Contents of Recent Issues
Volume 13, No. 2 (August 1995)
Dennis S. Mileti and JoAnne DeRouen Darlington, "Societal Response to Revised Earthquake Probabilities in the San Francisco Bay Area," pp. 119-145.
Using data collected on the general public, health, safety, and welfare agencies and organizations, and businesses in the San Francisco Bay Area, we describe what people thought and did in response to receiving an informational newspaper insert about revised probabilities for the next damaging Bay Area earthquake. Our findings suggest that the insert was relatively successful in reaching all groups, that Bay Area residents are making earthquakes a permanent part of local culture, and that sufficient knowledge may be in-hand with which to effectively and productively manage public earthquake predictions. (AA)
Richard Stuart Olson and Juan Pablo Sarmiento Prieto, "Guns, Drugs, and Disaster: Cauca/Huila, Colombia, 1994," pp. 147-160.
A Richter magnitude 6.4 earthquake occurred near the Nevada del Huila volcano in southwestern Colombia on June 6, 1994, affecting an area both deforested and coincidentally saturated by heavy rains over preceding weeks. The earthquake and resultant landslides and mud flows killed an estimated 656 people and left thousands homeless, most of them non-Spanish-speaking Paez and Guambiano. Context is all-important, and the disaster response and especially reconstruction planning became rapidly political because the event affected primarily indigenous populations and occurred in a heroine poppy growing area long contested between Colombian national security forces and several guerrilla organizations. (AA)
Neil R. Britton and John Lindsay, "Demonstrating the Need to Integrate City Planning and Emergency Preparedness: Two Case Studies,": pp. 161-178.
When proposing urban redevelopment and renewal schemes, what responsibility does the city planner have to ensure citizens are not placed at risk? How can the practical integration of emergency planning and city planning principles be achieved? While their importance is not contested, questions such as these are not part of the contemporary planner's creed, even though the industrial hazardscape of cities and towns, in particular, is increasing. There is a compelling need for a closer integration between disaster and city planning. Planners need to consider aspects of emergency management, risk assessment, and hazard vulnerability in their planning and development deliberations. An emergency management focus is particularly necessary when urban renewal and redevelopment are being considered. Of special importance is the need for planners to understand that large-scale urban and industrial projects can exacerbate the plight of existing "at-risk" groups, and may even create a more hazardous social environment for both existing and future populations. These issues are examined in two articles. This first paper examines the issues in the context of emergency management and other relevant literature. In the second paper two case studies are presented to demonstrate how these issues translate into practice. (AA)
Feedback from the Field
Carmen Moran, "The 1994 New South Wales Bushfires: Perception of the Disaster Response from a Psychological Perspective," pp. 179-196.
Book reviews by:
Roy Popkin on J. Nemec, J. Nigg, and F. Siccardi (eds.), Prediction and Perception of Natural Hazards, pp. 197-199.
Ino Rossi on Anthony Oliver-Smith, The Martyred City, pp. 201-202.
Duane A. Gill on Association of Floodplain Managers, Flood Loss Reduction Strategies for the '90s, pp. 203-204.
Stephanie Wilson on Burrell Montz, The Impact Hazard Area Disclosure on Property Values in Three New Zealand Communities, pp. 205-207.
Wolf R. Dombrowsky on Ino Rossi, Community Reconstruction After an Earthquake, pp. 209-212.
Kathleen Tierney on Dennis Mileti and Colleen Fitzpatrick,
The Great Earthquake Experiment, pp. 213-215.