Center for Muslim-Jewish Engagement

A Partnership between the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion,
Omar Ibn Al Khattab Foundation, & USC Center for Religion and Civic Culture

Partial Translation of Sunan Abu-Dawud, Book 1:

Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)


Book 1, Number 0001:

Narrated Mughirah ibn Shu'bah:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) went (outside) to relieve himself, he went to a far-off place.


Book 1, Number 0002:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) felt the need of relieving himself, he went far off where no one could see him.


Book 1, Number 0003:

Narrated AbuMusa:

AbutTayyah reported on the authority of a shaykh (an old man): When Abdullah ibn Abbas came to Basrah, people narrated to him traditions from AbuMusa. Therefore Ibn Abbas wrote to him asking him about certain things. In reply AbuMusa wrote to him saying: One day I was in the company of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He wanted to urinate. Then he came to a soft ground at the foot of a wall and urinated. He (the Prophet) then said: If any of you wants to urinate, he should look for a place (like this) for his urination.


Book 1, Number 0006:

Narrated Zayd ibn Arqam:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: These privies are frequented by the jinns and devils. So when anyone amongst you goes there, he should say: "I seek refuge in Allah from male and female devils."


Book 1, Number 0007:

Narrated Salman al-Farsi:

It was said to Salman: Your Prophet teaches you everything, even about excrement. He replied: Yes. He has forbidden us to face the qiblah at the time of easing or urinating, and cleansing with right hand, and cleansing with less than three stones, or cleansing with dung or bone.


Book 1, Number 0010:

Narrated Ma'qil ibn AbuMa'qil al-Asadi:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) has forbidden us to face the two qiblahs at the time of urination or excretion.


Book 1, Number 0011:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Marwan al-Asfar said: I saw Ibn Umar make his camel kneel down facing the qiblah, then he sat down urinating in its direction. So I said: AbuAbdurRahman, has this not been forbidden? He replied: Why not, that was forbidden only in open country; but when there is something between you and the qiblah that conceals you , then there is no harm.


Book 1, Number 0013:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade us to face the qiblah at the time of making water. Then I saw him facing it (qiblah) urinating or easing himself one year before his death.


Book 1, Number 0014:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wanted to relieve himself, he would not raise his garment, until he lowered himself near the ground.


Book 1, Number 0015:

Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: When two persons go together for relieving themselves uncovering their private parts and talking together, Allah, the Great and Majestic, becomes wrathful at this (action).


Book 1, Number 0017:

Narrated Muhajir ibn Qunfudh:

Muhajir came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) while he was urinating. He saluted him. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) did not return the salutation to him until he performed ablution. He then apologised to him, saying: I disliked remembering Allah except in the state of purification.


Book 1, Number 0019:

Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) entered the privy, he removed his ring.


Book 1, Number 0022:

Narrated Amr ibn al-'As:

AbdurRahman ibn Hasanah reported: I and Amr ibn al-'As went to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He came out with a leather shield (in his hand). He covered himself with it and urinated. Then we said: Look at him. He is urinating as a woman does. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), heard this and said: Do you not know what befell a person from amongst Banu Isra'il (the children of Israel)? When urine fell on them, they would cut off the place where the urine fell; but he (that person) forbade them (to do so), and was punished in his grave.


Book 1, Number 0024:

Narrated Umaymah daughter of Ruqayqah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) had a wooden vessel under his bed in which he would urinate at night.


Book 1, Number 0026:

Narrated Mu'adh ibn Jabal:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Be on your guard against three things which provoke cursing: easing in the watering places and on the thoroughfares, and in the shade (of the tree).


Book 1, Number 0027:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mughaffal:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: No one of you should make water in his bath and then wash himself there (after urination).

The version of Ahmad has: Then performs ablution there, for evil thoughts come from it.


Book 1, Number 0028:

Narrated A Man from the Companions:

Humayd al-Himyari said: I met a man (Companion of the Prophet) who remained in the company of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) just as AbuHurayrah remained in his company. He then added: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade that anyone amongst us should comb (his hair) every day or urinate in the place where he takes a bath.


Book 1, Number 0029:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Sarjis:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited to urinate in a hole.


Book 1, Number 0030:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) came out of the privy, he used to say: "Grant me Thy forgiveness."


Book 1, Number 0032:

Narrated Hafsah, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used his right hand for taking his food and drink and used his left hand for other purposes.


Book 1, Number 0033:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used his right hand for getting water for ablution and taking food, and his left hand for his evacuation and for anything repugnant.


Book 1, Number 0035:

Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone applies collyrium, he should do it an odd number of times. If he does so, he has done well; but if not, there is no harm. If anyone cleanses himself with pebbles, he should use an odd number. If he does so, he has done well; but if not, there is no harm.

If anyone eats, he should throw away what he removes with a toothpick and swallow what sticks to his tongue. If he does so, he has done well; if not, there is no harm. If anyone goes to relieve himself, he should conceal himself, and if all he can do is to collect a heap of send, he should sit with his back to it, for the devil makes sport with the posteriors of the children of Adam. If he does so, he has done well; but if not, there is no harm.


Book 1, Number 0036:

Narrated Ruwayfi' ibn Thabit:

Shayban al-Qatbani reported that Maslamah ibn Mukhallad made Ruwayfi' ibn Thabit the governor of the lower parts (of Egypt). He added: We travelled with him from Kum Sharik to Alqamah or from Alqamah to Kum Sharik (the narrator doubts) for Alqam.

Ruwayfi' said: Any one of us would borrow a camel during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) from the other, on condition that he would give him half the booty, and the other half he would retain himself.

Further, one of us received an arrowhead and a feather, and the other an arrow-shaft as a share from the booty.

He then reported: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: You may live for a long time after I am gone, Ruwayfi', so, tell people that if anyone ties his beard or wears round his neck a string to ward off the evil eye, or cleanses himself with animal dung or bone, Muhammad has nothing to do with him.


Book 1, Number 0039:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

A deputation of the jinn came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and said: O Muhammad, forbid your community to cleans themselves with a bone or dung or charcoal, for in them Allah has provided sustenance for us. So the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) forbade them to do so.


Book 1, Number 0040:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: When any of you goes to relieve himself, he should take with him three stones to cleans himself, for they will be enough for him.


Book 1, Number 0041:

Narrated Khuzaymah ibn Thabit:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) was asked about cleansing (after relieving oneself). He said: (One should cleanse oneself) with three stones which should be free from dung.


Book 1, Number 0042:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) urinated and Umar was standing behind him with a jug of water. He said: What is this, Umar? He replied: Water for you to perform ablution with. He said: I have not been commanded to perform ablution every time I urinate. If I were to do so, it would become a sunnah.


Book 1, Number 0044:

Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The following verse was revealed in connection with the people of Quba': "In it are men who love to be purified" (ix.108). He (AbuHurayrah) said: They used to cleanse themselves with water after easing. So the verse was revealed in connection with them.


Book 1, Number 0047:

Narrated Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhani:

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: Were it not hard on my ummah, I would order them to use the tooth-stick at the time of every prayer. AbuSalamah said: Zayd ibn Khalid used to attend the prayers in the mosque with his tooth-stick on his ear where a clerk carries a pen, and whenever he got up for prayer he used it.


Book 1, Number 0048:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Hanzalah ibn AbuAmir:

Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Habban asked Abdullah ibn Abdullah ibn Umar about the reason for Ibn Umar's performing ablution for every prayer, whether he was with or without ablution.

He replied: Asma', daughter of Zayd ibn al-Khattab, reported to me that Abdullah ibn Hanzalah ibn AbuAmir narrated to her that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was earlier commanded to perform ablution for every prayer whether or not he was with ablution.

When it became a burden for him, he was ordered to use tooth-stick for every prayer. As Ibn Umar thought that he had the strength (to perform the ablution for every prayer), he did not give up performing ablution for every prayer.


Book 1, Number 0050:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was using the tooth-stick, when two men, one older than the other, were with him. A revelation came to him about the merit of using the tooth-stick. He was asked to show proper respect and give it to the elder of the two.


Book 1, Number 0052:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Ten are the acts according to fitrah (nature): clipping the moustache, letting the beard grow, using the tooth-stick, cutting the nails, washing the finger joints, plucking the hair under the arm-pits, shaving the pubes, and cleansing one's private parts (after easing or urinating) with water. The narrator said: I have forgotten the tenth, but it may have been rinsing the mouth.


Book 1, Number 0055:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Ablution water and tooth-stick were placed by the side of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). When he got up during the night (for prayer), he relieved himself, then he used the tooth-stick.


Book 1, Number 0056:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) did not get up after sleeping by night or by day without using the tooth-stick before performing ablution.


Book 1, Number 0059:

Narrated AbulMalih:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Allah does not accept charity from goods acquired by embezzlement as He does not accept prayer without purification.


Book 1, Number 0061:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

The key to prayer is purification; its beginning is takbir and its end is taslim.


Book 1, Number 0062:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

AbuGhutayf al-Hudhali reported: I was in the company of Ibn Umar. When the call was made for the noon (zuhr) prayer, he performed ablution and said the prayer. When the call for the afternoon ('asr) prayer was made, he again performed ablution. Thus I asked him (about the reason of performing ablution). He replied: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: For a man who performs ablution in a state of purity, ten virtuous deeds will be recorded (in his favour).

AbuDawud said: This is the tradition narrated by Musaddad, and it is more perfect.


Book 1, Number 0063:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), was asked about water (in desert country) and what is frequented by animals and wild beasts. He replied: When there is enough water to fill two pitchers, it bears no impurity.


Book 1, Number 0066:

Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

The people asked the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Can we perform ablution out of the well of Buda'ah, which is a well into which menstrual clothes, dead dogs and stinking things were thrown? He replied: Water is pure and is not defiled by anything.


Book 1, Number 0067:

Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

I heard that the people asked the Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Water is brought for you from the well of Buda'ah. It is a well in which dead dogs, menstrual clothes and excrement of people are thrown. The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) replied: Verily water is pure and is not defiled by anything.


Book 1, Number 0068:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

One of the wives of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) took a bath from a large bowl. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wanted to perform ablution or take from the water left over. She said to him: O Prophet of Allah, verily I was sexually defiled. The Prophet said: Water not defiled.


Book 1, Number 0070:

Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: None amongst you should urinate in standing water, then wash in it after sexual defilement.


Book 1, Number 0075:

Narrated AbuQatadah:

Kabshah, daughter of Ka'b ibn Malik and wife of Ibn AbuQatadah, reported: AbuQatadah visited (me) and I poured out water for him for ablution. A cat came and drank some of it and he tilted the vessel for it until it drank some of it. Kabshah said: He saw me looking at him; he asked me: Are you surprised, my niece? I said: Yes. He then reported the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) as saying: It is not unclean; it is one of those (males or females) who go round among you.


Book 1, Number 0076:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Dawud ibn Salih ibn Dinar at-Tammar quoted his mother as saying that her mistress sent her with some pudding (harisah) to Aisha who was offering prayer. She made a sign to me to place it down. A cat came and ate some of it, but when Aisha finished her prayer, she ate from the place where the cat had eaten. She stated: The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: It is not unclean: it is one of those who go round among you. She added: I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performing ablution from the water left over by the cat.


Book 1, Number 0078:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

My hands and the hands of the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) alternated into one vessel while we performed ablution.


Book 1, Number 0081:

Narrated Humayd al-Himyari:

Humayd al-Himyari reported: I met a person (among the Companion of Prophet) who remained in the company of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)for four years as AbuHurayrah remained in his company. He reported: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade that the female should wash with the water left over by the male, and that the male should wash with the left-over of the female.

The version of Musaddad adds: "That they both take the handful of water together."


Book 1, Number 0082:

Narrated Hakam ibn Amr:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) forbade that the male should perform ablution with the water left over by the female.


Book 1, Number 0083:

Narrated AbuHurayrah:

A man asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Messenger of Allah, we travel on the sea and take a small quantity of water with us. If we use this for ablution, we would suffer from thirst. Can we perform ablution with sea water? The Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) replied: Its water is pure and what dies in it is lawful food.


Book 1, Number 0084:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

AbuZayd quoted Abdullah ibn Mas'ud as saying that on the night when the jinn listened to the Qur'an the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: What is in your skin vessel? He said: I have some nabidh. He (the Holy Prophet) said: It consists of fresh dates and pure water.

Sulayman ibn Dawud reported the same version of this tradition on the authority of AbuZayd or Zayd. But Sharik said that Hammad did not mention the words "night of the jinn".


Book 1, Number 0088:

Narrated Abdullah ibn al-Arqam:

Urwah reported on the authority of his father that Abdullah ibn al-Arqam travelled for performing hajj (pilgrimage) or umrah. He was accompanied by the people whom he led in prayer. One day when he was leading them in the dawn (fajr) prayer, he said to them: One of you should come forward. He then went away to relieve himself. He said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: When any of you feels the need of relieving himself while the congregational prayer is ready, he should go to relieve himself.


Book 1, Number 0090:

Narrated Thawban:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Three things one is not allowed to do: supplicating Allah specifically for himself and ignoring others while leading people in prayer; if he did so, he deceived them; looking inside a house before taking permission: if he did so, it is as if he entered the house, saying prayer while one is feeling the call of nature until one eases oneself.


Book 1, Number 0091:

Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: It is not permissible for a man who believes in Allah and in the Last Day that he should say the prayer while he is feeling the call of nature until he becomes light (by relieving himself).


Book 1, Number 0092:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to wash himself with a sa' (of water) and perform ablution with a mudd (of water).


Book 1, Number 0093:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to take a bath with a sa' (of water) and perform ablution with a mudd (of water)


Book 1, Number 0094:

Narrated Umm Umarah:

Habib al-Ansari reported: I heard Abbad ibn Tamim who reported on the authority of my grandmother, Umm Umarah, saying: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wanted to perform ablution. A vessel containing 2/3 mudd of water was brought to him.


Book 1, Number 0096:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mughaffal:

Abdullah heard his son praying to Allah: O Allah, I ask Thee a white palace on the right of Paradise when I enter it. He said: O my son, ask Allah for Paradise and seek refuge in Him from Hell-Fire, for I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: In this community there will be some people who will exceed the limits in purification as well as in supplication.


Book 1, Number 0098:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

I and the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to take bath with a brass vessel.


Book 1, Number 0100:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Zayd:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came upon us. We brought water for him in a brass vessel and he performed ablution.


Book 1, Number 0101:

Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: The prayer of a person who does not perform ablution is not valid, and the ablution of a person who does not mention the name of Allah (in the beginning) is not valid.


Book 1, Number 0111:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

Abdu Khayr said: Ali came upon us and he had already offered prayer. He called for water. We asked: What will you do with water when you have already offered prayer? - Perhaps to teach us. A utensil containing water and a wash-basin were brought (to him).

He poured water from the utensil on his right hand and washed both his hands three times, rinsed the mouth, snuffed up water and cleansed the nose three times. He then rinsed the mouth and snuffed up water with the same hand by which he took water. He then washed his face three times, and washed his right hand three times and washed his left hand three times. He then put his hand in water and wiped his head once.

He then washed his right foot thrice and left foot thrice, then said: If one is pleased to know the method of performing ablution of the Apostle of Allah, this is how he did it.


Book 1, Number 0121:

Narrated Al-Miqdam ibn Ma'dikarib al-Kindi:

The ablution water was brought to the Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) and he performed ablution; he washed his hands up to wrists three times, then washed his forearms three times. He then rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water three times; then he wiped his head and ears inside and outside.


Book 1, Number 0124:

Narrated Mu'awiyah:

AbulAzhar al-Mughirah ibn Farwah and Yazid ibn AbuMalik reported: Mu'awiyah performed ablution before the people, as he saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution. When he reached the stage of wiping his head, he took a handful of water and poured it with his left hand over the middle of his head so much so that drops of water came down or almost came down. Then he wiped (his head) from its front to its back and from its back to its front.


Book 1, Number 0126:

Narrated Ar-Rubayyi' daughter of Mu'awwidh ibn Afra':

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to come to us. He once said: Pour ablution water on me. She then described how the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution saying: He washed his hands up to wrist three times and washed his face three times, and rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water once. Then he washed his forearms three times and wiped his head twice beginning from the back of his head, then wiped its front. He wiped his ears outside and inside. Then he washed his feet three times.


Book 1, Number 0131:

Narrated Ar-Rubayyi' daughter of Mu'awwidh ibn Afra':

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution. He inserted his two fingers in the ear-holes.


Book 1, Number 0132:

Narrated Talhah ibn Musarrif:

I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) wiping his head once up to his nape.


Book 1, Number 0133:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

Sa'id ibn Jubayr reported: Ibn Abbas saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution. He narrated the tradition which says that he (the Prophet) performed each detail of ablution three times. He wiped his head and ears once.


Book 1, Number 0134:

Narrated AbuUmamah:

AbuUmamah mentioned how the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution, saying that he used to wipe the corners of his eyes, and he said that the ears are treated as part of the head.


Book 1, Number 0135:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

A man came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and asked him: Messenger of Allah, how is the ablution (to performed)?

He (the Prophet) then called for water in a vessel and washed his hands up to the wrists three times, then washed his face three times, and washed his forearms three times. He then wiped his head and inserted both his index fingers in his ear-holes; he wiped the back of his ears with his thumbs and the front of his ears with the index fingers. He then washed his feet three times.

Then he said: This is how ablution should be performed. If anyone does more or less than this, he has done wrong and transgressed, or (said) transgressed and done wrong.


Book 1, Number 0136:

Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (my peace be upon him) washed the limbs in ablution twice.


Book 1, Number 0139:

Narrated Grandfather of Talhah:

I entered upon the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) while he was performing ablution, and the water was running down his face and beard to his chest. I saw him rinsing his mouth and snuffing up water separately.


Book 1, Number 0141:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Cleanse your nose well (after snuffing up water) twice or thrice.


Book 1, Number 0142:

Narrated Laqit ibn Sabirah:

I was the leader of the delegation of Banu al-Muntafiq or (the narrator doubted) I was among the delegation of Banu al-Muntafiq that came to the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). When we reached the Prophet, we did not find him in his house. We found there Aisha, the Mother of the Believers. She ordered that a dish called Khazirah should be prepared for us. It was then prepared. A tray containing dates was then presented to us. (The narrator Qutaybah did not mention the word qina', tray).

Then the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came. He asked: Has anything been served to you or ordered for you? We replied: Yes, Messenger of Allah. While we were sitting in the company of the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) we suddenly saw that a shepherd was driving a herd of sheep to their fold. He had with him a newly-born lamb that was crying.

He (the Prophet) asked him: What did it bear, O so and so? He replied: A ewe. He then said: Slaughter for us in its place a sheep. Do not think that we are slaughtering it for you. We have one hundred sheep and we do not want their number to increase. Whenever a ewe is born, we slaughter a sheep in its place.

(The narrator says that the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used the word la tahsabanna, do not think).

I (the narrator Laqit) then said: Messenger of Allah, I have a wife who has something (wrong) in her tongue, i.e. she is insolent. He said: Then divorce her. I said: Messenger of Allah, she had company with me and I have children from her. He said: Then ask her (to obey you). If there is something good in her, she will do so (obey); and do not beat your wife as you beat your slave-girl.

I said: Messenger of Allah, tell me about ablution. He said: Perform ablution in full and make the fingers go through the beard and snuff with water well except when you are fasting.


Book 1, Number 0145:

Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

Whenever the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution, he took a handful of water, and, putting it under his chin, made it go through his beard, saying: Thus did my Lord command me.


Book 1, Number 0146:

Narrated Thawban:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sent out an expedition. They were affected by cold. When they returned to the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), he commanded them to wipe over turbans and stockings.


Book 1, Number 0147:

Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

I saw the Messenger (peace_be_upon_him) perform ablution. He had a Qutri turban. He inserted his hand beneath the turban and wiped over the forelock, and did not untie the turban.


Book 1, Number 0148:

Narrated Al-Mustawrid ibn Shaddad:

I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) rubbing his toes with his little finger when he performed ablution.


Book 1, Number 0155:

Narrated AbuMusa al-Ash'ari:

Negus presented to the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) two black and simple socks. He put them on; then he performed ablution and wiped over them.


Book 1, Number 0157:

Narrated Khuzaymah ibn Thabit:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The time limit for wiping over the socks for a traveller is three days (and three nights) and for a resident it is one day and one night.


Book 1, Number 0158:

Narrated Ubayy ibn Umarah:

I asked: Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) may I wipe over the socks? He replied: Yes. He asked: For one day? He replied: For one day. He again asked: And for two days? He replied: For two days too. He again asked: And for three days? He replied: Yes, as long as you wish.


Book 1, Number 0159:

Narrated Al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution and wiped over the stockings and shoes.


Book 1, Number 0160:

Narrated Aws ibn AbuAws ath-Thaqafi:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution and wiped over his shoes and feet.

Abbad (a sub-narrator) said: The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came to the well of a people. Musaddad did not mention the words Midat (a place where ablution is performed), and Kazamah (well). Then both agreed on the wording:"He performed ablution and wiped over his shoes and feet."


Book 1, Number 0161:

Narrated Al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) wiped over the socks.


Book 1, Number 0162:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

If the religion were based on opinion, it would be more important to wipe the under part of the shoe than the upper but I have seen the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) wiping over the upper part of his shoes.


Book 1, Number 0165:

Narrated Al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah:

I poured water while the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution in the battle of Tabuk. He wiped over the upper part of the socks and their lower part.


Book 1, Number 0166:

Narrated Hakam ibn Sufyan ath-Thaqafi:

When the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) urinated, he performed ablution and sprinkled water on private parts of the body.


Book 1, Number 0175:

Narrated Some Companions of the Prophet:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) saw a person offering prayer, and on the back of his foot a small part equal to the space of a dirham remained unwashed; the water did not reach it. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) commanded him to repeat the ablution and prayer.


Book 1, Number 0178:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) kissed me and did not perform ablution.


Book 1, Number 0181:

Narrated Busrah daughter of Safwan:

Abdullah ibn AbuBakr reported that he heard Urwah say: I entered upon Marwan ibn al-Hakam. We mentioned things that render the ablution void. Marwan said: Does it become void by touching the penis? Urwah replied: This I do not know. Marwan said: Busrah daughter of Safwan reported to me that she heard the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: He who touches his penis should perform ablution.


Book 1, Number 0182:

Narrated Talq:

We came upon the Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). A man came to him: he seemed to be a bedouin. He said: Prophet of Allah, what do you think about a man who touches his penis after performing ablution? He (peace_be_upon_him) replied: That is only a part of his body.


Book 1, Number 0184:

Narrated Al-Bara' ibn Azib:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was asked about performing ablution after eating the flesh of the camel. He replied: Perform ablution, after eating it. He was asked about performing ablution after eating meat. He replied: Do not perform ablution after eating it. He was asked about saying prayer in places where the camels lie down. He replied: Do not offer prayer in places where the camels lie down. These are the places of Satan. He was asked about saying prayer in the sheepfolds. He replied: You may offer prayer in such places; these are the places of blessing.


Book 1, Number 0185:

Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) passed by a boy who was skinning a goat. The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Give it up until I show you. He (the Prophet) inserted his hand between the skin and the flesh until it reached the armpit. He then went away and led the people in prayer and he did not perform ablution. The version of Amr added that he did not touch water.


Book 1, Number 0188:

Narrated Al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah:

One night I became the guest of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He ordered that a piece of mutton be roasted, and it was roasted. He then took a knife and began to cut the meat with it for me. In the meantime Bilal came and called him for prayer. He threw the knife and said: What happened! may his hands be smeared with earth! He then stood for offering prayer. Al-Anbari added: My moustaches became lengthy. He trimmed them by placing a took-stick; or he said: I shall trim your moustaches by placing the tooth-stick there.


Book 1, Number 0189:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) took a shoulder (of goat's meat) and after wiping his hand with a cloth on which he was sitting, he got up and prayed.


Book 1, Number 0193:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Harith ibn Jaz':

One of the Companions of the Prophet (may peace be upon), came upon us in Egypt. When he was narrating traditions in the Mosque of Egypt, I heard him say: I was the seventh or the sixth person in the company of the Messenger of Allah ( peace be upon him) in the house of a person.

In the meantime Bilal came and called him for prayer. He came out and passed by a person who had his fire-pan on the fire. The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to him: Has the food in the fire-pan been cooked? He replied: Yes, my parents be sacrificed upon you. He then took a piece out of it and continued to chew it until he uttered the first takbir (AllahuAkbar) of the prayer. All this time I was looking at him.


Book 1, Number 0195:

Narrated Umm Habibah:

AbuSufyan ibn Sa'id ibn al-Mughirah reported that he entered upon Umm Habibah who presented him a glass of sawiq (a drink prepared with flour and water) to drink. He called for water and rinsed his mouth. She said: O my cousin, don't you perform ablution? The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Perform ablution after eating anything cooked with fire, or he said: anything touched by fire.


Book 1, Number 0197:

Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) drank some milk and he did not rinse his mouth nor did he perform ablution, and he offered the prayer.


Book 1, Number 0198:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

We proceeded in the company of the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) for the battle of Dhat ar-Riqa. One of the Muslims killed the wife of one of the unbelievers. He (the husband of the woman killed) took an oath saying: I shall not rest until I kill one of the companions of Muhammad.

He went out following the footsteps of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) encamped at a certain place. He said: Who will keep a watch on us? A person from the Muhajirun (Emigrants) and another from the Ansar (Helpers) responded. He said: Go to the mouth of the mountain-pass. When they went to the mouth of the mountain-pass the man from the Muhajirun lay down while the man from the Ansar stood praying.

The man (enemy) came to them. When he saw the person he realised that he was the watchman of the Muslims. He shot him with an arrow and hit the target. But he (took the arrow out and) threw it away. He (the enemy) then shot three arrows. Then he (the Muslim) bowed and prostrated and awoke his companion. When he (the enemy) perceived that they (the Muslims) had become aware of his presence, he ran away.

When the man from the Muhajirun saw the (man from the Ansar) bleeding, he asked him: Glory be to Allah! Why did you not wake me up the first time when he shot at you.

He replied: I was busy reciting a chapter of the Qur'an. I did not like to leave it.


Book 1, Number 0202:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to prostrate and sleep (in prostration) and produce puffing sounds (during sleep). Then he would stand and pray and would not perform ablution. I said to him: you prayed but did not perform ablution though you slept (in prostration). He replied: Ablution is necessary for one who sleeps while he is lying down. Uthman and Hannad added: For when he lies down, his joints are relaxed.


Book 1, Number 0203:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: The eyes are the leather strap of the anus, so one who sleeps should perform ablution.


Book 1, Number 0204:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

We would not wash our feet after treading on something unclean, nor would we hold our hair and garments (during prayer).


Book 1, Number 0205:

Narrated Ali ibn Talq:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: When any of you breaks wind during the prayer, he should turn away and perform ablution and repeat the prayer.


Book 1, Number 0207:

Narrated Al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad:

Ali ibn AbuTalib commanded him to ask the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) what a man should do when he wants to have intercourse with his wife and the prostatic fluid comes out (at this moment). (He said): I am ashamed of consulting him because of the position of his daughter. Al-Miqdad said: I asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) about it. He said: When any of you finds, he should wash his private part, and perform ablution as he does for prayer.


Book 1, Number 0210:

Narrated Sahl ibn Hunayf:

I felt greatly distressed by the frequent flowing of prostatic fluid. For this reason I used to take a bath very often. I asked the apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) about this. He replied: Ablution will be sufficient for you because of this. I asked: Apostle of Allah, what should I do if it smears my clothes. He replied: It is sufficient if you take a handful of water and sprinkle it on your clothe when you find it has smeared it.


Book 1, Number 0211:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Sa'd al-Ansari:

I asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) as to what makes it necessary to take a bath and about the (prostatic) fluid that flows after taking a bath. He replied: that is called madhi (prostatic fluid). It flows from every male. You should wash your private parts and testicles because of it and perform ablution as you do for prayer.


Book 1, Number 0212:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Sa'd al-Ansari:

Abdullah asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): What is lawful for me to do with my wife when she is menstruating? He replied: What is above the waist-wrapper is lawful for you.

The narrator also mentioned (the lawfulness of) eating with a woman in menstruation, and he transmitted the tradition in full.


Book 1, Number 0213:

Narrated Mu'adh ibn Jabal:

I asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): What is lawful for a man to do with his wife when she is menstruating? He replied: What is above the waist-wrapper, but it is better to abstain from it, too.


Book 1, Number 0219:

Narrated AbuRafi':

One day the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) had intercourse with all his wives. He took a bath after each intercourse. I asked him: Apostle of Allah, why don't you make it a single bath? He replied: This is more purifying, better and cleaning.


Book 1, Number 0225:

Narrated Ammar ibn Yasir:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) granted permission to a person who was sexually defiled to eat or drink or sleep after performing ablution.


Book 1, Number 0226:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Ghudayf ibn al-Harith reported: I asked Aisha: Have you seen the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) washing (because of defilement) at the beginning of the night or at the end?

She replied: Sometimes he would take a bath at the beginning of the night and sometimes at the end.

Thereupon I exclaimed: Allah is most Great. All Praise be to Allah Who made this matter accommodative.

I again asked her: What do you think, did the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say the witr prayer (additional prayer after obligatory prayer at night) in the beginning of the night or at the end?

She replied: Sometimes he would say the witr prayer at the beginning of the night and sometimes at the end.

I exclaimed: Allah is most Great. All praise be to Allah Who made the matter accommodative.

Again I asked her: What do you think, did the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) recite the Qur'an (in the prayer) loudly or softly?

She replied: Sometimes he would recite loudly and sometimes softly.

I exclaimed: Allah is most Great. All praise be to Allah Who made the matter flexible.


Book 1, Number 0227:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Angels do not enter the house where there is a picture, or a dog, or a person who is sexually defiled.


Book 1, Number 0228:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would sleep while he was sexually defiled without touching water.


Book 1, Number 0229:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

Abdullah ibn Salamah said: I, accompanied by other two persons, one from us and the other from Banu Asad, called upon Ali. He sent them to a certain territory (on some mission) saying: You are sturdy and vigorous people; hence display your power for religion. He then stood and entered the toilet. He then came out and called for water and took a handful of it. Then he wiped (his hands) with it and began to recite the Qur'an. They were surprised at this (action).

Thereupon he said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came out from the privy and taught us the Qur'an and took meat with us. Nothing prevented him; or the narrator said: Nothing prevented him from (reciting) the Qur'an except sexual defilement.


Book 1, Number 0232:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came and saw that the doors of the houses of his Companions were facing the mosque. He said: Turn the direction of the houses from the mosque. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) then entered (the houses or the mosque), and the people did take any step in this regard hoping that some concession might be revealed. He the Prophet) again came upon them and said: Turn the direction of these (doors) from the mosque I do not make the mosque lawful for a menstruating woman and for a person who is sexually defiled.


Book 1, Number 0233:

Narrated AbuBakrah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) began to lead (the people) in the dawn prayer. He then signalled with his hand: (Stay) at your places. (Then he entered his home). He then returned while drops of water were coming down from him (from his body) and he led them in prayer.


Book 1, Number 0236:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) was asked about a person who found moisture (on his body or clothes) but did not remember the sexual dream. He replied: He should take a bath. He was asked about a person who remembered that he had a sexual dream but did not find moisture. He replied: Bath is not necessary for him. Umm Salamah then asked: Is washing necessary for a woman if she sees that (in her dream)? He replied: Yes. Woman are counterpart of men.


Book 1, Number 0241:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Jumay' ibn Umayr, one of the sons of Banu Taym Allah ibn Tha'labah, said: Accompanied by my mother and aunt I entered upon Aisha. One of them asked her: How did you do while taking a bath? Aisha replied: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) performed ablution (in the beginning) as he did for prayer. He then poured (water) upon his head three times. But we poured water upon our heads five times due to plaits.


Book 1, Number 0244:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

If you want, I can certainly show you the marks of the hand of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) on the wall where he took a bath because of sexual defilement.


Book 1, Number 0247:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

There were fifty prayers (obligatory in the beginning); and (in the beginning of Islam) washing seven times because of sexual defilement (was obligatory); and washing the urine from the cloth seven times (was obligatory).

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) kept on praying to Allah until the number of prayers was reduced to five and washing because of sexual defilement was allowed only once and washing the urine from the clothe was also permitted only once.


Book 1, Number 0248:

Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: There is sexual defilement under every hair; so wash the hair and cleanse the skin.


Book 1, Number 0249:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone who is sexual defiled leaves a spot equal to the breadth of a hair without washing, such and such an amount of Hell-fire will have to be suffered for it. Ali said: On that account I treated my head (hair) as an enemy, meaning I cut my hair. He used to cut the hair (of his head). May Allah be pleased with him.


Book 1, Number 0250:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) took a bath and offered two rak'ahs of prayer and said the dawn prayer. I do not think he performed ablution afresh after taking a bath.


Book 1, Number 0255:

Narrated Thawban:

Shurayh ibn Ubayd said: Jubayr ibn Nufayr gave me a verdict about the bath because of sexual defilement that Thawban reported to them that they asked the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) about it. He (the Prophet) replied: As regards man, he should undo the hair of his head and wash it until the water should reach the roots of the hair. But there is no harm if the woman does not undo it (her hair) and pour three handfuls of water over her head.


Book 1, Number 0264:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said about a person who had intercourse with his wife while she was menstruating: He must give one dinar or half a dinar in alms.


Book 1, Number 0269:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Khallas al-Hujari reported: Aisha said: I and the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to pass night in one (piece of) cloth (on me) while I menstruated profusely. If anything from me (i.e. blood) smeared him (i.e. his body), he would wash that spot and would not exceed it (in washing), then he would offer prayer with it.


Book 1, Number 0270:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Umarah ibn Ghurab said that his paternal aunt narrated to him that she asked Aisha: What if one of us menstruates and she and her husband have no bed except one? She replied: I relate to you what the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) had done.

One night he entered (upon me) while I was menstruating. He went to the place of his prayer, that is, to the place of prayer reserved (for this purpose) in his house. He did not return until I felt asleep heavily, and he felt pain from cold. And he said: Come near me. I said: I am menstruating. He said: Uncover your thighs. I, therefore, uncovered both of my thighs. Then he put his cheek and chest on my thighs and I lent upon he until he became warm and slept.


Book 1, Number 0271:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

When I menstruated, I left the bed and lay on the reed-mat and did not approach or come near the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) until we were purified.


Book 1, Number 0272:

Narrated One of the Wives of the Prophet:

Ikrimah reported on the authority of one of the wives of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) saying: When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wanted to do something (i.e. kissing, embracing) with (his) menstruating wife, he would put a garment on her private part.


Book 1, Number 0274:

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin:

In the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) there was a woman who had an issue of blood. So Umm Salamah asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) to give a decision about her. He said: She should consider the number of nights and days during which she used to menstruate each month before she was afflicted with this trouble and abandon prayer during that period each month. When those days and nights are over, she should take a bath, tie a cloth over her private parts and pray.


Book 1, Number 0280:

Narrated Fatimah daughter of AbuHubaysh:

Urwah ibn az-Zubayr said that Fatimah daughter of AbuHubaysh narrated to him that she asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and complained to him about the flowing of (her) blood. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to her: That is only (due to) a vein: look, when your menstruation comes, do not pray; and when your menstruation ends, wash yourself and then offer prayer during the period from one menstruation to another.


Book 1, Number 0284:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Bahiyyah said: I heard a woman asking Aisha about the woman whose menses became abnormal and she had an issue of blood. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) asked me to advise her that she should consider the period during which she used to menstruate every month, when her menstruation was normal. Then she should count the days equal to the length of time (of her normal menses); then she should abandon prayer during those days or equal to that period. She should then take a bath, tie a cloth on her private parts a pray.


Book 1, Number 0286:

Narrated Fatimah daughter of AbuHubaysh:

Urwah ibn az-Zubayr reported from Fatimah daughter of AbuHubaysh that her blood kept flowing, so the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said to her: When the blood of the menses comes, it is black blood which can be recognised; so when that comes, refrain from prayer; but when a different type of blood comes, perform ablution and pray, for it is (due only to) a vein.


Book 1, Number 0287:

Narrated Hamnah daughter of Jahsh:

Hamnah said my menstruation was great in quantity and severe. So I came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) for a decision and told him. I found him in the house of my sister, Zaynab, daughter of Jahsh.

I said: Apostle of Allah, I am a woman who menstruates in great quantity and it is severe, so what do you think about it? It has prevented me from praying and fasting.

He said: I suggest that you should use cotton, for it absorbs the blood. She replied: It is too copious for that. He said: Then take a cloth. She replied: It is too copious for that, for my blood keeps flowing. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: I shall give you two commands; whichever of them you follow, that will be sufficient for you without the other, but you know best whether you are strong enough to follow both of them.

He added: This is a stroke of the Devil, so observe your menses for six or seven days, Allah alone knows which it should be; then wash. And when you see that you are purified and quite clean, pray during twenty-three or twenty-four days and nights and fast, for that will be enough for you, and do so every month, just as women menstruate and are purified at the time of their menstruation and their purification.

But if you are strong enough to delay the noon (Zuhr) prayer and advance the afternoon ('Asr) prayer, to wash, and then combine the noon and the afternoon prayer; to delay the sunset prayer and advance the night prayer, to wash, and then combine the two prayers, do so: and to wash at dawn, do so: and fast if you are able to do so if possible;

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Of the two commands this is more to my liking.


Book 1, Number 0293:

Narrated Zaynab daughter of AbuSalamah:

AbuSalamah said: Zaynab daughter of AbuSalamah reported to me that a woman had a copious flow of blood. She was the wife of AbdurRahman ibn Awf. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) commanded her to take a bath at the time of every prayer, and then to pray. He reported to me that Umm Bakr told him that Aisha said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said about a woman who was doubtful of her menstruation after purification that it was a vein or veins.


Book 1, Number 0294:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

A woman had a prolonged flow of blood in the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). She was commanded to advance the afternoon prayer and delay the noon prayer, and to take a bath for them only once; and to delay the sunset prayer and advance the night prayer and to take a bath only once for them; and to take a bath separately for the dawn prayer.

I (Shu'bah) asked AbdurRahman: (Is it) from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)? I do not report to you anything except from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).


Book 1, Number 0295:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Sahlah daughter of Suhayl had a prolonged flow of blood. She came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He commanded her to take a bath for every prayer. When it became hard for her, he commanded her to combine the noon and afternoon prayers with one bath and the sunset and night prayer with one bath, and to take a bath (separately) for the dawn prayer.


Book 1, Number 0297:

Narrated Grandfather of Adi ibn Thabit ?:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said about the woman having a prolonged flow of blood: She should abandon prayer during her menstrual period: then she should take a bath and pray. She should perform ablution for every prayer.


Book 1, Number 0298:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

Fatimah daughter of AbuHubaysh came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and narrated what happened with her. He said: Then take a bath and then perform ablution for every prayer and pray.


Book 1, Number 0302:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

The woman who has a prolonged flow of blood should wash herself every day when her menstrual period is over and take a woollen cloth greased with fat or oil (to tie over the private parts).


Book 1, Number 0305:

Narrated Umm Habibah daughter of Jahsh:

Ikrimah said: Umm Habibah daughter of Jahsh had a prolonged flow of blood. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) commanded her to refrain (from prayer) during her menstrual period; then she should wash and pray, if she sees anything (which renders ablution void) she should perform ablution and pray.


Book 1, Number 0311:

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin:

The woman having bleeding after delivery (puerperal haemorrhage) would refrain (from prayer) for forty days or forty nights; and we would anoint our faces with an aromatic herb called wars to remove dark spots.


Book 1, Number 0313:

Narrated Woman of Banu Ghifar:

Umayyah, daughter of AbusSalt, quoted a certain woman of Banu Ghifar, whose name was mentioned to me, as saying: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) made me ride behind him on the rear of the camel saddle. By Allah, the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) got down in the morning. He made his camel kneel down and I came down from the back of his saddle. There was a mark of blood on it (saddle) and that was the first menstruation that I had. I stuck to the camel and felt ashamed.

When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) saw what had happened to me and saw the blood, he said: Perhaps you are menstruating.

I said: Yes. He then said: Set yourself right (i.e. tie some cloth to prevent bleeding), then take a vessel of water and put some salt in it, and then wash the blood from the back of the saddle, and then return to your mount. When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) conquered Khaybar, he gave us a portion of the booty. Whenever the woman became purified from her menses, she would put salt in water. And when she died, she left a will to put salt in the water for washing her (after death).


Book 1, Number 0317:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sent Usayd ibn Hudayr and some people with him to search the necklace lost by Aisha. The time of prayer came and they prayed without ablution. When they returned to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and related the fact to him, the verse concerning tayammum was revealed.

Ibn Nufayl added: Usayd said to her: May Allah have mercy upon you! Never has there been an occasion when you were beset with an unpleasant matter but Allah made the Muslims and you come out of that.


Book 1, Number 0318:

Narrated Ammar ibn Yasir:

They (the Companions of the Prophet) wiped with pure earth (their hands and face) to offer the dawn prayer in the company of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). They struck the ground with their palms and wiped their faces once. Then they repeated and struck the ground with their palms once again and wiped their arms completely up to the shoulders and up to the armpits with the inner side of their hands.


Book 1, Number 0320:

Narrated Ammar ibn Yasir:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) encamped at Ulat al-Jaysh and Aisha was in his company. Her necklace of onyx of Zifar was broken (and fell somewhere). The people were detained to make a search for that necklace until the dawn broke. There was no water with the people. Therefore AbuBakr became angry with her and said: You detained the people and they have no water with them.

Thereupon Allah, the Exalted, sent down revelation about it to His Apostle (peace_be_upon_him) granting concession to purify themselves with pure earth. Then the Muslims stood up with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and struck the ground with their hands and then they raised their hands, and did not take any earth (in their hands). Then they wiped with them their faces and hands up to the shoulders, and from their palms up to the armpits.


Book 1, Number 0334:

Narrated Amr ibn al-'As:

I had a sexual dream on a cold night in the battle of Dhat as-Salasil. I was afraid, if I washed I would die. I, therefore, performed tayammum and led my companions in the dawn prayer. They mentioned that to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He said: Amr, you led your companions is prayer while you were sexually defiled? I informed him of the cause which impeded me from washing. And I said: I heard Allah say: "Do not kill yourself, verily Allah is merciful to you." The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) laughed and did not say anything.


Book 1, Number 0337:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

A man was injured during the lifetime of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him); he then had a sexual dream, and he was advised to wash and he washed himself. Consequently he died. When this was reported to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) he said: They killed him; may Allah kill them! Is not inquiry the cure of ignorance?


Book 1, Number 0342:

Narrated Hafsah, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: It is necessary for every adult (person) to go for (saying) Friday (prayer), and for everyone who goes for Friday (prayer) washing is necessary.


Book 1, Number 0345:

Narrated Aws ibn Aws ath-Thaqafi:

I heard the apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: If anyone makes (his wife) wash and he washes himself on Friday, goes out early (for Friday prayer), attends the sermon from the beginning, walking, not riding, takes his seat near the imam, listens attentively, and does not indulge in idle talk, he will get the reward of a year's fasting and praying at night for every step he takes.


Book 1, Number 0348:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) would take a bath because of sexual defilement on Friday, after opening a vein and after washing a dead body.


Book 1, Number 0354:

Narrated Samurah:

If any one of you performs ablution (on Friday) that is all right; and if any of you takes a bath, that is better.


Book 1, Number 0355:

Narrated Qays ibn Asim:

I came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) with the intention of embracing Islam. He commanded me to take a bath with water (boiled with) the leaves of the lote-tree.


Book 1, Number 0359:

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin:

Bakkar ibn Yahya said that his grandmother narrated to him: I entered upon Umm Salamah. A woman from the Quraysh asked her about praying with the clothes which a woman wore while she menstruated.

Umm Salamah said: We would menstruate in the lifetime of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). Then each one of us refrained (from prayer) during menstrual period. When she was purified, she would look at the clothe in which she menstruated. If it were smeared with blood, we would wash it and pray with it; if there were nothing in it, we would leave it and that would not prevent us from praying with it (the same clothe).

As regards the woman who had plaited hair - sometimes each of us had plaited hair - when she washed, she would not undo the hair. She would instead pour three handfuls of water upon her head. When she felt moisture in the roots of her hair, she would rub them. Then she would pour water upon her whole body.


Book 1, Number 0363:

Narrated Umm Qays daughter of Mihsan:

I asked the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) about the blood of menstruation on the clothe. He said: Erase it off with a piece of wood and then wash it away with water and the leaves of the lote-tree.


Book 1, Number 0366:

Narrated Umm Habibah:

Mu'awiyah ibn AbuSufyan asked his sister Umm Habibah, the wife of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him): Would the apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) pray in the clothe in which he had an intercourse? She said: Yes, when he would not see any impurity in it.


Book 1, Number 0367:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would not pray in our wrappers or in our quilts.

Ubaydullah said: My father (Mu'adh) doubted this.


Book 1, Number 0375:

Narrated Lubabah daughter of al-Harith:

Al-Husayn ibn Ali was (sitting) in the lap of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He passed water on him. I said: Put on (another) clothe, and give me your wrapper to wash. He said: The urine of a female child should be washed (thoroughly) and the urine of a male child should be sprinkled over.


Book 1, Number 0376:

Narrated AbusSamh:

I used to serve the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). Whenever he intended to wash himself, he would say: Turn your back towards me, So I would turn my back and hide him. (Once) Hasan or Husayn (may Allah be pleased with them) was brought to him and he passed water on his chest. I came to wash it. He said: It is only the urine of a female which should be washed; the urine of a male should be sprinkled over.


Book 1, Number 0377:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

The urine of a female (child) should be washed and the urine of a male (child) should be sprinkled over until the age of eating.


Book 1, Number 0379:

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin:

Al-Hasan reported on the authority of his mother that she was Umm Salamah pouring water on the urine of the male child until the age when he did not eat food. When he began to eat food, she would wash (his urine). And she would wash the urine of the female child.


Book 1, Number 0381:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Ma'qil ibn Muqarrin:

A bedouin prayed with the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He then narrated the tradition (No 0380) about urinating of that bedouin.

This version adds: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Remove the earth where he urinated and throw it away and pour water upon the place.


Book 1, Number 0383:

Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu'minin:

The slave-mother of Ibrahim ibn AbdurRahman ibn Awf asked Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him): I am a woman having a long border of clothe and I walk in filthy place; (then what should I do?). Umm Salamah replied: The Apostle of Allah ( peace be upon him) said: What comes after it cleanses it.


Book 1, Number 0384:

Narrated A woman of the Banu AbdulAshhal:

She reported: I said Apostle of Allah, our road to the mosque has an unpleasant stench; what should we do when it is raining? He asked: Is there not a cleaner part after the filthy part of the road? She replied: Why not (there is one)! He said: It makes up for the other.


Book 1, Number 0389:

Narrated AbuNadrah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) spat on his clothe and scrubbed with a part of it.

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