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Finding aid of the Maurice & La Monte Papers

Finding aid prepared by Johanna Michael, © 2008

Summary Information

Repository
ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
Creator
Jouron, Henry Joseph, 1930-2006
Creator
Kugler, William Stewart, 1912-1993
Title
Maurice & La Monte papers
Collection no.
Coll2008.033
Date [bulk]
Bulk, 1955-1980
Date [inclusive]
1937-2005
Extent
0.75 linear foot.
General Physical Description note
1 archive carton + 1 oversize archive box
Language
English
Abstract
Audio recordings, programs, photographs, and ephemera relating to female impersonators and pantomime artists Henry Jouron and William "Billy" Kugler (known theatrically as Maurice & La Monte). The bulk of the collection consists of sound recordings used for Maurice & La Monte's "Off the Record" pantomime act. The collection also contains photographs of celebrities and other female impersonators, some of which are signed.

Preferred Citation

Maurice & La Monte papers, Coll2008-033, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

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Biography

Biography

William Stewart Kugler was born Aloysius Kenney on June 22, 1912 in Buffalo, New York. He was adopted at a young age and given the name William Stewart Kugler. He performed as a female impersonator in New York and Chicago in the 1930s.

Henry Joseph Jouron was born in Chicago on August 13, 1930. He also became involved in the performing arts.

Kugler and Jouron met in the late 1940s while they were each performing separately in Florida. They became a romantic couple, and shortly afterward decided to begin performing together. They created the Maurice & La Monte "Off the Record" pantomime act and staged their first shows in Florida. The act paired music made famous by other performers (and used in the act with their permission) with visual jokes and physical comedy. Maurice & La Monte wore simple black costumes to emphasize the individual costume pieces they used to create different characters (a colorful scarf, for example). Jouron made all of the costume pieces for the shows (he also made costumes for other female impersonators); they did each other's make-up.

The act toured in gay night clubs across the nation, with Kugler and Jouron working their way north from Florida to New York, then west to Chicago, and even further west to San Francisco and Los Angeles. Performing was difficult for the duo because of laws against female impersonation, particularly in California. Kugler and Jouron were plagued by police; they were even jailed briefly for impersonating females.

In 1965, Maurice & La Monte performed with Judy Garland in her last performance in Las Vegas, at the Thunderbird Hotel. Later, Maurice & La Monte often performed with Judy Lynn, a lesbian and Judy Garland impersonator. Maurice & La Monte performed through the mid-1980s, mostly in California and Hawaii. Kugler died in Los Angeles on January 29, 1993. Jouron died on March 11, 2006, also in Los Angeles.

Source:

Maurice & La Monte Papers, Coll2008-033, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California

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Scope and Content of Collection

This collection consists of sound recordings used for Kugler and Jouron's Maurice & La Monte acts, descriptions of those recordings, programs from their performances and from theater performances they attended, a framed collage of newspaper clippings relating to their act, a keychain-size gun that fires blank cartridges and was used in their act, photographs of celebrities and other female impersonators (some signed by the subjects), and notes from fans. Miscellaneous materials include two publications on Mother Mason, a book of poems given to Kugler and Jouron on their 28th anniversary by Tymchuck and his partner, and a painting of a toucan, used as the backing for a framed photograph.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
© 2008
909 West Adams Boulevard
Los Angeles, California, 90007
(213) 821-2771
askone@usc.edu

Access

The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

Publication Rights

Researchers wishing to publish materials must obtain permission in writing from ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives as the physical owner. Researchers must also obtain clearance from the holder(s) of any copyrights in the materials. Note that ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives can grant copyright clearance only for those materials for which we hold the copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain copyright clearance for all other materials directly from the copyright holder(s).

Acquisition Information

Gift of Robert Tymchuck, June 6, 2008.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Johanna Michael, June 27, 2008.

In June 2013, open-reel audiotapes were assigned call numbers (ARR####), replacing the box/folder numbers that were assigned to the audiotapes when this collection was originally processed. These items were formerly housed in Box 2 of this collection.

Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)

  • Jouron, Henry Joseph, 1930-2006
  • Kugler, William Stewart, 1912-1993

Subject(s)

  • Female impersonators--United States
  • Pantomime--United States

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Collection Inventory

 "Off the Record" pantomime act circa 1955-1970 

Box Folder

 Orders circa 1955-1970 

1 1

 Order book circa 1955-1970 

1 2

 Souvenir programs circa 1955-1970 

1 3

 Keychain gun used in act circa 1960 

1 13

 Audio tape recordings circa 1955-1974   11 x 7-inch open reels (1 x 7.5 ips ; 10 x 3.75 ips) ; 2 x 5-inch open reels (1 x 7.5 ips ; 1 x 3.75 ips).

 Maurice & Lamonte "Off the Record" pantomime act circa 1955-1970   10 7-inch open reels ; 3.75 ips.

Item

 Show #1 circa 1955-1970 

ARR0343

 Show #2 circa 1955-1970 

ARR0344

 Show #3 circa 1955-1970 

ARR0345

 Show #4 circa 1955-1970   35 minutes.

ARR0346

 Show #5 circa 1955-1970   46 minutes.

ARR0347

 Show #6 circa 1955-1970   47 minutes.

ARR0348

 Show #7 circa 1955-1970 

ARR0349

 Show #8 circa 1955-1970 

ARR0350

 Show #9 circa 1955-1970 

ARR0351

 Show #10 circa 1955-1970 

ARR0352
Item

 Maurice & Lamonte Ford Show circa 1955-1970   1 x 5-inch open reel ; 12 minutes ; 3.75 ips.

ARR0353

 Judy Lynn circa 1955-1974   1 x 7-inch open reel (7.5 ips) ; 1 x 5-inch open reel (7.5 ips).

Item

 Funeral Parlor circa 1955-1970   1 x 7-inch open reel ; 7.5 ips.

ARR0354

 Garland Medley 1974   1 x 5-inch open reel ; 5.5 minutes; 7.5 ips.

ARR0355
Box Folder

 Collage of photographs and newspaper clippings 1965   36.5 x 28.5 inches; framed.

1 4

 Fan notes 1955-1985 

1 4

 Photographs 1937-circa 1990   3.0 folders.

Box Folder

 Personal 1937-circa 1980 

1 5

 Celebrities circa 1950-1990 

1 6

 Motion picture publicity stills 1962-1975 

1 7

 Theater programs 1961-1994   2.0 folders.

Box Folder

 A-I 1961-1994   2.0 folders.

1 8

 J-Z 1961-1994   2.0 folders.

1 9

 Miscellanea 1966-2005 

Box Folder

 Mother Mason 1971-1973 

1 10

 Jo-Ann M. Daugherty, Many Kinds of Love (1974). 28th anniversary gift. February 14, 1978 

1 11

 Drawing of Tyrannosaurus Rex. To Henry Jouron from Mathew Decker October 2005 

1 12

 Painting of toucan. Signed: P. Stright 1966   17.0 x 14 inches.

3 1

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