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Guide to the Haldeman-Julius Publications

Finding aid prepared by Michael P. Palmer, © 2009

Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Summary Information

Repository
ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
Creator
Cotright, Van
Title
Haldeman-Julius publications
Collection no.
Coll2009.003
Date [inclusive]
circa 1924-1950
Extent
62.0 pamphlets
Language
English
Abstract
Pamphlets from both the Little Blue Book and Big Book Series published between 1924 and 1950 by socialist activist Emanuel Haldeman-Julius (1889-1951). The pamphlets are printed on pulp paper and staple-bound, and were marketed to workers and the "educated" classes. Almost all the titles deal with homosexual themes, and cover a wide variety of subjects, including classical literature, history, useful knowledge, and frank treatment of sexuality. The bulk of the pamphlets were written in the late 1940s by David Oliver Cauldwell, a prolific and pioneering sexologist who published extensively on homosexuality and transsexualism. The sensational, often lengthy, titles were dictated by the publisher to pique public interest and increase sales.

Preferred Citation

Haldeman-Julius publications, Coll2009-003, ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

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Biography

Emanuel Julius was born in Philadelphia on July 30, 1889, the son of a Jewish bookbinder who had emigrated with his family from Russia. Harassed as a child for being Jewish, Julius developed a distain for all religion. After leaving school at age 15, Julius worked at a variety of menial jobs. He also read voraciously, in particular literature and pamphlets published by socialists, which was inexpensive and readily available. Convinced of their truth, Julius joined the Socialist Party before World War I. He became a journalist and in 1915 moved to Girard, Kansas, as editor of Appeal to Reason, an influential socialist newspaper with a large national circulation. The following year he married Anna Marcet Haldeman (whose name he added to his own in hyphenate), daughter of a wealthy local banker and niece of the social worker Jane Addams.

Inspired by the cheap ten-cent paperback editions of classic works he had purchased as a 15-year-old (Wilde's Ballad of Reading Gaol had struck him in particular), Julius nurtured the idea of publishing small, inexpensive paperback pocketbooks to provide information, in particular works of classic literature as well as those expressing common-sense knowledge, a wide range of ideas, and various points of view, to both the working and "educated" classes. He purchased the presses and 175,000-name subscriber list of his former employer,  Appeal to Reason, and in 1919 began publishing Appeal's Pocket Series on cheap pulp paper, stapled and bound in a stiff red paper cover, for 25 cents each. The series name and color of the binding changed over the first few years, before settling on "Little Blue Book" in 1923. The pamphlets, which measured 5 x 3 1/2 inches, and cost 5 cents, were enormously popular, finding their way into the pockets of laborers, scholars, and the average citizen; their small size and low price made the books especially popular with travelers and transient workers. Beginning in 1925, Haldeman-Julius also published the "Big Blue Book" series, measuring 8 1/2 x 5 1/2 inches, costing 10 cents each; many, but by no means all the titles in this series were reprints of titles in the Little Blue Book series, in a more "agreeable" format. Both series sold an estimated total of 500 million copies. The St. Louis Dispatch called Haldeman-Julius "the Henry Ford of literature", and Haldeman-Julius and his wife became rich.

Following World War II, the FBI under J. Edgar Hoover viewed the Little Blue Books' treatment of subjects such as socialism and atheism, and the frank treatment of sexuality, as subversive, and placed Haldeman-Julius on its "enemies" list. This caused a rapid decline in the number of bookstores willing to carry Haldeman-Julius' publications, and they sank into obscurity. Haldeman-Julius and his wife legally separated in 1934. Marcet died in 1941, and the following year Haldeman-Julius married Susan Haney, an employee. He drowned in his swimming pool on July 31, 1951. His son, Henry, took over the presses and continued to print and sell the pamphlets until the printing house burned down on July 4, 1978.

Sources:

"Emanuel Haldeman-Julius: The Paper Giant", http://axelibrary.blogspot.com/2007_09_01_archive.html (accessed September 15, 2009).

Burnett, Betty. "Haldeman-Julius, Emanuel." American National Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Jacoby, Susan. Freethinkers: a history of American secularism. New York: Henry Holt, 2004.

Haldeman-Julius : Pocket Series and the Little Blue Books, http://www.haldeman-julius.org (accessed September 15, 2009).

Haldeman-Julius' papers are held by the Leonard H. Axe Library, Pittsburg State University, Pittsburg, Kansas, http://library.pittstate.edu/spcoll/ndxhjulius.html (accessed September 15, 2009).

Inventory of Big Blue Books held by the Lilly Library, Indiana University Library, http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly/shorttitle/bigbluebooks.html (accessed September 15, 2009).

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Scope and Content of Collection

The collection consists of pamphlets from both the Little Blue Book and Big Book Series. Pamphlets in the Little Blue Book series measure 5 x 3 1/2 inches. They cover a wide variety of subjects, including classical literature, history, useful knowledge, and frank treatment of sexuality, with an emphasis on homosexuality. Pamphlets in the Big Book Series measure 8 1/2 x 5 1/2 inches, and deal primarily with issues of sexuality. The bulk of the pamphlets are written in the late 1940s by David Oliver Cauldwell (1896-1959), a prolific and pioneering sexologist who published extensively on homosexuality and transsexualism. The sensational, often lengthy, titles were dictated by the publisher to pique public interest and increase sales.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
© 2009
909 West Adams Boulevard
Los Angeles, California, 90007
(213) 821-2771
askone@usc.edu

Access

The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

Publication Rights

Researchers wishing to publish materials must obtain permission in writing from ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives as the physical owner. Researchers must also obtain clearance from the holder(s) of any copyrights in the materials. Note that ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives can grant copyright clearance only for those materials for which we hold the copyright. It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain copyright clearance for all other materials directly from the copyright holder(s).

Acquisition Information

Approximately half the items were acquired by Jim Kepner between 1942 and 1997; the remainder were donated by Van Cotright, April 17, 2009.

Processing Information

Items acquired by Jim Kepner transferred from Pamphlets Collection. Collection processed by Michael P. Palmer, September 15, 2009.

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Controlled Access Headings

Personal Name(s)

  • Cauldwell, David O. (David Oliver), 1896-1959
  • McCabe, Joseph, 1867-1955
  • Niemoeller, A. F. (Adolph Frederick), 1903-

Subject(s)

  • Big blue book
  • Gay men's writings
  • Gay men--Biography
  • Haldeman-Julius Company
  • Homosexuality
  • Homosexuality--History
  • Lesbians--Biography
  • Little blue book
  • Sexology
  • Transvestism
  • Transvestites

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Collection Inventory

Series 1:  1. Little Blue Book Series circa 1924-1950   19.0 pamphlets.

Series Scope and Content

This series contains pamphlets on a wide variety of subjects, including classical literature, history, useful knowledge, and frank treatment of sexuality, with an emphasis on homosexuality. The pamphlets include J. V. Nash's Homosexuality in the lives of the great, one of the first two works on homosexuality Jim Kepner purchased in 1942 [ ONE/IGLA Bulletin, #2 (Spring-Summer 1996), 9]. The pamphlets measure 5 x 3 1/2 inches.

Box Folder

 Barnes, Harry Elmer.  A Rational view of the sex issue. Little Blue Book, No. 1507.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, n.d.   32.0 p.

1 1

 Buonarroti, Michelangelo.  Sonnets of Michael Angelo Buonarroti ; now for the first time translated into rhymed English by John Addington Symonds. Little Blue Book, No. 164.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Co., n.d.   55.0 p.

1 2

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Artificial insemination ; how it's done ; the $2,000 black market on babies ; husbands for hire ; fathers by proxy. Little Blue Book, No. 1829.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1947   32.0 p.

1 3

 Dickinson, G. Lowes, and others.  Sex life in Greece and Rome. Little Blue Book, No. 163.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Company, n.d.   62.0 p.

1 4

 Ellis, Havelock.  The love rights of women. Little Blue Book, No. 203.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Company, n.d.   64.0 p.

1 5

 Fielding, William J.  Homo-sexual life. Little Blue Book, No. 692 ; Rational Sex Series, Vol. 9.  Girard, Kan.: Little Blue Books, n.d.   63.0 p.

1 6

 Fielding, William J.  Sex symbolism. Little Blue Book, No. 904 ; Rational Sex Series, Vol. 10.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Company, c1925   64.0 p.

1 7

 Fielding, William J.  Unconscious love elements in psycho-analysis. Little Blue Book, No. 1353.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, n.d.   62.0 p.

1 8

 Fielding, William J.  What every boy should know. Little Blue Book, No. 653 ; Rational Sex Series, Vol. 1.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Company, n.d.   63.0 p.

1 9

 Finger, Charles J.  The tragic story of Oscar Wilde's life. Little Blue Book, No. 432.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Company, n.d.   64.0 p.

1 10

 Haldeman-Julius, E.  An Encyclopedia of sex. Little Blue Book, No. 1546.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, n.d.   32.0 p.

1 11

 Haldeman-Julius, E.  Rational sex code. Little Blue Book, No. 1538.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, n.d.   32.0 p.

1 12

 Hamblen, Emily S.  Walt Whitman, bard of the West. Little Blue Book, No. 529.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius, c1924   64.0 p.

1 13

 Lay, Wilfrid.  Confidential chats with husbands. Little Blue Book, No. 864.  Girard, Kan.: Little Blue Books, n.d.   63.0 p.

1 14

 McCabe, Joseph.  Life and morals in Greece and Rome. Little Blue Book, No. 1078.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Co., n.d.   62.0 p.

1 15

 Nash, J. V.  Homosexuality in the lives of the great. Little Blue Book, No. 1564.  Girard, Kan., n.d.   64.0 p.

General note

One of the first two books on homosexuality purchased by Jim Kepner.

1 16

 Norden, Heinz.  How to avoid catching venereal diseases. Little Blue Book, No. 1523.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, n.d.   31.0 p.

1 17

 Sand, George.  A Daring Frenchwoman's views of life. Little Blue Book, No. 106.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, n.d.   32.0 p.

1 18

 Wilde, Oscar.  Oscar Wilde's Letters to Sarah Bernhardt ; edited by Sylvestre Dorian. Little Blue Book, No. 664.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Company, c1924   64.0 p.

1 19

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Series 2:  2. Big Blue Book Series 1925-1950   43.0 pamphlets.

Series Scope and Content

This series contains pamphlets dealing primarily with issues of sexuality. The bulk of the pamphlets were written in the late 1940s by David Oliver Cauldwell (1896-1959), MD, a prolific and pioneering sexologist who published extensively on homosexuality and transsexualism. Other authors include Joseph McCabe (1867-1955), freethinker and former priest, and Adolph Frederick Niemoeller, BS, AB, MA, Special Advisor on Sexual Anthropology to the American Anthropological Society. The sensational, often lengthy, titles were dictated by the publisher to pique public interest and increase sales. The series also includes a collection of essays by Edward Carpenter, condensed by Miriam deFord. The pamphlets measure 8 1/2 x 5 1/2 inches.

Box Folder

 Carpenter, Edward.  Civilization, its cause and cure and other essays ; condensed, with a foreword, by Miriam Allen deFord. Digest 34.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1945   24.0 p.

1 20

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Art of preserving one's manhood ; as virility is inherent, no man should be a sexual weakling or failure, for virile powers can be made to respond at will. Big Blue Book, B-822.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1949   32.0 p.

1 21

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Bisexuality in patterns of human behavior ; a study of individuals who indulge in both heterosexual and homosexual practices, with comparative data on hermaphrodites, the human intersex. Big Blue Book, B-731.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1948   30.0 p.

General note

Identical to B-732.

1 22

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Bisexuality in patterns of human behavior ; a study of individuals who indulge in both heterosexual and homosexual practices, with comparative data on hermaphrodites, the human intersex. Big Blue Book, B-732.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1948   30.0 p.

General note

Identical to B-731.

1 23

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Diary of a sexologist ; intimate observations and expeeriences revealed when a doctor tells his story. Big Blue Book, B-821.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1949   32.0 p.

1 24

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Exhibitionism—how it manifests itself ; the natural and the anti-social significance of a universal practice, with sidelights on its analogue, voyeurism. Big Blue Book, B-774.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1948   31.0 p.

1 25

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Female homosexuals—lesbians—tell their stories ; the truth concerning their sexual natures as revealed by courageous women, with comment and interpretation by the author. Big Blue Book, B-776.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1948   32.0 p.

1 26

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Male homosexuals tell their stories ; facts revealed by men unafraid to tell the truth, with comment and scientific interpretation by the author. Big Blue Book, B-771.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1948   31.0 p.

1 27

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Oddities of sexual behavior ; research reveals significant data covering the eccentricities of human conduct, and augmented by a study of sexual behavior in the lower mammals and other lower forms of life. Big Blue Book, B-840.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1949   32.0 p. [2 copies]

1 28

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Private letters from homosexuals to a doctor ; a compilation that is an important contribution to literature homosexualis. Big Blue Book, B-823.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1949   2 copies (1 purple cover, 1 red cover) : 32 p.

1 29-30

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Questions and answers about cunnilungus ; light on operation-third-sex. Big Blue Book, B-871.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1950   31.0 p.

1 31

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Questions and answers about the problems of the sexually diseased ; there are two well-known venereal diseases, but the number of sexual diseases is legion. This booklet answers the questions people ask about these diseases and the problems arising from them. Big Blue Book, B-857.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1950   30.0 p.

1 32

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Questions and answers about trasvestism in disguise ; transvestism is a nationally popular eccentricity and some transvestists appear to be the last to find it out. Big Blue Book, B-886.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1950   29.0 p.

1 33

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Questions and answers involving sexual ethics and sexual esthetics ; subjects discussed include common courtesy between married lovers and such practices as cunnilingus, fellatio, and such sexual states as those involving homosexuals, transexualis, transvestism, etc. Big Blue Book, B-861.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1950   30.0 p.

1 34

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Questions and answers on the sex life and sexual problems of homosexuals of both sexes. Big Blue Book, B-848.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1949   30.0 p.

1 35

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Questions and answers on the sex life and sexual problems of transvestites ; an exhaustive, revealing, surprising, informative, educational, entertaining and even shocking encyclopedic compilation of seldom-suspected facts. Big Blue Book, B-853.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1950   31.0 p.

1 36

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Revelations of a sexologist ; intimate facts that may parallel your experiences. Big Blue Book, B-820.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1949   31.0 p.

General note

Some discussion of homosexuality.

1 37

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Sex crimes among juveniles ; a study of various delinquencies. Big Blue Book, B-541.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1947   32.0 p.

1 38

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Sex transmutation---can one's sex be changed? ; there's but a thin genetic line between the sexes, but the would-be sex transmutee battles forces more stubborn than the genes. Big Blue Book, B-932.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1951   28.0 p.

1 39a

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Sexual athletes ; a study of high frequencies of sexual activity, with comparative data on sexual outlets, including explanations and cases. Big Blue Book, B-739.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1948   32.0 p.

General note

Includes discussion of homosexuality.

1 39b

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  The Sexually contented tell their stories ; experiences of people who have found their way to sexual happiness. Big Blue Book, B-800.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1949   32.0 p.

General note

Includes discussion of homosexuality.

1 40

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Transvestists tell their stories ; confessions of persons who prefer to dress like the opposite sex. Big Blue Book, B-623.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1947   31.0 p.

1 41

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Transvestists' unexpurgated letters ; intimate letters written to a doctor with the request that they be published as written by cross-dressers. Big Blue Book, B-882.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1950   30.0 p.

1 42

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  The Truth about homosexuality in man and woman ; plain facts cleanly presented to help improve individual and sociological concepts. Big Blue Book, B-557.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1947   30.0 p.

1 44

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Undinism ; a study of a bizarre but not unnatural eccentricity involving a sexual interest in urine, urination, seeing others urinate, etc. Big Blue Book, B-875.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1950   30.0 p.

1 44

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Voyeurism—a form of sexual behavior ; a critical study of a natural trait that has been given an erroneous meaning. Big Blue Book, B-787.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1949   29.0 p.

1 45

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  What is a hermaphrodite? ; a study of persons of either sex whose genital organs, mental integration and chemical (hormonal) characteristics embrace the characters or characteristics of both sexes. Big Blue Book, B-525.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1947   32.0 p.

1 46

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  What's wrong with transvestism? ; a compilation of the diaries of transvestists as revealed to the author, with letters and day-by-day events from the lives of those who prefer to wear the clothing of the opposite sex. Big Blue Book, B-825.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1949   31.0 p.

1 47

 Cauldwell, D. O. (David O.).  Why males wear female attire ; strange stories, weird confessions, historical data, and scientific explanations of transvestism. Big Blue Book, B-540.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1947   29.0 p. [2 copies]

1 48

 Dulaure, J. A.  Priapic divinities and phallic rites ; a complete account of the worship of Priapus throughout the ages. Big Blue Book, B-887.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1950   32.0 p.

1 49

 Haldeman-Julius, E.  Fillers ; scientists look at homosexuality and more than 100 other short pieces. Vol. 1, No. 10 (October, 1947).  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius, 1947   64.0 p.

1 50

 Jean.  Why I, a man, must dress as a girl ; how a transvestist met his problem. Big Blue Book, B-684.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, circa 1924-1950   32.0 p.

General note

Back & front cover cut out, p. 20 covered over, pp. 21ff cut out.

1 51

 McCabe, Joseph.  The Abnormal aspects of sex ; perversities and aberrations of the human sexual impulse and its expressions. Key to Love and Sex, No. 4.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, circa 1924-1950   45.0 p.

1 52

 McCabe, Joseph.  Masochism, and how it manifests itself ; a study of Sacher-Masoch, known as "the great abnormal," who gave his name to a strange form of behavior—its prevalence and psychology. Big Blue Book, B-835.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1949   28.0 p.

1 53

 McCabe, Joseph.  Masterpieces of erotic literature ; a study of the outstanding works of sensuality in ancient, medieval and modern times.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1949   29.0 p.

1 54

 McCabe, Joseph.  The Story of the world's oldest profession ; prostitution in the ancient, medieval and modern worlds. Big Blue Book, B-582.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1932   123.0 p.

1 55

 McCabe, Joseph. Vice in German monasteries ; the amazing facts regarding what has come to be known as "celibacy-disease." Big Blue Book, B-449.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1937   30.0 p.

General note

Anti-Catholic Nazi propaganda pamphlet, claiming that the Catholic monasteries in Germany are great centers of sodomy and pedophilia.

1 56

 McCabe, Joseph.  What should be taught about sex? ; what are the real effects of modern freedom in sex discussion and education? Key to Love and Sex, No. 7.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, circa 1924-1950   62.0 p.

1 57

 McCabe, Joseph.  Women who become men. ABC Library of Living Knowledge, No. 15.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1938   32.0 p.

1 58

 Niemoeller, A. F.  Bestiality and the law ; a resume of the law and punishments for bestiality with typical cases from fifteenth century to the present. Big Blue Book, B-517.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1946   32.0 p.

1 59

 Niemoeller, A. F.  Bestiality in ancient and modern times ; a study of the sexual relations of man and animals in all times and countries. Big Blue Book, B-518.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1946   42.0 p.

1 60

 Niemoeller, A. F.  Wanderings in "untrodden fields of anthropology" ; the choicest excerpts from the observations of a French army surgeon, made over 30 years experience in many places, concerning the sexual customs, practices, and peculiarities of various peoples. Big Blue Book, B-760.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1948   52.0 p.

1 61

 Sade, marquis de.  De Sade on virtue and vice ; selections from the writings of the Marquis de Sade illustrating his views upon morality and sex ; translated by A. F. Niemoeller. Big Blue Book, B-522.  Girard, Kan.: Haldeman-Julius Publications, c1946   27.0 p.

1 62

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