Pictures used in Mather & Nesmith (2008)
This set of 72 matched pairs of pictures (each pair has one arousing and one neutral picture; 48 pairs are neutral-negative and 24 are neutral-positive) is available in three separate zip files for research purposes.Highly arousing negative pictures with neutral matches.
Moderately arousing negative pictures with neutral matches.
Moderately arousing positive pictures with neutral matches.
Mather, M., & Nesmith, K. (2008). Arousal-enhanced location memory for pictures. JML, 58, 449-464. PDF
Driving game used in Mather, Gorlick, & Lighthall (2009)
This 5-minute driving game provides a measure of risky decision making, as participants get points the more they drive during yellow lights, but risk losing all the points if the light turns red while they are driving. It is a modified version of the driving game described in Gardner and Steinberg (2005) that Steinberg and Sheldrick created (see citations below).
Sheldrick, R. C. (2004). Social networks and degree of psychopathy among adolescent offenders (Doctoral dissertation, Temple University, 1990). Dissertation Abstracts International, 65(3-B), 1564.
Gardner, M., & Steinberg, L. (2005). Peer influence on risk-taking, risk preference, and risky decision-making in adolescence and adulthood: An experimental study. Developmental Psychology, 41 , 625-635.
Mather, M., Gorlick, M. A., & Lighthall, N. R. (2009). To brake or accelerate when the light turns yellow? Stress reduces older adults' risk taking in a driving game. Psychological Science, 20, 174-176. PDF
Data from published studiesWe have posted links to download behavioral data files from some of our published studies. These are currently available for the following studies by following links on our publications page:
Barber, S. J., & Mather, M. (in press). Stereotype threat can enhance, as well as impair, older adults' memory. Psychological Science.
Barber, S. J., & Mather, M. (2012). Forgetting in context: The effects of age, emotion, and social factors on retrieval-induced forgetting. Memory & Cognition.
Knight, M., & Mather, M. (2013). Look out--it's your off-peak time of day! Time of day matters more for alerting than for orienting or executive attention. Experimental Aging Research, 39, 305-321.
Ko, S. G., Lee, T. H., Yoon, H. Y., Kwon, J. H., & Mather, M. (2011). How does context affect assessments of facial emotion? The role of culture and age. Psychology and Aging, 26, 48-59.
Lee, T.H., Itti, L., & Mather, M. (2012). Evidence for arousal-biased competition in perceptual learning. Frontiers in Emotion Science.
Lighthall, N. R., Gorlick, M. A., Schoeke, A., Frank, M. J., & Mather, M. (in press). Stress modulates reinforcement learning in younger and older adults. Psychology and Aging.
Mather, M., Mitchell, K. J., Raye, C. L., Novak, D. L., Greene, E. J., & Johnson, M. K. (2006). Emotional arousal can impair feature binding in working memory. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 614-625.
Mather, M., Mazar, N., Gorlick, M. A., Lighthall, N. R., Burgeno, J., Schoeke, A. & Ariely, D. (2012). Risk preferences and aging: The "Certainty Effect" in older adults' decision making. Psychology and Aging.
Nashiro, K., & Mather, M. (2011). The effect of emotional arousal on memory binding in normal aging and Alzheimer's Disease. American Journal of Psychology, 124, 301-312.
Nashiro, K., & Mather, M. (2011). How arousal affects younger and older adults' memory binding. Experimental Aging Research, 37, 108-128.
Nashiro, K., Mather, M., Gorlick, M. A., & Nga, L. (2011). Negative emotional outcomes impair older adults' reversal learning. Cognition & Emotion, 25, 1014-1028.
Nashiro, K., Sakaki, M., Huffman, D., & Mather, M. (in press). Both younger and older adults have difficulty updating emotional memories. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences.
Sakaki, M., Fryer, K., & Mather, M. (in press). Emotion strengthens high priority memory traces but weakens low priority memory traces. Psychological Science.
Sakaki, M., Gorlick, M. A., & Mather, M. (2011). Differential interference effects of negative emotional states on subsequent semantic and perceptual processing. Emotion.
Sakaki, M., Kuhbandner, C., Mather, M., & Pekrun, R. (in press). Memory suppression can help people "unlearn" behavioral responses -- but only for non-emotional memories. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.
Sakaki, M., Ycaza, A. E., & Mather, M. (in press). Association learning for emotional harbinger cues: When do previous emotional associations impair and when do they facilitate subsequent learning of new associations? Emotion.
Sutherland, M. R., & Mather, M. (2012). Negative arousal amplifies the effects of saliency in short-term memory. Emotion.