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Finding aid of the Edgar H. Leoni Papers

Finding aid prepared by Michael P. Palmer, © 2008

Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Summary Information

Repository
ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
Creator
Leoni, Edgar H., 1925-
Title
Edgar H. Leoni papers
Collection no.
Coll2007.019
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1956-1985
Date [inclusive]
1935-1995
Extent
3.0 linear feet.
General Physical Description note
6 archive cartons + 1 archive shoebox.
Language
English
Abstract
The collection consists of correspondence, writings, drafts, copies, research files, diaries, photographs, and miscellaneous ephemera, of Edgar H. Leoni, author under his real name of Nostradamus: Life and Literature (1961), and under his pseudonym of Noel I. Garde of  Jonathan to Gide: The Homosexual in History (1964).

Preferred Citation

Box #, folder #, Edgar H. Leoni Papers, Coll2007-019, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

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Biography

Edgar Hugh Leoni was born in 1925. He graduated BA from Harvard in 1945, and later earned an MA from Columbia. He worked in the insurance industry in New York City, and retired to Clearwater, Florida.

Leoni's intellectual interests were the work of Nostradamus and the homosexual in literature and history. His Nostradamus: Life and LiteratureNostradamus: Life and Literature (New York 1961) was in its time considered the standard work on the subject. He published on homosexual themes under the name "Noel I. Garde", an anagram of his real name. As Garde he published  The Homosexual in Literature (New York 1959) and  Jonathan to Gide: The Homosexual in HistoryJonathan to Gide: The Homosexual in History (New York 1964), and contributed articles, book reviews, and notes to both the  Mattachine Review and the  ONE Institute Quarterly in the late 1950s and early 1960s.

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Scope and Content of Collection

The collection consists of correspondence, drafts and copies of Leoni's writings, both under his real name and under his pseudonym of Noel I. Garde, research files on the occult and on gays in literature and history, diaries, photographs, and miscellaneous ephemera. The collection is divided into five series: (1) Correspondence, (2) Writings, (3) Research Files, (4) Personal, and (5) Miscellaneous.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
© 2008
909 West Adams Boulevard
Los Angeles, California, 90007
(213) 821-2771
askone@usc.edu

Access

The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

Publication Rights

Researchers wishing to publish materials must obtain permission in writing from ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives as the physical owner. Researchers must also obtain clearance from the holder(s) of any copyrights in the materials. Note that ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives can grant copyright clearance only for those materials for which we hold the copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain copyright clearance for all other materials directly from the copyright holder(s).

Acquisition Information

Papers donated to the International Gay & Lesbian Archives in 1992 by Edgar H. Leoni.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Michael P. Palmer, December 31, 2007.

Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • ONE, Inc

Genre(s)

  • Diaries

Personal Name(s)

  • Garde, Noel I.
  • Leoni, Edgar H., 1925-

Subject(s)

  • Astrology
  • Homosexuality in literature--Bibliography
  • Homosexuality--History
  • Prophecies (Occultism)

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Collection Inventory

Series 1:  Series 1: Correspondence 1956-1993   9.0 folders.

Series Scope and Content

This series consists of Leoni's correspondence, both under his own name and the pseudonym Noel I. Garde. The Leoni correspondence contains a notable series of letters to and from John Wojtowicz and George Heath relating to the former (whose fictionalized story is told in Sidney Lumet's 1975 film, Dog Day Afternoon). Much of the Garde correspondence with ONE appears to have been added to the collection after its acquisition by ONE from ONE's own files: the letters are Leoni's originals, stamped with the date they were received by ONE.

 Leoni 1946-1995 

Box Folder

 General 1959-1994 

1 1

 Mark Bassett 1980-1981 

1 2

 Booksellers 1956-1993 

1 3

 Forman Brown ("Richard Meeker") circa 1980-1991 

1 4

 ONE, Inc. 1960 

1 5

 Ned Rorem 1946-1995 

1 6

 John Wojtowicz & George Heath 1975-1981 

1 7

 Garde 1958-1980 

Box Folder

 General circa 1970-1980 

1 8

 ONE, Inc. 1958-1965 

1 9

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Series 2:  Series 2: Writings circa 1942-1985.   16.0 folders.

Series Scope and Content

This series consists of drafts of Leoni's writings, together with relevant correspondence, notes, and research materials. The majority of the articles, essays, biographical sketches, and book reviews written under his Garde pseudonym were intended for publication by ONE. Many of the materials are stamped with the date of receipt by ONE and are accompanied by ONE's publications committee, recommending publication or rejection, suggesting that, like the Garde correspondence with ONE, they were added to the collection after its acquisition by ONE, from ONE's own files.

 The Homosexual in Literature (Garde) 1959 

Box Folder

 Photocopy 1959 

1 10

 Nostradamus (Leoni) circa 1942-1993 

Box Folder

 Correspondence 1968-1994 

1 11

 Dust Jackets & Table of Contents 1961-1982 

1 12

 Library Holdings, Sales, Returns circa 1961-1970 

1 13

 Notes circa 1960-1994 

1 14

 Pamphlets & Articles circa 1942-1982 

1 15

 Publicity 1961-1985 

2 1

 Spiegel Article 1981 

2 2

 Texts. English no date 

2 3

 Texts. French no date 

2 4

 Jonathan to Gide (Garde) 1964-1971, 1984 

Box Folder

 Correspondence 1969-1971, 1984 

2 5

 Dust Jacket 1964 

2 6

 Library Sales, Gifts, Returns circa 1965-1971 

2 7
Box Folder

 Articles, Essays & Biographical Sketches (Garde) circa 1960-1985 

2 8

 Book Reviews (Garde) circa 1957-1963 

2 9

 Fiction circa 1960-1985 

2 10

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Series 3:  Series 3: Research Files 1953-1985.   28 folders + 1 box of note slips.

Series Scope and Content

This series contains general research files. The most significant item is a file containing several hundred 6-by-4 inch slips of paper containing detailed analyses of English-language fiction with homosexual characters and themes, perhaps preparatory to an unrealized update to Young's 1975 The Male Homosexual in Literature. The materials also include transcripts of graffiti found in railroad and bus terminals between 1949 and 1959 and a handwritten transcript of Priapea sive diversorum poetarum in Priapum lusus.

Box Folder

 Astrology & the Third Reich (Ellic Howe). Miscellaneous Photocopies 1984 

2 11

 Biology Notes circa 1960-1985 

2 12

 Chronology Chart, 395-1915. Part 1 (385-1453) 1935 

2 13

 Cordan, Wolfgang. "Days with Antonio" 1960 

2 14

 Erotic Book Flyers circa 1960-1970 

2 15

 European Royalty. Genealogy circa 1960-1985 

2 16

 Excerpts from Other Authors circa 1960-1985 

2 17

 Geography 1964-1988 

2 18

 Graffiti (Train/Bus Stations) 1949-1959 

2 19

 Hemingway, Ernest. Suppressed Poems circa 1960 

3 1

 Homosexuality Bibliography 1970-1977 

Box Folder

 Parker, William. Homosexual Bibliography 1970-1977 

3 2

 Young, Ian. The Male Homosexual in Literature 1975 

3 3

 Homosexuality Bibliographies & Book Lists circa 1960-1985 

3 4

 Summaries of English-language fiction with homosexual characters and themes circa 1958-1987   1 box of paper slips (4 x 6 inches)

3 7
Box Folder

 Human Rights Practices for 1993, Country Reports on (103d Congress, 2d Session) 1994 

3 5

 Miscellaneous Notes circa 1960-1985 

3 6

 Newspaper Clippings 1941-1992 

3 7

 Newspaper Clippings. Yukio Mishima 1958-1974 

3 8

 Palaeontology circa 1960-1985 

3 9

 Photocopies, Miscellaneous no date 

3 10

 Priapea sive diversorum poetarum in Priapum lusus. Transcript (manuscript) circa 1960-1985 

3 11

 Prokosch, Frederic. The Asiatics circa 1941 

3 12

 Roberts, Hermese E. The Third Ear: A Black Glossary 1971 

General note

Photocopy.

3 13

 Rochester, John Willmott, Earl of. Rochester's Sodom (1904). Transcript (typescript) circa 1960-1985 

3 14

 Saul, John. Sins of the Cities of the Plain (1881) circa 1960-1985 

General note

Photocopy.

3 15

 Sexology; Sex Science Magazine June 1953 

3 16

 Symmonds, John Addington. A Problem in Greek Ethics (1901) circa 1960-1985 

General note

Photographic copy.

4 1

 Weston, Patrick (Gerald Hamilton). Desert Dreamers (1914) circa 1960-1985 

General note

Photocopy.

4 2

 Windham, Donald. The Hitchhiker (1950) circa 1960-1985 

General note

Photocopy.

4 3

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Series 4:  Series 4: Personal 1935-1993.   19.0 volumes + 8 folders.

Series Scope and Content

This series contains documents of a personal nature, including extensive diaries from 1935 to 1993, as well as materials relating to Leoni's status as a Harvard alumnus, including a copy of the 1941 freshman class yearbook and his correspondence with Harvard Magazine. The photographs appear to document a visit to Europe in the late 1940s or early 1950s.

 Diaries 1935-1993 

Box Folder

  January-May 1935 

5 1

  1938 

5 2

  1939 

General note

Locked.

5 3

  1940 

General note

Locked.

5 4

  1941 

General note

Locked.

5 5

  1942 

General note

Locked.

5 6

  1943 

5 7

  1944 

General note

Locked.

5 8

  1945 

5 9

  1946 

5 10

  1947 

5 11

  1948-1952 

5 12

  1953-1957 

6 1

  1958-1962 

6 2

  1963-1967 

6 3

  1968-1972 

6 4

  1973-1977 

6 5

  1983-1987 

6 6

  1993 

6 7

 Harvard 1941-circa 1995 

Box Folder

 Harvard Class of 1945. Freshman Yearbook 1941 

4 4

 Harvard Class of 1945. Newspaper Clippings circa 1945-1955 

4 5

 Harvard Class of 1945 in Print circa 1995 

4 6

 Harvard Magazine 1977-1991 

4 7

 Class Notes (Government) circa 1941-1945 

4 8

 Miscellaneous 1975 

4 9
Box Folder

 Christmas Cards circa 1990 

4 10

 Photographs circa 1945-1960 

4 11

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Series 5:  Series 5: Miscellaneous circa 1960-1985   8.0 items.

Series Scope and Content

This series contains miscellaneous materials found in the collection, including graphics of homosexual erotic images and ephemera with both homosexual and heterosexual erotic images.

Box Folder

 Graphics circa 1960-1985 

4 12

 Microfilm (unidentified) no date 

6 8

 Microfilm (unidentified) no date 

6 9

 Climax 69 Playing Cards (heterosexual) circa 1960-1975 

6 10

 DSI Playing Cards (homosexual) circa 1960-1975 

6 11

 Coin of Elizabeth II in lucite 1965 

6 12

 Miss Demontagia (German) circa 1960-1975 

6 13

 Keyholder with color male physique transparency circa 1960-1975 

6 14

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