1275 BC: The prophet Moses and his brother AAron lead Isrealite tribesmen and their flocks of sheep out of Egypt toward the Dead Sea in Canaan, the beginning of a 40-year migration.

1010-970 BC: David, successor of Saul, reigns as king of ancient Israel.

850 BC: Homer, a blind Greek poet, inscribes the "Illiad" and the "Odyssey."

399 BC: After being tried for heresy, the Athenian philosopher Socrates is moved to commit suicide by drinking hemlock.

318 BC: After restoration of the Athenian democracy, general Phocion--for intrigue with Macedonia--is forced by the democrats to kill himself; they almost immediately raise a statue in his honor.

7 BC: Jesus Christ is born in Bethlehem, near Jerusalem, the first child of a Jewish carpenter's wife; he works as a carpenter and rabbi in Nazareth before being baptized at age 30.

33 AD: Jesus Christ is seized by Roman soldiers, ultimately condemned by a mob, and crucified between two thieves on Golgotha, a knoll near the Damascus gate.

251-350 AD: An Egyptian hermit, St. Anthony, eventually develops a community of monks, thereby fathering Christian monasticism.

1260 AD: The Gothic Cathedral at Chartres, France, is consecrated after 66 years of construction; it was largely built between 1195 and 1228.

1289 AD: Italian nobleman Ugolino, a pro-papal leader in predominantly pro-imperial Pisa, is arrested for treason and shut in a tower, where he starves to death with his children.

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