, homosexuality and health-related issues. The series is divided into three subseries: (1) Writings, (2) Subject Files and (3) Reference Materials.

 Subseries 1.1. Writings 1966-1988   0.8 linear feet.

Subseries Scope and Content

This subseries consists of typescripts, notes, publications, and newspaper clippings related to Humphreys' published and unpublished works. This includes the manuscripts and notes to his published book, Tearoom Trade, as well as his unpublished third book, Sex and Righteousness, (which has also been referred to as Immoral Crusaders.) Also included are several newspaper and journal articles written by and about Humphreys, such as Humphreys' interview with Evelyn Hooker (see "Journal Articles" folder).

 Sex & Righteousness c. 1970 - 1988 

Box Folder

 Manuscript c. 1970 - 1988 

1 1-2

 General notes c. 1970 - 1988 

1 3

 "Introduction - Moral Crusaders" c. 1970 - 1988 

1 4

 "Crusaders with Clay Feet" c. 1970 - 1988 

1 5

 "Sex, Celibacy and Right-Wing Politics" c. 1970 - 1988 

1 6

 "The Impersonality of Public Sex" c. 1970 - 1988 

1 7

 "The Bible on the Table…And Footsie Under It" c. 1970 - 1988 

1 8

 "Secrets in the Sacristy" c. 1970 - 1988 

1 9

 "Righteous Killers" c. 1970 - 1988 

2 1

 "Ayatollahs on the Left and Right" c. 1970 - 1988 

2 2

 "Moral Crusaders" clippings 1963 - 1988   [1 oversize folder]

12 1

 Tearoom Trade 1967 - 1970 

Box Folder

 Manuscript 1968 

11 6 - 7

 General notes 1967 - 1970 

2 3

 Other publications by Laud Humphreys 1970 - 1982 

Box Folder

 Journal articles by Laud Humphreys 1970 - 1979 

2 4

 Book reviews 1970 - 1980 

2 5

 Letters to the editor 1978 - 1979 

2 6

 Co-authored articles 1980 - 1982 

2 7
Box Folder

 Miscellaneous manuscripts 1966 - 1967 

2 8

 Reviews and articles about Laud Humphreys c. 1968 - 1988 

2 9 - 10

 Subseries 1.2. Subject Files 1966-1987   0.7 linear feet.

Subseries Scope and Content

This subseries includes newspaper and journal articles compiled by Humphreys and related to topics that include AIDS, gay victimization and violence, and male prostitution.

Box Folder

 AIDS c. 1983 - 1988 

2 11

 Ethics of Research Dispute 1979-1980 

2 12

 Gay Victimization and Violence c. 1966 - 1988 

3 1 - 5

 Homophobia c. 1966 - 1988 

3 6 - 7

 Male Prostitution (Hustlers) [OS] 1966-1987 

12 2 - 3

 The Vatican and Homosexuality c. 1966 - 1988 

3 8

 Miscellaneous Journal Articles & Newspaper Clippings c. 1966 - 1988 

4 1 - 2

 Subseries 1.3. Reference Materials 1966-1987   0.7 linear feet.

Subseries Scope and Content

This subseries consists of correspondence as well as surveys and studies related to health, crime, and homosexuality. It also includes interview transcripts and court case documents.

 Studies and Surveys 1966 - 1987 

Box Folder

 Criminal Population Hopper 1966 - 1969 

4 3

 Forensic Psychologists 1980 - 1987 

4 4

 Gay Relationships Survey 1979 - 1980 

4 5

 Hepatitis B Gay Male Vaccine Study 1984 

4 6

 Homicide Study Sampling 1968 - 1980 

4 7

 Study of Lesbians & Gay Men in Pre-Professional Training 1979 - 1980 

4 8 - 9

 Systematic Observation Sheet 1967 

5 1

 Court Cases 1982, 1986 

Box Folder

 Preliminary Hearing Transcripts 1982 

5 2 - 5

 California v. Michael Miller Discovery Motion 1986 

5 6
Box Folder

 Interviews 1967 

5 7

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Series 2:  Series 2. Teaching and Administration 1968-1988   0.6 linear feet.

Series Scope and Content

This series consists of student papers, lectures, notes, memoranda and course administration documents related to Humphreys' work teaching sociology courses at Southern Illinois University (1968 - 1970), State University of New York at Albany (1970 - 1972) and Pitzer College (1972 - 1986).

 Course Administration 1966 - 1988 

Box Folder

 Southern Illinois University Employment 1968 - 1970 

6 1

 Credit Union Managers Course 1976 - 1980 

6 2

 Claremont Graduate School Criminal Justice Program 1979 - 1983 

6 3

 Dr. Joseph Harry Faculty Appointment Papers 1974 - 1979 

6 4

 Graduate School Recommendations 1984 - 1985 

6 5

 Pitzer College Course Schedule 1987 - 1988 

6 6

 Crime in Mass Society Course 1966 - 1986 

6 7

 Occupations & Subcultures Course 1976 - 1988 

6 8

 Crime and Criminal Justice Course 1985 - 1986 

6 9

 Sociology of Sexual Interaction Course 1987 

6 10 - 11

 Miscellaneous Course Administration and Memoranda 1985 - 1987 

6 12

 Student Papers 1969 - 1988 

Box Folder

 Occupations & Subcultures Student Papers 1976 - 1988 

6 13

 Occupations & Subcultures Student Papers 1976 - 1988 

7 1

 Chris Macauley's Dissertation Undated 

7 3

 Mason Sommers' Dissertation 1982 

7 4

 Miscellaneous Student Papers 1969 - 1978 

7 5

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Series 3:  Series 3. Professional Activities 1967-1987   0.7 linear feet.

Series Scope and Content

This series consists of peer reviews, speeches, memoranda, minutes, flyers, newsletters and clippings related to Humphreys' professional activities. Included in this series are presentations and consultations he conducted as well as his involvement on committees and boards of directors for such professional associations as the International Academy of Sex Research and the National Committee for Sexual Civil Liberties.

 Peer Reviews 1973 - 1987 

Box Folder

 Patrick Biernacki: Addicts & Snowball Sampling 1979 

7 6

 Brian Casey Study Undated 

7 7

 Gerald P. Jones Papers [OS] 1978 - 1981 

12 4

 Mary R. Laner Papers 1979 

7 8

 J. Robert Lilly Papers 1977 - 1980 

7 9

 Charles H. McCaghy Papers 1979 - 1983 

7 10

 David P. McWhirter & Andrew M. Mattison Papers 1978 

8 1

 Stephen O. Murray Papers [OS] 1978 - 1984 

12 5 - 6

 Ken Plummer Paper 1978 

8 2

 Richard P. Smith Paper Undated 

8 3

 Miscellaneous Peer Reviews 1973 - 1987 

8 4 - 5

 Conference Presentations, Speeches & Consultation 1974 - 1984 

Box Folder

 Predicting the Unpredictable Presentation [OS] 1974 

12 7

 University of Oklahoma Speech 1980 - 1981 

8 6

 Psychological Rape Film Consultation 1983 

8 7

 Miscellaneous Academic Presentations 1969 - 1984 

8 8

 Committees, Boards and Professional Associations 1967 - 1987 

Box Folder

 Alternative Lifestyles 1977 - 1983 

8 9

 Gay Academic Union 1978 - 1983 

8 10

 International Academy of Sex Research 1981 - 1987 

8 11

 National Committee for Sexual Civil Liberties [OS] 1979 - 1980 

12 8

 P.L.E.A. - Incest Survivors 1987 

8 12

 Society for the Study of Social Problems 1967 - 1982 

8 13

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Series 4:  Series 4. Personal 1951-1988   1.3 linear feet.

Series Scope and Content

This series consists of correspondence, ephemera, legal papers, newspaper clippings, vitae, manuscripts and photographs from Humphreys' personal files. Material in this series relates to his political activism, experience as an Episcopalian priest, altercation with a Washington University professor, trial and subsequent imprisonment for leading an antiwar demonstration. Also included are biographical material and miscellaneous personal papers.

 Correspondence 1951 - 1988 

Box Folder

  1951 - 1959 

8 14

  1960 - 1969 

8 15

  1970 - 1979 

9 1 - 4

  1980 - 1988 

9 5 - 6

  1980 - 1988 

10 1

  No Date 

10 2

 Political Activism 1975 - 1985 

Box Folder

 "CBS Reports: Gay Power, Gay Politics" 1980 

10 3

 Los Angeles Black & White Men Together 1981 - 1984 

10 4

 Newsletters 1978 - 1985 

10 5

 Ephemera Undated 

10 6

 Newspaper Clippings 1975 - 1983 

10 7
Box Folder

 Biographical Material and Vitae 1952 - 1987 

10 8

 Trinity Episcopal Church 1955 - 1965 

10 9

 Washington University Incident 1968 

11 1 - 2

 United States v. Robert Allan Laud Humphreys Trial & Appeal [OS] 1970 - 1972 

12 9

 Advocate Experience 1981 

11 3

 Burglary 1984 - 1985 

11 4

 Personal Papers 1952 - 1987 

11 5

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