USC Libraries

University of Southern California

skip navigation

Archives at USC

« back to Archives at USC Search

Finding aid to underground erotic graphics and literature collection

Finding aid prepared by Erick Hawkins, © 2012

Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Summary Information

ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
Underground Erotic Graphics and Literature collection
Collection no.
Date [inclusive]
2.9 linear feet., 2 archival boxes + 1 archival carton
An artificial collection of unauthored erotic literature and art (graphics) believed to have been created between 1940 and 1980. The theme of these works is almost exclusively homosexual, although there are some rare instances of bisexual and heterosexual encounters with gay overtones. The bulk of this collection consists of photocopied materials, however there some original typesets and original copies of literature and graphics.

Preferred Citation

Box #, folder #, Explicit Underground Graphics and Literature, Coll2012.180, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California

Return to Table of Contents »

Historical Note

In its current form, gay male erotica is believed to have started about the time of World War II. Thought to be instigated by the homoerotic subtext of groups of young men serving together in uniform, the slight liberalization of sodomy laws, the rise of gay publications, the Kinsey report, and the emergence of gay political groups such as the Mattachine Society, gay erotica began to weave its way into the national culture. Already available from foreign sources, social conservatism in the United States forced authors into the underground. As a result, many erotic short stories and graphics are untraceable back to their original authors.

In the 1950s, Supreme Court rulings on censorship and the opening up of first amendment rights created a significant shift in authorship and publication of gay erotica from Europe to the United States. More pulp periodicals were being produced and a resultant increase in published erotica was observed. Authors such as Eldon Barnard, Phil Andros, Dirk Vandon, and Richard Amory wrote prolifically and their material could be found in magazines and books available at newsstands. The social stigma associated with this subject matter loosened more in the post-Stonewall era and a litany of authors took advantage of this new found freedom to increase the pornographic content of their material.

Although the storylines of erotica in this era are extremely diverse, most stories fall into a specific genre. The protagonist is usually young and inexperienced and finds himself subject to the sexual whims of an authoritative male figure such as a policeman, military member, cowboy, or older family member. The young man is unsure of his budding homosexuality and feels assured by the senior figure that their activities are a normal, if not a secretive, part of life.


Miller, Edmond. (1995). Erotica and Pornography. Essay retrieved from the GLBTQ encyclopedia available online.

Sheppard, Simon. (2007). Homosex: Sixty Years of Gay Erotica. Carroll and Graf, publishers. New York.

Return to Table of Contents »

Scope and Contents

The majority of the works consist of text-only erotic short stories believed to be authored between 1940 and 1980. These stories were either grouped with private collections or were singularly maintained. Duplication among private collections or between private collections and individually listed graphics and stories should be expected. Most of the literature and graphics are photocopied from original sources, however some original prints and rewrites are noted where found. Also in this collection are short graphic stories, hand-drawn illustrations, and erotic comics and poems.

Return to Table of Contents »


This collection is arranged in the following series:

Series 1. Private Collections

Series 2. Individual Graphics and Literature

Return to Table of Contents »

Administrative Information

Publication Information

ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
© 2012
909 West Adams Boulevard
Los Angeles, California, 90007
(213) 821-2771


The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the ONE Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives at USC Libraries as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition Information

Date and method of acquisition unknown.

Processing Information

This collection was created from various subject files and minor accessions housed at ONE. Collection processed by Erick Hawkins, November 2012.

Return to Table of Contents »

Related Materials

Related Archival Material

Walker Erotica Collection, 2002-01, Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Historical Society, San Francisco, California.

Separated Materials

Apricot, poetry by Scott Giantvalley. Edition 32/500 of Sean Series III,  JO, artwork by Sean.

Edition 12/500 Sean Series IV, Sean's Gladiators, artwork by Sean.

Return to Table of Contents »

Title Clarification

Stories without titles are listed by the first line of the story and are indicated by quotation marks. Untitled graphics are listed by subject matter.

Return to Table of Contents »

Collection Inventory

Series 1:  Series 1. Private Collections undated 

Scope and Contents

This series comprises erotic stories and images from various private collections. Each private collection consists of various material collocated together in a binder or groups of similar binders by unknown collectors. The bulk of the material consists of short stories with some hand-drawn graphics. Also included are limericks, erotic publications, and authors' personal notes.


This series is arranged alphabetically by collection. Typical collections have been listed first, followed by private collections without a noticeable theme.

Box Folder

 Glory Holes undated 

1 1

 Author's notes, Johnny Frazier undated 

1 2

 Mike Whalen's Leather Game Book No 1 undated 

1 3

 Private Collection 1 undated 

Scope and Contents

Consists of photocopies of 27 text-only short stories.

1 4-5

 Private Collection 2 undated 

Scope and Contents

Consists of photocopies of 24 text only short stories. Four additional stories, Invitation to the Ranch,  Happyland, "Since Don was only my half-brother. . . ," and portions of  Some Came Rimming are original typescript.

1 6-7

 Private Collection 3 undated 

Scope and Contents

Consists of photocopies of 6 text only short stories. Eleven additional stories, My New Model,  Bound to Model,  Michael's Metamorphosis,  The Foreman,  Turnabout,  The Intruder,  Carl,  A Game Called Situations,  Trial by Fire,  Ladd's Torture, and  Randy's Story are original typescript.

1 8-9

 Private Collection 4 undated 

Scope and Contents

Consists of photocopies of 30 text only short stories originally arranged into seven separate binders. Photocopied graphics are available throughout the collection.

1 10-16

 Private Collection 5 undated 

Scope and Contents

Consists of photocopies of 154 text only short stories originally arranged into seven separate binders. Two additional stories, The Leather Gods and "I had just got home from work. . . " are original typescript. Four more stories,  Episode in a Barn,  Well I'll be a Horse's Ass,  Lennox Avenue Local, and  Matadore Ole are illustrated short stories. Photocopied graphics are available throughout the collection.

1 17-28

 Private Collection 6 undated 

Scope and Contents

Consists of photocopies of 3 text only short stories originally arranged into four separate binders. Six additional stories, The Fraternity Initiation,  In Search of a Friend,  The Art of Love Making in Plain Language,  Two Lads and a Lake,  Motel Madness, and  Behind the Green Door are original typescript.

1 29-32

Return to Table of Contents »

Series 2:  Series 2. Individual Graphics and Literature undated 


This series is sorted into four categories based on graphic and literary style. The contents of each category are arranged alphabetically by title, subject matter, or the first line of the story (indicated in quotation marks) if no title exists.

Scope and Contents

This series contains mostly photocopies of text-only erotic short stories that were not maintained in any noticeable private collection. Some material is original or original rewrites of source material. In addition, this series includes illustrated literature, humorous images and prints, and paneled illustrations. Illustrated material is indicated by text and supporting hand-drawn imagery. Graphic literature takes the form of short stories told in panel form without supporting text. Finally, graphics are single panel images or photographs without a discernible storyline.

 Text-Only Literature undated 

Box Folder

 "About 2 p.m. last Thursday. . ." undated 

2 1

 After Curfew undated 

2 2

 All American undated 

2 3

 Angelo undated 

2 4

 The Arizona Nights undated 

2 5

 At the Hacienda undated 

2 6

 Banged Up Butt undated 

2 7

 The Beginning of Something undated 

2 8

 Behind the Green Door undated 

2 9

 Ben undated 

2 10

 The Black Night undated 

2 11

 Black Leather undated 

2 12

 Blackie undated 

2 13

 Bon Voyage undated 

2 14

 Bud undated 

2 15

 "Bud Grant had joined the Navy. . . " undated 

2 16

 The Case of the Bootblack's Butler Friend undated 

2 17

 Chuck undated 

2 18

 The Coach's Initiation undated 

2 19

 Connie and Larry undated 

2 20

 A Couple of Days Off undated 

2 21

 Dad was a Pal undated 

2 22

 David and Absolom undated 

2 23

 A Day at the Station undated 

2 24

 Dear Buddy undated 

2 25

 Dear Jimmy undated 

2 26

 Deep in the Heart of undated 

2 27

 Diary of a Photographer undated 

2 28

 The Drag undated 

2 29

 Enforced Holiday undated 

2 30

 Ex-Convict undated 

2 31

 Farewell Party undated 

2 32

 First Impressions of San Francisco undated 

2 33

 The Flying Lesson undated 

2 34

 The Football Game undated 

2 35

 Freeway Pick-Up undated 

2 36

 The Furnace Man undated 

2 37

 George undated 

2 38

 G.I. Pass undated 

2 39

 The Glory Hole undated 

2 40

 Going Down on the Farm undated 

2 41

 Haircut undated 

2 42

 Hal undated 

2 43

 "He was called 'Larry the Whip'. . . " undated 

2 44

 His First Girl undated 

2 45

 Hitch-Hiker undated 

2 46

 "I begin this not knowing. . . " undated 

2 47

 I Found What I Wanted undated 

2 48

 Invitation to the Ranch undated 

2 49

 Jack undated 

2 50

 Jeff undated 

2 51

 Jerry undated 

2 52

 Johnny undated 

2 53

 "Johnny Duncan whistled as he drove. . . " undated 

2 54

 "Last winter was the hottest I had ever known in London. . ." undated 

2 55

 Lawn Mowing Services undated 

2 56

 Learning the Hard Way undated 

2 57

 The Leather Gods undated 

2 58

 Limericks undated 

2 59

 Lord Nick and his Pals undated 

2 60

 Love Comes to Steve undated 

3 1

 Lovers' Casino undated 

2 61

 The Man Who Came to Dinner undated 

2 62

 The Marine Recruiter undated 

2 63

 Messenger Boy undated 

2 64

 Mitch's Tale undated 

2 65

 Model Male undated 

2 66

 Morning Interlude undated 

2 67

 Motel Madness undated 

2 68

 The Motorcycle Cop undated 

2 69

 Motorcycle Gang-Bang undated 

2 70

 Navy Daze undated 

2 71

 New Boy in Town undated 

2 72

 A Night in a Moorish Harem undated 

2 73

 The Night the Lights Went Out undated 

2 74

 A Night to Remember undated 

2 75

 No Escape undated 

2 76

 A Nurses' Adventure undated 

2 77

 Official Lesson undated 

2 78

 On a Ringe with a Dinge undated 

2 79

 On the Road undated 

2 80

 One August Afternoon undated 

2 81

 Our New Friend undated 

2 82

 Part 1 undated 

2 83

 Personal Appearance undated 

2 84

 Pete undated 

2 85

 Phil undated 

2 86

 Please Stay undated 

2 87

 The Polacks undated 

2 88

 Porno Movie Porno Movie undated 

2 89

 The Porthole undated 

2 90

 Possibilities Unlimited undated 

2 91

 The Rain Ceased and the Floods Came undated 

2 92

 Rather than Summer School undated 

2 93

 Right off the Boat undated 

2 94

 Rod undated 

2 95

 Rod's Initiation undated 

2 96

 Ron undated 

2 97

 Runaway Sex undated 

2 98

 S & M undated 

2 99

 A Sailor Hitchhikes undated 

2 100

 Salty Ship-Mates undated 

2 101

 The Scotsman undated 

2 102

 Shipmates undated 

2 103

 Shore Leave"The bus jostled along. . . " undated 

2 104

 Shore Leave"During those few blocks walk. . . " undated 

2 105

 The Slave undated 

2 106

 Sone's Vengeance - A Tale of Indo-China undated 

2 107

 Starting with Ralph undated 

2 108

 Steam Room Interlude undated 

2 109

 The Story of Q: The Proper Training for Young Slaves undated 

2 110

 "This is a study of pricks. . . " undated 

2 111

 Subway Ride undated 

2 112

 Summer Job undated 

2 113

 Super Service undated 

2 114

 Tales of Arabian Nights undated 

2 115

 Taking a Piss undated 

2 116

 Tattooed Boot undated 

2 117

 Telephone Lineman undated 

2 118

 A Thing of Beauty in a Boy Forever undated 

2 119

 The Thirteen IOUs undated 

2 120

 Tortured with Sex undated 

2 121

 Turnabout undated 

2 122

 Two Boys at the Lake undated 

2 123

 The Two Sailors undated 

2 124

 The Unknown Sailor undated 

2 125

 Virgin Love, In School undated 

2 126

 Walt, Ray and Art undated 

2 127

 Whittier School undated 

2 128

 Young Ass undated 

2 129

 Illustrated Literature undated 

Box Folder

 Down on the Farm undated 

2 130

 Face on the Studio Floor or Mid Semen Nite Dream undated 

2 131

 "God damn, no sleep again. . . " undated 

2 132

 One August Afternoon undated 

2 133

 "Not so bad, about twenty bucks. . . " undated 

2 134

 "Now that's a good looking piece of meat there. . . " undated 

2 135

 Rites of Spring undated 

2 136

 Rough and Tough undated 

2 137

 Stool Trained undated 

2 138

 There's Always a First Time undated 

2 139

 To My Loving Wife undated 

2 140

 The Train Trip undated 

2 141

 "Young Bill Norris laid in a sort of restless sleep. . . " undated 

2 142

 Graphic Literature undated 

Box Folder

 Coach in locker room undated 


Contains hand drawn images of activities between athletes and a coach in a locker room.

2 143

 Man and Sailor with Belt undated 


Contains hand drawn images of activities between a sailor and a civilian man.

2 144

 Middle-Eastern men undated 


Contains hand drawn images of activities between three men from the Middle-East.

2 145

 Navy Doc undated 

2 146

 Outhouse story undated 


Contains hand drawn images of activities between three men in a public outhouse.

2 147

 Ride the Wild Surf 

3 2

 Assorted Graphics undated 

Box Folder

 Assorted graphics undated 

2 148

 Humorous images undated 

2 149

 Images from "God damn, no sleep again. . . " undated 

2 150

 Images from Well I'll be a Horse's Ass undated 

2 151

 Nature Boy 

2 152

 Photocopied film images undated 

2 153

 Tom of Finland, photocopies undated 

2 154

Return to Table of Contents »