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Finding Aid to the Manuel boyFrank Papers, 1916-1984

Finding aid prepared by Kyle Morgan, (c) 2013

Processing this collection has been funded by a generous grant from the Council on Library and Information Resources.

Summary Information

Repository
ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
Creator - Creator
boyFrank, Manuel, 1900-1982
Title
Manuel boyFrank papers
Collection no.
Coll2013.028
Date [inclusive]
1916-1984
Extent
3.6 linear feet., 7 archive cartons
Language
English
Abstract
Correspondence, writings, and subject files of Manuel boyFrank, 1916-1984. Manuel boyFrank was a military serviceman, ONE Incorporated board member, unpublished writer, and gay activist. The collection includes his 1940s correspondence with early gay activist pioneers Henry Gerber and Frank McCourt as well as his 1950s and 1960s correspondence with ONE Incorporated.

Preferred Citation

[Box/folder #, or item name] Manuel boyFrank Papers, Coll2013-028, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California.

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Biography

Manuel boyFrank was born on May 21, 1900, and raised in Oklahoma. Official records list him as Manuel Boyfrank, ONE Incorporated records list him as Monwell Boyfrank, and occasional correspondence has him using Manuel Boy Frank or Manuel boy Frank; however, he most commonly signed his correspondence as Manuel boyFrank. boyFrank served overseas in World War I, then remained enlisted in the armed forces with stints in the Army, Navy, and Coast Guard until retiring, line-of-duty-disabled, in 1940. boyFrank went to New York in 1930 where he met gay activist pioneers Henry Gerber and Frank McCourt, but upon his retirement in 1940, he moved to Southern California where he remained until the final years of his life. He held various jobs in Southern California before joining the Los Angeles Civil Service, from which he retired in 1965. boyFrank became a Vice President on the board of ONE Incorporated in 1964 and remained an officer until 1968. boyFrank died January 13, 1982.

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Scope and Contents

Correspondence, writings, and subject files of Manuel boyFrank, 1916-1984. The correspondence comprises letters written to and by boyFrank, including correspondence with Henry Gerber, Frank McCourt, and ONE Incorporated. The writings consist of unpublished stories written by boyFrank. The subject files consist of clippings, transcribed texts from published materials, correspondence, photographs, and notes and writings by boyFrank on various topics.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, USC Libraries, University of Southern California
(c) 2013
909 West Adams Boulevard
Los Angeles, California, 90007
(213) 821-2771
askone@usc.edu

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open to researchers. There are no access restrictions.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the ONE Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives at USC Libraries as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Acquisition

Date and method of acquisition unknown.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Kyle Morgan, 2013.

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Related Materials

Related Archival Materials

ONE Incorporated records, Coll2011.001, ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives, Los Angeles, California.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • One, Inc. -- Correspondence

Personal Name(s)

  • Gerber, Henry, 1892-1972 -- Correspondence
  • McCourt, Frank -- Correspondence

Subject(s)

  • Gay men
  • Gay men's writings
  • Gays--Correspondence

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Collection Inventory

Series 1:  Series 1. Correspondence 1940-1980 

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence Manuel boyFrank maintained with various people and organizations, 1940-1980. Included are the exchanges between boyFrank and Henry Gerber, Frank McCourt, and ONE Institute. Legends created by an unknown source, presumably after boyFrank's death, exist for both the Gerber and McCourt correspondences.

Arrangement

The correspondence is arranged in alphabetical order by the topic, organization, or last name of the correspondent. Correspondence organized by date is listed first, while unattributed correspondence is listed at the end of the series.

Box Folder

 1940s 1942-1948   [1 folder of original letters, 1 folder of photocopies]

Scope and Contents note

Original letters include correspondence with William Osteck and Mr. Mackenzie.

1 1-2

 1950s 1950-1958   [1 folder of original letters, 1 folder of photocopies]

Scope and Contents note

Original letters include correspondence with the Bachelor's League of America, W.W. Williams, Edward M. Hulme, John Storck, R.J. Sigafoos, Fred Frisbie, Charles Rowland, Mark Arnold, and Ervin W. Hillhouse.

1 3-4

 1960s 1960-1966 

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence with L.J. Caron, Reed Erickson, Winston Book, the U.S. Coast Guard's eleventh district commander, and the DSI organization.

1 5

 Combe, George A. 1958-1963 

Scope and Contents note

Former sailor, soldier, and printer discusses homosexual interests.

1 6

 Craig, Steven M. 1970 

Scope and Contents note

Discusses the organization ONE in Phoenix (Arizona).

1 7

 Cumberland, Russell 1941 

1 8

 Durham, Fred B. 1968 

Scope and Contents note

Includes three black-and-white photographs. Correspondence mentions ONE Incorporated and "Trojans."

1 9

 Eckman, James R. undated 

Scope and Contents note

Discusses the potential publication of a book and periodical. Associated with correspondence with Steven L. Watts.

1 10

 Evans, Foy 1946-1947 

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence pertains to the publishing of short stores.

1 38

 Gabel, Mrs. A.H. 1946 

1 11

 Gerber, Henry 1940-1957   [13 folders]

Scope and Contents note

Folder 12 contains two legends to the correspondence. The first legend contains brief descriptions of the content of each letter. The second legend contains the salutation, location, date, and signature of each letter as well as notes regarding how the letter was written (e.g. typescript, handwritten) and on what type of paper. Folders 13-21 comprise correspondence in the order as listed in the second legend. Folder 22 contains miscellaneous Gerber writings. Folder 23 contains copies of letters Gerber wrote to various periodicals. Folder 24 contains duplicate copies of letters. Although the folders have new box and folder numbers in the upper righthand corner, the original folder numbers as listed in the second legend (ex. f4, f5, f6, etc...) have been retained on the folders for identification purposes. Note that folders 22 and 23 have original folder numbering which is not represented in the second legend. Folders 12 and 24 have no original folder numbering.

1 12-24

 Holdridge, Herbert 1956-1957 

Scope and Contents note

Mentions ONE incorporated.

1 25

 Harvath, Barton R. 1944 

Scope and Contents note

Discusses purchasing photographic images of men.

1 26

 Kepner, Jim 1970-1979 

1 27

 Longfellow, Foss H. 1947-1948   [2 folders]

Scope and Contents note

Discusses purchasing male nude drawings.

1 28-29

 Mattachine Society 1961-1967 

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence to Hal Call and Don Lucas in San Francisco as well as a Los Angeles Mattachine Society membership form and one mass mailing each from the Los Angeles, San Francisco, and New York chapters.

1 30

 McCourt, Frank 1940-1948   [6 folders]

Scope and Contents note

Folder 31 contains two legends to the correspondence. The first legend provides brief descriptions of the content of the letters from 1947-1948. The second legend mostly provides content descriptions of the Gerber/boyFrank correspondence, but does list two probable Gerber/McCourt correspondences. Folder 32 contains correspondence between boyFrank and Contacts listing #1744 "Frank." Although no definitive link ties this Frank to Frank McCourt, this 1940s correspondence immediately predates known correspondence with Frank McCourt later that year. Folders 33-35 contains chronologically arranged correspondence between McCourt and boyFrank. The correspondence includes boyFrank's acceptance letter as a member of the United States Rocket Society Inc. (McCourt was the Senior Rocketeer and Vice President of the Manhattan Chapter). The correspondence also includes discussions of gay contemporaries, including Henry Gerber. Folder 36 contains one undated letter each written by McCourt to R. WL Deagan, Henry Gerber, and Al [no last name given].

1 31-36

 Media 1946-1947 

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence with Manchester Boddy, editor of an unspecified publication, as well as letters to the editors of Newsweek,  Times-Herald [Washington, D.C.],  National Defense, and the  American Mercury.

1 37

 Metts, Jas A. 1954 

Scope and Contents note

Discusses ONE Magazine.

1 38

 Neill, Alexander Sutherland, Dr. 1947-1948 

2 1

 ONE Incorporated 1957-1970   [3 folders]

Scope and Contents note

Correspondence written from 1957-1964 primarily consists of letters written by boyFrank addressed generically to ONE. Correspondence written from 1964-1968 include letters written by and to boyFrank as an active member in ONE. Many of the letters are signed by W. Dorr Legg and most concern the ongoing dispute between W. Dorr Legg and Don Slater over leadership of ONE. The few letters written after 1968 discuss ONE's ventures after boyFrank left ONE as an active member.

7 2-4

 Publishing, manuscripts and periodicals 1947-1980   [4 folders]

Scope and Contents note

Folder 5 discusses various boyFrank publishing proposals. The correspondents include Ella Barton Foote, Edward [no last name], John Storck of the Library Research Institute, G. Legman, literary agent Lambert Wilson, Leslie Laird Winston, George E. Anding, Samson T. Sabalones of the Foreign Service of the Philippines, Albert Eglash, Robbie Appel, and the Gay Academic Union in Hollywood. Folders 6-8 discuss boyFrank's plan to publish a periodical entitled Hearth. The correspondents include Hal Call, H. Latta Pinkerton Jr., Harold Leppiet, H. Stanley Hutchins, R.M. Jones, the Philippine Consolute General, the  Wall Street Journal, B.J. Barron, Matt Weinstock, and letters to "Tony" and "Will" on Hearth letterhead. Folder 8 contains a rough mockup of a proposed issue of  Hearth.

2 5-8

 Major Raven-Hart 1950 

2 9

 Reiter, Arthur 1946, 1953   [2 folders]

Scope and Contents note

Folder 9 contains correspondence with Arthur Reiter from 1946. Folder 10 contains correspondence with "Arthur" from 1953 and mentions Gerber's Contacts publication.

2 10-11

 Selwyn, Herbert 1963-1966, 1975 

Scope and Contents note

The bulk of the correspondence with attorney Herbert Selwyn deals with boyFrank's proposed Hearth publication.

2 12

 Triefenbach, Louis W. 1950 

2 13

 Unattributed correspondence undated 

Scope and Contents note

Possible boyFrank correspondence or correspondence collected by boyFrank.

2 14

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Series 2:  Series 2. Writings circa 1940-1977 

Scope and Contents note

Unpublished stories written by Manuel boyFrank, circa 1940-1977. Most of the stories are undated.

Arrangement

The writings are arranged in alphabetical order by their title. Writings organized by date or pseudonym are listed at the end of the series.

Box Folder

 "Are You Helping to Murder People?" 

2 15

 "Boys, Men and Love"   [3 folders]

2 16-18

 "Button Dexter's Narrative" 

2 19

 "Clothing" 

2 20

 "Dakota Courtbright" 

2 21

 "Deputy Parent" 

2 22

 "Feder Shops for a Son-in-Law" 

2 23

 "Federated Families" 

2 24

 "If Greek Love Once Behooved"   [2 folders]

Scope and Contents note

Folder 1 contains correspondence with Henry S. Galus and Mr. Batson. Folder 2 contains several edited drafts of the manuscript.

3 1-2

 "Meet Mr. Jones Brolone" 

3 3

 "Pastorate of the Redeemers" 

3 4

 "Recruit Walterman in the City" 

3 5

 "A Stand-in for the Husband" 

3 6

 Writings 1940s 

3 7

 Writings 1960s 

3 8

 Writings 1970s 

3 9

 Writings as J.P. Starr 1965-1977 

3 10

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Series 3:  Series 3. Subject files 1916-1984  (Bulk, 1949-1951)

Processing Information

Original subject heading titles and Dewey-Decimal-type classifications have been transcribed where possible. Dates have not been listed because of the lack of dates on most of the materials. Materials not originally organized together, but collocated during processing, include the following folders: Envelopes, Photographs, Writings about Manuel boyFrank, and Writings and notes. Correspondence has been noted when present in a folder.

Scope and Contentes note

Materials organized by topic, 1919-1984, bulk 1949-1951. Materials consist of notes and writings by Manuel boyFrank, clippings, transcribed texts from published materials, correspondence, and photographs.

Arrangement

The materials with a Dewey-Decimal-type classification have been listed first in order of their classification. The rest of the materials have been arranged in alphabetical order.

Box Folder

 070.51 Selection and edition of manuscripts 

Scope and Contents note

Consists of Roger Austen correspondence (1974). Discusses sexuality, military, and cowboys.

3 11

 098.1 Prohibited books 

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence with Edwin Ray Potter (1947) and Pedro Peralta. Includes sketches and notes in regards to a Contacts-type publication.

3 12

 098.1 Prohibited works 

Scope and Contents note

Includes boyFrank correspondence to 101 Books Sales (1966, 1967), Bright Press (1968), D.S.I. (1967), Heart Studios (1966), Joe Miller Studio (1966), K & K Gift Shop (1967), The Pink Poodle Press (1968), Rob Roy Studios (1969), and Trojan Book Service (1968).

7 4

 119 Glands 

3 13

 120 Pancreas 

3 14

 123 Large intestines 

Scope and Contents note

Folder empty.

3 15

 126 Organ of warning and delight: smell 

3 16

 127 Nerves and the brain: nervous tone 

3 17

 128 [untitled] 

3 18

 143 Physiology of reproduction 

Scope and Contents note

Includes 1949 correspondence from J.N. DeLamater at the University of Southern California and J. Wyatt Durham at the University of California, Berkeley.

3 19

 144 Seminal emissions 

3 20

 145 Coition 

3 21

 147 Fertility and sterility 

3 22

 146 Asception and contraception 

3 23

 148 and 149 Sexual preference; bisexuality 

3 24

 150 Compulsive homosexuality, if there be such 

3 25

 150-157 Shock and effemination 

3 26

 159.9 Psychology 

3 27

 159.901 9 [untitled] 

3 28

 159.92 Mental development and capaciti; comparativ sykoloji [sic] 

3 29

 159.9221 As influenced by sex; sex psychology 

3 30

 159.922 74 Children's point of view 

3 31

 159.953 Memory and learning; reproductive power, mnemonic apprehension 

3 32

 159.96 Special mental conditions 

3 33

 159.964 212.2 Instincts (sexual) 

3 34

 159.964 2 Syko-.nal.s:s [sic] 

3 35

 159.964 212 2 Instincts 

3 36

 159.97 Abnormal psychology 

3 37

 159.972 Insanity: Mental alienation 

3 38

 159.972 974 Narcissism 

4 1

 159.973 Mental deficiency 

4 2

 159.973 484 6 e Third degree homosexuality (K-E) 

4 3

 159.973 484 3 Fetichism 

4 4

 159.973 484 6 f, g, h Congenital homosexuality 

4 5

 159.973 484 Sexual perversions 

4 6

 159.973 484 4a Masochism 

4 7

 159.973 484 4b Sadism 

4 8

 159.973 4845 Bestiality (zooerasty) 

4 9

 159.973 4846 Homosexuality 

4 10

 159.973 484 6 a to d Homosexuality 

4 11

 300 Social syensez; sosholloji in jeneral [sic] 

Scope and Contents note

Includes "The Gospel According to Manuel: Draft ov[sic] a Constitution for a Total Convent."

4 12

 301.15 Social psychology 

4 13

 301.15 New terrors: stereotypes and the mass mind 

Scope and Contents note

Includes the manuscript "New Terrors: Stereotypes and the Mass Mind" by Manuel boyFrank.

4

 301.32 Population 

4 15

 301.4 Social structure 

Scope and Contents note

Includes a manuscript of "Federated Families" with associated notes.

4 16

 301.415 Sex life outside marriage; concubinage, premarital relations, aduletry [sic], prostitution, homosexuality... 

Scope and Contents note

Includes an untitled publication mock-up with an undated speech by Manuel boyFrank and an undated letter from boyFrank to ONE Incorporated, among other material. The folder also contains a boyFrank letter addressed to ONE Incorporated (1969).

4 17

 301.42 Marriage and family 

Scope and Contents note

Consists of a boyFrank letter addressed to Harold Leppiet (1962).

4 18

 301.423 Family and social change, including effects upon the family of urbanization, mobility, technology, industrialization and war 

Scope and Contents note

Consists of a letter written by boyFrank to Jim Kepner (1970).

4 19

 312 People in bulk 

4 20

 320 Political syens [sic] 

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence from boyFrank to the Star-News (1935), New Republic (1930 and 1940), and Drew Pearson of the Care Star Free Press (1943), as well as responses from the New Republic (1930) and Verne Scoggins of the State of California Governor's Office (1943).

4 21

 329.03 Interest groups, pressure 

4 22

 330.122 Political machine and capitalism 

4 23

 344.05 Public order, safety, morals 

4 24

 364.174 Obscenity and pornography 

4 25

 366 Brotherhood invisible 

Scope and Contents note

Includes a boyFrank letter addressed to "Skipper" (1940).

4 26

 366 Hedonic church 

4 27

 366 Hedonic name 

Scope and Contents note

Includes a letter addressed to boyFrank from Private First Class J. Ed. Ferruggie on U.S.O. letterhead (1943), a boyFrank letter addressed to R.W. Deagan (1945), and a boyFrank letter to "Ed" (1943).

4 28

 367 Social clubz [sic] 

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence with Henry Gerber from 1935-1941. Also includes boyFrank letters written to Mr. Wyatt (1938), American Services (1939), Walter A. Hoenes (1944), and Shure Industries (1946).

4 29

 375.6126 Place of reproduction, generation, and development in the curriculum 

4 30

 375.613 89 Place of sex hygiene in the curriculum 

4 31

 389 Frame-ups 

4 32

 392 Birth, home, and sex customs 

4 33

 392 Sexual revolution 

4 34

 392 Sex and social struggle 

4 35

 392.3 Family and home relations 

4 36

 392.6 Sex in civilization 

4 37

 392.6 Sex outside marriage 

Scope and Contents note

Includes correspondence with Jim Kepner (1970) in which boyFrank relates some of his biographical information as well as those of Frank McCourt, Henry Gerber, and Elbert Hubbard. Also includes correspondence with Charles Rowland (1958).

5 1

 611.6 Genito-urinary system; breasts 

5 2

 611.63 Male genital organs 

5 3

 611.65 Female genital organs; adnexa 

5 4

 612.6 Reproduction and generation; development 

Scope and Contents note

Empty folder.

5 5

 612.6 Reproduction and generation... 

5 6

 612.613 Copulation and fecundity 

5 7

 613.95 Sex hygiene 

5 8

 616 Pathology; diseases; treatment 

5 9

 616.6 Disease of genito-urinary system 

5 10

 616.69 Functional disease, male generative... 

5 11

 616.95 Syphilis 

5 12

 616.952 Gonorrhea 

5 13

 618.39 Abortion, miscarriage, stillbirth... 

5 14

 629.4 Astronautics 

Scope and Contents note

Includes boyFrank's membership records for the United States Rocket Society Incorporated and a list of Rocketeers (members) in the organization. Also includes correspondence with George H. Bosch (1943-1944), Eol. [Ed.?] (1943), H.B. Wessberg (1944), and Frank [McCourt] (1944).

5 15

 704.942.5 Children 

Scope and Contents note

Empty folder.

7 5

 743 Art anatomy; introduction 

5 16

 743 Muscle group by action 

5 17

 743 Art students' anatomy 

5 18

 743 Art anatomy; life school 

Scope and Contents note

Empty folder.

5 19

 743 Bony landmarks 

5 20

 743 Anatomy 

Processing Information note

Anatomy materials found loose in original boxes.

5 21

 801 Sex and the novel 

5 22

 808.85 Collection of speeches 

Scope and Contents note

Unattributed and boyFrank speeches.

5 23

 813 Fiction 

5 24

 813 Radio man 

5 25

 1200 Phallism fertility and fools; history 400 BCE to 500 CE 

5 26

 Clippings, small size 

Scope and Contents note

Includes 3 x 4 inch packets of clippings on the following topics: 757.3 Men (3 packets), 757.5 Boys (1 packet), 769 Prints (1 packet), 779 Collections of photographs (1 packet), 779.2 Human figures (1 packet), 779.22 Draped figures (1 packet), 779.23 Men (7 packets), 779.24 Women (1 packet), and 779.25 Children (4 packets). Also includes 2 x 3 inch packets of clippings on the following topics: 704.942 Human figures (1 packet), 757.3 Men (2 packets), 757.5 Boys (2 packets), 779.22 Men (1 packet), 779.25 Children (1 packet), 779.32 Animal life (779.32), and 757.5 Boys (1 packet).

7 3

 Clippings and notes, unidentified topics 

5 27

 Contact 

Scope and Contents note

Includes a mockup for a proposed publication entitled Contact that was presumably modeled on Gerber's  Contacts publication.

5 28

 Contacts 

Scope and Contents note

Includes a short letter from Henry Gerber to boyFrank (no year given) and subscription materials for Contacts from 1935.

7 6

 Envelopes 

Scope and Contents note

Preprinted envelopes used by boyFrank.

5 29

 Everybody's management 

5 30

 Family farm 

5 31

 Family law 

5 32

 Family self-concern 

5 33

 Federators 

5 34

 Fertility control 

5 35

 Fighting arts 

5 36

 The Guiana Hobby Club 

Scope and Contents note

Includes the volume 6, number 4 and 5 issues (June and September 1939).

5 37

 Homosexuality, ancient 

5 38

 Homosexuality and Socrates 

5 39

 Homosexuality and the ancient Greeks 

5 40

 The Horn Book (extracts) 

6 1

 Index cards, A-Z   [2 folders]

Scope and Contents note

Lists names and addresses.

7 1-2

 Journal, personal 

Scope and Contents note

The first part of the journal contains notes for a twenty-chapter book, the second part an alphabetic listing of terms with associated numbers.

6 2

 Legal   [5 folders]

Scope and Contents note

Consists of the following labeled sections: "Break the opposition's witness," "Cross examination," "Don't press unduly an advantage that may prove false," "Strike where the prosecution expects no blow," "Argue as a citizen for good citizenship," "Claim for homosexuality heterosexuality privileges," "Opening speech," "Let God enforce God's law," "Collect for false arrest," "Present your case," "Competency in a witness," "Breaking the expert witness," "Hostile witnesses," and "Refute the Prosecution."

6 3-7

 Male nudes 

Scope and Contents note

Consists of two photograph portfolios from Glen Talbot and a letter in response from boyFrank (1977).

7 7

 Novarro, Ramon 

6 8

 Photographs 

Scope and Contents note

Comprises three black-and-white 3.5 x 5.5 inch photographic postcards of sailors, three black-and-white 5 x 7 inch negatives of assorted male erotica, and one black-and-white 1.5 x 1.75 inch photographic print of an unidentified man.

6 9

 Prison and the courts 

6 10

 Raising boys 

6 11

 Selection and development 

6 12

 Sexual education, society's views 

6 13

 Sexual teaching 

6 14

 Sexual training 

6 15

 Truth Seeker 

Scope and Contents note

Consists of a letter to boyFrank by Ervin R. Hillhouse (undated) and volume 77, number 5, of Truth Seeker (May 1950).

6 16

 Writings about Manuel boyFrank 

6 17

 Writings and notes, miscellaneous 

6 18

 Young folk 

6 19

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