California Foundations on the Mend
Giving levels exceed the highest of 2000 and assets are nearly restored, says new SPPD study of philanthropy.
The report, “California Foundations 2004: Trends and Patterns,” found that California has added more than 2,000 new foundations since 1999; foundation assets have grown to $77.4 billion, an increase of 13 percent; and California foundations made grants totaling $1.4 billion in 2004, an increase of 40 percent since 1999.
When adjusted for inflation, assets declined by 2 percent and giving increased by 21 percent.
“While our earlier analysis found the foundation sector suffered declines in the early years of the decade, foundation fortunes have rebounded and giving is beginning to pick up its pace,” said SPPD professor James M. Ferris, director of the Center on Philanthropy and Public Policy. “The foundation sector is strong and vibrant, and the prospects for the future are bright.”
In addition to measuring the growth of foundations in California, the new report also offers analysis of the structure of the California foundation sector and changing patterns in its capacity and grant making. Key findings include:
• Foundation assets in California remain highly concentrated, with 35 foundations holding assets of $250 million or more, accounting for 63 percent of foundation assets and 47.5 percent of giving.
• Foundation capacity continues to be concentrated in the Bay Area and the Los Angeles area, with 68 percent of the foundations and 89 percent of foundation assets located in these regions.
• The reach of foundation giving remains highly concentrated. Grant recipients in the Bay Area and Los Angeles regions received almost 77 percent of the 1.4 billion in 2004 grant dollars.
The report also reveals potentially troubling findings in grant-making patterns. The state’s share of grants from California foundations is declining. In 2004, 64 percent of grants were from California foundations, a decline of 6 percent since 1999. In Los Angeles, the capacity of foundations declined by 3 percent, from 37 to 34 percent of foundations, and giving declined by 7 percent, from 38 to 31 percent.
“The regional and county level analyses featured in this study provide the perfect complement to the Foundation Center’s new ‘California Foundations’ report, which looks broadly at changes in resources and giving priorities among California foundations since the late 1990s,” said Steven Lawrence, director of research at the Foundation Center. “Together, these reports provide the most detailed picture available of the state’s foundation community.”
“California Foundations 2004: Trends and Patterns” was developed in cooperation with The Foundation Center and funded by The California Endowment, The James Irvine Foundation and The David and Lucile Packard Foundation. A summary of the report is available at http://www.usc.edu/philanthropy.
The report is being released simultaneously with The Foundation Center’s California Foundations: An Update on the State’s Grantmaking Community.
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