1909: French Engineer Louis Bleriot is first to cross the English Channel in an airplane.

1913: The "Armory Show," an international display of some 1600 works of modern art, and one of the more important U.S. art exhibitions ever held, opens at the 69th-regiment armory in New York City; it arouses public curiosity, generates sensational news coverage, and helps change the direction of American art.

1914-1917: The Great War (World War I), fought chiefly in Europe, engulfs most of the Western powers in what was then--due to newly-mechanized warfare--by far the costliest conflict ever.

1916: Coca-Cola adopts a distinctive bottle which identifies the company internationally.

1917: A Bolshevik revolution in Russia installs a new government headed by V.I. Lennin.

1917: French artist Marcel Duchamp submits a porcelain urinal, signed "R. Mutt" and titled "Fountain," to the New York Independents Exhibition; it is rejected.

1926: A large model of Russian constructivist artist Vladmir Tatlin's 1919 "Model for the Monument to the Third International" is carried in the May Day parade in Leningrad.

1928: George Eastman devises a process for color photography; it leads to the first successful three-color roll film available to amateur photographers when it appears in 1935 as Kodachrome (for slides) and as Kodacolor (for prints) in 1942.

1934: The first comic books appear on newsstands, beginning in the United States.

1937: German planes, aiding insurgents in the Spanish Civil War, bomb the historic Basque town of Guernica in Northern Spain, killing women and children and inflaming world opinion against facism.

1939-1945: World War II, between the Allied and Axis alliances of nations, is fought globally among all major powers.



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